Free Essay

An over View of the Broadway Musical, Up to and Including Show Boat.

In: Film and Music

Submitted By dinahmay
Words 626
Pages 3
An over view of the Broadway Musical, up to and including Show Boat.

Early 1900’s New York City and the operetta was becoming quite popular; a mix of music and drama, it’s influences stretched back as far as Greek theatre and other types of European opera. No doubt at the time it held some sort of retro appeal.

In London a similar movement was taking place, more influenced by a vaudevillian styling, it was more comedic; designed specifically for soldiers on leave (the idea was to bolster morale, hence why theatres stayed open during the course of World War One) This style of musical comedy was also characterised by the incorporation of popular song and dance styles.

Fast forward to 1920’s/1930’s and, much like the emigration of disco in the 90’s in reverse, these styles combined to form the precursor to the known Musical. The Term ‘Musical’ itself was used in generality to describe the form and, obviously, stuck.

This emerging form featured the use of contemporary song styles, primarily Jazz and Rag-Time, Jerome Kern’s incorporation of syncopation and Jazz-like progression into many of his songs. Popular Dance element in any production and thusly, dance bands influenced the traditional pit orchestra; jazz elements again more prominent with the use of muted brass and Jazz style piano.

The rising popularity of radio broadcasting was instrumental in the expanding appeal of the musical from 1920’s-40’s.

Probably the most important development of this new form was the co-existence of the music and story; the songs would be fully integrated into the plot and action, sometimes furthering the narrative or even providing context, creating mood and supplying the audience with background information in a fun way.

On top of Jerome Kern, certainly one of the most prolific song-writers of his time, you had people like Cole Porter, a Broadway playboy of sorts, famous for both his excessive lifestyle and the fact he wrote both the music and lyrics for his songs. There was Kurt Weill, prominent for propagating his socialist views in the songs he wrote.

There were also many collaborators over this period, such as Rodgers and Hart, another musically creative powerhouse, writing over 500 songs and working on approximately 28 musicals. The Gershwin Brothers are an interesting coupling, sibling rivalry usually stifling creativity!

I Joke! George, the younger of the brothers was an experienced classical composer and his numerous works have been used on radio and television since. He and his lyricist elder brother worked together on some dozen or so Broadway shows.

I finally come to Jerome Kern (from earlier) and Oscar Hammerstein II, better worded Kern and Hammerstein, who composed and wrote the lyrics for arguably the most seminal Broadway piece, a musical that would irrevocably influence all that came after. I am, of course, talking about showboat.

Dominant themes include racial prejudice and tragic, enduring love; such serious plot devices were completely radical for the American musical up until this point. The racial themes were best characterized by the heavy influence of ‘black’ musical types such as rag-time.

Showboat stood out for the quality of music especially, something which both critics and audience recognised, particularly its Libretto, seen as especially good for music of its time although the typically happy ending did attract some criticism for its apparently contrived nature.

In spite of the small criticism it attracted, it was seen as a daring theatrical leap in a genre populated almost solely by ‘silly’ musicals. Showboat in my opinion is the most influential American Musical of the last hundred years as it ushered in a completely new and genuine style of musical that would be built on for years to come; all in time for the 1940’s!…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Over View of Adverting

...used little flyers to advertise their products These flyers often contained characteristic symbols of the guild members and the tradesmen and were also used as a poster on walls. This form of advertisement lasted for a very long time. In the olden days, advertisements were more passive and extremely limited in scope. The earliest forms of advertisements were sign boards and writings on the walls of prominent buildings. Sampson (1874) in his History of Advertising, which was first published in 1874, points out that " signs over shops and stalls seem naturarally to have been the first efforts in the direction of advertisements and they go back to the remotest portions of the world's history ''5. These early signs were, for the most part had been made of Prepared by BeeHive Digital Concepts Cochin for Mahatma Gandhi University Kottayam stone or terra cotta "and set in to the pilasters at the sides of the open shop 6 fronts" . Later, signs were hung over the walks and above the entrances of shops. Some of them had been extended entirely across the streets. In the 1880s a new era of advertising began: New methods of manufactur~ngled to greatly increased outputs and decreased costs for the producers of consumer goods. The products at that time could be packaged at the plant itself. Moreover, the telegraph network came into existence and a network of rail - roads, had also crisscrossed the continent. All these were the factors, which allowed a nation-wide distribution and......

