Premium Essay

Appeal to Calvinism

In: Historical Events

Submitted By kingissally
Words 2165
Pages 9
1. Appeal of Calvinism

o They held important geographic areas and were heavily represented among the more powerful segments of French society o 2/5 of French aristocracy joined * They hoped to establish within France a principle of territorial sovereignty akin to the Peace of Augsburg * Calvinism served the forces of political decentralization.
Calvinist conversations among powerful aristocrats as a means to achieve political goals o John Calvin and Theodore Beza saw this as a means to advance their cause o Beza converted Jeanne d‘Albert, the mother of the future Henry IV o The prince of Condé was converted by his Calvinist wife in 1558 o Calvinist religious convictions proved useful to their political goals
Two main reasons to become a Calvinist with something to gain from the other o Religious
Resistance made Calvinism a possible religion in Catholic France Secular/political reasons cast suspicion on religious intent
Wanted to spread Calvinism, the religion

As she had earlier sought Protestant support when Guise power threatened to subdue the monarchy, she now sought Guise support as Protestant influence grew.

1. Protestant Resistance Theory * Protestant leaders view on resistance against the emperor: o Luther: * approved resistance to the emperor after the Diet of Augsburg in 1530 o Calvin: * Condemned wilful disobedience and rebellion against lawfully constituted governments as un-Christian * He also taught that lower magistrates had the right and duty to oppose tyrannical higher authority * John Knox [Scots reformer] (1513–1572): o Laid the groundwork for later Calvinist resistance. o ―First Blast of the Trumpet against the Terrible Regiment of Women‖ (1558), he declared that the removal of tyrant was a Christian duty After Saint Bartholomew‘s…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Appeals

...An appeal is a petition for reconsideration of a legal action that has been determined by a court of law, in which a sentenced defendant is requesting for a higher court to examine the case that a lower court decided on. An appellate court is the court that hears and see’s the cases on appeals and make a decision to see if the appeal will be approved or not. After the appeal is accepted it goes to a new trial and they review the case on record to make sure that the findings were truthful and in accordance to the law. It can also be concluded that an inaccuracy in trial transpired and can be referred back for a new trial. I believe if the appeals were eliminated from the system we would have a great deal of individuals in prison or sentenced to death that did not need to be there and were wrongly accused at times. And there would be a lot of people in prison that are mistakenly accused. Because of the advancement of technology in the this day and age has improved drastically and because of this advancement we can do more with evidence and DNA that were not capable of revealing before this new technology and too me this has made the appeal process even more necessary and so do eliminate the appeal process now would definitely hurt our criminal justice system because these individuals would have no second chance to prove that they are innocent....

Words: 252 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Appeals

...The appeal process is used to challenge a medical claim that has been reduced, denied, or is a down code claim. The appeals process begins when the provider request a review of the payers decision to deny a claim. The person that files the claim is known as a claimant or appellant depending on if it is a provider or patient who files the claim. Procedures for handling medical claim appeals may vary between the payer and the reason for the appeal. There is a required time frame for the appeals process after the claim determination. Most payers have a structure of appeals consisting of the complaint, appeal, and grievance. There are three levels involved during the medical claim appeals process. Most payers require a minimum amount to be set so take is not used for small dispute amounts. The appeal process can result in a reduced or denied payment of a medical claim. There a several reasons a medical claim may be denied by the payer. If the patient has other primary medical insurance or, the patient as a workers’ compensation claim or, an automobile claim there is specific information that is required. The scheduler has to ensure they have the patients’ correct and updated information. Workers’ Compensation and auto accident claims require the patients claim number, adjusters’ name, and all services require preauthorization. An error in relation to this example is considered a billing error. Another example of a billing error is the absence of a referral on file because most...

Words: 279 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Calvinism vs Arminianism

...Introduction Christianity has been a subject of much debate and controversy for many years. There have been many theologians who have studied Christianity and created doctrine of their own interpretation of Scripture. The doctrines that have caused much debate and have been argued for centuries would be Calvinism and Arminianism. There has been opposing views by churches and other theologians that has caused much controversy over these two doctrines. Calvinism is based on the theological beliefs and teachings by John Calvin and Arminianism is based on the views of Jacobus Arminius. Arminius was once a strict Calvinist who studied under John Calvin and later studies led him to doubt and reject many of the Calvinistic doctrines. To label oneself as either a Calvinist or Arminianist would need to fully understand each of their doctrines. PART ONE Calvinism ”The theological system of John Calvin and his followers marked by strong emphasis on the sovereignty of God, the depravity of humankind, and the doctrine of predestination.” -Merriam-Webster Dictionary John Calvin was a great reformation theologian who lived from 1509-1564. “The system of Calvinism adheres to a very high view of scripture and seeks to derive its theological formulations based solely on God’s word. It focuses on God’s sovereignty, stating that God is able and willing by virtue of his omniscience, omnipresence, and omnipotence, to do whatever He desires with His creation. It also maintains that within......

