Free Essay

19 Century Movements That Shape Juvenile Delinquents

In: Other Topics

Words 324
Pages 2
Assignment #1: Reading Selection from Descartes Discourse on the Method


Perdita SimonColeman
Professor: Dr. Trenace Richardson
HUM 112—World Cultures 11
Strayer University, Rockville MD
May 3, 2013

Assignment# 1: Reading Selection from Descartes Discourse on the Method

Based on my reading on the meditation of the first philosophy, Descartes tries to prove the existence of God in the third meditation. To my understanding, he came up with several premises that eventually add up to a solid argument. Descartes ask, himself lots of questions. The first one was does God exist?.

In a nut shell, Descartes arrives at another confirmation of God’s existence by way of mathematics. Descartes notes, the certainty with geometers can prove facts, such as the fact that the angles in a triangle add up to 180 degrees. Therefore, he recognizes that the existence is as much an essential part of proving that there is three triangles and three holy spirit all in one God.
Descartes stated that people have difficulty with these proofs, because they rely solely on their senses and imagination. He also states that the existence of God can only be understood by reason and faith.

Hence, the surprise for me would be, based on the question of God’s existence: it turned out to be a very debatable and controversial topic. Descartes, touched on many of these doubts regarding the question, most of which, is just as certain as proving a triangle equation. Most of these doubts can be cleared with the acknowledgement of God’s existence. The Bible is a good way to clarify the perceptions of God. Most times, we misunderstand when our reason are not clear and we rely mainly on our imagination.

References Sayre, H. M. (2012). The Humanities: Culture, continuity and change, volume 2(2nd ed.). (2011 Custom Edition). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.

McKenzie, L. (2000). Non-western art: A brief guide. (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

20th Century Juvenile Legislation

...20th Century Juvenile legislation It was found that Kent v. United States is a legal case Decided March 21, 1966. The Supreme Court of the United States ruled that the District of Columbia juvenile court violated the Constitutional rights of Morris A Kent Jr. Today the courts must follow the precedent set in Kent v. United States when it comes to waiving juveniles to be tried as adults. The fundamental mistake made by the District of Columbia was the lack of a waiver hearing when the decision was made to try Kent as an adult; the lack of a waiver hearing constitutes a due process violation. At a waiver hearing the prosecutor and defense attorney present evidence on whether or not the juvenile should be waivered to an adult court (Taylor/Fritsch, 2011). Supreme Court of the United States overturned the conviction of Kent and ruled that a juvenile has due process rights if being waived to an adult court (Taylor/Fritsch, 2011). The Court ruled the waiver invalid, stating that Kent was entitled to a hearing that measured up to "the essentials of due process and fair treatment". Kent's counsel should have had access to all records involved in the waiver, and that the judge should have provided a written statement of the reasons for waiver (ncjrs, 1999, para. 5 internet). This paper examines Taylor/Fritsch’s research to understand juvenile legislation. Kent v. United States is legislation that shaped the treatment of juvenile offenders/delinquents. This legislation......

Words: 885 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Juvenile Delinquents

...Juvenile delinquent actions identify an individual’s participation or involvement with an illegal act considered to be an infringement of implemented federal, state, or municipal law. An individual under the-age-of 18 who commits an illegal act represents the categorical identification group classified under the term “Juvenile offender”. Juvenile delinquency has increased within the past 50 years. As a result of the extensive increase statistical information supporting juvenile delinquent offenses are assembled to display extensive increases and declines pertaining to delinquency within America. The overall decrease in juvenile arrests, increase in juvenile narcotics offenses, and simple assaults will be identified, divided, and examined. The implications for juvenile female and minorities will also be thoroughly examined along with an assessment highlighting the tracking of juvenile arrests as a method of measuring the amount of, and trends within juvenile offenses. The overall decrease in juvenile detainment for violent juvenile offenses within 2008 decreased in comparison to the statistical information projecting violent juvenile actions within the 1990s. Juvenile delinquency supporting violent offenses extensively increased throughout the 1990s within Northern America most likely as a result of the increase in gang membership, extensive narcotics trade, and the introduction of crack cocaine within the late 1980s. In 2008 “Juveniles accounted for 16% of all violent crime...

