Free Essay

A O Sba

In: Social Issues

Submitted By rasheem
Words 1050
Pages 5
The Jamaican Maroons were runaway slaves who fought the British during the 18th century. When the British invaded Jamaica in 1655 the Spanish colonists fled leaving a large number of Africans who they had enslaved. | |
Rather than be re-enslaved by the British, they escaped into the hilly, mountainous regions of the island, joining those who had previously escaped from the Spanish to live with the Taínos.
They were very organized and knew the country well. Because of this, additional runaway slaves joined them.
The two main Maroon groups were the Leeward and the Windward tribes, the former led by Cudjoe in Trelawny Town and the latter led by his sister Queen Nanny (and later by Quao).
Over time, the Maroons came to control large areas of the Jamaican interior and they often moved down from the hills to raid the plantations.
This resulted in the First Maroon War.
In 1739-40 the British government in Jamaica came to an agreement with the Maroons. They were to remain in their five main towns Accompong, Trelawny Town, Moore Town, Scots Hall and Nanny Town, living under their own chief with a British supervisor.

In exchange, they agreed not to harbour new runaway slaves, but rather to help catch them. They were paid a bounty for each returned slave.
This last clause in the treaty naturally caused tension between the Maroons and the enslaved black population, although from time to time runaways from the plantations still found their way into Maroon settlements. | | |
However, tensions between planters and Maroons remained and a Second Maroon War broke out in 1795.
The Accompong Maroons remained neutral and the British left them alone. By the end of the war, all the other Maroon settlements in Jamaica had been destroyed, and Accompong alone remained.

The Trelawny Town Maroons were resettled in Nova Scotia for a few brutal winters, and the survivors were sent back to Africa to live in Sierra Leone.
Their Lifestyle
Jamaican Maroons intermarried with Amerindian natives, establishing independence in the back country as the island changed hands from the Spanish to the British in the 17th century. The survived by subsistence farming and by raiding plantations.
Originally, Jamaican Maroons fought against slavery and maintained their independence from the British.
However, in the treaty of 1738, they were also paid to return captured slaves and fight for the British in the case of an attack from the French or Spanish. Many of them were deported in 1796 to Nova Scotia and eventually to Sierra Leone.
Famous among Maroon rebels was Queen Nanny, also known as Granny Nanny, leader of the Jamaican Maroons in the 18th century. She is the only female listed among Jamaican national heroes, and has been immortalized in songs and legends.

She was known for her exceptional leadership skills, especially in guerrilla warfare, which were particularly important in the First Maroon War in the early 1700s.
Her remains are reputedly buried at "Nanny Bump" in Moore Town, the main town of the Windward Maroons who are concentrated in and around the Rio Grande valley in the eastern parish of Portland.
A British governor signed a treaty promising the Maroons 2500 acres (10 km²) in two locations, because they presented a threat to the British. Also, some Maroons kept their freedom by agreeing to capture runaway slaves. They were paid two dollars for each slave returned.
The Mass Deportation to Nova Scotia
In 1796 approximately 600 Jamaican Maroons were deported from Jamaica to Nova Scotia because of their rebellion against the colonial government.

The second immigration of free blacks into the province of Nova Scotia was similar to the first in that it developed from events entirely divorced from Nova Scotia history.

From the time of British conquest in 1655, the Maroons in Jamaica waged war against the British colonizers of the island. The Jamaican government succeeded in overcoming the Maroons in 1796 after 140 years of intermittent warfare.

The Legislature, vengeful and certainly tired of the cost of maintaining order, decided to rid themselves of "the problem".
Immediate actions were put in place for the removal of one group of Maroons (Trelawney), with their settlements in lower Canada (Quebec). Upper Canada (Ontario) had also been suggested as a suitable place; however, it was eventually decided that this group of individuals be sent to Halifax, Nova Scotia, until any further instructions were received from England. Two gentlemen, Messrs Quarrell and Octerloney, were sent from Jamaica with the Maroons as Commissioners.
On 26 June 1796, the Dover, Mary, and Anne sailed from Port Royal Harbour, Jamaica to Halifax. One arrived in Halifax on 21 July, the other two followed two days later totaling 543 men, women and children.

