Free Essay

Database Searching

In: English and Literature

Submitted By FathersTouch
Words 670
Pages 3
Database searching Doctoral learning and its associated pursuit requires varying skills and abilities, several of these abilities including critical thinking, reading and even scrutinizing sources. This work focuses on evaluating and locating resources, part of which involves this discussion post - how to search for resources. Finding the right resource material does not happen by chance, it requires some skilled strategy to ensure the best and most relevant results are gotten whenever a search is conducted, even in situations when the learner is not so familiar with the topic been discussed.
Choosing where to Search is important It is important that learners understand and know where to search for resources, broadly speaking places such as school library, journal databases and or peer-reviewed databases are great sources of both specialized and general information. This sources offer in most situations verified and peer reviewed works that are sophisticated and provide full texted.
Defining your Search Criteria This step is probably the most important when conducting a good search; defining which terms to use as your search criteria (i.e. which right words or phrases in the proper combination are required) is very important and requires giving some attention because if not properly done, can ruin your chances of getting relevant information. The first step in defining search criteria is to create a search statement. This is a statement that forms the basis for the search query that will be run on the databases to retrieve records that meet those criteria. This is important particularly with the reality that a certain topic might have varying synonyms or acronyms within the English language. The suggestion is usually breaking the search statement into keywords, concepts or phrases as the case may be, identifying synonyms, broader terms etc. For instance, if your topic is on Gun Control, using words like firearms, guns, etc. would help, or phrases like gun legislation, gun violence, firearm ownership etc.
Conducting the Search itself – Utilize the features available in the database. It is always advisable to start searching using more general search and then from there begin to streamline and refine your search to more specific needs (Lyman & Hal, 2003 and BMJ, 2002). For example, if you are writing on a topic like leadership, you might want to start with a simple search on leadership. However for doctoral students, you might require a narrower search, for example “participative leadership.” Also from broader searches, learners can use elements such as currency (i.e. date range), Boolean operators, limits, peer reviewed etc. These are usually features available within databases and to effectively use them students need to familiarize themselves with these features.
Refining your search criteria and repeat search Refining your search criteria and repeating search is important to help narrow down broader searches. As learners get familiar with the features of the database they are searching, the search process becomes more linear making it necessary for new words to be included in the search criteria and using these new words to conduct an actual search. Sometimes when search on a topic that has less authorship/readership or available literatures that have focused on it specifically, it is important to review your search criteria to a broader one.
Learning to ask for help It is also important for students to recognize that most databases especially those owned by libraries have help available. The librarians usually have more tricks up their sleeves that they can introduce students to especially when experiencing problems trying to use the various features on the database.

References
British Medical Journal (BMJ) (2002). How do consumers search for and appraise health information on the world wide web? Qualitative study using focus groups, usability tests, and in-depth interviews, Gunther Eysenbach and Christian Kohler, Vol. 324: bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/reprint/324/7337/573.pdf
Lyman, P. and Hal, R. V., (2003). How Much Information 2003? [online] University of California, Berkeley School of Information Management and Systems. Retrieved from http://www2.sims.berkeley.edu/research/projects/how-much-info-2003/…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Searching Foranswers

...Paul E. Garcia Professor Jeremy Pilarski English Composition I 13 November 2012 Searching for Answers Its reputation so grand, that hardly anyone doubts its authenticity. A book so old, yet few ask of its origin. All we are told is that its author is God. In some cases, it is all a civilization has ever known. To believe in the Bible in our era with so little proof and evidence seems difficult to many of us. Apparently, faith is stronger, and it’s what keeps religion alive. But there has to be something beyond that. Something that’s more reliable and firm. That is why we search for answers. Unfortunately, faith isn’t always enough. The four main gospels in the Bible that we know of are those of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. What most of us don’t know is that these weren’t the only ones written. Imagine the amount of people in that era who decided to write about Jesus’ trials. His life was recorded by thousands of followers across the land. A tale so interesting and compelling, but it was scattered and unorganized because people’s accounts on facts and occurrences differed. The word spread and about 300 years after the crucifixion of Christ, the number of his followers had multiplied which led to Christianity becoming a major movement throughout Eastern Europe. The Bible wasn’t a published book until someone with enough power and a clever plan got their......