Words: 1007 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Delinquent Behvaior by Maltreated Juveniles

...Jessica Carpenter Marvin Caston SCWK 3233 22 April 2013 Delinquent Behavior by Maltreated Juveniles Maltreatment of youths directly influences whether or not a child will participate in acts of delinquency. In Child Maltreatment and Juvenile Delinquency: Investigating the Role of Placement and Placement Instability, Joseph P. Ryan and Mark F. Testa evaluate the results of maltreatment in youth and try to determine if placement in substitute care helps prevent or cause acts of delinquency. Child maltreatment, by definition, is an event occurring within the family or substitute care setting (such as a foster home, group home or daycare center). Physical abuse and neglect of children is best understood as “the manifestation of an unfolding sequence of underlying problems that are often initiated prior to the family’s formation and could be located as well in community and cultural conditions.” (Pecora, Whittaker, Maluccio & Barth, 2000) Maltreatment in children happens all the time, but it does not always happen by members of the family. Maltreatment comes in many forms and occurs by people in the community, peers and of course, members of an individual’s family. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services estimated that there were approximately 2.9 million children in the United States in 1999 that were the focus of a child protective investigation. 826,162 of the children in the child protective investigations were associated with a substantiated report of......

Words: 1530 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Juvenile Delinquents

...When it comes to juvenile delinquents and law enforcement, the first thing that comes in mind is a mile long arrest record and no future. However, the very first contact that a young juvenile has with an officer can alter his/her life. The way the law enforcement acts/reacts, the way they talk to the young individual, or even handle certain situations. That first interaction and can a lasting impression on that youth. “We will propose that the Juvenile Justice System needs to be overhauled to better consider the complexities of the circumstances that surround each individual juvenile offender. Social economic status, single parent family influences, available education, and other circumstantial factors surrounding the offenders” ( Officers and there attitudes have changed from the 1950’s till today. Back in “good old days” officers actually followed up with juveniles, compared to today, where they are just looked at as some more paper work. The overhaul that should be created cures many problems with today’s modern age issues. Take some money out of the millions of dollars pumped into the prisons and jail, take that money and open up new positions within the city. Their only job will be to follow up on juveniles, spend some time with them and try to improve the juvenile’s lives. When considering what you are gaining compared to what you are losing, no money lost and everything to gain with young juveniles and an improvement...

Words: 327 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Juvenile Delinquent

...Juvenile Delinquent Henrietta Watson AIU Online Abstract This paper is a definition essay that explains the term juvenile delinquent. Juvenile delinquent is a person under the legal age that breaks the law. This essay will give the reader a lot of information about the term juvenile delinquent. Juvenile Delinquent Juvenile delinquents are minors usually defined as being between the ages of 10 and 18 years old who have committed some act that violates the law. Crimes committed by minors are called delinquent acts. The juvenile has an adjudication after which he or she will have a disposition and a sentence. Juvenile proceedings differ from adult proceedings in a number of ways. Delinquents will fall into two categories. The first type of delinquent act is one that would be considered a crime that a adult would commit. Some jurisdictions will even try children as adults for serious crimes. When children are tried as juveniles, parents are required to pay the court cost for their child. The second type of delinquent act is one that wouldn’t be a crime that an adult would perform. These types are known as age- related or status crimes. The most common examples of age-related crimes are staying out past your curfew and truancy. There are different approaches that are used to define and explain juvenile delinquency which are the legal approach, social work approach, psychological approach, and sociological approach. The legal approach is based on......