Words: 2421 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Appeals

...Appendix 1 Northumbria University : Student Appeals Pro Forma This form is to be completed in support of appeals made by students in accordance with the University’s Student Appeals Procedure, Section 7 of the Handbook of Student Regulations. Please read this before completing this form. Personal Details Name: ______________________________________ Student Number: ______________ Faculty: _____________________________________ Programme of Study: _____________________________________________________ Contact Address: __________________________________________________________ Contact Telephone Number____________________________________________________ Contact e-mail Address: ______________________________________________________ Date of the Examination Board at which your results were considered: __________________ 2. Grounds for Appeal An appeal should normally be lodged within 20 working days of the meeting of the relevant PAB. Only exceptionally will an appeal be considered after 20 days. Please note that you may only appeal on the basis of one or more of the five grounds as indicated in regulation 7.2.3 of the Handbook of Student Regulations. You may not base an appeal on the questioning of academic judgement. Please indicate on which grounds you are appealing by ticking the appropriate box: (a) Procedural or organisational irregularities in the conduct of the assessment1 ( (b) Examinations have not been conducted in......

Words: 544 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Appeals Process

...Appeals Process Nikole Robinson Criminal Justice and Security (CJS)/220 February 9, 2014 Tony Sanders Appeals Process According to University of Phoenix Appeals (2003), an appeal is a proceeding in which a case is brought before a higher court for review of a lower court’s judgment for the purpose of convincing the higher court that the lower court’s judgment was incorrect. An appeal is done when a defendant’s attorney tries to get him/her a lighter sentence in exchange for something in return, for instance a guilty plea. This is the defendant’s way of trying to get a lighter sentence for the crime he/she has committed. Appeals are important because they are one of the principal avenues in which legal issues, such as law are shaped. Often an appellate decision in one jurisdiction is a source of guidance to courts in other jurisdictions. The first step to appeal is to file a notice of appeal within a specific amount of time after the conviction. Next the appellate files the trial court record and all documents supporting the appeal to the appellate court. Then the appellant and appellee each file briefs, basic facts of the case and the argument made by that particular party. After the briefs are filed the judge may want to hear a short oral argument from each party in the case and finally the court will issue a decision which will be given with a written opinion describing the reasoning for the decision. The appeals factor into the overall criminal......

Words: 703 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Advertising Appeals

...What is an Advertising Appeal? An advertising appeal refers to the approach used to attract the attention of consumers and/or to influence their feelings toward the product, service, or cause. It's something that moves people, speaks to their wants or need, and excites their interest. Often it is the underlying content of the advertisement; think of it as a “movie script”. Don’t confuse this with executional framework, that will be another topic. When y'all are deciding on a direction for your submissions, review the Creative Brief (specifically objectives section) for tone, the nature of the product, the preferences of the client (very important). Most importantly though, use your common sense and gut feelings. There are two major types of appeals. They are: Emotional Rational Emotional Appeal 67advertising messages, usually based on imagery rather than information, which attempt to achieve the advertiser's objectives by evoking strong emotionsl feelings (fear, anger, passion, etc) rather than by a rational appeal. This relates to the customers’ social and/or psychological needs for purchasing a product or service. This appeal is so effective because many consumers’ motives for purchase decisions are emotional. Many advertisers believe an emotional appeal to work better at selling brands that do not differ markedly from competing brands. Witin the emotional appeal, there are two subsets - the personal and the social. These are made up of: Personal - Safety,......

Words: 717 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Calvinism

...The Doctrine of Calvinism Name Course Professor Date Introduction Many people do not have a slight idea of what we mean by Calvinism. It is not a surprise because they know nothing about the doctrine. My effort is to try and help people understand the doctrine of Calvinism. I will try to explain what it is and the historical information behind it. It has a pretty wide doctrine that I will have the chance of defining it all through the paper. I think that it will be easy to highlight the scriptural basis linked to Calvinism. I will be glad to point out show the linkage present between Calvinism and scriptures in the Bible. There are different belief systems within Christianity of which Calvinism is one of them. Calvinism was taught by John Calvin, and it strictly pays attention to a very high view of scripture and tends to derive its theological formulations majorly on the word of God. In the course, I will be pointing out the theological development of Calvinism. How has the theology developed from the past? How did it come to be? Has it be accepted by the Christians or not? However, at the end of my work, I will be glad to show reasons that Calvinism has been criticized. Therefore, I will be able to indicate the criticism of the doctrine and the reason why some people oppose this doctrine. Different people have divergent views about Calvinism hence; the objections are present and will be highlighted. What people wonder is......

