Free Essay

Computer

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By rojan
Words 2082
Pages 9
Section 7: Conclusion

Section

China and the World: Scenarios to 2025

7

Conclusion
Given the importance of China today, there can

Wild cards are low probability events which

be no doubt that the determination of Chinese

would have a significant impact if they were to

leadership to maintain the course of reform will

occur. In the case of China they could include :

be a decisive factor in the global future. It is



A possible Taiwan conflict :

equally true that the support of other global

How would China react if Taiwan were to

players and their preparedness to welcome

declare independence ? For many years

China in its gradual rise in greatness will have a

independence was not an issue as the

direct impact on how China emerges. Given the

Kuomintang rulers of Taiwan claimed they

close connection between China and global

were the real government of China and

welfare, these scenarios indicate that outsiders

had no interest in relinquishing their claim

must appreciate the scale of the challenges

on sovereignty. But independence has

faced by the government in Beijing, and that

become an issue with the rise of generations

those in China need to comprehend the

born and raised on the island. They have

sensitivities of outsiders to its rise.

successfully established democratic rule and some do not want to be subject to rule

Raising awareness of differing sensitivities is an important role that scenarios can play.

from a distant capital. The implications of

The aim is certainly not to pretend that the

any conflict with Taiwan would depend in

scenarios predict the future. One cannot expect

part on the reaction of the United States.

any of these scenarios to come true as they



Natural catastrophe :

stand. Rather the scenarios use available

What happens if Beijing is hit by a major

knowledge to sketch the boundaries of the

earthquake? China is located in one of the

plausible. In so doing, they can help the reader

most active seismic regions of the world

better understand what could happen and how

and has in the last 30 years been shaken

single headlines in the media may reflect

by numerous earthquakes killing at least

more fundamental changes.

750,000 people. There will no doubt be earthquakes in China in the next twenty years but the likelihood of one that disrupts
Beijing’s ability to function is low. If a severe earthquake were to lead to a temporary power vacuum, or the ensuing damage were not properly cleared up, it could be a source of major instability.

66

China and the World: Scenarios to 2025

Having read the scenarios, it is possible to

Others could include :

ask after each one : “If this world were to come



Health crises and epidemics,

about, what would it mean for me?” By living the

aggravated by the breakdown of the rural

future in advance, it is possible for governments,

health system;

businesses and non-governmental organizations

Financial crises and bank failures,

to build robust strategies and policies that would

aggravated by insufficient transparency and

work in all scenarios. Indeed, it is even possible

political pressures on those lending money ;

to develop an early warning system on the basis

Mass social unrest where largely

of the scenarios to give advance notice if a trend

separate demonstrations meld into a single

becomes perceptible, thus gaining a competitive

mass protest.

Section 7: Conclusion

These are just two of many possible wild cards.

edge.





It is our hope that the scenarios will stimulate
Each of these could have a major impact if they

an engaged discussion. Making explicit a number

occurred, at least opening new possible futures

of issues may in itself cause change for good.

or ruling out others.

67

China and the World: Scenarios to 2025
Annex: Recommended Reading

Annex : Recommended Reading
Barton, D. 2004. Facing China. The McKinsey
Quarterly 2004 special edition: China today.

International Energy Agency. 2004. World Energy
Outlook 2004. France.

Bekier, Matthias M., Richard Huang, and
Gregory P. Wilson. 2005. How to fix China’s banking system. The McKinsey Quarterly 2005.
Number 1.

Ministry of Health Report on China's Healthcare
System and Reform. 2005. (Executive Summary, unofficial translation). August.