Words: 13986 - Pages: 56

Premium Essay

Broadway Cafe'

...draw visitors into it. Second Life provides a medium for simulating real world interactions online. It has the same benefits as teleconferencing or videoconferences, the ability to assemble many people from all around the world into real-time interactions. NPR’s Science Friday makes great use of this tool, hosting a studio audience in SL that they couldn’t otherwise support. Public speakers also benefit. I once attended a talk by a favorite science fiction author who would not have attracted enough of an audience in any one local, but SL was perfect for finding enough interest from around the globe to come up with a great turn out. Being a virtual world, Second Life is much less about providing the visitor information they can read, and all about giving them a place they can visit. If I were a homebuilder or architect, I would put model homes and buildings up to tour. If I were a game developer, I would let the visitors walk through a reconstruction of a level in my game. NASA and the Star Trek Fan Club both have “sandboxes” in SL, where visitors can design ships and lunar bases. Misrepresentations could be a real problem in Second Life. Second Life has no means for authenticating a person’s identity. Another hurdle is the fact that SL uses Linden Dollars instead of real life currency, removing the ability to provide credit card transactions, along with the security measures built into them. Customer Service Security Issues you might encounter in Second Life are ...

Words: 1783 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

General over View on Endangered Species

...environment and the interaction between other species. There are many factors that have lead to endangerment and possible extinction to earth’s animals. One of the biggest factors is habitat destruction. Habitats are constantly changing due to the earth’s constant change in climate and movement, although that is only a slight change. The biggest component to habitat destruction is the result from human activity. Human activity within the last century has been the driving force in destroying habitats through pollution, greenhouse gases, urbanization and abuse of natural resources. Through marine pollution many of the aquatic animals are unable to survive and are driven out of their environments. In addition the greenhouse gasses, that make up most of the air pollution plays a role in melting polar habitats and damaging plant life, one of the biggest factors to this destruction is urbanization (National Wildlife Federation). Urbanization is responsible for the cutting down of forests, expansion of human activity and abuse of other resources. Urbanization is the main reason why many of these now endangered species are driven out of their homes and forced to live among other conditions they are unfamiliar with. Lauren Kurpis explains, “Although tropical forests may look as though they are lush, they are actually highly susceptible to destruction. This is because the soils in which they grow are lacking in nutrients. It may take Centuries to re-grow a forest that......

Words: 1592 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Broadway

...Differentiation Utilizing IT Implementations Section Three Team Number Seven Group Members: Bobby Koke Caroline Jansen Karina Tovar Parima Patel Steve Hall The Broadway Café is a local coffee shop that we just inherited from our grandpa that services the downtown East Lansing, Michigan area. It used to be a local hot spot for many years, but lately is very lackluster. We decided to implement a new IT system that will enhance our operations and hopefully increase business at the Broadway Café. This all starts with defining a new business strategy for our company that will help us succeed in a competitive market. Looking over the different options of strategies we could use for our business, we feel that the differentiation strategy will fit most with our business model. With all of the existing coffee shops, our Broadway Café has to standout in order to survive in this competitive industry. Our differentiation strategy calls for the development of a product or service that offers unique attributes that customers value and find different than other coffee shops. We will implement our differentiation strategy through the following steps. E-business will play a large role in our new differentiation business strategy. With our new Broadway Café website, our customers can enjoy one stop shopping and find their favorite Broadway Café items from the convenience of their homes. An addition to the retail aspect of our website, our customers will be able to leave important......

