Premium Essay

Climate Change Report

In: Other Topics

Submitted By yttinsz
Words 3200
Pages 13
International Journal of Renewable Energy and Environmental Engineering ISSN 2348-0157, Vol. 02, No. 01, January 2014

The dynamics of social and ecosystem for the sustainable development of mankind: a system dynamics perspective
B. GIRIDHAR KAMATH, VASANTH VASUDEVA PANDUBETTU KAMATH, LEWLYN L.R RODRIGUES
Department of Humanities and Management, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India Email: giridharbk@yahoo.com, kamath.vasanth@manipal.edu, rodrigusr@gmail.com Abstract: Human beings depend on the ecosystems for material and energy sources. Human-ecosystem interaction is closely related with the growing demands placed by people on ecosystems. Human activities have always had an impact on the ecosystem as a whole and over a period of time, this has had an irreversible impact on the ecosystem and the imbalance caused in the ecosystem have started to take its toll on the flora and fauna. The challenge now ahead of mankind is to focus on sustainable development and fight against issues like global warming and delayed rainfalls. Both the renewable and nonrenewable resources are under the threat of depletion. Issues like growing human population, deforestation, acute fuel shortage, and food production crisis drives our attention to sustainable development. The concept of sustainable development is making rounds ever since its inception in 1987. This paper proposes to build a conceptual model that relates social system and ecosystem with social, economic and environmental factors so as to build a System Dynamics model highlighting sustainable development. Keywords: Social Sustainability, Ecological Sustainability, Economic Sustainability, Environmental Sustainability, System Dynamics. Introduction: Sterman (2012) states that human civilization is unsustainable and is deteriorating rapidly. Fast paced life, desire for wealth creation, and rapid urbanization have…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Climate Change

...Climate Change – Anthropogenic or Natural? One of the biggest issues in today’s media is the argument of climate change and global warming, and whether or not it is the result of human influence on the Earth or if it is a natural occurrence. Many people will tell you that climate change is the result of human impact on the Earth, while other people will say that the change is just a natural cycle the Earth goes through. Though both sides can produce evidence as to why they are right or why the other person is wrong, only you can decide what to believe is right and what is wrong. What exactly is climate change? Climate change is the fluctuation in weather and temperature on Earth either in a specific part of the world, or even the entire world itself. Many people question if the climate is even changing, or if it just some conspiracy though up by the government in order to get money. There is no doubt that the Earth’s climate is indeed changing. The Earth is in warming stage that is being called global warming. Although many experts agree that the Earth is in fact warming, they argue over the cause of the warming. Some say that the reason for the warming is because of a natural cycle that the Earth goes through regularly, while others say that man is the cause of the warming. According to some experts the Earth’s temperature has been steadily increasing since the 1800’s. For this reason they are saying that the past two decades have been the hottest on record......

Words: 1075 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Climate Change

...CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION PROJECT Climate change is the change in stable weather conditions of a given place which have been noted in such a place for a period extending over thirty years. It is notable and lasting change in the distribution of weather patterns in over thirty years. Climate affects agricultural production directly. The International Fund for Agricultural Development accepts climate change to be among the factors influencing rural poverty. Climate change affects the globe as a whole but its effects is felt much more by poor people in third world countries because they rely much on natural resources as a source of their livelihoods. Poor rural communities rely much on livestock keeping and agriculture which are climate-sensitive sectors of the economy. We have to adapt and employ mitigation strategies to respond to climate change. Adapting involves reducing the vulnerabilities of ecosystem to climate change whereas mitigation involves reducing the long term impact of climate change. Mitigating also involves reducing the emission of green house gases while adapting will also involves supporting local communities to deal with the impacts of climate. Agriculture of a given place depends on the climate of such a place; with climate change agriculture is affected negatively. Climate change accelerates the challenges facing the agricultural production and specifically in Sub-Saharan Africa. Innovations are the way to mitigating the effects of climate change on......

Words: 2526 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Climate Change

...Peoples Attitudes towards Climate Change A group paper is presented to the faculty of Mindanao University of Science and Technology – Jasaan Campus presented by Steven Castino, Geneth Caturan, Marjohn Deleon, John Henry Mercado, Julan Aricayos, Kimbert Pacana, Joseph Sumayang, June Rey Tarpin, Richard Nacua, Joel Cabelto, and Rey Carlou Cailing. I. Introduction Climate Change or Global warming is the increase of the average temperature of earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and landmasses. Scientists believe earth is currently facing a period of rapid warming brought on by rising levels of heat-trapping gases, known as greenhouse gases, in the atmosphere (Harvey, 2012). Ironically, “It is not climate change that is our problem, but the attitude of people that should be addressing the problem” (Fernandez, 2012). Most previous studies evaluating the cause of awareness to the people towards the climate change is the effects of people’s attitude towards climate change (Gallup, 2008; Barret & Dannenberg, 2012). Most of the studies confirm the explicit and implicit attitudes towards climate change suggest targeting hidden thoughts a better way to change people’s behavior (Corner, 2010; Kormos & McIntyre, 2011). There are also findings that proved the countries to firm one another to build human activities towards climate change. This paper is intended to transport cognizance on the necessary ideas on what are the people’s perception towards climate change that have been......