The then Duke of Kent and Commander-in-Chief of the British Army in North America, impressed with the proud bearing and other characteristics of the Maroons, employed the entire group to work on the new fortifications at the Citadel Hill in Halifax. | | |

|
The Lieutenant-Governor Sir John Wentworth believed that the Maroons would be good settlers. He then received orders from the Duke of Portland to settle them in Nova Scotia.

Following this the two commissioners responsible with credit of 25,000 Jamaican pounds from the government of Jamaica, expended £3,000 on 5,000 acres (20 km²) of land and built the community of Preston. Governor Wentworth also was granted an allowance of £240 annually from England to provide religious instruction and schooling for the community.
After the first winter, the Maroons, raised in an independent and dominating culture and not impressed with the apparently servile virtues of cultivating the soil, became less tolerant of the condition in which they were living.
Jamaican Maroons Today
To this day, the Maroons in Jamaica to some extent remains autonomous and separate from the rest of the Jamaican culture.
The isolation used to their advantage by the ancestors has today led to their communities being amongst the most inaccessible on the island. In their largest town, Accompong, in the parish of St. Elizabeth, the Leeward Maroons still possess a vibrant community of about 600.
Tours of the village are offered to foreigners. A large festival is held January 6 each year to commemorate the signing of the peace treaty with the British after the Maroon War.…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

O*Net

...About O*NET The O*NET program is the nation's primary source of occupational information. Central to the project is the O*NET database, containing information on hundreds of standardized and occupation-specific descriptors. The database, which is available to the public at no cost, is continually updated by surveying a broad range of workers from each occupation. Information from this database forms the heart of O*NET OnLine, an interactive application for exploring and searching occupations. The database also provides the basis for our Career Exploration Tools, a set of valuable assessment instruments for workers and students looking to find or change careers. The Occupational Information Network (O*NET) is being developed under the sponsorship of the US Department of Labor/Employment and Training Administration (USDOL/ETA) through a grant to the North Carolina Department of Commerce. Learn more about the O*NET project partners. About O*NET Data O*NET Applications Starting Points Content Model Anatomy of an occupation Every occupation requires a different mix of knowledge, skills, and abilities, and is performed using a variety of activities and tasks. These distinguishing characteristics of an occupation are described by the O*NET Content Model, Explore the interactive Content Model to see the range of occupational descriptors in the O*NET database. which defines the key features of an occupation as a standardized, measurable set of variables......

Words: 529 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Re Sba

...or report the matter to the police. The most important recommendations is the need to ensure that the person that abuses the children is given death sentence and the matter is well taken care of, because these men are way wicked and parents and children should not trust strangers or allow anyone including family members to touch them certain area and report to their parents or a trusted adult if they are being abused. A majority of children are abused because it is felt that these men will get rid of diseases. The government need to put on an aggressive education programmed immediately both at the community level and national level, both printed and electrical media should be used to educate and enlighten men and the wider community o this misconception held. Since majority of children are sexually abuse and the government should provide seminars that * Creates opportunity for peer interaction * Provides counseling for victims who are sexual abused. * The danger (affecting/aborting) Prevention tips * Know who your child is with and what they are doing. In over 80% of cases, abuse occurs when child is alone with an adult or teen. * Choose activities where children are not alone with an adult or teen. * Make it easy for your child to confide in you, especially if confused, embarrassed or asked by someone older to keep “secrets”. * Cerate opportunities for peer interaction. Children who are targeted are often isolated or lonely. Role......

