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Behavioralism

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Before the Second World War, IR scholars were lawyers, diplomats, journalists or historians. Therefore, there were both humanistic and historical approach to International Relations. In this approach there were normative values that no one can ignore or ascape from it. It is called 'traditionalism". According to traditionalism, human is a part of International Relations world and cannot be seperated. Normative values should be emphasized while studying International Relations. However, after the Secon World War a new International Relations theory came out as a contrary approach to traditionalism. This theory was 'behaviouralism". Behaviouralism was particularly supported by the United States and behaviouralism was the dominating discipline in the United States to make the national interest better off. The theorians who were supporting behaviouralism had background in political sience, economics, social and natural siences. Thus, they all had different aspects to how behaviouralism should be studied. According to behaviouralism, International Relations cannot be understood in normative terms. To understand the actions and interactions among the units of IR, we should focus on the scientific methods and observation. Only the empirical and measurable data and the observation can provide a objective information while predicting political behaviors. Also, behaviouralism is a value free methodology. Behaviouralists argued that the values are not measurable and cannot provide empirical data, thus we should focus on facts rather than values while studying International Relations. Neither behaviouralists nor traditionalists won the debate. But the domination of behaviouralism lasted longer, thanks to support of the United States.

References
Duvall, Tim. The University of Arizona. The Discipline’s Community: The Effects of Method and Market on Research Relevance. Retrieved October 2013, from http://www.cddc.vt.edu/tps/e- print/apsa98.htm.
Eulau, Heinz. 1969. Behavioralism in Political Science. New York: Atherton Press.…...

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