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Positive and Negative Impact of Computer in Society

The Social Impact of Computer in Our Society
From the time of the invention of the computers to the present day, computers have met tremendous changes. Time to time incorporation of the latest technical achievement has made the use of computer easier. More and more application have been developed and almost all the areas of the professions have been computerized. Computerization is continuously becoming an important part of many organizations. Computer have proved almost all the fields whether related to numeric processing or non numeric processing or document processing in the developed countries and all the walks of life. Computers have become the part of every organization.

Beneficial or Positive Impact of Computer in our Society * Any professional individual like doctors, engineers, businessmen etc. undergo a change in their style or working pattern after they get the knowledge of computer. * An individual becomes more competent to take a decisions due to the computer because all the information required to take the decision is provided by the computer on time. As a result, any individuals or institutions get success very fast. * The person working at the managerial level becomes less dependent on low level staff like clerks and accountants. Their accessibility to the information increases tremendously. This improves their working patters and efficiency, which benefit the organization and ultimately affects the society positively. * In common life also, an individual gets benefited with computer technology. When airports, hospitals, banks, departmental stores have been computerized, people get quick service due to the computer system. * Computers have created new fields of employment. These employments are in the field of designing, manufacturing, teaching, etc. Harmful or Negative Impact of Computer in Our Society * Due to any reasons, if the data stored in the computer is lost, the person responsible for handling the computer will have to tolerate a lot. * People do not use their mind for common arithmetic, which gradually results in loss of their numerical ability. * Today, any person who does not have the knowledge of computer is considered the second class citizens. * People have fear that growing children may lose their common sense abilities like numerical ability due to total dependence on computers. * Due to the computerization workload for the employees reduces many times. As a result, many organization may require to remove some of its employees. It produces the dissatisfaction and lack of security among the employees. Due to this, employees do not corporate the organization. As a result, the output can be disastrous. * As a result of introduction of new technology in an organization, the organization may need to spend a tremendous amount on the training of its employees.
Positive and Negative Impact of Computer in Society
Almost a century ago, a large number of inventions took place during the first industrial revolution. Within a short span of time, many countries became industrialized. Now we are in the beginning of another industrial revolution. The major cause of the second industrial revolution is the invention of computers. Computer is the most versatile machine humans have ever created. It plays an important role in our everyday life. It covers huge area of application including education, industries, government, medicine, and scientific research, law and even music and arts. Without computers, life wound certainly be difficult and different. Computers in Medical field 1. 1. COMPUTERS IN MEDICAL FIELD 2. 2. INFLUENCE 3. 3. Health informatics is a discipline at the intersection of information science, computer science, and health care. It deals with the resources, devices, and methods required to optimize the acquisition, storage, retrieval, and use of information in health and biomedicine. It include computers,clinical guidelines, formal medical terminologies, and information and communication systems. It is applied to the areas of nursing, clinical care, dentistry, pharmacy, public health, occupational therapy, and (bio)medical research. Computers play major role in this. 4. 4. Tracking Patients Clinical Management Radiology Material Management Analysis Billing and Financial System Maintaining Record System ROLE OF COMPUTERS IN MEDICAL FIELD 5. 5. CT scan 6. 6. Computers make their role perfect in all types of clinical image processing like CT scan X-rays and more accuratelyX-rays 7. 7. Surgery with help of Computers 8. 