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Abuse of Individuals

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Submitted By sheilar2005
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Negative health outcomes are caused by factors on both micro and macro levels of society. Social capital refers to the social factors and resources that people rely on for emotional support and help through hard times. Close family ties can alleviate stress, lessening the risk of developing mental conditions. Strong social networks provide help with everything from child care to finding gainful employment. The political factors that affect health are based on the social status of the individual and the groups they are associated with. Women, children, and the elderly are particularly vulnerable regarding social status factors. Human capital is greatly enhanced by high levels of social status, as higher social-status groups generally have more education and income to invest in them- selves and others. There is a defined spectrum of social, political, and economic factors and vulnerability that represents the haves and have-nots.
Abuse is about power and the roles people play within relationships. As discussed, the very young and very old lack social status partly because they depend on others for their daily care. This puts them at a distinct disadvantage within the social structure of any rela- tionship, most especially those with caregivers. Social workers and clinicians report a significant trend in intimate partner abuse wherein the victim is somehow of lesser social status than the offender. The difference in status may result from financial inequal- ity (for example, the victim is financially dependent upon the abuser) or even from a differ- ence in education levels. Many reports indicate that social ide- ology about the woman’s role in the household (tend the home and children, obey the man), the “right” way for men to act (strong, in control, and domineering), and the way children should behave (seen-not-heard, obedient) contributes to the power disparity…...

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