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Counseling and Psychotherapy

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By momanddad
Words 537
Pages 3
Counseling and psychotherapy models & theories

Ariam K. Frezghi
Liberty University

Abstract

Counselors and Psychologist have different jobs and strategies but both accomplish the same outcome at the end. The terms Counseling and Psychotherapy are often used interchangeably. Though they have similar meanings with considerable overlap, there are some important distinctions between the two. Counseling is generally used to denote a relatively brief treatment that is focused most upon behavior. Psychotherapy on the other hand is generally a longer term treatment which focuses on more gaining insight into chronic physical and emotional problems. The overall aim of the article is to restimulate research and theory on the relationship. Keywords: Counseling, Psychotherapy, theories, methods

Introduction Counseling sometimes is a conversation or series of conversations between a counselor and client. Counseling usually focuses on a specific problem and taking the steps to address or solve it. It often targets a particular symptom or problematic situation and offers suggestions and advice for dealing with it. Problems are discussed in the present-tense, without too much attention on the role of past experiences. Though the titles “counselor” and “advisor” are often used like synonyms, counselors rarely offer advice. Instead, counselors guide clients to discover their own answers and support them through the actions they choose to take. Psychotherapy, like counseling, is based on a healing relationship between a health care provider and client. Psychotherapy, or therapy for short, also takes place over a series of meetings, though often it has a longer duration than counseling. Some people participate in therapy off and on over several years. Its focus is on the patient's thought processes and way of being in the world rather than specific problems.…...

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