8. Apart from administration purposes computers are used in performing surgeries. Laparascopic surgeries is said to be the most common surgery which can be done only through the help of computers. The medical experts insert the medical tools and other small equipments attached with cameras into the patient’s body. Computers become a reliable product in every hospital due to its effective and efficient performance. From open heart surgery to X-Ray’s everything is made possible so easily only through computers. Computers are mostly used in every organization. Computer plays different roles in different fields now a day’s no field is evolving without the role of computers.ADVANTAGES 9. 9. Always up to date The Heart rate, pulse rate, brain readings and other specifications are monitored and recorded continuously through computers and finally the medical expert analyze the computer record and provide treatment for the affected person. Computers make their role perfect in all types of clinical image processing like CT scan X-rays and more accurately. High-tech surgery tools and instruments embedded with cameras are used in surgical process. The operations done by the medical experts are completely recorded by the computers for future references and also to avoid complications.ADVANTAGES 10. 10. Creating a network to transfer medical records or keep track of billing is an additional initial cost. Unlike paper records, which simply require a few more copies, electronic record keeping requires constant upkeep of computers, computer software and other e One of the biggest drawbacks of adding computers to hospitals is the cost. Computers cost money, and a large hospital needs many computers to keep the system running smoothly. Cost DISADVANTAGES lectronic elements, which can cost even more. 11. 11. If your doctor or hospital is switching to computers or electronic record keeping, youre probably worried about the security of your medical records. Paper records are kept in a doctors office or a warehouse, but once computers are added to a hospital, electronic record keeping typically follows. Once electronic record keeping is begun, medical information is usually added to a closed computer network, but as long as an Internet connection comes into the network, the system is vulnerable to outside sources, opening the debate to questions about patient privacy and medical record security. SecurityDISADVANTAGES 12. 12. From a hospital point of view, one of the biggest disadvantages of adding computers and electronic records to a hospital is the lack of standardization through the medical field. Different hospitals use different shorthand abbreviations or symbols on medical records than others. Even the codes called out during emergencies dont always mean the same thing in every hospital. If a medical record is transferred from another hospital or the system becomes open so hospitals can share information, the lack of standardization in hospital notes and records could cause problems when it comes to a medical professionals understanding of the medical record. Lack of StandardizationDISADVANTAGES 13. 13. The main object of such smart instruments is to reduce or eliminate the tissue trauma traditionally associated with open surgery without requiring more than a few minutes training on the part of surgeons. This approach seeks to improve that lions share of surgeries, particularly cardio-thoracic, that minimally invasive techniques have so failed to supplant. Due to rapid expansion of medicine a number of uses including medical educations at all levels , point of service medical inf.(especially diagnostic, treatment and medications) and nowadays robotic surgery. Helpful and Precise working system. Creating discipline at the intersection of information science, computer science, and health care. It deals with the resources, devices, and methods required to optimize the acquisition, storage, retrieval, and use of information in health and biomedicine.
Use of Computers in Agriculture
Computers and their applications changed the face of most traditional occupations including agriculture. From computerized milk collection and seed estimators to weather predictions and automated farmland assessment, computers have revolutionized farming practices. Let us explore the use of computers in agriculture, through this article.
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Technological advances have brought about drastic changes in farming and animal husbandry resulting in a tremendous increase in production capacity. The most common use of computers has been in replacing human effort and intervention in traditional farming machinery and other equipment. In addition, even the support functions for farming such as delivery of machinery, fertilizers and production of raw products have been successfully automated. But all these are just the labor-saving, basic uses that have been around even before the turn of the century. If computers have changed the ways of farming, then the Internet has only doubled that pace of change.

