Free Essay

Bshs/302-Introduction to Human Services

In: Social Issues

Submitted By teammendure
Words 1261
Pages 6
What is Human Services?
Manuel (Matthew) Custodio
BSHS/302-Introduction To Human Services
Instructor: Joseph Spalding

What is Human Services
An explanation of Human Services exploring the nature, history and purpose will demonstrate the importance of this field for individuals, which goal is based on assisting individual in meeting their own basic needs.
Human Services is a profession that serves the public and was design to promote improvement in society for those individuals that cannot meet their own basic physical and emotional needs (Martin, 2011). A good example of understanding an individual needs is Maslow’s Hierarchy, which is based on five different stages of development (Feldman, 2009). The lowest stage of this hierarchy is basic needs such as: water, food and the highest stage is self-actualization where the person reaches his or her highest potential (Feldman, 2009). According to the Maslow’s Hierarchy theory a person cannot reach the highest level if they are struggling with the a lower level and each level is a type of progression to reach the highest level. This understanding of Maslow’s Hierarchy assist professional in evaluation where their clients are at in their stage of needs development.
The goal of human services is to assist individual in the community to overcome their personal struggle to meet their needs caused by personal and social obstacles (Martin, 2011). Human services support these people by teaching them to maximize their potential and by providing services design to assist them in achieving what they desire from life. This field of servitude to our community in the form of human services encompass a broad range of areas, which includes but is not limited to group homes, halfway houses, correctional, mental retardation, family and child agencies, alcohol and drug abuses advocates to name a few (Martin, 2011).
A way a person in the human service field can assist their clients is by networking with community resources, such as government, churches, private sector and families working toward a common goal of improving the quality of a person’s life (Tesolowski, 1983).
The approach that is used in human services depends on the individual theoretical orientation (Martin, 2011). The theoretical orientation is an assumption by the Human Services worker that provides the framework for how they assist their clients (Hamilton, 2012). The different theoretical views that human services uses are: humanistic, psychodynamic, behavioral and cognitive. The theoretical orientation is the preference of the professional and the one that the individual believes is the best approach for their client. However, as a individual serve those in the public as a counselor they should still have enough flexibility to use another approach if it is better suited for their client.
When serving society human service professionals must consider the reason clients behave the way they do (Martin, 2011). Also social worker or counselor must consider the framework of their clients, which is the environment they live in (Martin, 2011). In addition, there are many circumstances to be consider when assisting these individuals and finding the cause of their problems. These circumstances could be caused by several factors, which includes: lack of employment, lack of family and friends support, mental or physical disabilities, natural disasters, racism and trauma (Martin, 2011).
The history of human services can be trace from the beginning of society and evidence can be found as far back as biblical times (Martin, 2011). For example, there is a story about Pharaoh king of Egypt and how he had a dream that a certain Jew by the named of Joseph interpreted. The dream reveal that there will be seven years of plentiful followed by seven years of famine. Joseph advises Pharaoh to build storehouses during the years of plentiful to help when the famine came. When the plentiful years was over and the famine came they open the storehouses to feed Egypt and the people that lived by, which can be view as a type of welfare set up by government or by God found in the Bible (Genesis, 1982). Also during the Middle Ages there was a system in place called, feudalism. This caring for the poor was England’s primary manner of assistance by having the peasants also known as “serfs” farm the land of the wealthy in exchanged providing them what they needed to survive (Martin, 2011). This feudal system was effective in controlling poverty, but the serfs were economically discriminated because they were born into serfdom, which could be view as a form of slavery or servitude (Martin, 2011). As harsh as feudal system may seem it did offer assistance to those born poor (Martin, 2011). As the economic condition change in England traditional feudal system was phased out because of destruction of crops by nature and the start of an Industrial Revolution (Martin, 2011). The swift changes cause by the Industrial Revolution mark an end to serfdom, but a new beginning for the poor. The poor had no way to provide for themselves and many became beggars, nomads or criminals (Martin, 2011). In order to handle the problem the government scattered throughout the city for the poor to determine if they were worth or unworthy to be poor; those unworthy were punished because they were considered capable to work. There were tremendous strives in the United States for a federal system of social welfare during the Great Depression. This change in social reform was lead by President Roosevelt and his promise of a New Deal, which provided over a million temporary jobs to the unemployed by creating fifth teen federal programs. These changes caused by the New Deal transformed many of the views of individual seeing minimum standard of living as a right, not a privilege (Martin, 2011).
Ethics according to Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary can be define as, “Set of moral principles or values; the principles of conduct governing an individual or a group” (Martin, pg. 34, 2011) (Merriam, 2003). As a professional in Human Services ethical standards and principles must be a consideration because it is the rudder of behavior that keeps an individual from allowing their emotions to drive them (Martin, 2011). For example, when I worked in as a Child Care Worker in a residential treatment program there were times a client would physically attack me. As a professional it would be ethically wrong to retaliate at an out of program client but at times emotionally I wanted to (not sure if this is a confession or a natural feeling). I allow my ethical belief to override my natural emotions, which as a professional is necessary to be successful in this type of career.
These are the explanation of the nature, history and purpose of human services and the importance of this field in individuals’ lives of today’s society and helping those that struggle in meeting their own basic needs.

