Premium Essay

Annotated Bibliography for Underage Drinking

In: Other Topics

Submitted By heather1994
Words 775
Pages 4
Annotated Bibliography for Underage Drinking
Heather Myers
DeVry University

Annotated Bibliography for Underage Drinking

The author stares that, “39% of current 8th graders, 58% of 10th graders, 72% of 12th graders, and 85% of college students have tried alcohol” (Bowersox 2013). Now think in eighth grade the teen is only fourteen years old! That is seven years under the state designated drinking age of twenty-one years. Why is the community allowing teens to drink under the age of twenty-one? Maybe because they think it makes them “cool” parents. This shouldn’t happen there are many reasons on why adults should become less lenient and should not allow their children, friends or family to drink underage the legal drinking age. Our community should be aware of the effects that alcohol has on teens, families, school, and communities. Our young generation does not need alcoholic beverages because those years leading up to the 21st birthday are years to cherish that don’t involve alcohol. After the 21st birthday adults have their whole entire lives to go out and drink minimally without damaging their bodies.
Bowersox, J. (2013, March 29). NIH Fact Sheets - Underage Drinking. Retrieved September 22, 2014. This source is categorized in past, present and future facts. It shows different facts about underage drinking in the United States. For example, in the year 1960 to 1970 the legal drinking age in the U.S. was only 18 years old. Later, it was raised to 21 years. This kind of example goes for each category. Also this article was published just a year ago making it a recent source that can pertain to the research I need for the final essay. I believe it is a credible source because the website ends with a .gov making it a government approved site.
I am going to use this source to show my audience tragic facts about underage drinking. I will use these facts to…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Annotated Bibliography

...Faced with the effects of globalization on geopolitical, economic, and cultural relations between societies, nurses are becoming front-line providers in countries where access to healthcare services are limited. In countries where infectious, communicable diseases are largely preventable through vaccination, and simple interventions to improve sanitation and safe drinking water, nurses have a unique opportunity fulfill their social responsibility as health promoters by collaborating with political and healthcare leaders to created sustainable solutions to identified needs. In addition to working as health promoters, nurses need competencies that are necessary to provide holistic nursing care and development of global attitude in providing health care to at risk population. Also they should be able to advocate for those in need of a voice. This paper is an annotated bibliography regarding international health in nursing. The reference cited address various information about the role of a nurse and what is global health in nursing. The references cited were obtained from numerous and widely scattered sources such as textbooks, electronic journals, magazines, and peer-reviewed journals. Chatwood, S., Bierregaard, P., & T. Kue, Y. (2012). Global Health-A Circumpolar Perspective. American Journal Of Public Health, 102(7):1246-1249. doi: 10.21.05/AJPH.2011.30058. The authors of this article discussed the fact that global health has largely replaced international health. In...

Words: 1186 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Underage Drinking Research Paper

...Underage Drinking Alcoholic beverages have been used to celebrate mostly important events through history, from the Caesars celebrating victories to the end of business negotiations. They are also often used as party starters and nerves inhibitors on parties. But sometimes people don’t understand the side effects and keep consuming big quantities of them. Excessive use of alcohol leads to number of fatal consequences such as cirrhosis and drunk driving and also some post-day consequences such as vomit, headaches and fever. And this practice has been a very popular activity on teenagers who are entering their junior or senior year on high school, and since then it has been one of the major problems in every part of the world including our country. Reducing the minimum legal age to drink alcohol beverages can be a solution to this worldwide problem. “Despite minimum legal drinking age laws, actual drinking patterns in the United States suggest that almost all young people use alcohol before they are 21”( O’Connell, Richard and Bonnie, p.35). Alcohol is one of the most common drugs used among teenagers. It’s even more used than any kind of tobacco and marijuana. The problem is that they tend to consume large quantities of alcohol and somehow they have easy access to this drug. Every year it is reported that more and more teenagers start using alcohol at their small reunions. First they start with just a few drinks and it is very common that they don’t like it. But......

