Premium Essay

Alcohol and Drug Addiction

In: Social Issues

Submitted By kimyoung1782
Words 3725
Pages 15
Alcohol and Drug Addiction
Liberty University

Abstract
This paper is a reflection of addiction in the United States and the statistics that prove addiction is a major issue within the country. Discussed in the paper will be first the primary causes of addiction and risk factors that may lead to an addiction in an individual. Going further into the problem, the cycle of addiction and how to break free of the cycle and an individual’s addiction is talked about. Since there are different drugs that can cause addiction, a breakdown of certain drugs is given. These drugs include alcohol, prescription drugs, heroin, and marijuana. Next, the side effects of drug addiction to the drugs chosen are described in depth as well as the signs that can be viewed in screening for drug addiction. Resources available to drug addiction are touched on and treatment options to explore what can be done if an individual does suffer from drug addiction. Finally, what human service professionals are doing to assist individuals who are addicted and how they can improve on training to ensure that addiction can be caught early enough to make a difference?

Introduction to Drug Addiction Addiction is a chronic disease of brain reward, motivation and memory in individuals who submit to any number of different drugs available to them. Such chronic need for the drugs leads to manifestations biologically, psychologically, spiritually and even socially in any given individual (ASAM, 2014). These, however, are primary results so results may differ from one individual to another depending on how their body reacts to the specific drug. These feelings which turn into demands of brain reward lead to the individual pursuing the reward in which they find relief in further subjecting their bodies to such reward (ASAM, 2014). So what causes addiction? How can addiction be screened or treated? These…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Drug and Alcohol Addiction

...Drug and Alcohol addiction According to Dictionary.com addiction is defined as, “the state of being enslaved to a habit or practice or to something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming, as narcotics, to such an extent that its cessation causes severe trauma.” In 2010 the NSDUH (National Survey on Drug Use and Health) estimated that 22.6 million Americans aged 12 or older were current illicit drug users. Illicit drugs include marijuana, cocaine, heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. More than half of Americans aged 12 or older reported being current drinkers of alcohol estimating to 131.3 million people. Solutions for addicts are worldwide, with proceders that use a religious orientation, cognitive-behavior set of techniques, psychoanalysis, treatment centers or awareness programs. With help available, it is still up for that person to gain the courage and search for help. In an article by Riki Markowitz entitled “Drug & Alcohol prevention programs for teens,” Markowitz proclaims that The National Institute on Drug Abuse has determined that research-based drug and alcohol prevention programs successfully deter kids from using drugs. “Youth who participated in the programs had better outcomes than those who did not." This was mention by the NIDA. The goal for this alcohol and drug prevention program is to help the public understand what drives a teen to use drugs and how to prevent drug abuse and......

Words: 1552 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Drugs and Alcohol

...DRUGS AND ALCOHOL Introduction The use and misuse of alcohol and other non-prescription drugs is one of the more controversial issues in our society, and often a source of conflict between generations and between sections of society. It’s not the purpose of this page – or of the NTU student counselling service – to tell people how to behave or to seek to label them as alcohol or drug abusers. However alcohol and other drugs are powerful substances with a potential to harm users; we would encourage people to take care of themselves when considering using them and to avoid taking any risks which they might regret later. No universal classifications ignore the fact that significant alcohol and drug use is an accepted part of many social groups. What is seen as risky or inappropriate behaviour by one group is accepted as normal by another. Use of drink and drugs can be classified as – 1. Abstinent – no use is made 2. Controlled – people have made a conscious decision have evaluated the risks and can stop if they want. 3. Impulsive – use is unpredictable and can lead to unexpected accidents and harm. However this is not continual or dependent use. 4. Habitual – the use of alcohol or drugs have become a significant and important part of the person’s lifestyle. Stopping would not be easy. 5. Dependent – there is a high degree of physical and psychological addiction. Alcohol and drug use disrupts or rules the person’s life. Stopping is not possible without considerable......

Words: 3956 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Drug Addiction

...Drug Addiction Drug addiction is on increasing problem in today’s society. Drug has been increasing immensely among our society today. It can either help us or destroy us from accomplishing our goals or dreams in life. People sometimes feel they are too bright, too powerful, too much in control to become addictive however addiction can trap anyone. It can lead to harming one’s body, causing problems in the person family and also in societies and the communities. This topic is interesting because it is an ongoing problem in the world and more people are becoming addicted and cannot stop. This topic talks about peoples decisions they make and how their lives can change in minutes and how can they recover from it. The thing I want to know why people chose to do drugs if they know they are bad from the beginning of their lives. Is it depression that it’s causing them to do it, is it too much alcohol drinking or just for fun because one friend is doing it, they want to do same. For me personally I grew up in a country that was strongly against drugs and nobody really had any interest in it and really was not a big issue, but since coming to America this was a big issue for me because I knew America has a big drugs users and I didn’t want to part of it. After years living here I saw how people in America are in love with drugs, I didn’t want to be part of it I was kind of scared at the beginning. In most of the movies on TV there is someone that is using drugs and in hip......