Works Cited
Feldman, R.S. (2009). Motivation and Emotion. In Psychology and Your life. McGraw-Hill Companies.
Hamilton, T. S. (2012). The development and validation of the preference for adherence to theoretical orientation scale. Old Dominion University). ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, 355. Retrieved from (1125449169).
Martin, M.E. (2011). Introduction to Human Services: Through the Eyes of Practice Settings (2nd ed). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon Publishing.
Merriam-Webster, I. (2003). Merriam-Webster’s collegiate dictionary. (Eleventh ed.). Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, Inc.
Tesolowski, D. G., Rosenberg, H., & Stein, R. J. (1983). Advocacy Intervention: A Responsibility of Human Service Professionals. Journal Of Rehabilitation, 49(3).
The New King Version. (1982) (Ge 41:1-57). Nashville: Thomas Nelson…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Human Services Interview Bs/Hs 302

...of client’s progress. Conduct random Urine Analysis. Attend staff meetings and trainings as assigned by the Program Manager. Teen Recovery Center (TRC) McAlister Institute's Teen Recovery Centers provide substance abuse treatment, recovery, and education for adolescent participants 12-17 that use, misuse, or abuse alcohol or other drugs. According to "McAlister Institute" (n.d.), the centers schedule services to reflect school schedules in their areas to make participation convenient for the teens. To meet the unique needs of participants, program services are individualized. Aftercare, family counseling, and education are also offered. Services include educational groups, process groups, individual counseling, recovery supportive activities, aftercare, and co-occurring disorders services. Participants attend workshops on a wide variety of topics, including AOD education, health education, HIV education, and life skills (Services). “The TRC focus service on the population reflected in the geographic area of each center, including rural services. All adolescent services reflect the special learning needs of this age group, as well as the impacts of peer pressure and other adolescent stressors,” The "McAlister Institute" (n.d.) website. “Treatment is provided Monday-Saturday from 3:30 p.m. to 6:30 p.m. for three to six months. Group treatment last for one hour and 30 minutes. Individual and all other sessions last a minimum of one hour“(V. Lopez, Adolescent AOD......

Words: 1553 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

What Is Human Services?

...What is Human Services Wendy L. Coghill BSHS/302 April 6, 2013 Instructor Jean Holtz What is Human Services According to the National Organization of Human Services, “ The field of Human Services is broadly defined, uniquely approaching the objective of meeting human needs through an interdisciplinary knowledge base, focusing on prevention as well as remediation of problems, and maintaining a commitment to improving the overall quality of life of service populations (NOHS, 2013). The Human Services profession is one which promotes improved service delivery systems by addressing not only the quality of direct services, but also by seeking to improve accessibility, accountability, and coordination among professionals and agencies in service delivery. The History of Human Services In an article on a web site called Yahoo Voices, written by Karen Krug, it says, “From the early 1900's to the present day, there has been a strong movement in the way of identifying individuals' rights and services. Organizations have been developed to assist in the care and attention of populations such as the poor, children, mentally ill, and developmentally disabled” (Krug, 2011). “These individuals were born in a constant changing world where the foremost focus is in building an adaptable and functional society. In an effort to deliver reassurance of well-being for the unemployable, be it disabled or elderly, the Social Security Administration continues to provide financial support for......

Words: 857 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Human Services Essay Bshs 305 Week 2

...In this society, people are not always capable in meeting their own needs due to many factors such as poverty, lack of education, disabilities and many more. Human services workers are people who target individuals , group, communities that requires help with improving their way of living, with decision making, with work, staying sober and or starting fresh in their new lives. When working in this field you meet clients with different needs, different necessities, different races in different culture. Each individual faces different problems, it can range from people who is suffering from a mental disability, physical disability, verbally abused, physical issues, alcohol abused, drug abused, depression, addiction, people who are victims of rape, who are traumatized or people who needs help in coping. In this profession you can meet a lot of families with different kind of issues too, it can also range from communication issues, divorce, grief, parenting, suicide, and many more. When a helper is involved with a client, the first thing the helper needs to do is to listen carefully to what the client is saying. And when you're already at it the second thing you need to do is to gain their trust and make them feel that you are reliable and they can trust you with their private issues and they will know that you can help them in solving their problem, exchange messages or ideas to understand each other's perception, communication is the key to success so try to make a......