Bloom, Erik, Vincent de Wit, and Mary Jane
Carangal-San Jose. 2005. Potential Economic
Impact of an Avian Flu Pandemic on Asia.
ERD Policy Brief Series No. 42. Manila : Asian
Development Bank. November.
Brahm, Laurence J. 2001. China’s Century: The
Awakening of the Next Economic Powerhouse.
Singapore : John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd.
Chen, Kun, and Martin Kenney. 2005.
University/Research Institute-Industry Linkages in Two Chinese Cities : Commercializing
Technological Innovation. To be presented at
“Universities as Drivers of the Urban Economies in Asia” sponsored by the World Bank and
Social Research Council. 24-25 May.
Courrier International. 2005. La Chine des
Chinois. Hors-Série, Juin-Juillet-Août. France.
Crane, Keith, Roger Cliff, Evan Medeiros,
James Mulvenon, and William Overholt. 2005.
Modernizing China’s Military: Opportunities and
Constraints. RAND Corporation.
Economy, Elizabeth C. 2004. The River Runs
Black: The environmental challenge to China’s future. Ithaca & London: Cornell University Press.
Hale, David (Hale Advisers, LLC). 2005. China’s
Currency Conundrum. Central Banking Volume
XVI No.1. London: Central Banking Publications.

68

Morgan Stanley Equity Research. 2004.
New Tigers of Asia. India and China: A Special
Economic Analysis. Asia/Pacific, 26 July.
OECD. 2005. Economic Surveys China. France.
September.
OECD. 2005. Promoting IPR Policy and
Enforcement in China: Summary of OECD-China dialogues on intellectual Property Rights Policy and Enforcement. France.
Orr, Gordon R. 2004. The aging of China. The
McKinsey Quarterly 2004 special edition: China today. Panitchpakdi, Supachai, and Mark L. Clifford.
2002. China and the WTO: Changing China,
Changing World Trade. Singapore : John Wiley
& Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd.
Pitsilis, Emmanuel V., Jonathan R. Woetzel, and
Jeffrey Wong. 2004. Checking China’s vital signs.
The McKinsey Quarterly 2004 special edition:
China today.
Poole, Philip, and the Emerging Markets
Economics Team, HSBC Global Research. 2005.
The Dragon and the Bear. Eurasia’s Nexus,
Emerging Markets Primal Knowledge. Macro :
United Kingdom, March.
Ramo, Joshua Cooper. 2004. The Beijing
Consensus. London: The Foreign Policy Centre.
May.

China and the World: Scenarios to 2025

Shambaugh, David. 2005. Rising Dragon and the American Eagle – Part I, “China's growing economic power and diplomatic clout may portend a turning of the tide against the US in Asia”. YaleGlobal Online. New Haven,
Connecticut : Yale Center for the Study of
Globalization, 20 April.
Smil, Vaclav. 2004. China’s Past, China’s Future: energy, food, environment. New York, NY and
Great Britain : RoutledgeCurzon.
Story, Jonathan. 2003. China : The race to market. Great Britain : Prentice Hall.

The Economist. 2004. Survey : Business in
China. 18 March.
The Economist. 2005. Survey : India and China.
3 March.
UBS Securities Asia Ltd, UBS Investment
Research. 2005. How to Think About China.
Asian Economic Perspectives. Hong Kong.
6 January.

Annex: Recommended Reading

Riedel, James, Jin Jin, and Gao Jian. 2004.
Investment, Financing Investment, and Growth in China. 30 August.

Wilson, Dominic, Roopa Purushothaman, and
Themistoklis Fiotakis. 2004. The Goldman Sachs
Group, Inc. The BRICs and Global Markets :
Crude, Cars and Capital. Global Economic Paper
No. 118. 14 October.
World Economic Forum. 2005. The Global
Competitiveness Report 2005-2006. Geneva.

69

China and the World: Scenarios to 2025
Acknowledgements

Acknowledgements
This publication is a result of substantial research



Prof. Lisheng Dong, Chinese Academy of

during the last year. The project team thanks the



Joachim Döring, Siemens AG

many people who responded to our invitation



Jalaj A. Dani, Asian Paints

to join and who gave so generously of their time,



Prof. Soumitra Dutta, INSEAD – Europe

to think hard about the future, and we appreciate



Joseph Fong, Hewlett-Packard

their commitment, discipline and courage.