Words: 4286 - Pages: 18

Free Essay

Morality Issue over Cartoon Shows

...Zhifeng Liu MW 1:00 p.m. – 2:30 p.m. Morality Issue Over Cartoon Shows TV shows have a tremendous effect on everyday people. Whatever we watch and hear on TV reflect how we act in real life. Television has a major influence on our morality today. In the recent years, a lot of TV shows have been played; they are about love, friendship, science, and all kinds of topics. Sometimes, they are giving out negative images of morality and culture, but some are giving positive as well. For example, South Park and Family Guy, although they are both cartoon sitcoms, they are not as childish as cartoons like Doraemon and Power Ranger. A lot of parents don’t allow their kids to watch these cartoons on TV, because they seem too violence and with too much dirty language in the show, they are not always wholesome, and not even in good taste. As a teenager, what I think is totally opposite to those parents. If we watch these shows carefully and look into all those dirty jokes, violence action, and inappropriate language, actually the show is full of morality and everyday knowledge. Although the jokes seem neither appropriate nor polite, they serve to give education to kids at the end. These shows allow us to look at things at different angles and different aspects, and they also allow us to think more about the differences between moral and immoral. One of my most favorite episodes of South Park is “Manbearpig”. The show is about a lonely and attention-desperate Al Gore......

Words: 891 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

African American Musicals

...AFRICAN-AMERICAN MUSICALS (1898-1920) Fortunately for American Musical Theater, many of the black artists who had been honing their craft in vaudeville and black minstrelsy began to turn their talents to musical comedy. 1898—Clorindy, the Origin of the Cakewalk Clorindy was the first black musical to make it to Broadway. It was not actually in a theater, it was presented on the roof garden of the Casino Theater (roof gardens were outdoor nightclubs on the roofs of many theaters—very popular in the summertime). The roof gardens provided a venue for Broadway producers to try out new talent before putting the performer in a Broadway show. Will Marion Cook, one of the most famous black composers of the time, conceived the show. In essence, he tricked Edward Rice (Evangeline—1874—1st musical comedy with an original score) into presenting the show on his roof garden by sneaking into a rehearsal and convincing the conductor of the orchestra to play his music. Cook placed his performers on stage and 26 of the finest black voices in America launched into a song that resonated off the rooftop. They were hired. On opening night there were 50 people in the audience at the beginning of the show and a packed house by the end of the first number. Broadway theater patrons heard the voices coming off the roof as they were leaving the theaters on the streets below and flocked to the roof garden. The show seems to have been more of a revue format with a very loose story that......

Words: 2464 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Brief Look at the Lion King Musical

...  This short clip depicts the opening scene from the musical The Lion King with singing and dancing to the song The Circle of Life. As the sun slowly rises many different animals celebrate the start of a new day, or the circle of life. This Lion King scene is a very visually appealing musical and makes use of not just the stage but the full arena and actors in costumes and using props are shown walking down the aisles of the theatre. While in the clip that was viewed had a very limited amount of a scenery the use of costumes, characters and puppets told this part of the story very well. In fact for some of the costumes you would need to look hard for the actor controlling the puppet as your mind you not even realize that there is an actor under the costume. Overall the costume design along with the choreography makes for a visually stunning opening scene. One gets a sense of a three ring circus where so many things are happening that there is no way you could take it all in at once as your eyes and head swivel from side to side in an attempt to capture it all. The Lion King musical is a classic coming of age story along with a good versus evil aspect. The opening scene shows the sun rising and the musical number The Circle of Life playing. The sun symbolizes the pattern of night to day and day to night, the same pattern of life to death and death to life. Simba along with his father share the protagonist role in the musical and represent good. Simba is the king’s son, the......

Words: 1022 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Broadway Theater

...BROADWAY Broadway refers to a location found in the theater district located in Manhattan in New York City. The first Broadway theatre opened around 1903 at the New York City and was called the Lyceum theatre. However, at that time other theatres had been established along Nassau Street.For a performance to be considered Broadway it must be held in any of the 40 professional theaters that have 500 or more seats found in this area located in the Theater District and Lincoln Center along Broadway, in the Manhattan borough of New York City. Along with London's West End theatres, Broadway theatres are widely considered to represent the highest level of commercial theatre in the English-speaking world. A performance to be held on Broadway is a mark of success that is considered to be the highest level attainable for commercial theater. Attending a production of Broadway theater is a popular tourist activity in New York. Over a billion dollars in Broadway theater tickets were sold in 2009 and 2010. Attending a Broadway show is a common tourist activity in New York. For a performance to be considered Broadway it must be held in any of the 40 professional theaters that have 500 or more seats found in this area. A performance to be held on Broadway is a mark of success that is considered to be the highest level attainable for commercial theater. Attending a production of Broadway theater is a popular tourist activity in New York. Over a billion dollars in Broadway theater tickets......

