Free Essay

Advantages of Black Sand Mining

In: Science

Submitted By eineeuq17
Words 407
Pages 2
ADVANTAGES OF BLACK SAND MINING : The advantage of black sand mining is that the black sand is the one of the raw materials that used in making a metal that we used in building different establishments and buildings and also our houses. Aside from that , families that is near in the black sand mining will have a another income to support or give the primary needs of their family. Aside from that it is also used as additive to strengthen the concrete and steel in building foundations and infrastructures, making ink, paper, jewelries, and cosmetics. By the used of this mineral, that is why magnets are discovered. Black sand mining improves the rivers and oceans in order to flow well. Nowadays, during El nino, it is obvious that some of our rivers are totally being parched. Generally speaking, mining will be present everywhere it cannot be stopped. As long as human population increases, the need of our minerals also increases. Without mining, the world economy will be way down.
DISADVANTAGES OF BLACK SAND MINING; Black sand mining literally means scraping off the shoreline. It create more area for salt water while narrowing the land. It disturbs the natural balance. Driving away any living organisms in area, prevents land farming and it may wipe out a whole shoreline community. It is danger to the lives and property of residents near to the black sand mining operation, massive residential displacement, saltwater flooding, landslides, weakening or destruction of the natural defenses and barriers of coastal communities, and the loss of fishing livelihood rights due to the exploration and mining operations.The effects are now easily seen , houses are crumbling because the sand underneath it are getting eroded, rice fields are shrinking and losing harvests as the fields are inundated by saltwater. Black sand mining operations contributed to the depletion of fisheries, erosion of land and severe flooding in coastal and riverside communities. If this operation will continue we will experience a large depletion in the coastal area . Because that black sand that they mined is the sand that filter the salt in the seas.And if the black sand operation will continue there is no can filter the salt and it will result to flooding of salt water . Even the harvest in the field besides the river will also be destroy because of hat operation . Black sand mining also affect the breathing apparatus and photosynthetic processes of marine organisms.…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Sand

...Sand... I could almost tell you exactly how many grains lay in this desert. The days are long and hot, and the nights are longer and cold. It’s not a mistake that I am here, I chose to live this way. My name is Gabriel, I am twenty-eight years old. The Wahiba Sands became my home five weeks ago.... I used to be wealthy, with a family, I even owned the largest law firm in the united states. I used to be happy, and filled to the breaking points with love, and life. Until my company that I spent every penny, and every ounce of me on, fell under. My deep black hair began to turn a grey color. We started losing cases, and with a rising rate of failure came the rising debt. The company was going to crash, and I knew. A few months later, the bank came around to take the firm out of my hands. I made a horrible decision, I went to the bank that all of the pension money was stored. I emptied all of the accounts, and carried the money out of the bank in bags. As I was leaving I called my wife, and told her and my son Adrian to pack their things and get ready to leave the country, and that I would explain when I got home. I pull into the driveway, and see my wife standing outside the house. Frantically I told her what just happened. “Gabriel what on earth are you trying to do?!” she exclaimed. “Please just get in the car, I don’t have time. I need to leave, if you wait any longer I’ll have to leave without you and Adrian.” I proposed. She stood, unmoved, and with an unchanged mind...

Words: 904 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Mining

...You certainly don’t have to look hard to find that Mining was the very first economic boom in the West. It all started around 1860 in the region of Mountains and Plateaus. They were first settled by Migrants hoping to hit the jackpot. Of course, there was also a boom in California in 1849. The mining boom lasted until the 1890’s then it died down. 65 When the word got out that there was a strike for Gold or silver it would create a mad rush to that area. Then people would settle in the area and work in the mines. There were numerous mining towns that flourished into Cities. The area of Denver, Colorado was once a mining town. Gold was discovered in the Pikes Peak Region. Large corporations would come in after the small prospectors got what they wanted. The Corporations were looking to mine quartz and lode. 84 The work in the mines was extremely hard on people. The conditions were very dangerous and hot. Some of the workers would die from heat stroke and pneumonia. There were also frequent accidents and explosions that claimed a lot of lives. Poor ventilation in the mines contributed to carbon dioxide build up. This causes head aches and dizziness. Poisonous gasses would also be breathed which causes lung disease. 68 Since so many people believed there were a lot of riches to be found the area attracted bad men. This forced communities into vigilantes and creating their own Justice system. Some communities were even run by criminals. 37 Reference: ......