Words: 1348 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Drug and Alcohol Addiction

...General Psychology Final Report 2/3/2009 Drug and Alcohol Addiction Many people in the world suffer from drug and alcohol addiction. There are many different causes and effects of addiction. Understanding the causes and effects of addiction can lead to treatment and or cures for them. Some people believe that nature; which refers to heredity, or the influence of inherited characteristics causes addiction. (Ciccarelli and Meyer, 2006). My theory is that nurture; which refers to the influence of the environment, plays a part in it as well. Often times it’s difficult to spot an addict. Some of the signs of being an addict are; mood, body language, and appearance. The mood of an addict can go from mean and angry, if they need a drink or drugs to calm their nerves, or they can be upbeat and very happy, if they are high on drugs or alcohol. Sometimes depending on the type of personality of the addict, they can become very depressed, even when they are high. The body language of someone that is high on drugs or alcohol is often apparent in their eyes, they are often vacant and void of the presence. Often times the eyes communicate an emptiness, loneliness or despair, such as in someone that is depressed. Sometime the pupils of the eyes are dilated, and the person can’t stay focused. (Answers.Yahoo.Com) The appearance of an addict can be an indication that they are using. They will often let their hair grow long and not comb it, or they are just unkempt......

Words: 1306 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Drug Addiction

...Kathryn Rapp Composition II 11/12/2012 Drug Addiction Everyone knows at least one person that has been or is addicted to drugs in some way, whether it be cigarettes, alcohol, or illegal drugs. Although, not many of those people ever look past the addiction and wonder why. I’m going to lean more towards the alcohol and illegal drugs that people are addicted to and try to get past the actual problem and try to explain the reasons behind it. It has been proven that most addicts are addicted because of childhood issues and traumatic experiences they never got past. One of the most known drug addictions is alcoholism. Alcoholism is when people become dependent on alcohol and their body and mind does not know when to stop drinking. They start to feel they have to have alcohol to survive or function. Recent data from the National Institutes of Health reports that 15% of the people living in the United States are considered “problem drinkers.” Of this 15%, 5%-10% of the males and 3%-5% of the females could be labeled as alcoholics. Another study found that approximately 30% of people in the U.S. report experiencing an alcohol disorder at one point in their lifetime. Researchers from the University of California in San Diego have found that the lifetime risk of alcohol-use disorders for men is greater than 20%. They share that there is a risk of around 15% for alcohol abuse and 10% risk for alcohol dependence. (http://www.alcoholaddiction.info/alcoholism-statistics.htm)......

Words: 934 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Drug Addiction

...Essay The Cause and Effect of Drug Addiction What is drug addiction? Drug addiction refers to the obsessive and repeated use of dangerous amounts of drugs and the appearance of withdrawal symptoms when not using drugs.Many people do not understand why individuals become addicted to drugs or how drugs change the brain to become compulsive. Many people view drug abuse and addiction as strictly a social problem and may characterize those who take drugs as morally weak. One very common belief is that drug abusers should be able to just stop taking drugs if they are only willing to change their behavior. What people often underestimate is the complexity of drug addiction. Drug addiction is not just an addiction it is a disease that impacts the brain and because of that, stopping drug abuse is not simply a matter of willpower. Through scientific advances we now know much more about how exactly drugs work in the brain, and we also know that drug addiction can be successfully treated to help people stop abusing drugs and resume their productive lives. Addiction is a chronic, often relapsing brain disease that causes compulsive drug seeking and use despite harmful consequences to the individual that is addicted and to those around them. Drug addiction is a brain disease because the abuse of drugs leads to changes in the structure and function of the brain. For this reason there are many causes of psychological and physical changes through the drug abuser as well. The......

Words: 581 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Alcohol and Drug Addiction

... Alcohol and Drug Addiction COM/156 There was a missing person report across the news today, my co-worker stated. I never paid any attention to it; I went on about my day as if everything was fine. When I arrived at home I had several messages on my answer machine regarding my best friend Sonya. The message said, Samara please call me it’s Sonya’s mother, I haven’t heard from her in a couple of days, I just wanted to know if you have talked or seen her. I quickly called back to inform her mother that I have not heard from Sonya in months, and the last time we spoke she was doing well and taken a trip to Florida with her new boyfriend. Her mother began to tell me that Sonya was addicted to drugs as well as alcohol. She began to experience with alcohol a little after high school, which lead to the use of drugs. Sonya’s mother also explained to me that this boyfriend of hers was not good to her; he fed her the alcohol and drugs. He also abused her physically, verbally, and mentally. My heart was filled with so much pain and emptiness. This was my best friend my sister and [Grammar: A run-on sentence requires a comma before "and" (or other conjunction) linking main clauses] she was gone. Drug and Alcohol addiction is one of the......