Dr Tim Forsyth, London School of Economics



Prof. Jun Fu, Peking University

and thank each of the more than one hundred



Stephen Gerlach, Santos Ltd

academic, social, government and business



Robert Go, Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu

and a number of workshops and interviews held

Social Sciences

energy and insights. They took up the challenge

While it is not possible to acknowledge

Campus

leaders who have been involved and offered their



Joseph (Joe) Golden, Accel Partners

diverse perspectives and insights, the project



William Hildreth, Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu

team would like to offer its special gratitude to



Dr Pongsak Hoontrakul, Chulalongkorn

the following :

University


i) Business, academic, social and government leaders who have actively

Sciences


participated in or led discussions at our various workshop in Beijing, London, Paris, Shanghai,

Prof. Ping Huang, Chinese Academy of Social
Daniel Jensen, Advanced Micro Devices
China Ltd



Singapore and Washington:

Hirotsugu Koike, Nihon Keizai Shimbun
Europe Ltd



Duane Kuang, Intel Capital Asia Pacific



Jonathan Anderson, UBS AG Hong Kong



Prof. Jean-Pierre Lehmann, IMD International



Prof. Chong-En Bai, Tsinghua University



Steven R. Leonard, Symantec Corporation



Philip Bowring, International Herald Tribune



Alan Leong, Computer Associates



Jeffrey G. Bullwinkel, Microsoft Hong Kong Ltd



Robert D. Campbell, PricewaterhouseCoopers



Dr Shuhe (John) Li, SAP China



Michael J. Cannon-Brookes, IBM



Prof. Weisen Li, Fudan University



Dominick Cavuoto, Unisys Corporation



James D. Lin, Infosys Technologies (Shanghai)



Amanda J. Litzow, Computer Associates



Dr Gary Liu, China Europe International

Cadol Cheung, Intel Capital Asia Pacific



Henry Low, Solectron Corporation



Nathaniel Cheang, Arrow Electronics Asia Ltd



James Chen, Arrow Electronics China Ltd

International Inc.



Company Ltd

Prof. Shuaihua Cheng, Shanghai Municipal
Government Development Research Center

International Inc.

& Fudan University



Business School

Wai Chiew Chik, Singapore Economic



The Hon. Penny Low, Parliament of Singapore

Development Board



John McLean, British Telecom Ltd



Eric Y. Mahe, Computer Associates



Lee Aun Choong, Arrow Electronics Asia Ltd



70

Laiyong Chee, Accenture



Greg Collins, Solectron Corporation

International Inc.


Dr Horst Melcher, Deutsche Telekom KK

China and the World: Scenarios to 2025

Gengshu Miao, China Minmetals Corporation



Prof. William Mobley, China Europe

Prof. John Wong, National University of

International Business School





Charles Wu, IBM

Tan Sri Dr Noordin Sopiee, Institute of Strategic



Acknowledgements



Tim Herman Wu, Avaya (China)

Singapore

and International Studies


Armen Ovanessoff, Accenture



Prof. Jiahua Pan, Chinese Academy of Social



Communication Co. Ltd

Dr Richard T. Pascale, Templeton College,

Sciences
Oxford University



Prof. Michael Yahuda, London School of
Economics



Prof. Arthur Yeung, China Europe International
Business School



Prof. Jackie Y. Ying, Institute of Bioengineering



Prof. Gordon Redding, INSEAD – Europe
Campus



Simon Yu, Arrow Asia Pac Ltd



Prof. Lawrence Saez, London School of



Prof. Yongding Yu, Chinese Academy of



Dipender Saluja, Cadence Design Systems



Dr Linda Yueh, London School of Economics

Inc.



