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All About the Brain

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Anatomy and Physiology Essentials | All About the Brain | Shalee Ray Pitman | Shalee Pitman
12-9-2013
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Shalee Ray Pitman
Anatomy and Physiology Essentials
TBurke
9 December 2013
The Brain There are four lobes of the brain: 1) Frontal Lobe which can be found in the front of the “central sulcus”. This lobe of the brain is in charge of the reasoning, planning, contains the parts involved in speech/movement, emotions, and also with problem-solving. 2) Parietal Lobe which can be found behind the “central sulcus.” This lobe of the brain is in charge of proper perception concerning pain, different temperature, pressure, and touch. 3) Occipital lobe which can be found in the back of the brain; it is in charge of all aspects of vision (eyes). 4) Temporal lobe which can be found below the “lateral fissure.” This lobe is in charge of perception and recognition of different parts of hearing and memory. Sensory skills of the brain relates to different senses or sensations of the body (touch). The sensory skills convey the structure of the body to impulse nerves when in contact of different sensations of the body including different temperatures and pain. Motor skills are the body’s function; they are important because they tell the body’s muscles to move in order to perform a specific task. It is important for this movement to be connected with the ability to feel or use sensations, so the body knows what it is doing as it performs. A deficiency in the motor skills is when the body cannot complete a movement in the way it was intended. The brain is one of the most important organs of the body because it is the central-command system for the body which ultimately controls everything that person does (from that individual’s actions to what they say). Each function that the body must perform is located in a different region in the brain this includes balance, speech, and overall movement. The left side of the brain is in charge of the motor skills, while the right side of the brain is in charge of the sensory function. The right side of the brain is in control of both the motor/sensory functions for the left side of the body, while the left side of the brain is in control of both motor/sensory functions for the right side of the body. When damage occurs to these regions it can affect many different controls that come from these different regions. Some symptoms that can be include is loss of movement in parts of the body, loss of coordination, and difficulty when it comes to speaking. A traumatic brain injury (TBI) can be described as a very serious health issue that happens often. Traumatic brain injuries are a major cause of deaths in the United States and also contribute to a large number of permanent disability cases. In the United States there is an average of 1.7 million TBIs that happen that lead to direct injuries. (ASLHS 2013) A TBI happens when there is a significant blow to the head area that actual disrupts the normal process/functions of the brain. The symptoms of this injury can range from mild to severe status. Some symptoms of “mild” injuries can include a brief change of that individual’s mental status or unconsciousness. Some symptoms of “severe” injuries include extended periods of mental loss of unconsciousness. It is important to be active in prevention of TBIs and have a good overall knowledge of TBIs so people are able to respond and recognize when a TBI does occur.

Reference Citations:
(Images)
N/A (n.d.). Brain (Human Anatomy): Picture, Function, Parts, Conditions, and More. Retrieved December 9, 2013, from http://www.webmd.com/brain/picture-of-the-brain
N/A (n.d.). The illuminated brain. Retrieved December 9, 2013, from http://www.dhushara.com/book/brainp/brainil/brainil.htm
(Sources)
American Speech-language-hearing association (n.d.). Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). Retrieved December 9, 2013, from http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/tbi/
Ohio State University (n.d.). Anatomy of the Brain. Retrieved December 9, 2013, from http://medicalcenter.osu.edu/patientcare/healthcare_services/nervous_system/about/anatomy/Pages/index.aspx
Teacher's Guide (n.d.). The Brain—Information about the Brain. Retrieved December 9, 2013, from http://science.education.nih.gov/supplements/nih4/self/guide/info-brain.htm…...

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