Words: 662 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Rebellion, Growing Pains or Juvenile Delinquents

...Betty Waltermire Crime and Criminology JUS110 December 13, 2013 Rebellion, Growing Pains or Juvenile Delinquents Thinking back to the time of Classic Rock and Roll, Elvis, Buddy Holly, Dirty Dancing, and a faraway land called Viet Nam. Viet Nam affected families; fathers, brothers, children were dying and the age of the innocence was lost forever. Juveniles began a culture of their own, smoking, drinking alcohol, using drugs to attain a mental or in some cases a physical high to ease their pain of loss. This behavior began as a way of coping with their pain, when they realized this made them feel good, they wanted to continue this feeling. During the 1960’s it was a time of rebellion, with music, dancing, the hippie movement, free love, flower power, and the introduction to drugs to get high such as marijuana, glue sniffing, LSD and alcohol. Most of the youth at that time was into smoking cigarettes, drinking alcohol and some did smoke marijuana. This was the leap from child to adult behavior or some would call juvenile delinquency. Each time a beer touched the lips it was breaking the law and leading to more risky behaviors. By the time the junior year 1968-1969 rolled around, it was drinking most every night and stayed sober on game day or night until after the games. Then win or lose it was party time. There was very seldom a day that there was no one partying. After school and the weekends we...

Words: 646 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

An Assessment of a Proposed Curfew Ordinance for Juvenile Delinquents in Tacloban City : Some Proposals

...LEYTE COLLEGES TACLOBAN CITY AN ASSESSMENT OF A PROPOSED CURFEW ORDINANCE FOR JUVENILE DELINQUENTS IN TACLOBAN CITY : SOME PROPOSALS A Research Proposal Presented To The Faculty Of The College Of Criminology,Leyte Colleges,Tacloban City In Partial Fulfillment Of The Requirements In Crim 6 (Criminal Research And Statistics) For The Degree Of Bachelor Of Science In Criminology SUBMITTED TO SHEILA F.BASILIO Instructor SUBMITTED BY JOSE JOEY V. IGANA IV MARILOU AGNES V. VENIGAS OCTOBER ,2012 APPENDIX A SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRE Direction: Respondents are advise to answer all questions honestly and sincerely. Only one answer is needed for every question. Put a check mark on the line for your chosen answer. 1. Demographic Profile 2.1 Age ____ 20 – 30 years old ____ 31 – 40 years old ____ 41 years old and above 2.2 Sex ____ Male ____ Female 2.3 Civil Status ____ Single ____ Married ____ Widow ____Separated ____ Divorce 2.4 Highest Educational Attainment ____ High School Graduate ____ College Level ____ with Masteral on Doctoral Degree 2. How effective will the implementation of curfew hours in Tacloban City? ____ Very Effective ____ Effective ____ Moderately Effective ____ Less Effective ____ Uneffective 3. What are the roles of the Barangay Officials in the implementation of curfew hours in Tacloban...

Words: 4935 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Political Movements 20th Century

...Political Movements in the 20th Century HUM/300 Political Movements in the 20th Century During the 20th century several major political events took place that changed the worldwide view of civilization and shook up the collective consciousness. World War I and II showed the dark side of technology when used to hurt humanity. Civil movements surged around the world as a result of minorities trying to regain their identity, which various governments throughout the world restricted. The authors will examine major political events that had a notable effect on the 20th century, including, the influences of World War I and II, the surge of the Civil Rights Movement, and the Gender Equality Movement. The author’s examination will consider the works of artists and how his or her creative expression reflected the mood of the era. Political Events: World War I and II World War I (WWI) started in 1914, and lasted through 1918. The political event that triggered this war was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The war tactics employed in World War I changed the methods and strategies in future conflicts bringing more devastation. Some of the new strategies included trench warfare, chemical warfare, and upgraded technology; it introduced chemical weapons including chlorine and phosgene, which produced devastating damages. The exposure to high levels of these gases resulted in temporary blindness,......

Words: 2182 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

The Challenges and Effective Methods of Investigating Juvenile Offenders and Delinquents

...The Challenges and Effective Methods of Investigating Juvenile Offenders and Delinquents CRJ 105 August 24, 2014 The Challenges and Effective Methods of Investigating Juvenile Offenders and Delinquents Criminal behavior in juvenile offenders has plagued justice from the beginning. Hagans book Introduction to Criminology discusses the relationship between age and crime in detail. I’ve always been interested in the real effects of a juvenile arrest record and how it will follow them for life. The book also states that “arrest data shows that the intensity of criminal behavior slackens after the teens”. So how are these young adults treated and tracked through the system? There have been many important movements and legislation though history towards the shaping and treatment of juvenile offenders and delinquents. The Juvenile Justice System today is by no means perfect, but it is far greater than what was initially in place. During these times, anyone under the age of seventeen who committed a crime was placed in the same judicial system as adults. As social views began to change, many started to see juvenile offenders as youths who had simply lost their way, rather than hardened criminals. The first large movement involved with removing juveniles from the adults took place with the Houses of refuge. In the early 1800’s reformers became concerned about the overcrowded conditions in the jails and the corruption youth experienced when confined with adult felons. The...

