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Computer Generations

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By pammaz
Words 1398
Pages 6
CHINHOYI UNIVERSITY

COURSE CODE : CUIT112

GROUP ASSIGNMENT NO: 1

DUE DATE: 31 JANUARY 2013

GROUP MEMBERS

NAME STUDENT NUMBER

1. PAMELA PRECIOUS MAPANI C13121168U

2. ODETTE VIMBAI CHAKANYUKA C13121213J

3. TRACY MUPFIGWA C13120981A

4. LONAH RATO C13121218C

5. ANGELLA MATEYO C13121216X

6. ALBERT CHIBAYA C13121048Q

7. MALVIN CHITONGO C13121095J

8. TALENT KAJAWU C13121045W

QUESTION: Describe the computer generations based on the following : 1. Hardware 2. Software 3. Computing characteristics 4. Physical appearances 5. applications
Answer
A computer is an electronic device capable of accepting data, processing it, giving it out and storing it for later use. Computers have evolved over the years from large sized computers to small sized version which we called the generation of computers. The computer generations are as follows: a) First generation b) Second generation c) Third generation d) Fourth generation e) Fifth generation
First generation computers
The first generation computer was designed and built based on vacuum tube technology. The first generation computers were manufactured from 1940 to 1956.These vacuum tubes were used to perform logic operations and to store data
Hardware
In this generation of computers there was no best way of storing instructions and data in a computer memory. Punched cards and paper tapes were invented to feed programs and data to get results. The magnetic tape or magnetic drum were used as secondary memory and the output was displayed as printouts.
Software
The instructions and data were written in machine language. The machine language used O’s and I’s for coding of the instructions. These first generation computers could solve one problem at a time. The computation time was in milliseconds
Computing…...

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