Words: 1465 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Academic Skills Literature Searching

...you need to be ready to justify your practice” (Aveyard et al. 2009 p.30). Whittemore and Knafl (2005 p.548) state “…a clear problem identification and review purpose are essential to provide focus and boundaries”. In order to practice with an evidence base, research findings need to be “methodologically sound and clinically relevant” (Meadows-Oliver 2009 p. 352). These 2 authors highlight that a well-written question will lead to locating appropriate literature that can be helpful in providing an evidence base for nursing practice. As described by McGrath et al (2012), Roy Brown, a nursing librarian, created a Search Process Checklist to assist nurses to search databases. He breaks the process down to 6 steps, 5 of which are relevant here: 1) Problem/construct the question, 2) Choose the appropriate database(s)/resource 3) formulate search strategy, 4) perform search and 5) evaluate results. The question as it began, is so long and has so many variables that it would be unviable to either research or to search to see if others have already researched the idea intended by the question. It is therefore necessary to refine the question, and define its parameters. Refining the question goes through several stages. First, the question is actually two separate questions and should therefore be addressed as two questions. This leads to “Would cardiac monitoring for just a few minutes post DC cardioversion have adverse effects on patient safety compared to monitoring for......

Words: 1925 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Database

...Client/Server is a system. It is not just hardware or software. It is not necessarily a program that comes in a box to be installed onto your computer’s hard drive. Client/Server is a conglomeration of computer equipment, infrastructure, and software programs working together to accomplish computing tasks which enable their users to be more efficient and productive. Client/Server applications can be distinguished by the nature of the service or type of solutions they provide. Client/Server Computing is new technology that yields solutions to many data management problems faced by modern organizations. Client/Server Computing: An Introduction, features objective evaluations and details of Client/Server development tools, used operating system, database management system and its mechanism in respect of Client/Server computing and network components used in order to build effective Client/Server applications. vi Preface Last but not the least, this work is primarily a joint work with a number of fellow teacher who have worked with us. My parents, wife Meera, and our children, Akanksha and Harsh. I am particularly grateful to Dr. A. P. Singh, Principal, Udai Pratap Inter College, Varanasi; Dr. D. S. Yadav, Sr. Lecturer, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, IET, Lucknow; Dr. A. K. Naiyak, Director IIBM, Patna, former President of IT and Computer Science Section of Indian Science Congress Association; Prof. A. K. Agrawal, Professor and Ex-Head of Department,......

Words: 79055 - Pages: 317

Premium Essay

1) Describe How Knowledge About Online Resources or Database Searching Will Help in Your Future Studies and Career?

... REFLECTIVE EXCERCISE 1) Describe how knowledge about online resources or database searching will help in your future studies and career? To begin with, online resources or data base searching has been a tremendous and effective contributing factor towards the fast and easy researching method my colleagues, myself and other learning colleagues are using widely in the twenty-first century. Fortunately, online resources have created essential communication skills between me and my colleagues, tutors and other acquaintances around the universe. This method has enabled me interact via online through discussing and exchanging learning information. However, the effect has not only made it easy for the general public and myself to access accurate and non-accurate information, but has also contributed in developing and improving social development/network. Most importantly, it has given me the privilege to search more than one database to enable obtaining a successful research project. Furthermore, the aspect of locating the right source is an enormous issue. Example is researching using Google and Google scholar. The difference is that, Google scholar is peer-reviewed but Google is not. Based on this evidence, not all information is academically evaluated or peer-reviewed before it is made public on the internet. Database searching enable me learn different techniques in acquiring successful research. Examples are: I get the privilege to......