Words: 796 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Broadway Cafe' Cis 500

...Final Project 1 Final Project The Broadway Cafe' Part I and II CIS 500 Strayer University Elizabeth Bethel Final Project 2 The Broadway cafe is a family inherited coffee shop located in downtown Atlanta, Georgia. The cafe' has been in business for 58 years. The business offers specialized coffees, teas, a full service bakery, homemade sandwiches, soups, and salads. It was once a hotspot but for the past five years business has been declining. Although my grandfather was very adroit at managing the business, Starbucks will be coming to the area. Grandfather had a terrific memory and stored everything such as customers names, family recipes, and soups in his brain. His record keeping system was tracked...

Words: 2450 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Will Marion Cook’s Underappreciated Musical Legacy

...better known than its reason. A significant composer, but of what? Didn’t he write something like the first black Broadway musical? Yes, but what else? The tale most often told about Cook has him returning from conservatory training at the Berlin Hochschule für Musik in 1889 and performing a concert at Carnegie Hall. When a reviewer praised him as “the world’s greatest Negro violinist,” Cook stormed into his office, smashed his violin to bits on the man’s desk, and yelled, “I am not the world’s greatest Negro violinist. I am the greatest violinist in the world!” He never played the violin again. Cook’s words might suggest that racism explains his obscurity. Yet a few years later, Cook gave the world a song with these lyrics: Such queer foolin’ now I never could stand, Didn’t want my Lula loving no nigger man, I then grabbed that woman just to scare her a bit, The way that wench did holler, well you’d tho’t she had a fit, Up jump’d the other nigger and I grabbed at his arm, When he drew his steel I knew he meant to do me harm . . . Racism is hardly the only reason people aren’t doing this one at the piano bars. Both too far from and uncomfortably close to our times, Cook’s music is not the kind we moderns want in our iPods—yet without it, what’s in our iPods would be vastly different. Unlike so many blacks born just after the Civil War, Cook didn’t grow up among sharecroppers in a dusty Southern town. He was born in 1869 in Washington, D.C., to two of the lucky 4......

Words: 2656 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Hebrew Bible over View

...fall of Adam and Eve, but reading a little more and digging a little deeper a pattern begins that once see, cannot be ignored. Genesis is not only the first book but the first sign of the covenants formed with God and his people throughout the Biblical texts. Before the explanation begins on who the covenant is with, it is best to understand signs of a covenant and what that means. The typical signs of a covenant are mutual responsibility, external signs, ritualistic actions and occasionally a changing of names. Mutual responsibility is as it sounds, God has an end of a promise to hold up just as the human with whom the promise was made does as well. One cannot function without the other. external signs are, once again as noted, something the human or even multiple humans witness as God’s reminder of the covenant and lastly ritual actions are when the human offers items or animals up to God to show their devotion to him and as a reminder of promises made. The first signs of covenant seen are with Noah. In chapters 6-9 of Genesis we see the mutual responsibilities with God telling Noah to build the ark and in return God’s promise to save Noah and his family. In Chapter 8 verse 20 we see Noah complete the ritualistic action when it says “ Then Noah built an alter to the Lord, and took of every clean animal and of every clean bird, and offered burn offerings on the alter ( citation). Though the Noahic covenant is not the larger one in Genesis, it is the first of......

Words: 664 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Broadway Cafe

...B Broadway Cafe | Networks, Telecommunications, and Wireless Computing/ Customer Relationship Management/ Systems Development | | The following report provides a comprehensive analysis of Networks, Telecommunications, and Wireless Computing/ Customer Relationship Management/ Systems Development regarding the Broadway Café. | | | | Contents: 1. Introduction – p3 2. E-coupons vs. Paper coupons – p4 3. Risks involved with m-coupons – p5 4. Privacy Issues – p6 5. Benefit of tracking response rates of m-coupons and forwarding by customers – p7 6. Virtual world business in the real world – p9 7. Customer relationships in a virtual world – p10 8. Virtual Customer Service Strategy – p10 9. Difference in Supporting Second Life Customers vs. Real and Web Customers – p11 10. Security and Ethical Issues Regarding Second Life – p12 11. Pros and Cons of Using an Employee to Build you a Custom System – p13 12. Pros and cons of using of purchasing a COTS – p14 13. A Smooth Transition with Older Employees and the New System – p15 14. Conclusion – p16 15. References – p17 1. Introduction: Recently I have inherited a coffee shop from my late grandfather, the Broadway Café. The café is located in downtown Charleston, WV and offers many different kinds of specialized coffees, teas, a full service bakery, and homemade sandwiches, soups, and salads. Opened in 1952, the Broadway Café has enjoyed the......