Words: 1351 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

General O. O. Howard

...Brief History of General Oliver O. Howard General Oliver O. Howard, a Civil War hero was born on November 8, 1830 in Leeds, Maine and died October 26, 1909 in Burlington, Vermont. He served as organizer and head of the Freedmen’s Bureau in (1865-72) and founder of Howard University. He used his position in the Freedmen’s Bureau to fight for, protect, and create educational possibilities, and a better way of life for the freedmen. Howard University gets its name from him and the Howard University Hospital, as we know it today was called "Freedman's Hospital.” He became the third president of the University, but resigned to go back to the military. The military was his love and in his blood. General Howard is described as a “Christian man who stood up for his beliefs and convictions, and who used his position as head of the Freedmen’s Bureau to fight for the well-being of Negroes in the South.”1 The General took pride in his position to defend race relations, education, and the general welfare of people. He felt that “no aspect of freedom for the newly emancipated was quite as close to his heart as that of providing educational facilities.”2 The General’s dedication and commitment to the freedmen was recognized by President Andrew Johnson, who in 1865 appointed General Howard to commission the Freedmen’s Bureau. As a result of his new appointment the General moved to Washington. Being a deeply religious man, The General’s religious roots lead him to “join others in...

Words: 623 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Office Administration Sba

...the types of communications used in the marketing Department at Belize Telemedia Limited, and the impact it has on their public relations with customers. AIMS 1. To examine the types of communication used in the Marketing Department. 2. To identify how important communication is in the Marketing Department. 7621 Rio Bravo Cresent Faber’s Road Extension Belize City, Belize December 26, 2013 Ms. Lisa Stanford Marketing Executive Belize Telemedia Limited Regent Street Belize City, Belize Dear Ms. Stanford I am a fourth form student attending Pallotti High School specializing in the Business field. It is required by the Caribbean Examinations Council (CXC) that I produce a School-Based Assessment (SBA) Project in my area of specialization. I am preparing my SBA in Office Administration “An investigation into the type of communications used in the Marketing Department at Belize Telemedia Limited, and the impact it has on their public relations with customers”. In order to obtain the required information to carry out this project I am seeking your permission to visit your organization and conduct an interview with the staff members in the Marketing Department. I can be contacted at any time convenient to you. My cellphone number is 636-3537.I await your response. Yours Respectfully, Kenysha Stanford Student METHODOLOGY In order for this project to be completed the questionnaire and interview methods were used to collect data. Questionnaire Five questionnaires......

Words: 532 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

A Sba

...FRM/EDPD/112 CARIBBEAN CARIBBEAN SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE® EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL INSTRUCTIONS TO SCHOOLS ON THE SBA LABORATORY EXERCISES, WRITTEN AND PRACTICAL COMPONENTS FOR INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY AND INDUSTRIAL ARTS THE PRACTICAL COMPONENT 1. The laboratory exercises and practical projects in Building Technology, Electrical and Electronic Technology and Mechanical Engineering Technology are marked by a visiting examiner (Moderator) appointed by the Council. No Moderator is permitted to mark the work of students he has prepared for the examinations. The Moderator will visit each school twice during the final year. On the first visit he/she will assess the process of constructing the practical project/laboratory exercise of EACH student or group of students. On the final visit he/she will reassess the completed project work (product) of a sample of FIVE students already marked by the teacher. Note: • The Moderator selects the sample based on the total SBA scores awarded by the teacher. To facilitate this, the teacher must make a copy of his/her assessment on the Candidate’s Record Sheet available to the Moderator. The Moderator has the option of requesting additional assignments for reassessment, if needed. 2. 3 • If the number of students scheduled for the laboratory session is larger than can be accommodated at one session, the Assessor may divide them into two or more groups. In such circumstances the second......

Words: 1602 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Cxc-Sba

...3 – The Absolute and Avatars (32 marks) Question 4 – Concept of Sin and Liberation (32 marks) For Option C - Islam, the questions will be set as follows: Question 1 – Human Life Issues (36 marks) Question 2 – The Holy Qur’an (32 marks) Question 3 – Concept of Allah (32 marks) Question 4 – Concept of Sin, Punishment and Reward (32 marks) For Option D - Judaism, the questions will be set as follows: Question 1 – Human Life Issues (36 marks) Question 2 – The Tanakh (32 marks) Question 3 – God (32 marks) Question 4 – Festivals and Observances (32 marks) School- Based Assessment (SBA) Paper 03/1 The SBA assignment is a research paper. In this paper, students will explore the denominations and sects of selected world religions and Caribbean Indigenous Religions. CXC 28/G/SYLL 09 4 MARK ALLOCATION BY PAPERS AND PROFILE DIMENSIONS Profile Dimensions Paper 01 Paper 02 Paper 03 (SBA) Profile Weight Knowledge 40 30 - 35% Interpretation and Analysis 20 40 20 40% Application - 30 20 25% TOTAL 60 100 40 100% ◆ REGULATIONS FOR RESIT CANDIDATES Resit candidates who have obtained 50% or more of the moderated score will not be required to repeat this component of the examination provided that they write the examination in the academic year immediately following their first sitting of the examination. Resit candidates who failed to achieve 50 % of the moderated score must repeat the research paper during the academic year in which the examination is repeated.......