Words: 1786 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Juvenile Crime Paper Final

...Juvenile Crime Paper Rochelle Gordon CJS/200 December 1, 2012 Dave Ross Juvenile Crime Paper In the juvenile justice system believes in giving a juvenile a second chance, and protects their privacy. They also want to make sure they receive treatment and support services rather than just punishment. The juvenile system focuses more on their needs, and those goals are met with treatment and rehabilitation so they won’t become repeat offenders. After a juvenile completes their program their records can be sealed or destroyed once they reach 18. The juvenile system status in question is to determine delinquency, whether an act of was violated or not. The system also wants to make sure the best interest of the child is taken into consideration, regardless if they are guilty or innocent. For the most part when a child is in custody and pending the hearing, they may be released into the custody of a parent or guardian. Juveniles have closed hearings instead of a trial. The right to a jury does not exist. A juvenile is not arrested; they are taken into custody from an order by the judge or complaint. Usually juveniles are only incarcerated with other youth offenders and in juvenile facilities. In the adult court system the status question for adults is to determine guilt or innocence. The goal for adult proceedings is to determine offender’s guilt or innocence. Pending a trial, an adult can be released through bail, or on their own recognizance. Adult trials are...

Words: 1531 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Juvenile Delinquents

...Assessment Analysis The name of the article is Performance Assessment in Juvenile Correction Education Program. It was published on March 2002 by the Journal of Correctional Education, written by Sheryl Feinstein, an Associate Professor at Augustana College in Sioux Falls, South Dakota. The study was conducted to explore and describe the impact of performance assessments, on students on an adjudicated status. These assessments were administered in correctional facilities by a social studies teacher and a math teacher. In identifying the problem, the basic question asked in the study was if students in correctional facilities were capable of succeeding at performance assessments. According to this article, there is a relationship between education and re-imprisonment of offenders. It appears that more serious offenses are committed by individuals with lesser basic skills such as phonics, spelling and math. In addition the study looks into the need for the ability to cope and resolve problems in the outside world. The performance assessment utilized in the study, focused on the areas of geography and math. Sample and qualitative methods were used in the study. The sample group encompassed 20 incarcerated students ranging in ages from 12 to 18 years of age. In addition, they used observation and interviews containing 10 open-ended questions. Depending on their response, the juveniles were asked follow up questions. This type of approach could hinder the results......

Words: 644 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Juvenile Delinquency

...ABSTRACT Juveniles are future of our country.They are new entrepreneurs.They are like clay which we have to mould if a potter doesn’t make make pot properly when mud is wet he can’t rectify it later when mud is dry and pot is made.Similarly we can make a juvenile good or bad from his childhood but later when he becomes fully hardened criminal its not easy to reform him.We blame parents for a bad juvenile but they alone are not responsible for a bad juvenile delinquent.A juvenile becomes delinquent due to environment all factors are responsible family,society,peers factors,etc.Juvenile becomes delinquent when he does not get the appropriate love and affection he wishes to have.Slowly the juvenile follows the path of delinquency and then becomes delinquent.We all see the cases of juvenile delinquency but no one cares to look into the factors responsible for juvenile delinquency.It is said that prevention is better than cure.After juvenile becomes delinquent we try to reform him but if we from beginning take steps so that a juvenile doesn’t become delinquent then we won’t have to look into cases of increased crimes by juvenile delinquents.I have tried to throw light on those factors which play an important role in making a child delinquent and what are the methods by which we can stop a child from becoming delinquent and also the laws which have been made for juveniles.It is important to train a child properly to make a juvenile a responsible citizen of our country.I have also......