Prof. Juwei Zhang, Chinese Academy of



Thomas E. Schodorf, BMC Software

and Nanotechnology

Economics

Social Sciences

Social Sciences



Prof. Hellmut Schutte, INSEAD – Asia Campus



Prof. Sun Zhe, Fudan University



Gary Shainberg, British Telecom Plc



Zhi-Yong Zhou, British Telecom Plc



Prof. Jonathan Story, INSEAD – Europe



Prof. Ling Zhu, Chinese Academy of Social

Campus

Sciences



Cheng-Yaw Sun, Hewlett-Packard



Prof. Lijian Sun, Fudan University

ii) Experts and academics for their research



Gyan Patrick Tamby, GeoPost International

and contribution to the scenario publication:

Management & Development Holding GmbH


Simon S. Tay, Singapore Institute of



Dr Valérie Engammare, Fabrice Lehmann
& Prof. Jean-Pierre Lehmann, The Evian

International Affairs

Group at IMD



Vineet Toshniwal, Infosys Technologies Ltd



Sreedhar Venkiteswaran, Wipro Technologies



Dr Linda Yueh, London School of Economics



Prof. Georg von Krogh, University of St Gallen



Prof. Lisheng Dong, Chinese Academy of



Prof. Jianmao Wang, China Europe
International Business School



Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu



Sin-Yaw Wang, Sun Microsystems China Ltd



Dr Fan He, Chinese Academy of Social



Prof. Yizhou Wang, Chinese Academy of


Dr Elisabeth Economy, Council on Foreign



Dr Bin Zhang, Chinese Academy of Social

Social Sciences


Social Sciences

Sciences
Relations

Prof. Douglas Webber, INSEAD – Asia
Campus



Ming Wei, Advanced Micro Devices Inc.




Sciences

Peter Weiss, Siemens Limited China
Prof. Steven White, INSEAD – Asia Campus

71

China and the World: Scenarios to 2025
Project Team Members

China and the World 2025 : Project Team Members
The project team comprises the following individuals :
Project Director :

Alexander Van de Putte, World Economic Forum

Project Manager :

Alia Karaouni, World Economic Forum

World Economic Forum
Core research team:

Advisors:

Margareta Drzeniek

Simon Abdul Kudus

Kristel Van der Elst

Yu Liu

Sandrine Perrollaz

Alan P. Larson

Preeti Sinha

Augusto Lopez-Claros

Vidhi Tambiah

Simon Mulcahy
Alex Wong
Deming Zhu

Managing Director, World Scenario Series :
Ged Davis, World Economic Forum
Scenario champions and thought leaders :
Prof. Jean-Pierre Lehmann, IMD International
Prof. Jianmao Wang, China Europe International Business School
Dr Linda Yueh, London School of Economics
Scenario writers :

Esther Eidinow
Adrian Taylor

Editor :

Danielle Carpenter Sprungli

Economic modelling : Moody’s Economy.com
Creative design :

Kamal Kimaoui, World Economic Forum
Yu Liu, World Economic Forum
ComStone - Geneva

World Economic Forum www.weforum.org 72…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Computer

...Discovering Computers 2011 Chapter 4 DISCOVERING COMPUTERS 2011 CHAPTER FOUR: THE COMPONENTS OF THE SYSTEM UNIT PROBLEM SOLVING TIP SHEET Use this Tip Sheet as suggested starting points for the Problem Solving exercises. Problem Solving @ Home 1. Malfunctioning Speakers While working on a homework assignment, you decide to listen to one of your favorite music CDs through your computer speakers. The media player program on your computer automatically starts when you insert the CD. Although it looks like the CD is playing, no sound is coming from your speakers. What might be causing this? What is the first step that you will take to correct this problem? The sound might be muted or the volume turned down; adjust accordingly There may be a problem with your computer recognizing the sound card; check the drivers 2. Optical Disc Drive Stuck While using your computer, you attempt to open the optical disc drive to insert an installation disc for a program you wish to install. The drive, however, does not open when you press the eject button. The drive opened a few minutes prior, when you removed a music CD. What steps will you take to open the drive before calling technical support? Restart the computer. If the problem persists after restarting the computer, shut the computer down and insert the end of a paperclip into the small hole in the optical disc drive (if one exists) to open the drive manually. If necessary, check with technical support or your computer’s......