Words: 35172 - Pages: 141

Free Essay

Geography Sba

...scientific inquiry but may also hinder the understanding of physical phenomena. For example, students may tacitly attribute to elastic objects properties such a linearity which may be inherent in the integration rule rather than in the object. REFERE CES Anderson, N. H. (1982). Methods of information integration theory. New York: Academic Press. Anderson, N. H. (1983). Cognitive algebra in intuitive physics. In H.-G. Geissler, H. F. J. M. Buffart, E. L. J. Leeuwenberg, & V. Sarris (Eds.), Modern issues in perception (pp. 229-253). Amsterdam: North-Holland. Anderson, N. H. (1991). Contributions to information integration theory. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Anderson, N. H. (1996). A functional theory of cognition. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. Lipmann, O., & Bogen, H. (1923). aive Physik. Leipzig: Barth. McCloskey, M. (1983). Intuitive physics. Scientific American, 284(4), 114-122. McDermott, L. (1991). What we teach and what is learned: Closing the gap. American Journal of Physics, 59, 301-315. Masin, S. C. (2008). Is self-estimated linear length linear? In B. A. Schneider, B. M. BenDavid, S. Parker, & W. Wong (Eds.), Proceedings of the twenty-fourth annual meeting of the International Society for Psychophysics (pp. 265-270). Toronto, Canada: International Society for Psychophysics. Shanon, B. (1976). Aristotelianism, Newtonianism and the physics of the layman. Perception, 5, 241-243. Smith, B., & Casati, R. (1994). Naive physics: An essay in ontology. Philosophical Psychology, 7, 225-244...

Words: 3753 - Pages: 16

Free Essay

Economic Sba

...where the building up of the economy is necessary. Findings The Findings of the study are: * St. Maarten depends heavily on tourism * Tourism makes 20% of St. Maarten’s GDP * Locals do not contribute as much, in order to save and meet day-to-day needs. * Many business that sell mostly to tourist, their prices are high * As demand raises so does so does prices. Recommendations * Government should invest more to create more jobs for the youths. * Government can trade more with surrounding islands to boost international trade. Bibliography Gopie, P. (2010). Economics for CSEC Examinations. Macmillan Education. Moynihan Dan & Brian Titley, (2007), Economics a Complete Course for IGCSE and O’ Level, Oxford University Press. Robinson and karlene & Cooke Novelette, (2011), Economics for CSEC, Carlong Publishers. Mr. Brison (2013 September 18) ‘ Brison: St. Maarten way behind competitors in allotted budget for tourism investments’ Dialy Herald. Retrieved October 22 2013 from the www.dailyherald.com. Analysis 1. Gender? Choices | No. of respondents | % of respondents | Male | 22 | 44% | Female | 28 | 56% | 2. Age? Choices | No. of respondents | % of respondents | 18-30 | 19 | 38% | 31-40 | 17 | 34% | 41-50 | 11 | 22% | 51+ | 3 | 6% | 3. Employment Status? Choices | No. of respondents | % of respondents | Employed | 27 | 54% | Unemployed | 11 | 22% | Youths | 12 | 24% | 4.......