Words: 606 - Pages: 3

Free Essay


...Child Welfare System Article BSHS/302 October 8, 2012 Joe Spalding Child Welfare System Article This article examines the characteristics of child welfare caseworkers, their views of the child welfare system, their clients, their agency of employment, and child welfare policies, and whether these views vary according to caseworkers' characteristics. Quantitative and qualitative methods were used to analyze in-depth interviews conducted with caseworkers in New York and Chicago. The major themes that emerged from the analysis indicate caseworkers believed that the child welfare system does not meet the needs of the children in care, lacks the resources to appropriately serve clients, and often establishes goals that cannot be attained by the biological parents. Caseworkers held negative views of the biological parents and, although most described their organization as well equipped, almost as many reported that their organization lacked technical, administrative, and personnel resources. Caseworkers' views of child welfare policies emphasized the need for reforming the system and reevaluating funding priorities.( Zell, M. C. (2006). Child welfare workers: Who they are and how they view the child welfare system. Child Welfare, 85(1), 83-103.) Response This article shows results among two cities Chicago and New York on the child welfare system. The results for the article show the interest of the case workers and how they can affect the individual they serve as......

Words: 1117 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Bshs 322 Week 5 Fnal Individual Human Services Manager Exercise

...BSHS 322 Week 5 Fnal individual Human Services Manager Exercise Get Tutorial by Clicking on the link below or Copy Paste Link in Your Browser For More Courses and Exams use this form ( ) Feel Free to Search your Class through Our Product Categories or From Our Search Bar ( ) Human Services Manager Exercise The human services manager job is stressful and demanding. They must keep up with daily activities of their staff as well as the clients each staff member is working with. The manager is responsible for making sure that their staff is doing their jobs to the best of their ability and whenever an issue arises the manager must decide the best way to handle that situation. Sometimes the outcome is not what the manager wants to do but it is the best recourse for all involved. It is the responsibility of the manager to make sure their staff is properly trained and is kept up to date with all new training available to them. The manager must then make sure that they are using their knowledge to the best of their ability and if something is not being done correctly it is their job to find out why and make sure necessary changes are made. Scenario #1 Family Support Services Center Staff Member: Tom Martin 1. Demographics 1. Age: 32 2. Gender: Male 3. Marital Status:......

Words: 6908 - Pages: 28

Premium Essay

Meeting Human Services Challenges with Technology Bshs 352 Technology in Human Services

...The human services field is confronted by challenges from various aspects which include sufficient fundraising, retention of competent staff and implementation of training course for personnel. Moreover, human service professionals are facing difficulties in reaching out to clients in the rural areas. In order to meet the demands of their profession, human service professionals utilize technology which includes software applications, computing devices, mobile devices and assets from other organizations. With the help of technology, it provides human service professionals with a tool to take on the issues with a straight on approach. Issues There are three main challenges that the human services field is facing which are receiving sufficient fundraising, searching for competent staff and providing services for individuals located in the rural locations. Fundraising event is very important for human service organizations since they heavily rely on donations to operate their facilities. However, most organizations do not know how to manage fundraising events, how to maintain their current benefactors or how to acquire new benefactors. Keeping track of donor information for before and future events is fundraiser issue by some organizations. They are experiencing difficulties in putting the information regarding donations into the reports that would be presented to stakeholders or members of the board. An additional challenge is faced by human resource departments on searching...

Words: 1559 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Human Services

...Running head: WHAT IS HUMAN SERVICES? 1 What is Human Services? Jacque Engel BSHS 301 August 31, 2011 Reina Menasche WHAT IS HUMAN SERVICES? 2 What is Human Services? Taking a walk through four chapters of Introduction to Human Services by Martin (2007), we begin to grasp the wide variety of skills involved in the Human Services field. There are hospice agents spending time with the terminally ill and activists lobbing in the prevention of child abuse, each having the ultimate passion to help others in need. As the range is large where each human service agent may affect, the result is clear that from the beginning of time Human Service agents in one form or another have been around, and the field has changed as our world has changed, although the goal of helping those who are vulnerable and disadvantaged has remained the same. The Goal of Human Services: Martin (2007) describes “the chief goal of the human service professional is to support individuals as well as communities function at their maximum potential, overcoming personal and social barriers as effectively as possible in the major domains of living”(para.12). As mentioned earlier, the human service field has a broad range of careers involved which is essential for the wide variety of populations that are served. With each social worker, hospice agent, or public school counselor, needs are being met in a wide variety of populations. The goal is to reach people in their time of need to allow each......