Words: 1087 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Underage Drinking

...Underage Drinking Introduction Alcohol is the most preferred choice of drug abuse among the youth. Many young people developed the habit of taking too much alcohol at an early age. Underage drinking has lead to numerous health problems in many countries. Many families have lost their children due to excess drinking. Adolescent stage comes with an increased independence, which is linked to alcohol abuse. This study will cover the effects of underage drinking and how it is a controversial issue in the country’s development. The Controversial Issue Teenagers are constantly willing to try different things. Drinking alcohol is one of the things teenagers try to do. Underage drinking is a widespread in the contemporary world. Most of the teenagers end up abusing alcohol. Some have lost their lives due to alcohol abuse. Each year, more than 5,000 young people below 21 years of age in the U.S. die due to alcohol abuse and alcohol related cases. This is a great loss to the society. The government is compelled to set aside funds for rehabilitation centers. The U.S. law does not allow anyone below the age of 21 to drink alcohol. Dangers of Underage Drinking Underage drinking is the chief cause of death among teenagers. Many deaths among young people are due to excess drinking. Excess drinking leads to accidents, homicides, suicides, drowning and other injuries. Too much drinking can harm the brain growth. The brain continues to enlarge and......

Words: 595 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Underage Drinking

...Underage Drinking Topic: Underage Drinking in College Settings General Purpose: To provide a solution to an ongoing problem Specific Purpose: To provide a solution to underage drinking in college settings Central Idea: To provide a solution to the audience and encourage them to make a change Introduction: I am here today to tell you about an ongoing problem that occurs on our own school campus more often than not. This is our school. These are underage students who attend our school. What happens when you add alcohol to the mix? Well, first, you get throw up. Then, you get angry administrators. I’m here today to address the issue of underage drinking on college campuses. I am also here to provide a solution to this problem that will not only make us, the student population, happy, but also provide college campuses with less disciplinary problems. Body: (Transition: First, let us take a look at the amount of underage college students consuming alcoholic beverages.) I. This graph represents the amount of students who reported getting drunk within the past two decades at the University of Michigan. A. As you can clearly see, this graph shows that anywhere from 38-48% of students have REPORTED being drunk in their college career. It does not include the students who are too afraid to admit to participating in “Thirsty Thursday” and extracurricular weekend activities. B. What the graph does also not show is how many of these students are of age, and how many are......

Words: 1413 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Underage Drinking

...Most teenagers have probably explored with alcohol use in high school before college. The problem with underage drinking is a problem throughout all high school and colleges around the country. A lot of people don’t understand the consequences or the impact it can have on their lives, as they get older. Most of the time parents are unaware of the risks that their children face when they are involved in underage drinking. According to the National Survey on Drug Use, it is approximated that 24% of the population between the ages of 12 through 20 have engaged in underage drinking. Medical Experts say that alcohol can be used to increase metabolism and also helps with digestion. Despite the fact that it is against the law for college and high school students to consume alcohol, there is a large amount of teenagers experiencing the usage of alcohol. Even though it is said to be favorable, too much consumption has led to negative result and side effects. It is apparent that teenage alcohol abuses are basic problems that need to be taken up in society by our leaders, advisers and as well as the parents. Many people ask this question everyday, “Why do teenagers take prescription drugs?” Well most of the time teens wrongly believe that these drugs are more safe than regular drugs mainly because they are accessible to them from home or from friends. Breaking away from reality and being bored are the main reasons that teenagers abuse drugs. Peer pressure to continue friendships......

