Free Essay

Designer Baby

In: Science

Submitted By Bailey368
Words 1364
Pages 6
Designer Babies
A couple just got married a few weeks ago, and they are looking for the perfect car. They go down to the dealership in hopes of finding their dream car. The couple gets there and continues to look around, when they find a Buick Enclave. It is brand new and looks nice, but it does not have everything they are looking for. A salesman comes over to ask if they need some assistance, and they tell the salesman they like the car but it just does not have all the things they are looking for. The salesman tells them it is not a problem; they can just special order the car if they wanted. The salesman brings them inside and hands them a list of options they are able to choose from. Color? Blue. Seats? Leather. DVD player? Heck yes! Seat warmers? Yes please. Chrome wheels? Of course. The salesman then sends the lists of options to the Buick Company so the couple’s car can be custom built.
The couple is happy with the car they got to design themselves, but now it is time for them to have a child. The couple wants their child to be a girl, somewhat tall, with blonde hair, big blue eyes, and olive skin tone. They go to the doctors and the doctor tells them that it is possible for them to have their “dream child”. The couple is ecstatic and tells the doctor what they want. Nine months later they have themselves their perfect child. Scientists have already modified animals and crops, so why not babies? There are arguably positive and negative results of engineering an unborn baby. A positive use of this procedure would be by eliminating a hereditary disease, such as cancer. On the negative side, scientists have said they may be able to create a “super human”. When people use this procedure to cosmetically alter their unborn child’s features, like eye or hair color, the child is known as a “designer baby”. Some people may think this is unethical, and to a certain point it is. It can be considered ethical when it is used to save lives. Both sides, for and against engineering a child, have pros and cons; but it just seems like it is not ethical or moral to create a child that God has made perfect already. With designing a baby, there are only certain traits that are able to be changed. The alterations that parents are able to decide from are the gender, appearance, intelligence, diseases and personality. There is a process that involves screening the embryos that is called pre-implantation genetic diagnosis, or PGD. With In-Vitro Fertilization, embryos are created and grown to the eighth cell stage. At this point, a couple of cells are removed for scientists to examine. The scientists examine the DNA of the cells to make sure there are no defects. The normal embryos are then placed in the womb to continue growing. It is estimated 30 children worldwide have been born of this method, 17 in the U.S., where the FDA subsequently banned the technique (Scutti). First, when using this technique to cosmetically alter a child, it damages the gene pool. From generation to generation, the gene pool is passed down, and this is why people look a certain way. With the cosmetic change, future generations will no longer look like their ancestors. There is nothing positive, health wise, with creating a “designer baby”. The only reason for altering a child’s features is for the parents sakes. The next down side to engineering a child is, it is expensive. Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis, or PGD, one of the biggest scientific advancements, costs $3,000 to $5,000 (Haupt). That is on top of the $10,000 to $15,000 price for in vitro fertilization (Haupt). If the parents want more than one thing changed, say the eye and hair color and also to be five feet and eight inches tall, the cost of “designing” the child just increases. Many people will argue that genetically engineering a child is unethical or unnatural, to be able to create a person’s “dream child”. Also, many people say that it is morally wrong because the parents are not accepting the child the way he or she is. Another issue people may have, is they will be disappointed. If a couple designs their child to be athletic and the child does not make the Tee ball team, for example, the parents may be mad because they paid for a trait that “did not work”. Changing the way a child looks, or changing how smart they are, is like telling God that his child is not good enough. God makes no mistakes, so why change what he has made? It is understandable that engineering a child could save them from a disease, but there is a reason, that humans may not know, that the child was born with it. The unborn child also has no say in what they look like. The parents made the choice to change their child, whether cosmetically or for health reasons. If the child ever found out about the changes made, mainly dealing with the looks or features, the child may be very upset. They may even be upset enough to sue their parents because the child never got to give an input about the operation. Ethnicity might also be a problem. On every continent there are different types of people that all look vastly different. The shape of the eyes, structure, height, skin color, body shape, hair color and so on, are all different features of people that distinguish them from others. When a parent is choosing how their child will look, they may, brown hair, mid height, small and green eyes and dark skin. Therefore people would look much alike and based on ethnicity, the difference in their appearance would be ruined. People of different races do not look the same, and it is for a reason. The operation is also not one hundred percent safe. The child has a chance of being born with some defects With all of this being said, there are also advantages to engineering a child. One advantage is, the risk of getting a hereditary disease is greatly lowered. Around 7.9 million children each year are born with a serious birth defect that has a significant genetic contribution (Gyngell). Also, thirty percent of all deaths worldwide are due to chronic diseases (such as heart disease, cancer, and diabetes) in those under seventy years of age (Gyngell). With scientists able to go in and change the genes, they can prevent many children from having these chronic diseases. This might even reduce the death rate, because cancer and heart disease would no longer be threatening millions of lives. When altering the baby’s genes, the life span can increase for up to thirty years. The average life span of a male is 76.3 years and for the female 81.3. Now imagine living for up to thirty more years, the males would be approximately 106 years old and the females would be about 111 years old. The genetic engineering of a child should only be used for positive reasons, such as eliminating a deadly disease that could prevent a child from developing correctly or enabling the child to have a said to be normal life. Although it has its advantages it has its disadvantages as well. The way it can damage a gene pool, it is expensive so only the rich can afford it, and God made us perfect to start off, are all cons to the procedure. Using the operation to help children by halting diseases is one way to use it morally and ethically. The operation should be used for only this and nothing to do with cosmetically changing the child. Two compelling reasons to genetically alter human reproductive cells in preparation for childbirth, Krimsky argued, are for curing or preventing a disease or for the “enhancement” of a child (Krimsky). There should be certain laws that prohibit people from using this operation in a non-life saving situation.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