Words: 1979 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Databases

...Why Normalization Failed to Become the Ultimate Guide for Database Designers? Marin Fotache Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Romania Faculty of Economics and Business Administration Dept. of Business Information Systems Blvd. Carol I, nr. 22, Iasi, 700505, Romania Tel: + 40 744 497 654, Fax: + 40 232 217 000 fotache@uaic.ro ABSTRACT With an impressive theoretical foundation, normalization was supposed to bring rigor and relevance into such a slippery domain as database design is. Almost every database textbook treats normalization in a certain extent, usually suggesting that the topic is so clear and consolidated that it does not deserve deeper discussions. But the reality is completely different. After more than three decades, normalization not only has lost much of its interest in the research papers, but also is still looking for practitioners to apply it effectively. Despite the vast amount of database literature, comprehensive books illustrating the application of normalization to effective real-world applications are still waited. This paper reflects the point of 1 view of an Information Systems academic who incidentally has been for almost twenty years a practitioner in developing database applications. It outlines the main weaknesses of normalization and offers some explanations about the failure of a generous framework in becoming the so much needed universal guide for database designers. Practitioners might be interested in finding out (or......

Words: 12110 - Pages: 49

Free Essay

Database

...of computers in information handling, there appeared a number of databases containing bibliographic details of documents, often married with abstracts, keywords, and so on, and consequently the concept of information retrieval came to mean the retrieval of bibliographic information from stored document databases. Information retrieval is concerned with all the activities related to the organization of, processing of, and access to, information of all forms and formats. An information retrieval system allows people to communicate with an information system or service in order to find information – text, graphic images, sound recordings or video that meet their specific needs. Thus the objective of an information retrieval system is to enable users to find relevant information from an organized collection of documents. In fact, most information retrieval systems are, truly speaking, document retrieval systems, since they are designed to retrieve information about the existence (or non-existence) of documents relevant to a user query. Lancaster3 comments that an information retrieval system does not inform (change the knowledge of) the user on the subject of their enquiry; it merely informs them of the existence (or non-existence) and whereabouts of documents relating to their request. However, this notion of information retrieval has changed since the availability of full text documents in bibliographic databases. Modern information retrieval systems can either retrieve......

Words: 5238 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Federated Searching: a New Era

...Federated Searching: A New Era “Only librarians like to search; everyone else likes to find” (Tennant, 2003). While most librarians teach research strategies including: Boolean logic, accessing carefully chosen databases, and indexing; students are often discouraged and frustrated using these techniques. Most students simply want to Google their requests. For many students a simple keyword search is a convenient, simple process for locating information. Federated searching is providing options that may strike a happy medium for students and librarians alike by providing a keyword option to access the library’s databases. Federated searching is software or a service that allows multiple sources to be searched simultaneously. A library is required to purchase software and/or a service agreement from a vendor that provides access to information in the databases and on the Web. Using a search protocol, like Z39.50, the engine scans various databases, the Web, and library catalogs concurrently and provides an organized result for the searcher’s query. Metasearches are performed across both bibliographic and full-text databases. One major advantage of a federated search is that the query does not have to be repeated with various databases. When federated searching works well, it reduces the amount of time students spend locating data and encourages them to search for more information. “The goal of many federated search tools is to make the interface as simple and streamlined...

Words: 1735 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Lost and Searching

...Lost and searching William Seward English Composition 101 12/7/13 J. Trammell Poverty in a thriving city I know a writer should write about something that they have at least a little knowledge on the subject. At risk of making myself look quite foolish, I am going to write about what I feel is high unnecessary poverty levels in Memphis, Tn. Which is the highest poverty level metro city in the U.S. I personally believe from my research that a lot of the problems of our poverty levels is the Memphis city council. They don’t appear to know what they are doing, an example of this is, Mike Mathews of local 24 news wrote an article on 6/18/13 that stated, the council members are debating right now to cut hundreds maybe 1000s of city jobs, or to raise taxes to a historic high. The Tennessee state comptroller is in the background saying if the council can’t produce a balanced budget, he will. The Mayor A.C. Wharton wants to increase taxes 40 cents and get rid of 400 employees! An example of possible corruption which will be mentioned and then never heard about again is. A few months ago, The Shelby county school board had decided to merge all the schools in the area on July 1st. I’m not sure if this has anything to do with this or not but, an outside audit was ordered by the Shelby county school board which showed that almost 50 million dollars in stuff like cars, laptops, and hard drives are just missing! The city council...