Words: 3065 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Ipcc Status Report on Climate Change Summary

...IPCC Status Report on Climate Change Summary Abstract The following is a summary of the IPCC Status Report on Climate Change. The following questions will be answered: is climate change occurring? About which aspects of climate change are we certain? Uncertain? What are the main factors determining climate change today? What is the likelihood that humans have caused these changes and what data supports this conclusion? And finally, what information is not yet available or are we unable to access at this time that may have bearing on the report and our understanding of climate change? The IPCC Status Report on Climate Change Summary for Policymakers is an assessment of the current scientific understanding of the impacts of climate change on natural, managed and human systems; the vulnerability of these systems and their capacity to adapt. The purpose of this report is to set out the findings of the Fourth Assessment of Working Group II of the Intergovernmental panel on climate change that they find to be relevant to those making decisions relating to government policy. The data used to compile the report are largely based on data sets that cover a period from 1970. According to the report, climate change is occurring. Observational evidence, including satellite imaging, from all continents and most oceans shows that many natural systems are being affected by regional climate changes, particularly temperature increases. Examples of natural systems affected include,......

Words: 818 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Climate Change

...Every place, country, city, region has its own climate. Climate plays one of the important roles in people’s life. Climate is defined as the average weather, which means variety of weather conditions as rain, snow, hail, sun, and wind over period of time about 30 years that can be measured in any particular place.( IPCC Third Assessment Report - Climate Change 2001; editor:A.P.Baede) Climate change is a variation of average weather. There are 2 causes of climate change. The first is human activity which includes deforestation, burning fossil fuels, agriculture, transportation and infrastructure. The second is natural causes which include volcanic eruptions and variations in solar outputs. These causes have negative effect on the natural environment which leads to increasing of temperature, increasing in sea level, changing of precipitations, extremely weather, killing species of animals, birds, fish and plants. This essay will show that the causes of climate change have different effects on the environment. Atmospheric carbon dioxide variations, volcanic eruptions and solar outputs, have negative impacts on animals, plants, and environment. Climate is always changeable. One winter can be early, another late; one summer wet, another dry (Carter 2000,34). For the last century climate has dramatically changed. Consequences of climate change may manifest itself as rapid and through the long period of time. Climate change could lead to number of catastrophic disasters as......

Words: 2383 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Climate Change

...Southern Africa Regional Office Lusaka, Zambia Report Climate Change in Zambia: Opportunities for Adaptation and Mitigation through Africa Bio-Carbon Initiative By Samuel Mulenga Bwalya Peaks Environmental Management Consultants P.O Box 32632 Lusaka, Zambia January, 2010 Table of Contents Contents Page Table of Contents................................................................................................................. i List of Tables ...................................................................................................................... ii List of acronyms ................................................................................................................ iii Acknowledgements............................................................Error! Bookmark not defined. Executive Summary ............................................................................................................ v 1. Introduction................................................................................................................. 1 1.1 Objectives of the study........................................................................................ 1 1.2 Approaches and methodology............................................................................. 2 2. Climate variability and impacts .................................................................................. 2 2.1 Climate variability......

Words: 15235 - Pages: 61

Premium Essay

Climate Change

...CLIMATE CHANGE Climate change is a substantial change in a regions average weather patterns including average temperature, precipitation, and wind. Global warming cause our ecosystem has been disrupted and the earth’s climate is currently changing at a record speed. Global warming make the temperature of earth is rising. This does not mean that earth will become tropical; but the climate will warming some places and cooling others.  Greenhouse gases and other anthropogenic dark particles in our atmosphere are a direct link to global warming and climate change. Burning fossil fuels for energy is the worlds leading man-made contribution.The second major contributor to the increase of greenhouse gases is deforestation. Deforestation accounts for 15% of carbon dioxide emissions according to the recent Union of Concerned Scientist (UCS) report, which is 5% less then the 2007 report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Other human activities producing greenhouse gases are: polluted oceans, dirty snow, not recycling, landfills and wastelands, and urbanization to name a few.  Climate change will affect all aspects of our lives from our health and safety to our finances and global economic structure.Occupying 71% of the earth’s surface, oceans play a fundamental part in maintaining the balance of global climates. Changes in wind patterns along with other factors are causing altered ocean currents and circulation. These currents and circulations are collectively......