Words: 265 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Negative Environmental Implications of the Athabasca Oil Sands

...ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS OF THE ATHABASCA OIL SANDS “The modern era began with the discovery that started the most brilliant, inventive, and destructive age in the history of mankind. The age of energy.” The Athabasca oil sands were founded in the late 1960s and have now developed into a major player within the Canadian economy, acting as its prominent supplier of crude oil. With roughly 2.5 trillion barrels of oil in the ground, the oil sands are one of the largest deposits in the world. However, a problem arises with the extraction process, as it is both expensive and cumbersome with the presence of bitumen within the oil (a highly viscous, black hydrocarbon). Therefore, the extensive extraction process that is required by oil mining companies leads to negative environmental implications. As a result, this paper will discuss the extent of these environmental implications in terms of escalating greenhouse gas emissions, the depletion and contamination of water reserves, and the destruction of terrestrial ecosystems within the Boreal forest. In addition to this, the underlying notion of Alberta’s unlikely future for a sustainable environment. Greenhouse gases (GHG) are emissions within the atmosphere that absorbs and emit radiation, thus damaging the ozone layer. Taking this into consideration, the expansionary development associated with the Athabasca oil sands are rapidly increasing the level of pollution emitted within Canada. The oil sands alone are a source of......

Words: 2365 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Exploitation of Canadian Tar Sands

...Exploitation of Canadian tar sands How is the oil formed? Conventionally crude oil is extracted by drilling into a petroleum reservoir, but tar sands are mostly mined by opencast mining. The extracted material is then crushed, mixed with water and the bitumen separated out before it can be refined for use. Tar sands are also pumped out. High pressure steam is injected underground to separate the bitumen from the sand. Economic costs: * Producing useable oil from tar sands is expensive; it is only viable when oil costs over $30 a barrel. It costs $15 a barrel to extract bitumen from tar sands, compared with $2 a barrel for conventional crude oil * Producing useable oil from tar sands is also very energy intensive. It takes the equivalent of one barrel of oil to produce three barrels of crude oil from tar sands. Conventional oil production requires much less energy. Economic Benefits: * Oil is vital to the Canadian economy. In 2007, the oil industry accounted for nearly 20% of the total value of Canadian exports. * By 2030, tar sands could meet 16% of North America’s demand for oil. – Providing a secure sizable source of oil for Canada and the USA. * At a local scale, mining, processing and its multipliers generate around 100,00 jobs in Northern Alberta Environmental costs: * The Alberta Energy Research Institute says that processed tar sands are a large source of greenhouse gas emissions due to their energy intensive production * The......

Words: 301 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Alberta Oil Sands

...An analysis of the cost/benefit profile of the Alberta oil sands The Alberta oil sands is one of the largest and most controversial energy projects on the planet; whereby large quantities of bitumen are converted into oil through complex and energy intensive chemical processes. The tar sands contain approximately 170 billion barrels of oil, and are the third largest proven reserve of oil in the world. It is expected that this operation will continue to experience rapid development which may result in a diverse array of negative and positive impacts that could significantly influence our society. The advantages and disadvantages of the Alberta oil sands can be analyzed through four key components: political, economic, technological and environmental toxicological perspectives. The cost/benefit profile of the tar sands is evident, and in order to properly address this issue, a plausible and realistic solution must be implemented. Therefore, this will hopefully lead to a decrease in the environmental toxicological and public health impacts associated with the tar sands while preserving socio-economic growth and technological advancement. The political aspect of the oil sands is mainly regulated through the government of Alberta. These legislative members continually promote the expansion of this project as well as advertise its contributions to the economic and technological sector within Canada. The current governmental......