Words: 721 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Database

...is a relation schema. For example, Student(StudId: integer, StudName: string, Major: string) • A relation schema specifies the name and the structure of the relation. • A collection of relation schemas is called a relational database schema. * 1. List the names of all students who have borrowed a book and who are CS majors. πStName(σSTUDENTS.StId=borrows.StId (σMajor=’CS’(STUDENTS)×borrows)) * 2. List the title of books written by the author ’Silberschatz’. πTitle(σAName=’Silberschatz’ (σhas-written.DocId=BOOKS.DocID(has-written×BOOKS))) or πTitle(σhas-written.DocId=BOOKS.DocID (σAName=’Silberschatz’(has-written)×BOOKS)) * 3. As 2., but not books that have the keyword ’database’. * . . . as for 2. . . . − πTitle(σdescribes.DocId=BOOKS.DocId (σKeyword=’database’(describes)×BOOKS)) * 4. Find the name of the youngest student. πStName(STUDENTS)− πS1.StName(σS1.Age>S2.Age(ρS1(STUDENTS)×ρS2(STUDENTS))) * 5. Find the title of the oldest book. πTitle(BOOKS)−πB1.Title(σB1.Year>B2.Year(ρB1(BOOKS)×ρB2(BOOKS))) * Relational algebra is a language that is being used to explain basic relational operations and principles. * It is procedural language which instructs the system to perform a specific sequence of tasks on the database. * Relational algebra is a procedural query language with five fundamental operations. These operations include project, select, Cartesian product, union and set difference. * Projection is a unary operation......

Words: 700 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Database

...transformation processes. In actual sense, relational database offers a solution to this menace. Data organization, keeping, storage, and retrieval among other essentials can easily be realized by adopting relational data management model. In this kind of model, tables are made use of in such a way that data items are formally described and organized according to their level of relations. The data item contained in a given table represents a relation. I am convinced beyond reasonable doubt that through the use of relational database model, an organization can be able to effectively manage their wide range of information encountered on a daily basis. Relational database model offers a more efficient means of managing data. Some of the huge benefits are discussed as follows. A relational database is a collection of relations or tables. The rows of a table in a relational database are known as tuples and each column of a table is called an attribute. By definition, a relation becomes a set of tuples having the same attributes. Operations, which can be performed on the relations are select, project and join. The join operation combines relations, the select queries are used for data retrieval and the project operation identifies attributes. The information oif the organization can be captured, manipulated, managed, and shared, and the value the database brings to the organization is immense. The advantages of a relational database are that they contribute to sound logical......

Words: 554 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Database

...1.1 Define the following terms: data, database, DBMS, database system, database catalog, program-data independence, user view, DBA, end user, canned transaction, deductive database system, persistent object, meta-data, and transaction-processing application. • Data merupakan satu satuan informasi yang akan diolah dimana sebelum diolah dikumpulkan di dalam suatu file database. Pengumpulan data dilakukan secara sistematis menurut struktur file database. • Database merupakan kumpulan data yang terkait satu sama lain. Atau sekumpulan data yang terintegrasi yang diorganisasi untuk memenuhi kebutuhan pemakai untuk keperluan organisasi. • Dalam database pastinya mengenal istilah DBMS (Databse Management System) yang mana merupakan suatu koleksi dari program yang mana pengguna bisa mengcreate dan memaintain suatu database. Dalam DBMS terdiri atas proses-proses yang harus dilakuka nyaitu defining, constructing, manipulating dan sharing. Komponen-komponen DBMS yaitu terdiri atas hardware, software, data, prosedur, people. Fungsi dari defining yaitu DBMS harus dapat mengolah pendefinisian data. Fungsi dari manipulating DBMS harus dapat menangani permintaan-permintaan dari pemakai untuk mengakses data. Fungsi dari constructing yaitu DBMS harus mengontrol proses pengiriman data ke penyimpanan medium. Fungsi dari sharing yaitu database memperbolehkan banyak orang dan program untuk mengakses database. • Meta data: informasi terstruktur yang bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan,......