Words: 2433 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Drug Addiction

...Executive Summary: This study examined the types of drugs students in Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet abuse. The participants were 10 university students drawn from different departments of Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet for case study. Case study method with purposive sampling and qualitative approach has been used to conduct the study.The intent of this study was to investigate the reasons that influence to drug abuse among the university students in Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet. The analyses yielded the following results: students in the university abuse drugs such as tobacco, marijuana, alcohol, syrup, slipping tablet, Yabba, heroin so on.Students use drugs mostly everyday most of the narcotics.Students use drugs to feel good, to keep awakeand to sleep. This study found that most of the addicted students do not suffer for taking drugs. Taking drugs do not bring negative impact on their study; students have no psychological or physiological illness becauseof drugs. Based on these findings, the study recommends police and customs control, family support, friends’ supports, prohibition of drug use, compulsory treatment of drug addicts as primary solution to reduce the rate of drug addiction.The study also recommends among others the need to organize awareness programmes in our campus to educate students that drugs can alter brain circuitry, which will affect their learning; and the university......

Words: 6803 - Pages: 28

Premium Essay

Drug Addiction

...their addiction? Addiction births almost all societal and psychological problems. It is an intricate problem that spreads from an individual, to his or her family and eventually to the society as a whole. A query whether it is possible to wake up and give up an addiction is one clouded with uncertainty. So what is addiction? What are the various types and symptoms associated with each? And what causes an individual to quit an addiction? Addiction refers to the physiological and or psychological dependence on a practice or substance beyond one’s voluntary control. It means that the addict cannot be able to keep off the particular psychological and physiological substance or practice. Such dependence can be on substances such as alcohol and drugs, activities such as gambling and even junk food. Once someone gets addicted to something it is immensely hard to break off from the habit. There exists various types of addiction, but addiction should be differentiated from a habitual problematic behavior. There are addictive behaviors that are simply pleasurable and recreational. Such activities may not cause physical or bodily harm, and thus they should not be categorized as addictive. One form of addiction is alcohol dependence. This can be characterized with continuous heavy drinking even when alcohol cause bodily harm to an individual. The addict usually finds it immensely hard to go a day without using alcohol. Drug addiction refers to overdependence on a certain drug. Drug......

Words: 897 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Drug Addiction

...Drug Addiction Drug abuse is rife in many countries. Billions of dollars are spent internationally preventing drug use, treating addicts, and fighting drug-related crime. Although drugs threaten many societies, their effects can also be combated successfully. This essay looks at some of the effects of drug use on society, and suggests some solutions to the problem. Drug abuse causes multiple problems for countries and communities. The medical and psychological effects are very obvious. Addicts cannot function as normal members of society. They neglect or abuse their families, and eventually require expensive treatment or hospitalization. The second effect is on crime. Huge police resources are needed to fight smuggling and dealing. Criminal gangs and mafia underworlds develop with the money from drugs. However, the menace of drugs can be fought. Education is the first battle. Children need to be told at home and in school about drugs. People need to be aware of the effects so that they can avoid this problem. A second approach is to increase police manpower and create effective laws to stop dealers. However the main target should be the user: Families and counsellors need to talk to children and people at risk. Parents need to look at their children and help them to become responsible. Worthwhile jobs and housing are also needed to give people a role in society. In conclusion, although the problem of drugs may seem impossible to eliminate, there are......

Words: 1346 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Drug Addiction

...Alegria Rodriguez Professor Baiz PELEC 15 16 May 2014 Drug Abuse It is often misunderstood by people why or how others get addicted to drugs. Most of the time we perceive abusers lack morals, are bad people and that it is easy to quit and to change their behaviors. Drug abuse is a serious public health problem that affects almost every community and family in some way. Each year drug abuse causes millions of serious illnesses or injuries among Americans. Abused drugs include Amphetamines, Anabolic steroids, Club drugs, Cocaine, Heroin, Inhalants, Marijuana and Prescription drugs. Drug addiction is actually a disease and quitting is more than having a strong will or good intentions. Drugs change the brain which causes quitting to be more difficult even if the abuser is ready to do so because of withdrawals or other symptoms. It has so many negative consequences on the abuser and society. Estimates of the total overall costs of substance abuse in the United States, including productivity and health- and crime-related costs, exceed $600 billion annually. Estimates of the total overall costs of substance abuse in the United States, including productivity and health and crime related costs, surpass $600 billion annually. This includes approximately $193 billion for illicit drugs, (1) $193 billion for tobacco, (2) and $235 billion for alcohol. (3) As bad as these numbers are they don’t fully describe the other prices people pay such as crime, loss of employment, failure in......