Words: 1506 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Taking Advantage of Data Mining

... Augustus Chappelle GS1140 Bashtovyy, Denys ITT Tech Mon 6pm Data Mining As smartphones became more advanced and second nature in our everyday lives the opportunity to be apart of this new technology began to open doors for many people such as software developers, manufacturing of parts and accessories, and jobs to market and sell smartphones. The one I considered the most to me was repairing them. If you have ever shattered the screen of your smartphone, the experience of having it repaired in a quick allotted time can be painstaking. Not so often but once in a while, repair shops may not have a particular model because either they are not aware of it being sold as much in a particular region or more often the repairer does not want to take the chance in ordering overstock. These particular circumstances led me to ask can data mining be used to collect a census of how many people request a certain model smartphone to be repaired in a particular area? The purpose of collecting data would be to determine the amount of material that should be purchased each month to produce a faster turn around time for the customer and further results to less overspending. Data mining is the analysis of  (often large) observational data sets to find unsuspected relationships and to summarize the data in novel ways that are both understandable and useful to the data owner. In a more understandable term data mining can be used to observe the relationship between two items to see their......

Words: 1068 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Mining

...are written down and act as a guide or general framework for the meeting. The third step is concerned with allocation or assigning of roles of the facilitator, the overseer, the time keeper and the scribe. These are the primary players and regulators of the meeting who are charged with the duties of setting the agenda rolling. The facilitator is the key regulator of the meeting with the scribe taking down minutes and the time keeper allocating durations for all steps. The fourth step is setting the agenda, a comprehensive statement of the major objectives of the meeting which connect the purposes of the session to the foreseeable results. The last step is concerned with establishment and allocation of time for each item on the agenda. The mining group gold is a process that is effective for all types of proceedings or meetings. The primary roles of the primary and secondary facilitator include creating an open and collaborative amicable environment for the team members to effectively attain positive results under the foreseeable expectations. The primary and the secondary facilitators are as well charged with the duty of preventing possible conflict and solving any clashes in ideas which are likely to distort the focus of the meeting, in light of this they are...

Words: 290 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Mineral Sands Overview

...Mineral Sands: An Overview of the Industry Greg Jones1 ABSTRACT Mineral sands are different to most commodities, however they share similarities with other commodity types, such as the importance of quality constraints of iron ore and coal or the importance of physical properties of diamonds. The mineral sands industry consists of two principal product streams; titanium dioxide minerals – in the form of rutile, ilmenite and leucoxene; and zircon. The principal valuable heavy minerals (VHM) include ilmenite, leucoxene, rutile and zircon. Variations of other titanium minerals occur between the end members of ilmenite and rutile, including pseudo rutile and anatase. Most mineral sands deposits are found in unconsolidated fossil shorelines several hundreds of metres to tens of kilometres and occasionally hundreds of kilometres inland from the present coastline. Mineral sands orebodies essentially fall into two categories based on the mode of deposition: alluvial or aeolian. Alluvial deposits are further split into marine beach placers (or strandlines) and lacustrine heavy mineral (HM) accumulations. Exploration for mineral sands involves the positive identification of key criteria leading to the focus of exploratory surface sampling, augering and drilling. Assaying is primarily focused around determining the percentage of HM contained within a given sample. Other results of interest include clay fines, sand and oversize. Metallurgical/mineralogical assessment is often undertaken...

Words: 7933 - Pages: 32

Premium Essay

Oil Sands

...Oil Sands Essay Supporting the Oil Sands and Oil Production Did you know that over the past 35 years, Alberta has made $1.2 trillion from the oil sands? Did you know that the oil sands have provided over 1,700 jobs for local aboriginal people? I strongly believe that the oil sands and oil production are good assets for Alberta. In this essay, I will be informing you about the advantages of these assets. Firstly, the oil sands provide many benefits to aboriginal people, the founders of Canada. Next, the oil sands serve as a dependable source of energy for Alberta as well as for Canada. Oil also has a huge growth potential. Lastly, the oil industry provides many jobs and maintains Alberta’s economic growth. To start, the oil sands give aboriginal people a chance to work and earn a living. Over the past 3 years, oil companies such as Shell and Husky have given close to 1,700 jobs to hard working First Nations. Aboriginal students also have the chance to benefit from the oil sands. Scholarships are available for young adults looking to pursue studies in the oil business at post secondary institutions. First Nation corporations have made a total net profit of $8 billion over the past 20 years of doing business in the oil industry. There are also generous ‘oil patch’ organizations that have donated over $20 million to aboriginal communities in need. The First Nations workers are important as they work to provide energy for Canada. The next of many advantages of the oil......