Words: 1618 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Database

...Business Rules and Data Models DeMone Wallace Professor Carmen Flores CIS 111 July 25, 2015 Databases are very helpful because they contain and organize content on many different topics. Perhaps the three most important uses of creating and using a database would be to store, retrieve, and analyze information. A database can typically be accessed easily, and is usually stored on computers. Although an electronic version such as one created in Microsoft Access may be the first that comes to mind, there are many non-automated database versions as well, such as a personal phone and address book. Though the data and categories may change from business to business, the direct use of the information in a college student database can vary from marketing and advertising to obtaining new student enrollment and creating programs for funding. When collecting information for databases that are used for business purposes, certain laws must be followed that protect consumers to avoid the mishandling of the information. Data collected by college databases serve multiple purposes from marketing and advertising, to government and business reporting. Information that may be commonly useful in this type of database is date of birth, marital status, sex, income, race, location, and veterans/military status. When students are searching for colleges and universities online, student surveys collect demographic information used for tracking enrollment trends. In 2010, Collegetrend.com......

Words: 683 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Database

...Case Study: Database Development ALEXANDRA DESINORD PROFESSOR OSAMA MORAD CIS 515- STRAT PLAN FOR DBASE SYSTEMS Week 7 Assignment February 29, 2016 The more companies base their large elements of their business strategy around data, the need for IT team and executives with deep understanding of data and analytics is growing rapidly. Data changes all of the time. That is why it is essential that companies should try to stay up to par with the ever changing technology so that they can ensure that the system can withstand anything that comes about. Down below I will discuss briefly the various aspects of the SLDC and the tasks that can be completed to help solve certain common problems that exist from within. Customer data management is not high on many organizations' lists of priorities until it has to be. The term used in systems engineering, information systems and software engineering to describe a process for planning, creating, testing, and deploying an information system is called Systems development life cycle (SDLC). This term is also referred to as the application development life-cycle, which is a term used in systems engineering, information systems and software engineering to describe a process for planning, creating, testing, and deploying an information system. The task of optimizing the software development process has faced many obstacles. The main obstacle is a lack of accurate and complete data on the development process. The use of the......

Words: 2352 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Searching Engine

...com/intl/en/about/corporate/company/>. This is a searching engine called Google, when someone write a blog post, tweet, update a site, or otherwise add content to the web. Google bots crawl the web come across the post, once it crawled, the page is indexed within seconds, and Google estimates the domain and page’s overall authority based on links, it is very easy to be use, only if the wire is available. Google provide nearly everything about the world, regardless of questions, Google will solve any problems. In my opinion, Google is the best way to this method, because it is the biggest searching engine in the world. It contains the whole resources from every corner of the world. Bibliography bing.com. 14 December 2011. <http://www.bing.com/>. This is a searching engine called Bing, The main goal of Microsoft's Bing is to make search results easier for users to navigate. Bing's approach consists of several innovative features. For example: This tool helps you sort through search results. It also contains a search history and recommends alternative searches based on your keywords. Bing produces a lot of instant answers; this feature displays the most relevant bits of information about your search, such as sports scores and flight numbers. Type the keywords to Bing.com. It will come out a lot of resources people can use. Bibliography fundooweb.com. 4 April 1998. <http://fundooweb.com/>. This is a searching engine called Yahoo; the results......

Words: 496 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Searching for a Mission

...Searching for a Mission It’s so tiring waking up every day fixing yourself, go to work, it’s been a routine. You’ve experienced promotions, salary increase, paid leaves and vacations. But still this doesn’t make you really happy in life. Then a question will sudden blown you up and be pause and reflect. What is my purpose in life? For what was I born for? What is my mission(s)? Then I start praying and asking God, what is your plan for me? What do you want me to do? All I asked is to have a meaningful life on earth. Guide me to the path you want me to walk through. Show me the light so that I may not go to the opposite side. This take years, and I patiently waiting for an answer. And yes, an answer came to me. God’s work is true amazing. When He answered your prayer, your life will go smoothly and will go in places. Truly things are not magical that when you want it you will have it instantly. I’ve realized that life is so rough and like a storm when man planned his life without the guidance of God. When he only wants are for wealth and pleasure. Making his entire life consumed by work and night life. Work here, business there, hang out with friends, and other vices. But once a man surrender his everything to His maker, he would experience how happy it was for being alive with a purpose….with a mission....

Words: 255 - Pages: 2

Firefly / La Luciernaga (2013) | 下載 APK | First Time Aga season 06 episode 01