Words: 1607 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Underage Drinking

...Underage Drinking There are a number of reasons why teenagers feel the urge to drink. Social environment, peer influence, stresses, and even reasons such as media influence associate with underage drinking. Peer pressure is a powerful predictor of alcohol use among teens. Americans have a very strong urge to be accepted and liked by their peers. Everyone wants to feel a sense of belonging. Many adolescents feel that they need to drink alcohol to gain this acceptance by the others around them. Stress is also another reason why teens may feel apt to drink alcohol. Stress causes teenagers to look for a quick escape from the problems, which they face, in their day-to-day lives. This quick escape can be found in the shape of a bottle. In the eyes of an underage drinker, alcohol is the cure to all problems, a way to forget all of stress and pressures that are facing them. They feel that it will numb their pain and continuing to use alcohol will result in maybe another problem, substance abuse. Popularity shouldn’t come along with breaking the law. Also, the cure to the problems in someone’s life isn’t breaking the law, because the affects alcohol has on the body causes a lot more issues down the road. Alcohol use is extremely common in our society. Young ones grow up watching their parents drink, at special occasions, as well as casually enjoying a few beers at a picnic. Now a day’s kids and young adults are surrounded by the use of alcohol on a daily basis.......

Words: 1416 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Underage Drinking

... Underage Drinking Alcohol has become the root of many issues in not only the United States but also around the world. There are a countless number of effects it has on your body physically, mentally, and emotionally. From all types health problems such as diseases and cancers, to the the bad decsions you make while under the influence such as drinking and driving and suicide, to the deppression and sadness it can bring. Everyone likes to go and drink to have a good time, but it has become such an abused drug that is ruining many peoples lives because they can't control it. None more than the people who drink underage. Alcohol use by people under the age of 21 is a major problem in the US. It is the most commonly used and abused drug among youth, more than tobacco and illicit drugs. Although drinking under the age of 21 is illegal, people ages 12 to 20 consume more than 11% of all alcohol in the United States each year. Underage drinking has become an epidemic, gradually getting worse every year. Alcohol is responible for the death of almost 5,000 teens each year and approximately 190,000 emergency room visits. Nearly 9 million youths, ages 12-20, report they have consumed alcohol in the past 30 days. The rate of current alcohol consumption increases with increasing age according to the 2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health from 1% at age 12 to 15% at age 16 and 39% at age 20. Binge drinking is the most common pattern of......

Words: 1713 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Underage Drinking

...Underage Drinking Introduction Underage drinking has long been, and continues to be, a serious public health concern. “Teen alcohol use kills more than 4700 people each year and high school students who use alcohol or other drugs are five times more likely to drop out of school” (MADD, 2014) than kids who do not. There have been years of underage drinking prevention programs to curtail the use of alcohol by those under 21 years of age and yet alcohol is the most widely used drug by adolescents in the United States (Wagoner et al. 2012). Underage drinking is a real problem in all 50 states, even though there are laws in place to prohibit anyone under 21 years of age from drinking alcohol. Parental involvement might be the missing link to decrease underage drinking for good. Statement of the Problem This study proposes that if parents are involved in prevention and intervention programs too, underage drinking will significantly decrease, in addition, age of onset will increase and more adolescents and young adults will abstain from alcohol use until legal age. Access to alcohol for underage drinkers comes from various sources. Many students are aware of local stores that sell alcohol to underage customers, know people who will purchase alcohol for them, and many utilize fake identification cards to purchase alcohol (Phipps, 2013). Surprisingly and sadly, a large provider of alcohol to underage partakers are parents themselves. When individuals become......

Words: 1376 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Annotated Bibliography

...Annotated Bibliography Kenyeta Miles Eng/102 1/26/15 Matthew Sinex Annotated Bibliography Aontas, the National Adult Learning Organization. (2015). Why is Adult Education important. Retrieved from http://www.aontas.com/about/whoweare/adedimportant.html This article is a great source it explains way adult education is important. The article confirms that education is important because it helps our economy grow and develop. This article explains that if adults continue their education than their children will mostly likely love to learn and value there education. The International Affairs Office, U.S. Department of Education Organization. (2008). Organization of U.S. Education: The Local Role. Retrieved from http://www.ed.gov/international/usnei/edlite-index.html This website indicated that parent’s involvement in their children education is important. It details what kind of association that parent can be a part of as far as assisting children with their education. The authors explains association program such as the National Parent Teacher Association (NPTA) and the National Coalition for Parents Involvement in Education (NCPIE). U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration, Office of Policy and Developmental Research. (2007). Adult Learners in Higher Education Barriers to Success and Strategies to Improve Results. Retrieved from http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED497801.pdf This article details the challenges that adult learners face. This......