Words: 2016 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Oa Sba

...Title of SBA An investigation into, the strategies used to motivate workers in Human Resource Department (HRD)/personnel Department of Courts Jamaica Limited. Aims of SBA Three aims of this project are: ❖ To ascertain the functions of the Human Resource Department? ❖ To see how the functions aid in the productiveness of the organization? ❖ To determine the effectiveness of the documents used in the Human Resource Department. Functions of the Human Resource Department ❖ To process Job applications and select suitable persons who are qualified for the position available. ❖ To see to it that the business complies with the policies governing the business market. ❖ Ensuring that the working conditions not only meet the legal requirements but are conductive to encourage employees to work well. ❖ Ensuring than, when, necessary, procedures for disciplining employees are carried out in a fair and correct manner. ❖ Ensuring that the employee is placed in a appropriate part of the organization so that his or her skills are used to the best advantage of the organization. . Correspondence Letter 94 Biscayne drive, Mount Clair, May Pen P.O, Clarendon. January 14, 2012 The Human Resource Manager, Courts Jamaica Ltd, 50 Main Street, May......

Words: 1680 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Religion Sba

...Conclusion……………………………………………………………………………………7 Bibliography…………………………………………………………………………………………………………8 Appendix…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….9 Acknowledgement: Firstly I would like to express my gratitude to our heavenly father Almighty God, for providing me with knowledge, strength, understanding and the apprehension which guided me in the successful completion of my School Based Assessment (S.B.A). Secondly I would like to express my gratitude to my parents for providing me with necessary finance and incite which aided me in my successful completion of my S.B.A. Lastly, I would like to express my sincere gratitude to my teacher Mrs. Cordelia Requena for her knowledge and expertise which assisted me in the completion of my SBA. Statement of Aims: This research seeks to find out the following: 1. Where the Seventh – Day Adventist denomination originated from? 2. What are some Basic Beliefs of the Seventh day Adventist denomination? 3. What are some of the practices of the Seventh day Adventists? Introduction There are four main religions of today: Christianity, Hinduism, Islam and Judaism. Christianity has several denominations; one of which is the Seventh - day Adventist. The Seventh - day Adventist church is of Protestant Christian denominations. The Seventh - day Adventist was founded by Joseph Bates, James White, Een G.White and J.N. Andrews. This religion was originated from Battle Creek, Michigan on May 21, 1863. Why did it......

Words: 518 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

O Boticario

...products. These types of products offered patients personalised treatment, particularly in the area of skin care. Krigsner wanted his new shop to be more than just a pharmacy; he wanted it to be a truly pleasant place where people would feel good. So, instead of counters full of remedies, the store had a carpeted waiting room with a sofa, magazines and coffee for people to enjoy while their prescriptions were being prepared. It was the beginning of the special customer care that the brand is still known for today. In a few short years, what started out as a small pharmacy had become the largest perfume and cosmetics network in the world with more than 3,600 shops in Brazil and approximately 600 points of sale in other countries. O BOTICARIO IS… A brand with attitude, a brand of closeness, self-esteem, happiness and beauty that inspires beauty! A brand that knows that happy women are the most beautiful women An upbeat brand that always sees the GOOD side of life A brand that offers its customers specialised counselling, invests in ongoing training and takes special care of its Fans A brand of addictive products with unforgettable fragrances, vibrant colours, irresistible textures and proven results A brand that specialises in gifts, even if they are for yourself THE BRAND IDENTITY The brand’s history coincides with the Brazilian beauty values (at the beginning, non industrial production) as it is a former pharmacy : - the customer’s well-being is......

Words: 771 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

P O B Marketing Sba

...for a business to be viable, it takes an individual with foresight, drive and enthusiasm for the business to be a success. It is therefore the intent of the business owner to join the food industry, which he believes has a very high growth potential. The business venture will be a Manufacturing Company, ‘Zens’ Manufacturer, which will be distributing healthy and affordable choices of products for the health conscious individual. The main aim of Zens’ Manufacturer is to realise profit on its investment, seek and retain customers and to expand its business to various locations island wide. The company is equipped with the latest technology and the necessary mix of skilled workers as its driving force. This School based Assessment (SBA) seeks to equip the researcher with first hand knowledge of the processes in starting a business. It is hoped that the contents will becomes useful to its readers. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I want to acknowledge the guiding hand of the almighty that kept me safe at nights until the completion of this project. I would also like to thank a number of persons who through their knowledge helped in their own way to the realization of this research. It would not be possible without the help of my mother who provided printing services and insights; to my teacher for her guidance and patience toward my expanded knowledge geared towards higher studies. But how could I leave out a hardworking persistent and creative......