Words: 1476 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Bshs 312 Historical Development of Human Services Week 1 to 5

...BSHS 312 Historical Development of Human Services Week 1 to 5 Purchase here Product Description BSHS 312 (Historical Developments of Human Services) Week 1 BSHS 312 Week 1 Discussion Question # 1 Why is it important for human services workers, and the professionals they assist, to have a theoretical framework for helping and creating change? BSHS 312 Week 1 Discussion Question # 2 How might transference and counter-transference issues manifest themselves in your work with participants? How about unconscious defenses? Week 1 Assignment: Learning Team Charter Team “D” Week 2 BSHS 312 Week 2 Discussion Question # 1 Do you think that a therapist should be an active participant in the treatment of his or her clients? Why or why not? BSHS 312 Week 2 Discussion Question # 2 What is the difference between positive and negative reinforcement? In your opinion, is either effective? Why or why not? Week 2 Assignments: Annotated Bibliography- Stages of Change Model Self-Management Behavior Contract: To Lose weight and lower my BMI (1450+ Words) Week 3 BSHS 312 Week 3 Discussion Question # 1 Do you agree with the necessity for autonomy as defined by the cognitive theorists? Why? BSHS 312 Week 3 Discussion Question # 2 What kinds of all-or-nothing thinking have you detected in yourself? How will you stop......

Words: 5476 - Pages: 22

Premium Essay

Bshs 302 Introduction to Human Services / Complete Class

...BSHS 302 Introduction to Human Services / Complete Class Purchase here Product Description BSHS 302 Introduction to Human Services / Complete Class BSHS 302 Introduction to Human Services / Complete Class Purchase here Product Description BSHS 302 Introduction to Human Services / Complete Class BSHS 302 Introduction to Human Services / Complete Class Purchase here Product Description BSHS 302 Introduction to Human Services / Complete Class BSHS 302 Introduction to Human Services / Complete Class Purchase here Product Description BSHS 302 Introduction to Human Services / Complete Class BSHS 302 Introduction to Human Services / Complete Class Purchase here Product Description BSHS 302 Introduction to Human Services / Complete Class BSHS 302 Introduction to Human Services / Complete Class Purchase here Product Description BSHS 302 Introduction to Human Services / Complete......

Words: 465 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Introduction to Human Services

...Human Services in United States of America Tamarquez Burns McLean SWRK 220 03/22/16 Jonathon F Glover Human Services in United States of America The Area of Human Services is defined; it is a unique approach to the objective of meeting human needs by providing an interdisciplinary knowledge base that focuses on prevention, as well as the remediation of everyday human problems. While also maintaining a commitment to improving the quality of life. A human service professional promotes improved delivery systems, while also creating a positive relationship with the client, and determine the best remedy while providing solutions to best fit the client’s needs. This paper will discuss the structure of human services in the United States and the Human services profession. The human professions exactly do, the community involvement, as well as family involvement, also the resources that are accessible. Human Services Professionals include but are not limited to Psychologists, Occupational therapists, social services administrators, grief counselor, probation officer, and a substance abuse counselor. All of these positions develop a relationship with the client and provides solutions for the client while maintaining a healthy ongoing relationship. The three main distinctions of human services that are used more than others are resources accessible to those who are in crisis seeking shelter, food, and a safe environment. Human service workers provide service mostly......

Words: 760 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Human Service

...Human Service Scenario Analysis Brandie James BSHS 321 August 11, 2011 Dr. David Bolton Introduction The interview between clinician and client appears to be the foundation upon which help and healing begins. Depending upon the particular case and diagnosis certain techniques, boundaries and settings will be used to bring about the best results. It appears vital for the clinician to understand how what may appear minor in their opinion could negatively affect their client in the greatest way. A scenario of a 45 year-old Hispanic female diagnosed with clinical depression will be used as a hypothetical case and the approach in helping her will be explored. The attempt to analyze, diagnose and treat her effectively given her unique situation is the goal. With each case and clinician being different it is apparent that unique interviewing skills and techniques must be applied differently for each client. Each person’s set of circumstances and personal characteristics should be considered one of a kind and handle as such. The clinician’s goal is to prepare a stage for the client to become open and accept guidance to healing. Communication Style Griselda Martinez was referred to me by her social worker handling her Child Protective Services case. She is court ordered to have 16 weeks of therapy as part of her reunification plan. Her 12 year-old daughter was removed from the home and placed in temporary foster care because the school psychologist reported possible child......