Words: 532 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Sand

...SAND Student Aid for Nepalese Disasters Team Members: Dristi Shrestha, John Lang, Pascaline Gassana, Priya Tuladhar, Saleh Alsulaiman Table of Contents Project Plan: 3 Project Charter 3 Task breakdown list: 5 Phase 1: Forming 5 Phase 2: Establishing 5 Phase 3: Distributing 6 Sequencing diagram: 7 Task Breakdown Structure: 8 Gantt Chart: 9 Measure of project success: 13 Team Experience: 13 Team Leadership: 13 Team Norms: 14 Team Norm Non-Compliance Plan: 14 Team Norm Non-Compliance Effectives: 15 Team Development: 15 Forming Stage: 15 Storming Stage: 15 Norming Stage: 16 Performing Stage: 16 Team Roles: 17 Team Effectiveness: 18 Team Effectiveness – Strength / Weakness Assessments: 20 Goals: 20 Roles: 20 Procedures: 20 Relationships: 21 Leadership: 21 Lessons Learned: 22 Insight Gained About Working in Teams: 22 Team Successes 22 What the Team Would Do Differently 22 Project Plan: Project Charter Team Name: | SAND (Student Aid for Nepalese Disasters) | Organization / Group: | UD Nepalese Earthquake Relief | Term: | SUMMER 2015 | Date: | June 10, 2015 | | 1- Problem Statement: | Nepalese Students attending UD (University of Dallas) that have been negatively impacted by the recent earthquakes in Nepal. | 2- Vision: | Provide various forms of assistance to the Nepalese......

Words: 2755 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Mining

...Surface mining involves the basic procedures of topsoil removal, drilling and blasting, ore and waste loading, hauling and dumping and various other auxiliary operations. Loading of ore and waste is carried out simultaneously at several different locations in the pit and often in several different pits. Shovels and frond-end loaders of various sizes are used to load material onto trucks. Hauling material from the shovel production faces to the dumping sites must be accomplished through a network of haul roads of various length and grades. Haul roads can be extremely complex, cover large surface areas and pass through extreme elevation changes. Loading times of shovels depends on shovel capacity, digging conditions, and the truck capacity. Queues often will form at the shovels since trucks of various sizes may be used at individual shovels. Thus, allocation of trucks to haul specific material from a specific pit or shovel becomes a complex problem. Obviously, efficient mining operations are strongly dependent on proper allocation of trucks to shovels and the respective allocation of trucks along the appropriate haul roads and dump sites. The number and type of trucks and shovels are two important factors in determining the optimum design parameters of an open-pit mining system. Also, the characteristics of truck’s arrival and loading times at shovels determine the performance measures (i.e. total production) of truck-shovel system. The assumptions of identical truck travel and...

Words: 688 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Mining

...Tech. A project part-1 submitted to Gujarat Technological University In partial fulfilment of The Requirements for the Degree of Bachelor of Engineering In Mining Engineering October 2012 CERTIFICATE This is to certify that Ms. Mamta Jaswal of BE. Semester VII (Mining engineering) has completed her one full semester on project work Titled “STUDY OF SLOPE STABILITY IN LIGNITE MINES” Satisfactorily in partial fulfilment of requirement of Bachelor of Engineering In Mining Engineering, Gujarat Technology University, Ahmedabad in the year 2012. Date: / / 2012 Place: Palanpur Internal Guide Prof. V.J. Sharma Prof. Rajesh Arora Head of Department (Mining engineering) Seal of institute CERTIFICATE This is to certify that Mr. Nilay J. Patel of BE. Semester VII (Mining engineering) has completed his one full semester on project work Titled “STUDY OF SLOPE STABILITY IN LIGNITE MINES” Satisfactorily in partial fulfilment of requirement of Bachelor of Engineering In Mining Engineering, Gujarat Technology University, Ahmedabad in the year 2012. Date: / / 2012 Place: Palanpur Internal Guide ......