Words: 2680 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Re Sba

...RELIGIOUS EDUCATION SCHOOL BASED ASSESMENT RASTAFARIAN SYMBOLS Name: Jevaughn Francis Territory: Jamaica School: Mona High School Candidate Number__________________ Centre Number: ____________________ TABLE OF CONTENT Title Page…………………………………………………………….... Table of Contents……………………………………………………… Acknowledgment…………………………………………………….... Introduction…………………………………………………………..... Research Topic………………………………………………………… Statements of Aim……………………………………………………... Collection of Data……………………………………………………… Summary of Findings………………………………………………….. Analysis and Interpretation…………………………………………….. Conclusion……………………………………………………………… Bibliography……………………………………………………………. ACKNOWLEDEGMENT INTRODUCTION This SBA speaks and teaches about Rastafarian symbols and their impact on daily lives also why they are needed in sermons and in addition to inform us on how they are used. TOPIC OF RESEARCH Rastafarian Symbols STATEMENT OF AIMS 1. How Rastafarian Symbols have an impact on today’s life. 2. Deduce why symbols are needed in sermons. 3. Deduce how the symbols are appropriately used. COLLECTON OF DATA DATE | METHOD OF INVESTIGATION | PROCEDURE | January 9 2016 | Reviewed literature | Analyzed research papers and utilized encyclopedia info. | January 10 2016 | Interview | Interviewed several individuals on their view of the religion. | January 12 2016 | Reviewed Religious Blogs and sites. | Search through sites and blogs......

Words: 872 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

"O Me! O Life" Analysis

...Oh me! Oh life! of the questions of these recurring, Of the endless trains of the faithless, of cities fill’d with the foolish, Of myself forever reproaching myself, (for who more foolish than I, and who more faithless?) Of eyes that vainly crave the light, of the objects mean, of the struggle ever renew’d, Of the poor results of all, of the plodding and sordid crowds I see around me, Of the empty and useless years of the rest, with the rest me intertwined, The question, O me! so sad, recurring—What good amid these, O me, O life? Answer. That you are here—that life exists and identity, That the powerful play goes on, and you may contribute a verse. Abstract Meaning In his poem “O Me, O Life,” Walt Whitman questions the futility of life. Whitman ponders on the rapid advancement of our world through economy’s eyes. Though he admits to the disappointment that can be felt through human achievement, he also conducts an argument through a powerful metaphor at the end of his poem recognizing the importance of human purpose, “Answer… That the powerful play goes on, and you may contribute a verse.” Whitman argues that every person is contributing to human existence because they are living and breathing. He connects this idea to the rest of his poem by using a question and answer format. At the beginning of his poem he introduces his final argument, “Oh me! Oh life! of the questions of these recurring,/ Of the endless trains of......

Words: 434 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Re Sba

...Bakery aims to be the best selling and number one bakery choice within the Caribbean. To be known for its fast, efficient and reliable service that it offers. The business will have a committed staff to satisfy the consumers request or needs by providing goods and services of the highest quality. At Best Bakery the objective is to also produce, goods in large quantities so as to maximize profits and to have the company to be around for a very long time. Contribution to the country’s national development is also one of the main aim of the company. In order to achieve all the objectives of Best Bakery, the proprietor will formulate and enact strategic measures. These will include providing a large quantity of goods and quality services. T o employ workers that possess a high level of competence who can work quickly, efficiently and proficiently. To equipped the business with skilled and excellent customer service agent or staff. The customer representative will travel to various locations to advertise the bakery and promote its product. The owner will also offer special discount services to its customers at selected timer. Give aways and other game tactics will be also used at marketing strategies. 7 [pic] Best Bakery will manufacture goods to the highest quality to its customers by working with an empowered staff that is equipped with the necessary tools to provide the best tasting, nutritious product......

Words: 5741 - Pages: 23

Úzasnákovi 2 | [ Zobacz pełny opis... ] | joshsegamer