Words: 1370 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Computer

...Accountability and Ethics Computer Addiction and Cyber Crime Nick Nykodym The University of Toledo Sonny Ariss The University of Toledo Katarina Kurtz The University of Toledo This research explores the relationship between computer addiction and cyber crime. There is evidence of computer addiction in medical settings, scholarly journals and legal proceedings. Reviewing the history of computer addiction has shown that computer addiction can be related to cyber crime. This paper will define computer addiction, show how various cyber crimes, especially those against businesses and organizations, can be motivated by computer addiction and propose further research on how managers can deal with cyber crime in a business, by recognizing addictive behaviors and computer addiction in their employees. HISTORY OF COMPUTER ADDICTION Computer addiction is an idea that has been in existence for years. Since the 1970s, avid computer programmers and hackers have been called “addicts” by both psychologists and the general public (Reed, 2002, p. 135). In 1976, Weizenbaum wrote about computer programmers who could sit and work at their computer terminals for twenty or thirty hours at a time. This behavior however, was viewed at the time as useful to technology and society. Computers, once seen as huge government machines that only very knowledgeable people could use, transformed into user-friendly tools that could be used by the everyday person. It became more common to see computers in......

Words: 3633 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Computers

...Computers types I, Computer: Definition A computer is a machine that can be programmed to manipulate symbols. Its principal characteristics are: § It responds to a specific set of instructions in a well-defined manner. § It can execute a prerecorded list of instructions (a program). § It can quickly store and retrieve large amounts of data. Therefore computers can perform complex and repetitive procedures quickly, precisely and reliably. Modern computers are electronic and digital. The actual machinery (wires, transistors, and circuits) is called hardware; the instructions and data are called software. All general-purpose computers require the following hardware components: § Central processing unit (CPU): The heart of the computer, this is the component that actually executes instructions organized in programs ("software") which tell the computer what to do. § Memory (fast, expensive, short-term memory): Enables a computer to store, at least temporarily, data, programs, and intermediate results. § Mass storage device (slower, cheaper, long-term memory): Allows a computer to permanently retain large amounts of data and programs between jobs. Common mass storage devices include disk drives and tape drives. § Input device: Usually a keyboard and mouse, the input device is the conduit through which data and instructions enter a computer. § Output device: A display screen, printer, or other device that lets you see what the computer has accomplished. In addition to these......

Words: 2089 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Computer

...Computer and our life Importance of computer: Computer is an important machine in our life. Without computer our life is nothing. We need to use it in every sector of our life. What type of work sector that is we are using computer. It makes our job easier and simple. Computer creates a great opportunity for us. We are changing our life style quickly through computer. We are using it in education sector, medical sector, research and experimental job, designing, architectural designing, planning, public administration and etc. Computer changed our education system. We can learn through long distance education system. Now we do not need to go far from home to learn something. We can save our time and money by this. Without that we are able to get every service at home. Computer is also able to provide us another service. Now doctor can do operations through computer. It resumes risk for a patient. Doctors do not need to work more. Computer also helps us in research like educational, scientific, medical and etc. Really, computer is a great invention of human life. Computer and communication: ------------------------------------------------- Without helping in our work we can communicate through computer. Now-a-days computer is the powerful communication media. Generally it communicates through network and internet is the well known network system. We can talk, chat, mail through computer. We can keep contract with international community by internet. E-mail is a......

Words: 850 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Computer

...Title: Windows: How to manually remove a computer from the Princeton domain Synopsis: How to manually remove a computer from the Princeton domain Solution: Reasons why you should remove their Windows machine from the PRINCETON domain if you are leaving the University (for faculty, staff and all students): • Windows machines can only be joined to one domain at a time. After you leave Princeton, and you attempt to join your machine to another Windows domain, you would not be able to, unless the computer is first removed from the PRINCETON domain. Once joined to another domain other than Princeton, it becomes difficult to retrieve files or other information stored locally under your Princeton\netID domain account. • Once away from the Princeton network, your machine may at some point stop allowing you to log in with your PRINCETON windows credentials. This would additionally make it difficult to retrieve files or other information stored locally under your Princeton\netID domain account. • If you continue to attempt to log in to a domain profile and you one day forget your password, there is no way to reset that password (there is no local account associated with it). ________________________________________ Windows Manual Instructions The following is the process to manually remove your computer from the domain. Section One: Create a new user profile 1. Open the Start Menu and Right click Computer and Click Manage. 2. Expand Local Users and Groups......