Words: 939 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Climate Change

...This article was downloaded by: [Texas A&M University-Commerce] On: 05 January 2015, At: 16:08 Publisher: Routledge Informa Ltd Registered in England and Wales Registered Number: 1072954 Registered office: Mortimer House, 37-41 Mortimer Street, London W1T 3JH, UK Geopolitics Publication details, including instructions for authors and subscription information: http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/fgeo20 Rethinking Climate Change, Conflict and Security Jan Selby & Clemens Hoffmann a a b Department of International Relations, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK b Department of International Relations, Bilkent University, Ankara, Turkey Published online: 30 Oct 2014. Click for updates To cite this article: Jan Selby & Clemens Hoffmann (2014) Rethinking Climate Change, Conflict and Security, Geopolitics, 19:4, 747-756, DOI: 10.1080/14650045.2014.964866 To link to this article: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14650045.2014.964866 PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE Taylor & Francis makes every effort to ensure the accuracy of all the information (the “Content”) contained in the publications on our platform. However, Taylor & Francis, our agents, and our licensors make no representations or warranties whatsoever as to the accuracy, completeness, or suitability for any purpose of the Content. Any opinions and views expressed in this publication are the opinions and views of the authors, and are not the views of or endorsed by Taylor & Francis. The accuracy of the Content should not be relied......

Words: 5013 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Climate Change

...Climate Change: Is Global Warming To Blame? Climate change is a serious reason for concern, because it affects every person living on the planet. The vast majority of the scientific community claims that anthropogenic global warming is to blame for these changes. However, there are a small number of people who deny the very existence of global warming. Their words carry a certain amount of weight in some circles, but they lack scientific proof to support these arguments. The effects of climate change are undeniable. Research conducted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and other reputed meteorological institutions proves that average yearly temperature has been steadily growing over the last decades. The sea levels have also been rising, and the number of floods in different parts of the world has increased dramatically. Glaciers in the Northern Hemisphere have started to melt. This caused more icebergs to drift into the ocean. They currently pose a serious threat to both, cruise and cargo ships that course through the waters of the northern regions. There are reports of some icebergs being spotted far to the South from Greenland. Over 95% of scientists agree that these changes are caused by the “greenhouse effect”. There is some solid evidence which proves that people are directly responsible for the global warming that is fueling this climate change. Destruction of forests, burning of fossil fuels and environmental pollution are the main......

Words: 1199 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Climate Change

...Climate Change and How the Media Portrays It The average educated person would define climate change as the average weather changing or global warming. It is patterns of temperature, precipitation, humidity, wind and seasons. Climate is what makes up all natural ecosystems and is what helps sustain these ecosystems. The climate change today is changing the world. It’s affecting the natural ecosystems negatively. This is because climate is tied to almost everything. The change in climate will change the way people, animals, and plants have to survive. For example, a change in the usual timing of rains or temperatures can affect when plants bloom, when certain bugs hatch, or when streams are at their highest level. This can affect pollination of crops, food for migrating birds, spawning of fish, water supplies for drinking, forest health, and much more. Many people mistake global warming and climate change to be the same thing. Although they are very similar, global warming is what causes climate change. Global warming is the rising of global temperature and ocean temperature. This is what causes the climate change events listed above. Global warming is a global event while climate change is a more regional change in the atmosphere. There are many people who think climate change is not happening. The National Academy of Science has studied climate change and confirmed that it is real and humans are causing it. According to the Climate Impacts Group at the......

Words: 1048 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Climate Change

... Climate change becomes a universal issue in recent years, with the negative influence occurring in the third world. There are lots of negative effects on most urban areas city on coast and riverbanks are vulnerable to climate change effects such as a increase in sea level (Nichcolls, cited in Hunt and Watkiss 2004, p.17). Climate change refers to any change in climate over time, whether due to natural variability or as a result of human activity (Parry M.L et al. 2007, p.13). The world’s urban population will rapid increase in the next few year, so the negative effects caused by climate change in cities should be solved necessarily. This essay outlines the major negative impacts by climate change, and evaluates three possible solving measures in many developing countries. The essay argues that three effective solutions are able to solve the problems of climate change in developing countries. Climate change negatively affects the urban in developing countries. The first environmental effect of climate change is a rising sea level. Rosenzweig et al. (2010, p.910) survey that city should obviously contributed to 71% of global energy-related greenhouse-gas. Most chief cities in developing country are located in low altitudes or near the seaside, which are brought calamities by the climate change. As the world warming, the threat from the ocean level increase poses alarming for cities. A rising in sea level has the direct influences on urban areas such as beach erosion and......