Words: 6086 - Pages: 25

Premium Essay

Appeals Processing

...Appeals Process Paper Patricia Velez University Of Phoenix Punishment Philosophies An appeal is an application or request made by a losing party in a court case to a higher court seeking a reversal of a lower court’s ruling in the case. In trials by federal courts, the losing party is entitled to a chance to make a plea to the court of appeal, whereby either party may be against the decision in a civil case while only the defendant has the chance to make a petition whereby a criminal case is concerned. Most appeal cases are picked for a session of oral arguments by both parties before the court. This oral claim takes the form of a structured discussion conducted between appellate lawyers and judges of the court focusing on legal principles involved in the dispute. Ideally, both sides are allocated a small amount of time during which they present their opinions before the court. In most circumstances, appeals are final, and the decision made by the court of appeals ate taken as the final word except when it refers the case back to trial courts or whereby the Supreme Court is involved (Barendrecht, Bolt, & Hoon, 2010). Appeals factor in criminal procedures and overall trial processes in different ways depending on the structure and principals of the legal system involved. Ideally, the appeal process is upheld for its benefits for the conflicting parties, the system of public justice, as well as the future users of...

Words: 875 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Appeal

...TO: FROM: DATE: September 19, 2012 SUBJECT: Academic Appeal – Letter of Explanation To Whom It May Concern, I am writing this letter to appeal to you for reconsideration of my academic suspension and request another opportunity to complete my Master’s in Network and Communications Management at Keller Graduate School of Management. In addition, I am also writing this letter in an attempt to appeal my academic probation so that I may be permitted to receive financial aid towards the continuance of my college education. My last completed course at Keller was not a good one; during this class, I experienced a death in the family that took a heavy toll. This required me to travel back and forth from Georgia to Louisiana to not only help with burial plans as well as bury a loved one, but also to help settle some of the personal affairs of that same loved one.  These circumstances undoubtedly contributed greatly towards my focus shifting from education to settling family business.  A few months later, I experienced another death which happened to be that of a close friend. His death came as a shock being that he was diagnosed with cancer one month, the cancer rapidly spread, and his doctor gave him thirty days to live. Respectfully, the doctor was almost exactly right; my friend made it to thirty-six days. These two experiences coupled with my company downsizing at that time as well my regular family responsibilities created a test of fortitude during a......

Words: 527 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Court of Appeals

...Court of Appeals An appeal is entitled to an individual (defendant) who has been found to be guilty by the court for some of all of the charges put against him or her. This person can appeal one or more levels of the appellate court. An appeal can occur in several levels of the courts. An example of this is the appealing to the circuit court of appeals first then going up to the next level. This process can continue until it has reached the United States Supreme Court. An appeal is known as a formal letter of request in which a highest court must review the decisions that had been made by a lower court. Usually the defendant in a lower court who had been found to be guilty of a crime will make an appeal. Some reasons that an appeal maybe made is insufficient evidence, how the jury handled the case, any violation of rights or the possibility of a mistake that was made by the judge hearing the case. An appeal can influence the processes and procedures of a court if the guilty defendant’s appeal has been won over by the higher courts. The entire trial will have to be examined at the beginning in detail, looking for any errors that may exist and had a factor in the ending verdict of that case. After this long drawn out process has ended and a winning of an appeal has occurred then some cases maybe completely retried. Sometimes an appellate court may decide that some of the elements of the case that has been reexamined, shouldn’t have even been within the trial at...

Words: 888 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Appeal Process

...Courts, 2002). Federal authority covers laws linked to patents, labor issues, pensions, and profit sharing. The state authority covers business association, contracts and trade secrets. Concurrent authority manages tax law, security law, and employment law (American Legal System, 2004). The Federal Judicial System consists of the United States Supreme Courts, Court of Appeals, District Courts, and Bankruptcy Courts. The federal judges once appointed remain there for life, except when congress observes treasons, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors and has the judge removed from office through impeachment. The Supreme Court comprised of the Chief Justice of the United States and eight Associate Justices listen to a limited amount of cases the court has been asked to decide. The Court of Appeals consists of ninety-four judicial districts structured into twelve regional districts and each regional district maintains a Court of Appeals. The District Courts and decisions of federal administration agencies allocate appeal cases to a Court of Appeals located in the same circuit. Furthermore, the Court of Appeals have nationwide jurisdiction for the federal circuit in specialized cases that involve litigations determined in the Court of International Trade, Court of Federal Claims, and patent laws. The District Courts and Trail Courts have jurisdiction to attend to virtually every category of federal cases as well as civil and criminal issues. Each state contains at......