Words: 7835 - Pages: 32

Premium Essay

Alberta's Oil Sands

...Alberta’s Oil Sands: Are They Really That Bad? College Communications – Section 106 Friday, November 26, 2010 Alberta’s Oil Sands: Are They Really That Bad? One of the most recent topics related to the environment and how poorly Canada is performing, when it comes to managing its pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, is Alberta’s oil sands. Most of us have seen the commercials put out by the Canadian Association of Petroleum producers (CAPP), created to inform us of the innovations and research that is currently being done to reduce their pollution and carbon footprint. Are these commercials presenting us with straight facts or have they been presented to us in an attempt to sway our opinion? Whichever the case may be, we have a right to be properly informed and our government has a responsibility to analyze, inform and act with the best interest of Canada’s environment and its people in mind. When we compare what we are told by the government and the association representing the oil sands industry, with scientific facts, we will see where our government’s true interest lies and how damaging the oil sands really are. The most obvious effects of the oil sands is the area consumed by their operations. To date, more land has been reserved for oil sands operations than that of the entire country of England. Amongst all of this land, the oil sands have what are called tailing ponds. These are large bodies of contaminated water, created as a holding area for the......

Words: 1471 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Sand Filtration

...STUDENT RESEARCH PROJECT SAND FILTERS. COMPARISON OF THE MOST IMPORTANT OPERATION PARAMETERS María Graciela Vela Domínguez MSc. Study Program WASTE Supervisor: Martina Barabosz Examiner: Heidrun Steinmetz June 2013 INDEX Introduction……………………………………………………........ 2 1. Sand Filtration……………………………………………..…... 3 1.1 Slow Sand Filtration………………………………………..…. 6 1.1.1 Filter Description…………………………………………..… 6 1.1.2 Operational Parameters…………………………………….. 8 1.1.3 Advantages and Disadvantages……………………….…. 11 1.2 Rapid Sand Filtration………………………………………..… 14 1.2.1 Filter Description……………………………..........................14 15 1.2.2 Operational Parameters………….….................................... 1.2.3 Advantages and Disadvantages……………………….….. 23 1.2.4 Rapid Sand Filtration Classification………………………. 23 1.2.4.1 Continuous Rapid Sand Filtration………………………. 24 1.2.4.1.1 Filter Description…………………………………………. 24 1.2.4.1.2 Filter Operation..………………………………………… 25 27 1.2.4.1.3 Operational Parameters………………………………..………… 28 1.2.4.1.4 Advantages and Disadvantages…………………………. Conclusion……………………………………………………….…. 29 Bibliography………………………………………………….…….. 31 1 Introduction Sand filtration is a technology that has been used for wastewater treatment since a long time. Bed of granular material over a gravel bed is used to treat water. This process imitates a natural treatment that occurs as water runs through the soil. During the pass through, several processes such as...

Words: 2368 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Mining

...Mining For over centuries, fossil fuels and minerals, which are unrenewable resources and took millions of year to produce under pressure, have played an important roles as raw materials to create human supplies such as: transports, building houses, technology and up to Medicine. However, as the world population is expanding every year, people has depleting an excessive amount of it to satisfied their demands without concerning the impact of their behaviors on the environment. Mining minerals and gold is one of the act that depleting natural resources. Global warming and losing of habitats are the outcome that cause by two type of mining: Strip mining and Underground mining. For better understanding, Strip mining is surface mining by excavate soil and rock for extract underground minerals, which result in destruction and deforestation. Underground mining is a type of mining that allow to extract deeper coal underground. It’s often view to be less destructive than surface mining, but it still cause a major damage to environment. (Green Peace, 2010) One global aftermath that contaminate on environment are dam spill or acid mine drainage (AMD). For mining case, Dam is something that was built to stored toxic waste from mining forever. Acid mine drainage is when the dam spill and toxic waste from mining that were reserved, leak into the water, land surface and evaporate into the air. This issue resulted in damage soil, toxic air and......

Words: 1331 - Pages: 6

Starlee Kine | [WP7.5-8] Zombie Defence... | Offres Flash