Words: 1618 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Computers

...Computers in Our World Our world is constantly evolving. The only thing in life that is constant is change, and Computers are no different. Even though computers have only existed in the last seventy years, many believe computers have changed the world more than any other technological advance. Over the past seventy years, computers have made a quick evolution into our world with several major advancements. Just as with all things, however, there was a beginning to the computer generation. Computers were invented to solve “complex mathematical problems using calculators within a computer(De la Bedoyere,1). Computers now can do anything within a large box. A desktop computer has many external parts joined together. A computer consist of a mother board,the motherboard controls and processes what is typed and clicked and programs running. The middle of the motherboard consist of all the work being processed. Including work and data which is sent through the motherboard to the Central Processor unit (CPU). The computer has to hold memory also to save things within computers. The Ram is a major component in saving information but only works when the computer, is running. The reason a Ram is used is to save and store information,so that when it is being worked on it wont be erased. A Computer also has external and internal drives that can read information. When the computer came out for personal use, it made it better for communication possibilities(ceruzzi,6,7) 1939 was an......

Words: 1404 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Computer

...The History of Computers http://inventors.about.com/library/blcoindex.htm "Who invented the computer?" is not a question with a simple answer. The real answer is that many inventors contributed to the history of computers and that a computer is a complex piece of machinery made up of many parts, each of which can be considered a separate invention. This series covers many of the major milestones in computer history (but not all of them) with a concentration on the history of personal home computers. Ads Cars - Motor Traderwww.motortrader.com.myBuy and Sell New Cars, Used Cars You Can Find 15000+ Cars From Here! BGS Repair Servicewww.lelong2u.comRepair/Sales/Buy/Used-Projector,LCD Laptop,Server,PC,Printer and iMAC. Network Traffic Shapingwww.exinda.comVisibility of all Applications. Traffic Shaping for WAN & Web. Computer History Year/Enter | Computer History Inventors/Inventions | Computer History Description of Event | 1936 | Konrad Zuse - Z1 Computer | First freely programmable computer. | 1942 | John Atanasoff & Clifford Berry ABC Computer | Who was first in the computing biz is not always as easy as ABC. | 1944 | Howard Aiken & Grace Hopper Harvard Mark I Computer | The Harvard Mark 1 computer. | 1946 | John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly ENIAC 1 Computer | 20,000 vacuum tubes later... | 1948 | Frederic Williams & Tom Kilburn Manchester Baby Computer & The Williams Tube | Baby and the Williams Tube turn on the......

Words: 593 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Computer

...Introduction:- Computer is an electronic device which can take input from the user and process this input data and if need, store data or information on storage devices and give output on output devices. It follow the instructions us it is which we input. It takes input through Keyboard, mouse, etc and then it processes the input data and give output on display screen and store data if need. Desktop Computer:- Mostly called personal computer (PC), design to fit completely on a typical desk of office or home. It mainly comes with a monitor, a minitower or horizontal casing. Today, mostly Casing contains processor, hard disk in gigabytes, built-in modem, LAN port, USB ports and CD-ROM. Over the past few years. CPU processing speed has been increasing processing speed can be increase by adding capable RAM, capable BUS, high processor which have high processing cycle, hence more heat is also produced we use heat sinks and fans for the removal of heat from the computer as higher temperature can cause severe damage to the computer, fans are noisy and aren’t much effective so the new trend is liquid cooling. It’s just like a radiator installed for cooling, a liquid is circulated in the heat sink attached to the processor heat is transferred from the processor to the liquid is then transferred to the radiator the liquid is cooled down there and then again circulated to the heat sink. It’s less noisy as compared to fan as high speed processor clocked at higher speed need......