Words: 572 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Bibliography Annotated

... Bibliography Annotated John Hope GS1140 Mrs. Shack May 11, 2015 Bibliography Annotated Abend, G. (2013). The Origins of Business Ethics in American Universities, 1902-1936. Business Ethics Quarterly, 23(2), 171-205. doi:10.5840/beq201323214 The history of the field of business ethics in the U.S. remains understudied and misunderstood. In this article I begin to remedy this oversight about the past, and I suggest how it can be beneficial in the present. Using both published and unpublished primary sources, I argue that the business ethics field emerged in the early twentieth century, against the backdrop of the establishment of business schools in major universities. I bring to light four important developments: business ethics lectures at the University of California and Yale University, Leon Marshall's curriculum at the College of Commerce of the University of Chicago, and the William A. Vawter Foundation on Business Ethics at Northwestern University. Conflict resolution [electronic resource] Team Publications. (n.d). Amherst, Mass. HRD Press c2002. This article contains team building exercises. The exercises build strength and team cohesive functions. It teaches about working together and compromising in a team setting. It details conflict resolution tactics while defining conflict resolution in a modern world. Bibliography Annotated BADEN, D. (2014). Look on the Bright Side: A Comparison of Positive and Negative Role Models in Business Ethics Education. Academy Of......

Words: 836 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Annotated Bibliography

...see and follow the Academic Integrity Policy in the Learner portal. Your instructor may select this or any activity to review and submit to Turnitin to assess for an Academic Integrity violation Main Task: Prepare an Annotated Bibliography Using the guidelines and resources you’ve reviewed create an Annotated Bibliography consisting of the two articles listed as resources for this Activity. Length: 2 entries. Approximately 2-3 pages. Submit your document in the Course Work area below the Activity screen. Learning Outcome: 8 • Analyze research articles for construction of an Annotated Bibliography. Your instructor will give you feedback using the form below and in margin comments on your work. Reading and using your instructor’s feedback is as much a part of your learning as is reading the course materials and doing activities. Your instructor will not only help you understand the quality of your work on this activity, but will also give you guidance on how to improve your skills and increase your knowledge that, if you follow it, will help you do better on future activities! Feedback Introduction to Feedback: 1. Was the activity completed as instructed? Activity Elements Faculty Feedback |Two Annotated Bibliography entries that follow guidelines and | | |resources | ......

Words: 1090 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Annotated Bibliography

...Annotated bibliography * Lilienfeld, S. O., Waldman, I. D., Landfield, K., Watts, A. L., Rubenzer, S., & Faschingbauer, T. R. (2012). Fearless dominance and the U.S. presidency: Implications of psychopathic personality traits for successful and unsuccessful political leadership. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 103(3), 489-505.http://library.gcu.edu:2048/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com.library.gcu.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=79301650&site=ehost-live&scope=site This article emphasizes on few elements of psychopathic personality which have strong influence on job performance and leadership. For this research a standardized psychological assessment methods was used by 121 experts. These experts rated the personalities and measured Psychopathy, and Covariates of all presidents from George Washington to George W. Bush. Further analysis was conducted by evaluating these ratings with job performance information collected in two surveys that include 2009 C-Span poll of 62 presidential historians and a 2010 Siena College survey of 238 historians. A paragraph should begin here as the topic shifts to major findings. Major findings from this research state that American president’s shows higher degree of psychopathic behavior in comparison to general population. Major finding from the paper shows that Teddy Roosevelt and John F. Kennedy were the most fearless dominant presidents in US. It also highlights on importance of luck,......