Applications of Computing Technologies in Agriculture

In today's times, agriculture is not just about crop production or livestock farming and associated activities. The challenges brought forth by ecological factors affecting the environment need to be a major consideration for any kind of farming activity. Farmers need to preempt environmental impact due to climate change and this is where modern technology comes to the rescue. In a nutshell, the uses of computers in agriculture include:
There are software which help in the prediction of weather conditions and estimation of agricultural production.
Computers are used for record-keeping of information related to costs involved in production, transport, agricultural processes, and in the estimation and calculation of profit and/or loss.
The Internet aids communication among farmers and between farmers and agriculture experts. This leads to an exchange of knowledge and serves as guidance for farmers to improve production and earn profits.
Thanks to the use of software technology, farming practices have evolved into those requiring less effort and leading to greater output. Mechanization has reduced human/animal effort and increased the speed and quality of production.
Farmland Assessment
Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are being used for developing ranking systems that evaluate land and provide a site assessment to aid what is now known as precision agriculture. These hi-tech, interactive systems provide information based on a variety of factors such as soil conditions, drainage and slope conditions, soil pH and nutrient status, etc. Prior to the use of these systems, farmers were often in the dark about soil output, and unpredictable weather conditions affecting crop quality and profitability. Precision agriculture provides farmers with control by predicting vital information including fertilizer application and problems with drainage, insects, and weeds. Most government websites provide this kind of information free of cost, covering agricultural land masses across the United States. Global Positioning System (GPS) based technologies also help to monitor irrigation, field mapping, soil sampling, tractor guidance and crop scouting. This kind of technology equips farmers with enough information to increase crop yield in a manner that is consistent with the best environmental practices for sustainable agriculture.

Autonomous Farm Equipment and Tractors
Automated farm equipment, needless to say, scores over human controlled equipment in terms of consistency and reliability. Engine and machine functions such as transmission and hydraulic power output are controlled using microchips built into the equipment. Guidance technology is already being widely used in self-propelled equipment to aid crop seeding and fertilizer application. Automated feeding systems, computerized milk collection and milking machines have been around since the late 20th century, resulting in better economic yield for the dairy industry as well as livestock production. Automated tractors are probably not far away.

Farm Software
With regard to livestock farming, ready-made computer applications are available to track animals, storing and evaluating information such as age, health records, milk production, offspring productivity, and reproductive cycle status. This is often called herd recording. Similarly, most farm accounting software and other computer applications in agriculture provide services for record keeping, simulation of prediction-based models using that data, and revenue and productivity estimation. Most farm software vendors provide you with an option to customize their applications to the specific needs of your farm or ranch.

Internet Forums, Social Networking and Online Knowledge Bases
Any business in the world that you can think of, has benefited from the advent and global reach of the Internet and related communication technologies (mobile computing, e-commerce, etc.). Agriculture is no different. Imagine using the power of the Internet to connect with farmers, agriculturists and agricultural scientists and other experts spread across the globe. There are several forums and social networking sites on the Internet where farmers can connect with other farmers and farming experts and exchange know-how. In addition, there are several learning repositories that provide information on a wide variety of agricultural topics. These avenues serve to reduce the rural digital divide, influence public policies, foster partnerships and connect all stakeholders across the agricultural value chain. For instance, a farmer can easily seek out and connect with an agricultural entrepreneur and begin the exchange of ideas or business proposals. Information such as price review for grain and livestock, pest information, real-time weather information (precipitation, temperature, humidity, solar radiation, wind speed, soil moisture and soil temperature) in any part of the world is literally available at one's fingertips.

E-agriculture
An emerging field of agricultural practices, e-agriculture focuses on coming up with innovative ways and best practices to use the existing information and communication technologies (ICTs) for sustainable agricultural development and food safety standards, particularly in rural areas. E-agriculture encompasses other related technological fields such as agricultural informatics, agricultural development and business. It aims to deploy all available technologies (computers, mobile computing, satellite systems, smart cards) for the empowerment of farmers and strengthening of partnerships across the food value chain.

The uses of computers in agriculture do have some real constraints such as, the lack of hardware and software infrastructure, training and skills, and research priorities. However, once these are overcome, the use of computers goes past automation and software application. In fact, it could be instrumental in bridging the digital divide and bringing prosperity to agriculturists not only in the United States, but also in other developing and emerging economies around the world.
Read more at Buzzle: http://www.buzzle.com/athe disadvantages are ;

1. productivity loss 2. power dependency 3. being jobless because of computerization. or computers can take place rather than humans because computers are fast and durable. 4. data loss 5. cyber crime rticles/uses-of-computers-in-agriculture.html…...

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