Words: 1247 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Computers

...A computer is a machine that manipulates data. The first devices that resemble modern computers date to the mid-20th century (1940†1945), although computer concept and various machines are similar to computers existed earlier. Early electronic computers were the size of a large room, consuming as much power as several hundred modern personal computers (PC).[1] Modern computers are based on tiny integrated circuits and are millions to billions of times more capable while occupying a fraction of the space.[2] Today, simple computers may be made small enough to fit into a wristwatch and be powered from a watch battery. Personal computers, in various forms, are icons of the Information Age and are what most people think of as "a computer"; however, the most common form of computer in use today is the embedded computer. Embedded computers are small devices that are used to control other devices—for example, they may be found in machines ranging from fighter aircraft to industrial robots, digital cameras, and children's toys. The ability to store and execute lists of instructions called programs makes computers extremely versatile and distinguishes them from calculators. The Church†Turing thesis is a mathematical statement of this versatility: any computer with a certain minimum capability is, in principle, capable of performing the same tasks that any other computer can perform. Therefore, computers with capability and complexity ranging from that of a personal digital......

Words: 256 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Computers

...The computer is one of the most brilliant gifts of science. This device was originally developed by Charles Babbage. Most countries have developed fast due to computerization. Writing a program is essential for a computer. Speed, accuracy, reliability, and integrity are the main characteristics of a computer. Many of the routine activities today at home and in business are done by computers. The computer has proved a friend and servant of science, technology and industry. Most offices, shops, factories and industries use computers. The Internet is a storehouse of information. The computer is a boon to all. Telecommunication and satellite imageries are computer based. Computers have made the world a global village today. The computer is one of the most brilliant gifts of science. It is an electronic device for storing and analyzing information fed into it, for calculating, or for controlling machinery automatically. Charles Babbage developed this device first in 1812 followed by George Boole in 1854, Howard and Aitten in 1937, Dr. John Nouchly and J. P. Eckert in 1946. These computers were named the first generation equipment. Today, wit the 'Artificial Intelligence' technology, we are using fifth generation computers. Each new generation of computers has been smaller, lighter, speedier and more powerful than the earlier ones. Now note-book sized computers like laptop are fairly common. Computers have been dominating technology since 1970s, and has now entered almost all......

Words: 1135 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Computer

...Structure and Functions of a Computer "Hardware: the parts of a computer that can be kicked." ~ Jeff Pesis After completing this chapter, you will be able to: 1. Explain the importance of computer literacy. 2. Define the term computer. 3. Identify the components of a computer. 4. Compare the uses of various types of: input devices, output devices, and storage devices. 5. Describe categories of computers and their uses. Structure and Functions of a Computer 1 1.0 Introduction A computer is an electronic machine designed for the storage and processing of data. The machinery is called hardware, and this highly sophisticated equipment needs equally sophisticated programs (called software) to become a working computer system. Modern society has come to depend very heavily on the use of computer systems. Banks, businesses, government departments, industries, shops, people at home and school all rely on computer to play a vital role in their daily activities. These activities are centered on information. In business, the computer system has been used a lot and replaced filing cabinets as means of storing information, and clerical workers as a means of processing it. By storing and processing information on a computer system, these businesses can function more quickly and efficiently, because information can be found and collated much faster. Discovery Learning: A computer was also called a data processor. Why? 1.1 Major Parts and Functions A Computer is an......

Words: 47755 - Pages: 192

Premium Essay

Computer

... THE HISTORY OF COMPUTER One of the earliest machines designed to assist people in calculations was the abacus which is still being used some 5000 years after its invention. In 1642 Blaise Pascal (a famous French mathematician) invented an adding machine based on mechanical gears in which numbers were represented by the cogs on the wheels. Englishman, Charles Babbage, invented in the 1830's a "Difference Engine" made out of brass and pewter rods and gears, and also designed a further device which he called an "Analytical Engine". His design contained the five key characteristics of modern computers:- 1. An input device 2. Storage for numbers waiting to be processed 3. A processor or number calculator 4. A unit to control the task and the sequence of its calculations 5. An output device Augusta Ada Byron (later Countess of Lovelace) was an associate of Babbage who has become known as the first computer programmer. An American, Herman Hollerith, developed (around 1890) the first electrically driven device. It utilised punched cards and metal rods which passed through the holes to close an electrical circuit and thus cause a counter to advance. This machine was able to complete the calculation of the 1890 U.S. census in 6 weeks compared with 7 1/2 years for the 1880 census which was manually counted. In 1936 Howard Aiken of Harvard University convinced Thomas Watson of IBM to invest $1 million in the development of an electromechanical version of Babbage's......