Words: 987 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Climate Change

...1. Introduction Over the last century, climate change has become one of the greatest threats facing the world. There is overwhelming scientific consensus that the increasing global temperature and the variable weather condition are closely related to the increase of greenhouse gases. In order to tackle the issue of climate change effectively, the Kyoto Protocol has been established. However, the rate of climate change is beyond prediction and the adverse impacts of climate change are increasingly serious. Besides, the debate about the main cause of climate change is significant. As the main driver of climate change is difficult to identify, countries face the challenge to formulate practical strategies to reduce greenhouse gases. This report will define climate change and explore what is the main driver of climate change as well as focus on climate change response strategies in Kenya. 2. Definition of Climate Change Climate change is characterized as observed increase in global average temperature of the earth. Climate is totally different from weather. Weather is the state of atmosphere at a place and time as regards heat, cloudiness, wind and rain (CCIR-NYC 2005, p. 1). However, climate is a region’s weather patterns in a relatively long period (CCIR-NYC 2005, p. 1). The CCIR-NYC (2005, p. 1) claims that the variations of the state of climate on space and time are the dominant features of climate change. It is reported that global average temperature has...

Words: 1330 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Climate Change

...Climate change has damage the planet beyond repair. Melissa Giannotti (1100 words) ‘Unless we announce a disasters, no one will listen’ (J.Houghton, 1994). The continuous struggle to halt climate change and save the world is perhaps the biggest challenge the humanity has ever faced. The world-threatening rise in temperatures, the extinction of species and the flooding of oceans, is coming under challenge as never before. The world has known about global warming since the late 1970s, but since that time a little has been done to halt it. This essay sets out to examine why is too late to find a solution to save the planet. The first thing to get straight is to define the meaning of climate change. Climate change involves any changes in weather patterns, such as colder, wetter, cloudier, and windier condition. According to McGuire (2008,a), over the 4.6 billion year history of our planet, the climate has constantly changed in response to several factors. Until now, many have argued that since the industrialization has started, more greenhouses have been added to the atmosphere, causing the warming Earth’s climate. In fact, research conducted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC, 2013) states that the warming of the climate system is certain. Each of the last three decades has been successively warmer than any previous decade since the 1850. For instance, the evidence demonstrate a clear increase in warming of 0.85 [0.65 to1.06]°C over the period 1880 to......

Words: 1365 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Climate Change

...The way that humanity reacts to climate change may do more damage to many areas of the planet than climate change itself, says a new study published in Conservation Letters by Conservation International's Will Turner and a group of other leading scientists. The paper "Climate change: helping nature survive the human response," looks at efforts to both reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and potential action that could be taken by people to adapt to a changed climate and assesses the potential impact that these could have on global ecosystems. In particular it notes that one fifth of the world's remaining tropical forests lie within 50 kilometers of human populations that could be inundated if sea levels rise by 1 meter. These forests would make attractive sources of fuel-wood, building materials, food and other key resources and would be likely to attract a population forced to migrate by rising sea levels. About half of all Alliance for Zero Extinction sites -- which contain the last surviving members of certain species -- are also in these zones. "There are numerous studies looking at the impacts of climate change on biodiversity, but very little time has been taken to consider what our responses to climate change might do to the planet, " Turner said. The paper notes that efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by constructing dams for hydropower generation can cause substantial damage to key freshwater ecosystems as well as to the flora and fauna in......

Words: 619 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Climate Change

...TOPIC: CLIMATE CHANGE The topic of climate change is like a puzzle with many different pieces—oceans, the atmosphere, ecosystems, polar ice, natural and human influences. Scientists have been working on this puzzle for more than a century, and while there are still gaps in our knowledge, most experts feel we have the puzzle is complete enough to show that human activities are having an adverse effect on our planet. This talks looks at many of those puzzle pieces, the evidence behind them, and the conclusions we can draw from them. OUTLINE • What changes climate? • Is it real? • How do we know? • Why should we care? • How sure are scientists? • What next—what can we do? What changes climate? Changes in: – Sun’s output – Earth’s orbit – Drifting continents – Volcanic eruptions – Greenhouse gases Scientists have a good understanding of what has changed earth’s climate in the past: • Incoming solar radiation is the main climate driver. Its energy output increased about 0.1% from 1750 to 1950, increasing temperatures by 0.2°F (0.1°C) in the first part of the 20th century. But since 1979, when we began taking measurements from space, the data show no long-term change in total solar energy, even though Earth has been warming. • Repetitive cycles in Earth’s orbit that occur over tens of thousands of years can influence the angle and......

Words: 3139 - Pages: 13

Indivisible Bluray (240p) | TV Shows | Proyecto Rampage BluRay MicroHD