Words: 1942 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Underage Drinking

...Underage drinking is becoming more of a noticeable problem in society, not only with high school students, but also with younger generations. Drinking is all over the television, the radio, and talked about in schools, public places, etc. Alcohol advertisements are more and more appealing to younger generations. If our youth is educated at a younger age, if school policies were stricter, and if clubs and bars cracked down on underage drinking the problem would not be as serious. Youth should be well educated about consumption of alcohol well before middle school. By the time students reach middle school they are already exposed to alcohol. D.A.R.E, the program that teaches children about alcohol and its effects, should be taught in elementary school. According to underagedrinking.samhsa.gov, over 70% of eighth graders said alcohol is easy to get 30% of children age 12-14 get alcohol from a family member. These statistics show that drinking is very popular in middle school. It seems as though these kids already know what they are doing by eighth grade, so D.A.R.E classes must be taught at an earlier age. Another reason classes should be taught earlier is from my own personal experience. High school football games should be a memorable part of their high school career. Instead of innocent cheering and fun at the games the young students show up intoxicated with the smell of alcohol on their breath. Now a day, children find it harder to enjoy things sober. To support my own......

Words: 851 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Underage Drinking

...Underage Drinking Many teens face adult problems at a very young age. Underage drinking viewed in the eyes of parents and law enforcement agencies is a major problem among teen. In today society, kids are being pressured into doing things at a very young adolescent age. Problem many parents are facing in their own life are also posing as problems on their kids. The answer teens today must make is no longer just what shoes to wear or what matches what, but the must decided on drugs. Amongst those is alcohol, which is a choice most teens make even before they are teens. I have actually talked to some people that were drinking at the age of eleven and twelve. Everybody I have met has at one time drunk alcohol before graduation. Police officers sit day and night coming up with ways to extinguish this problem, but no matter how much effort they put forth it will and has continued. People all have different views on the solution to this problem, but before we get to their thoughts and mine, I would like to ask you a question. Would you as a parent or person rather have kids drinking at a house with chaperons where they will be staying all night or driving home drunk because you do not approve of it, and enforce a curfew? As a teenage I feel I know the most on the subject, but as I have found out my parents had to make the same decision during their life, even as hard as it is to believe they did. Solutions are like excuses they come in hundreds. People today blame......

Words: 484 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Underage Drinking

...Should we change the drinking age? There has been many questions on the drinking age in the United States. Why should we be able to vote and not be able to drink?, Why should we fight for our country but we cant have a drink?. Some people believe that the age we drink 21 suddenly means that we are mature enough to handle the responsibility of drinking safely. In this short essay I will give my opinions on why the drinking age should be changed or why it should not. Underage drinking is a major problem in todays time. There are countless of accidents and deaths because of underage drinking. Some are due to car accidents, suicide and even simple accidents caused from the drunken state of mind of an inexperienced young adult. I believe that underage drinking is often a reality do to the fact that it is exciting. It is the idea that it is bad that makes tennagers want to drink. I personally can say that I drank underage because it was an answer to boredom caused by a small town and not very many options. I believe that if the drinking age was lowered from 21 to 18 that for one it would cut down on the criminal side. instead of people stealing alcohol or finding a buyer they could buy it themselves. It also would be more fitting for society. I think it is embarassing that we allow a 18 year old person to die fighting for thier country, to vote for a president, and to be a responsible, working, contributing citizen, but not......

Words: 314 - Pages: 2

Gihosoft TubeGet | Новинки фабрики игр Alawar - сентябрь 2018 (Alawar Entertainment) (RUS) [P] Подробнее... Залито: 06-10-2018 16:59 (1267 просмотров) Новинки фабрики игр Alawar - сентябрь 2018 (Alawar Entertainment) (RUS) [P] Игры для ПК (общее) Новинки фабрики игр Alawar за сентябрь 2018 года... Раздают: 0 Качают: 0 Размер: 7.73GB | Er regular