Words: 1597 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Computer

...CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION TO INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY 1.1 Introduction Modern civilization has become so complicated and sophisticated that to survive one has to be competitive. This compels people to keep themselves informed of all types of happening in the society. And this in turn entails the need for an infrastructure of information. This is the point where information technology or IT becomes most important, as it is the infrastructure that allows us to get information accurately and in time. Before we define information technology, it is important to understand the notion of Data, Information, Technology, and Knowledge. In everyday conversation, people use the terms data and information interchangeably. However, some computer professional make a distinction between the two terms. Data It is the words, numbers, letters, symbol, sound, video and graphics that describe people, events, things and ideas. It is raw facts about people, objects, and events that have little or no meaning. It is the raw material used to create useful information. It becomes information when you use it as the basis for initiating some action or for making a decision. Information It is defined as the words, numbers, letters, symbol, sound, video and graphics used as the basis for human action or decisions. It is data that have been processed and presented in a form suitable for human interpretation, often with the purpose of revealing trends or patterns that can be used in decision-making. It is data...

Words: 12773 - Pages: 52

Free Essay

Computer

...Computer The word'computer ' is an old word that has changed its meaning several times in the last few centuries.The Techencyclopedia(2003) defines computer as " a general purpose machine that processes data according to a set of instructions that are stored internally either temorarily or permanently" Computer history The trem history means past events.It indicates the gradual development of computers.Here we will discuss how this extraordinary machine has reached of it's apex. In the begining............................... The history of computers starts out about 2000 years ago, at the birth of the 'abacus' a wooden rack holding two horizontal wires with breads strung on them.Just like our present computer,abacus also considered a digit as a singal or codeo and processed the calculation. Blasie Pascal ists usually credited to building the first digital computer in 1942.It added numbers to help his father.In 1671,Gottofried Wilhelm Von Leibniz invented a computer that was built in 1694.It could add,and, after changing somethings around,multiply. Charles Babbage: A serious of very intersting developement in computer was started in Cambridge,England,by Charles Babbage, a mathmatics proffessor.In 1982,Babbge realized that many lng calculations,espically those need to make mathematical tabes ,were really a series of predictable actions that were constantly repated.From this he suspected that it......

Words: 995 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Computers

...The computers process information's that come in all shapes and sizes from any fields so accurately that, some people may call these "Informatics"— The Science of Informal ion Processing, i.e. the methods of recording, manipulating and retrieving information's. It may be from a mathematical equation to a company's work-force necessary to produce a payroll or from meteorological department to forecast tomorrow's weather or from space research to project a new space craft. The following characteristics that make the computers very popular for its multifarious uses may give the befitting reply. Speed First, the computers are regarded as high speed calculators. They can process voluminous data within a fraction of second which no human being could do earlier. If we want tomorrow's forecast today, meteorologists can use the computers for necessary calculations and analyses. The units of speed of a computer are the microsecond, the nano (10)-9 second and even the picot second. Storage As human brain can store the knowledge in memory and can able to recall it, the Central Processing Unit (CPU) of a computer can do the same job without any failure. But the internal memory of CPU is only large enough to retain a certain amount of information. So, to store each and every information inside the computer, an Auxiliary or Secondary Storage Device is being attached outside the memory of the CPU. Accuracy The computers are much popular due to their high speed along with......

Words: 343 - Pages: 2

Evangeline Lilly | Watch Movie | Achat immédiat