Words: 13560 - Pages: 55

Premium Essay

A Computer/Tech Invention That Will Probably Shape This Century

...* * A computer/tech invention that will probably shape this century (Exemplification essay) I believe that the most important invention that will shape the world this century is the Internet. Internet can be defined as the worldwide interconnection of individual networks operated by government, industry, academia, and private parties. Large numbers of people now have access to the internet. The number of individuals accessing the internet is growing exponentially. The Internet has made it possible for the everyday person to access information from pretty much anywhere in the world. This revolution in sharing information has changed the world dramatically. Now we can contact people from countries on the other side of the world with relatively no effort. It is because of internet we are able to search and access information, share ideas, sells products, and stay in touch with friends and family from across the globe. Internet is great for business. It has global reach and global audience. Customers don't have to sit in traffic, find a parking space, and walk through countless aisles to find and examine goods. And they don't have to drive all the way to a store, only to find out that the desired product is out of stock. In addition to this it stays open 24hrs a day and 7 days a week. You don't have to worry about weekends or federal holidays. From a consumer's perspective as well as a provider's, business can be consummated at any time. The fact that the......

Words: 663 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The Racial Disparities and Incarceration of Juvenile Delinquents

...The Racial Disparities and Incarceration of Juvenile Delinquents Mario M. Tate University of Memphis Abstract The criminal justice system has had to enact harsher treatment due to the erratic and unpredictable nature of juvenile delinquents who refuse to follow the law. The age ranges for juveniles that are being considered in this study are 12-18 years old. I want to address the ever growing problems of racial disparity and incarceration of juvenile delinquents, who tend to not have any other options, but being arrested and are preyed upon because of their racial make-up. Single parent households, lack of education, supervision, and economics are some of the contributing factors which have lead many juveniles down the road to their deviant behavior. Data has been collected to try and understand the reasons for the defiant behavior of juveniles, so advocates may assist them in remaining with their families; through constant monitoring and evaluations of behavior and actions of our children they may stand a significant chance of growing up to be prosperous and productive adults. Also increased funding through the Juvenile Justice Prevention Act will help local state and county municipalities’ kick-start programs to assist today’s youth. Keywords: juvenile delinquents, incarceration, racial disparity, juvenile justice, racial discrimination, jail, juvenile courts The history of juvenile delinquency and racial disparity has gone hand in hand for a very long time......

Words: 4826 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Importance of Help for Juvenile Delinquents

...Importance of Help for Juvenile Delinquents With the never ending problem of juvenile delinquency on the rise in United States, a solution to this problem has never been more important. Many of today’s youth actively and proudly engage in criminal activities, with much of it being spurred on by gang activity. The lack of structure within the lives of adolescents and lack of discipline has created a generation of unlawful, disrespectful delinquents that are difficult to successfully integrate into society. This column reviews three article that take an in depth look at what can cause this scenery to play out for youth and what some of the solutions may be to the problem. The first article examines the connection that has recently been discovered between level of functioning and the recidivism risk for offenders based on that. The second article takes a look into gang life and how the use of drugs within gangs plays a vital role in the ability of youth to successfully integrate into society. The third article reviews the developmental aspect of juvenile delinquency and how serious juvenile offenders are often overlooked in many studies dealing with mental health social disorders. Level of Functioning and Recidivism Shepherd, J. B., Green, K. R., Omobien, E. O., (2009). Level of functioning and recidivism risk among adolescent offenders. Adolescence. 40, 23-32. In this article the author’s main focus is that there should be more attention paid to the level of......

Words: 2147 - Pages: 9

O Filho de Chucky Dublado Online Assistir O Filho de Chucky Dublado Online HD 720p Um filme de terror sobre Chucky (Brad Dourif), o boneco assassino, está sendo rodado em Hollywood. Quando as filmagens têm início Glen (Billy Boyd), o boneco órfão de Chucky e Tiffany (Jennifer Tilly), decide partir para o local. Já em Hollywood Glen consegue ressuscitar seus pais, que estão sedentos por sangue e ... | Last Day on Earth Survival v1.5.5 APK Mod | Mondi Color Copy Kopierpapier 90 100 120 160 200 220 250 280 300 350 Papier weiß