Words: 1814 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Appeals

...Appeals Process Many times during a court hearing, were an offender has been convicted of a crime, errors could occur during the trial. There are many cases were innocent offenders have being send to prison to pay for a crime they have never commit. The offender has the option to fight for his or her innocents by filling a claim to the state that his or her case was not processed correctly by the lower court system during his or her trial or arrest. The criminal justice court process allows offenders to file a claim for their case to a higher court for the purpose of overturning the lower’s court decision; this is what the court system calls the appeal process. Meyer and Grant states in the book named The Courts in Our Criminal Justice Systems that an appeal is “a proceeding in which a case is brought before a higher court for review of a lower court’s judgment for the purpose of convincing the higher court that the lower court’s judgment was incorrect” (Meyer & Grant, 2003, p. 465). An appeal is designed to make sure that all offenders’ rights were protected since the beginning of the trial to the end of the sentences trial. This is a very important court process for an offender because during the appeal process the offender has the possibility of having his or her sentence reduced or even removed. The way that the appeal contributes into the criminal procedures and processes is by......

Words: 770 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Calvinism and Arminianism

...Calvinism and Arminianism Abel Bermea, Jr. Liberty University ENG /101 August 29, 2006 The purpose of this paper is to compare two theological positions, namely Calvinism and Arminianism. These are two positions on either side of the debate concerning free will and predestination. There are those who believe that we have the free will to love/obey God or hate/deny him, and there are those who believe that God, in his sovereignty, has predetermined who will be saved and who will not be saved and neither group is willing to budge. Both sides claim to have the support of Scripture, and both have specific verses they will undoubtedly point to as an "I told you so." The problem is that both sides appear, on some levels at least, to be right. The question that can be answered from a comparison of these two views is this: Which one of these positions offers the more sensible, biblical account? Let’s look at a simple syllogism that sums up the argument of the Arminian (free will advocate). Premise 1: God desires that all men be saved. Premise 2: All men are not saved. Conclusion: Man, by exercising his will, has interfered with God's desire. Calvinists agree with the first premise, and even the second premise. But they come to a very different conclusion. Here is what the Calvinist argues: Premise 1: God desires that all men be saved. Premise 2: All men are not saved. Conclusion: It is not God's chief desire that all men be saved; he has another desire which is stronger,......

Words: 1229 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Appeals Process

...| APPEALS PROCESS | Describing the appeals process | | Ashlee Flemimg | 2/12/2012 | Abstract An appeal in the criminal law system is a defendant’s way of challenging the court’s decision. In this paper I will discuss what an appeal is, how it factors into the overall procedures and process of the criminal system. How the appeals process may be improved. Steps in the appeals process and an example case of an appeal. And why the example case appeal did or did not succeed. Introduction A defendant can challenge is conviction by filling an appeal to have the conviction overturned. The first appeal filed in most cases in the Federal System and most State Court systems is an appeal of the Statutory Right. If they lose the appeals under the statutory right they may then appeal to the State Supreme Court or the U.S. Supreme Court. But in most cases a defendant does not have the right to file such an appeal. The Supreme Court must agree to hear the defendant’s case. But defendant needs to remember that an Appeals Court is not automatically required to review a case. What is an appeal? An appeal is a petition to a higher court for review of a case that has already been decided by a lower court of law. The petition is made for the purpose of having the lower court’s decision overturned. How do appeals factor into the overall criminal procedures and processes? Merely filing an appeal does not automatically mean that a defendant will find it easy to have the......

Words: 1804 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Calvinism vs Arminianism

...Calvinism and Arminianism The purpose of this paper is to compare two theological positions, namely Calvinism and Arminianism. These are two positions on either side of the extreme concerning free will and predestination. There are those who believe that we have the free will to love and obey God or deny God, and there are those who believe that God, in his sovereignty, has predetermined who will be saved or who will not be saved and neither group is willing to budge. Both sides claim to have the support of Scripture, and both have specific verses that are twisted and manipulated to show support and reasoning. The problem is that both sides appear, on some levels at least, to be right. The question that can be answered from a comparison of these two views is this: What are the basic differences between Calvinism and Arminianism, as well as, their relation to theology, biblical evidence and worldviews? This research paper covers the five key points or articles of Calvinism and Arminianism, as well as, the history, view of God and biblical evidence or support for each position. History The history of Calvinism and Arminianism dates back to the 16th century, where a man named John Calvin was born in 1509. John Calvin was a son of a lawyer and born in Noyon, France where he developed a love for theology and literature. In 1523 he went to the University of Paris where he studied theology, yet in 1528 he went to Orleans and a year later Bourges to study law. With......

Words: 2202 - Pages: 9

Der Weihnachtskrieg | SUB Less Than Evil 1 day ago EP 12 | Sonntag 20.01.2019 22:45