Words: 1311 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Drug Addiction

...Drug addiction Causes /Reason 1. People suffering from anxiety, bipolar disorder, depression or other mental illnesses use drugs and alcohol to ease their suffering. * Mental illness is such a burden for some people they will try just about anything to relieve the pain. * Drugs or alcohol can temporarily make that person feel ‘normal’ again, like they remember feeling in the past. * Mental illness is scary for the individual experiencing it, so they are afraid to go to a doctor or family member for help and instead turn to drugs or alcohol to try and solve the problem on their own. 2. People see family members, friends using drugs and rationalize that they can too. * As teenagers and young adults, it’s very easy to think that drug and alcohol use can be handled and controlled, especially if they see others they know doing the same thing. * It can become easy to rationalize like: ‘hey my friend’s been doing this for a couple years and he seems fine to me.’  * Individuals with a family history of drug or alcohol abuse are far more likely to develop an addiction than an individual with no family background of addiction. 3. People become bored and think drugs will help * Boredom is a big factor in drug abuse in teens and young adults. * People in this age bracket generally don’t have bills, jobs and all the stresses that go along with adulthood. * So it’s easier to become bored and want to try something new and......

Words: 482 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Drugs & Alcohol

...Drug and Alcohol Abuse Jeff is a college student who will be attending his first “rave” party on Friday. Once at the party Jeff is introduced to “X” Ecstasy by some friends. Excited to try this, Jeff purchases and swallows a “hit” and begins to feel energized. His world comes to life with exotic and provocative sensations. After a few hours he begins to come down from his high. He feels pain in his jaw from grinding his teeth, he feels slightly depressed a byproduct of Ecstasy. The depression continues for a couple of days and he continues to feel sluggish for a better part of the week causing him to fall slightly behind in his school work. On Thursday a friend invites Jeff to another “rave” on Friday and after a brief moment he decides he will go. In today's society alcohol and drug addiction along with abuse has become one of the most complicated, life-threatening issues. Individuals that become depressed usually resort to alcohol or drugs to escape from their stressful life. Alcohol and drug abuse is a disorder that is described as a destructive pattern of using a substance that leads to significant problems or distress. Alcohol & drug addiction has enormous and somewhat fatal consequences on humans. It has, directly or otherwise, an impact on the individual, family, friends and society. The majority of alcohol and drug related abuse and addiction cases have no single cause. There are a number of biological, psychological and social factors that can increase a......

Words: 473 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Alcohol Addiction

...Essay on Alcohol Addiction We live only once, many of us believe. And therefore some say let us eat, drink and be merry. Surely we must eat, drink and be merry now that we believe that we live only once, but must live like men and women, free from health hazards, free from unnecessary cares and worries. So, eating and drinking is alright as long as we know what to accept and what to avoid. Unfortunately many of us do not have discrimination. Like the notorious Epicurus, we mistake one for the other and do not know what we do. So we substitute that fluid which nature provides us so bounteously with something else and invite ills unspoken of and live like wrecks, with untold miseries. The urban elites drink to the health of their friends and fall of their foes. They drink for old times, to ring out the old year and to ring in the New Year. They drink when they set out to negotiate for a big contract as a good omen, drink during negotiations and drink again when they win it as a token of joy and success; and yet once again, to win more such contracts. When they welcome their friends, or bid them farewell, when in company for the sake of company, when alone to end the monotony of loneliness, before dinner as an appetizer, after it as a digester, it is a must. No time frame, no time schedule, any time is drink time. No prohibitions, no inhibitions. His counterpart in the village or the slum dweller in the city is not far behind. He may sometimes worry about his next meal, but...

Words: 1321 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Drugs and Alcohol

...always surrounded me when I was growing up, my mother knew I was mature enough to tell me that my cousin was an alcoholic and a drug addict. Taking in that information at such a young age was very overwhelming considering it was my first time hearing of this in my family. It first started with the alcohol. As the years went on, he started getting so careless and irresponsible that he lost his very well paid job in Manhattan. He became so depressed that his addict state of mind started growing stronger and more powerful until he found a new addiction. Drugs. Instead of him being rowdy or uncontrollable, he started self-medicating himself to become more tranquil and forget about his troubles. While doing this, he never thought about how this was affecting his family and loved ones. Fortunately, since he has such a loving and supportive family, he’s well on his way to recovery. Before my cousin realized what he was doing and who he was hurting, he was labeled as an alcoholic and a drug user. People who lose their way, and result to alcohol or drugs as an answer, need to be reassured that there are other ways to get through their hard times and to not be afraid of what is to come. My cousin had lacked strongly from social interaction, making it harder for him to get the help he needed. The social reality, meaning, and reaction to drugs and alcohol have changed a great deal over time and society and reality is only what people make them....

Words: 442 - Pages: 2

Saber Marionette R Episode 2 English Dubbed | Fallout 76 | Watch Movie