Words: 4198 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

The Business of Show

...Running head: MANAGEMENT IN MY WORKPLACE 1 Show Business: The Business of Show Michael Milton MGT 330 Management for Organizations Robert Armbrust August 3, 2015 MANAGEMENT IN MY WORKPLACE 2 Show Business: The Business of Show Because my job in the performing arts is not like most other occupations it can sometimes be difficult for people to compare it to other businesses in terms of standard structure and management practice. However, it is called Show Business for a reason, and that is because it is the Business of Show. Any successful business must have a well organized management system in place, and even though it may seem different at first glance there are many standard management practices utilized in Show Business just like any other. Management organization within a company in Show Business takes planning, organizing, staffing, leading, and controlling functions to provide a quality production and ensure audience satisfaction. Planning The company I work for is called ‘NETworks Presentations’, and they are a company that produces Broadway tours. NETworks required extensive planning to become one of the largest producers of Broadway tours in the United States. Planning is a systematic process in which managers make decisions about future activities and the key goals that the organization intends to pursue (Baack, Reilly, and Minnick 2014). Further more, according to Baack et al. (2014), “business organizations are founded with a......

Words: 2857 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Kite Runner over View

...Amir recalls an event that happened twenty-six years before, when he was still a boy in Afghanistan, and says that that made him who he is. Before the event, he lives in a nice home in Kabul, Afghanistan, with Baba, his father. They have two servants, Ali and his son, Hassan, who are Hazaras, an ethnic minority. Baba’s close friend, Rahim Khan, is also around often. When Afghanistan’s king is overthrown, things begin to change. One day, Amir and Hassan are playing when they run into three boys, Assef, Wali, and Kamal. Assef threatens to beat up Amir for hanging around with a Hazara, but Hassan uses his slingshot to stop Assef. The story skips to winter, when the kite-fighting tournament occurs. Boys cover their kite strings in glass and battle to see who can sever the string of the opposing kite. When a kite loses, boys chase and retrieve it, called kite running. When Amir wins the tournament, Hassan sets off to run the losing kite. Amir looks for him and finds Hassan trapped at the end of an alley, pinned with his pants down. Wali and Kamal hold him, and Assef rapes him. Amir runs away, and when Hassan appears with the kite, Amir pretends he doesn’t know what happened. Afterward, Amir and Hassan drift apart. Amir, who is racked by guilt, decides either he or Hassan must leave. He stuffs money and a watch under Hassan’s pillow and tells Baba that Hassan stole it. When Baba confronts them, Hassan admits to it, though he didn’t do it. Shortly after, Ali and Hassan move away. ...

Words: 1020 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Brief over View

...CALCULATORS) 500000 200 LESS: Variable expenses (25000) 100 Contribution margin 25000 100 LESS: Fixed expenses (15000) Net Income 10000 The above income statement shows that Shabbir corporation sold 250 calculators as 200$ per unit. The per unit variable expense is 100$. The fixed expenses of the company is 15000 and net income for the month of November is 10000 . APPLICATIONS OF CVP CONCEPTS 1 Change in Fixed Cost and Sales Volume Shabbir Corporation is currently selling 250 calculators per month (monthly sales of 50000). The sales manager feels that 10000 increase in the monthly advertising budget would increase the sales by 25000 to a total of 375 units. The following table shows the effect of proposed change in the monthly advertising budget. Current sales Sales with Difference Additional advertising Budget Sales 50000 ......

Words: 686 - Pages: 3

2 unids 48mm HSS acero inoxidable metal carburo Sierra abierta del agujero | Drama Online Movies | Season 6 Episode 2 Job