Words: 321 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay


...with a person who is present and the relationship has broken down because of domestic violence.” When the reference is made to “relationship” leading toward marriage, civil partnership (registered relationship) between same sex couples and unmarried partnership. Demographics of Domestic Violence Each year between 600,000 and 6 million women are victims of domestic violence and between 100,000 and 6 million men. Between 1993 and 2004 intimate partner violence on an average was off 22%. On an average more than three women and one man are murdered by their partner. The health related cost of partner violence exceeded 5.8 billion dollars each year, out of that figure 4.1 billion dollars are for medical and mental care services. Annually 3.3-10 million children witness some form of domestic violence. In the United States 503,485 women are stalked by their partner, 78% of staling victims are women and 80% of women are stalked by their former husbands are physically assaulted by their partner and 30% are sexually assaulted by the same partner. 21% of female victims and 10% of male victims of non-fatal partner violence contact an outside agency. 85% of victims of domestic violence are women and females between the ages 20-24 years old are the greatest risk of domestic violence. The reason why I am addressing this issue is because there are so many women that are being abused and they are afraid to speak out or talk help or save at least one woman’s......

Words: 1218 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

What Is Human Services

...What is Human Services Angelica Lawson BSHS/302 Introduction to Human Services March 26th 2012 Linda Cook What is Human Services In today’s economic turmoil, Human Services play’s an essential role that has expanded over history to help aid individuals who cannot meet their basic physical and emotional needs with the resources currently available to them. “The National Organization of Human Services (NOHS) defines the human services profession in this way: “The Human Services profession is one which promotes improved service delivery systems by addressing not only the quality of direct services, but by also seeking to improve accessibility, accountability, and coordination among professionals and agencies in service delivery” (Martin, 2007, p. 4). This essay will examine the history and goals of Human Services. As well as discuss common intervention strategies and ethical considerations that Human Service professionals come into contact with when dealing with individuals of all ages, races, gender, and cultures. One can research the practice of providing assistance to individuals in need back to biblical times. However, “The development of social welfare system in the United States was very much influenced by England’s social welfare system, therefore it is important to understand the evolution of how the poor were treated in England to truly understand how the social welfare policy has developed within this country” (Martin, 2007, p. 18). Feudalism was England’s......

Words: 1168 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Bshs/302 Week One What Is Human Services

...INDIVIDUAL: What is Human Service What is Human Services BSHS/302 April 9, 2012 Instructor: Joe Spalding INDIVIDUAL: What is Human Services What is Human Services? The need to help someone who cannot meet his or her own basic needs of food, shelter and, health, has been a need that some have fulfilled for centuries dating back to Elizabethan time in England during the 16th century, and which carried over to the original 13 colonies in America. With the creation in 1953 of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) by President Eisenhower (, where the professional advocates for improving service systems by attending to the convenience, responsibility, and assortment of professionals and agencies that will carry out services to those in need according to the National Organization of Human Services (NOHS). The skills and intervention strategies for the professional includes the professional themselves. Attaining a level of understanding of one’s own principles and mores is crucial in recognizing these in others. A Clinical assessment, family genograms, psychological testing, and basic counseling techniques will start the professional on the path to finding help for the individual, using patience, active listening skills, observation skills, sympathy, and empathy. Ethical considerations for the professional are treating each client with respect, dignity while apprising clients of......

Words: 1089 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Bsh 302

..."What is Human Services" Jessica Wiegand BSHS/302 October 10, 2011 Tami Frye "What is Human Services" Human Services is an occupation for a group of individuals helping people overcome a assortment of social problems. The National Organization for Human Services (NOHS) defines human services profession in this way: “The Human Services profession is one which promotes improved service delivery systems by addressing not only the quality of direct services, but also by seeking to improve accessibility, accountability, and coordination among professionals and agencies in service delivery” (Martin, 2011). The human services field can include a variety of job titles some including social worker, caseworker, program coordinator, outreach counselor, crisis counselor, and victim advocate. The goal of human services is to support individuals as well as communities meaning at their maximum potential, overcoming personal and social barriers as effectively as possible in the major domains of living (Martin, 2011). Achieving goals to help others in many different ways is what a human service professional strive for. They are there to help so many different kinds of people with many different kinds of problems in their lives. As a human services worker the goal is to; 1) develop, increase and maintain our clients self sufficiency skills, 2) level of independent functioning, 3) to improve their quality of life, 4) to provide empowerment, 5) to develop and increase our clients......

Words: 1093 - Pages: 5

スニーカー | Running Man Episode 325 | Dragon Ball – Bảy Viên Ngọc Rồng chap 511