As a Designer

...established designer to the point of annoyance. After reading the circulated example and seeing that, the author Chris Metcalf, started with the same viewpoint. I began to be swayed to the same train of thought, which had enlightened Chris. A sudden and drastic change in my thoughts leads me to see that this is, hopefully, my final year as a student designer. The final year, in which I can ask the questions, delve into, what is commonly believed to be, general knowledge within the design field. Immediately I sought to find a designer whom I could interview. Making a list of who was in the immediate area that could or rather would let me interview them. After exasperating all the contacts on my list, I turned to my lecturer for more contacts that he may know who would welcome the interview. At this point after sending out about fifteen emails to various design companies, firms and individuals around the Cape Town and its extended areas. I had learnt one thing, designers are busy people, so busy in fact that replying to an email is far too grand a task or perhaps not grandiose enough. Three weeks down the line and still no reply. With all contacts exasperated and the fear of asking the same people again might annoy them to the point of filing a case of harassment against me. I began to do what any designer in the face of failure would do – start designing an escape. A day or so later I realised through my intense planning that I did in fact know a designer outside......

Words: 2393 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Designer Babies Technology

...Karen Bleile Genetic Report for Designer Babies Biology 111-112 / J. Thomson October 30, 2012 In the 21 century the term designer babies made the transition from sci-fi movies into the real world where it is defined as “a baby whose genetic makeup has been artificially selected by genetic engineering combined with invitro fertilization to ensure the presence or absence of particular genes or characteristics.” (Oxford University, 2005)  Breeders of animals and plants have been using this technique to “produce organisms that will possess desirable characteristics, such as high crop yields, resistance to disease, high growth rate and many other phenotypical characteristics that will benefit the organism and species in the long term.” (Butler, 2012) We need to pause and ask ourselves if we start to cross breed the human race what are the moral or ethical limits, if any, and should we apply guidelines in allowing people to choose their children’s genes or characteristics when designing a baby. In many science fiction movies the subject of having genetically modified humans or creatures are often brought up. The creative author has the ability to give their characters any traits they want. They have the power to make the characters stronger, faster, more intelligent, to specify how they look, or simply be superhuman. Now imagine the scenario if the stories cease to lie in just the films we...

Words: 2073 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Designer Babies

...GENETIC ENGINEERING 1 Genetic engineering and the possibility of designer babies Cynthrea Bright International Management Dr. Matthew Ademola November 27, 2012 Introduction Shannon Brownlee is the acting director of the New America Health Policy Program and is also a nationally known writer and essayist. In March of 2002 she wrote an article for the Washington Monthly called Designer Babies. Brownlee explains the birth of cytoplasmic transfer in the in vitro fertilization (IVF) process and the technical advances from this process that is making designer babies possible. Summary How is the creation of designer babies even possible? Well the process began with the creation of IVF and then in the 1990s embryologist Jacques Cohen created the process called cytoplasmic transfer. This process gave women who did not have success with normal IVF hope by placing cytoplasm from a fertile egg into the infertile women’s eggs. The first baby born from this process was in 1997 and at first was deemed a huge success and advancement in technology. Then 4 years later Cohen admitted to adding mitochondrial DNA to the embryo what in essence gave the child three parents, the mother, father and the mitochondrial DNA donor. This was the first form of human genetic modification and the long term ramifications are still unknown. One of the children born with the mitochondrial DNA has developed a mild form of autism but it has not been determined if it is because of the...

Words: 1257 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Designer Babies

...Profession teachers focus on promoting learning, not only through academics but also as far as self-control, demonstrating responsibility, and the ability to relate effectively with others. In order for students to learn and practice this, their teachers have to lead by example in order to show them what to do. First a teacher must look the part. This means come to school in business attire. However the teacher must make sure they are comfortable. When I was in grammar school, I had a teacher that used to be in business attire from head to ankle. By this I mean she wore a full suit or some form of business wear however she would wear house shoes because the choice of shoes she decided to wear. I believe that as a grown woman she should’ve known better than that. She knew the field she worked in required her to stand on her feet for hours so she should’ve dressed accordingly. Another form of professionalism in the class from is maintaining self-control. Students are developing mentally and physically. Mentally, they want to test their authority figures and that’s what they do. As a teacher, as well as an adult one has to know how to have control and handle situations properly, that means if a student is mouthing off , do not cuss at them or stoop to their level. Another example of professional is demonstrating responsibility. Teachers also have deadlines and dates they have to comply with. If they can’t meet them how can they expect their pupils to do the same? There......

Words: 2144 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Designer

...[pic]JJ Valaya (born October 8, 1967) is a noted Indian fashion designer and couturier from New Delhi, India. He founded the House of Valaya, a luxury fashion and lifestyle house in 1992, along with his brother TJ Singh. A founding member of Fashion Design Council of India FDCI and the first global brand ambassador of Crystal giant Swarovski, he has been designing for men and women, and has bridal and evening collections in addition to day-wear and ready-to-wear for over 20 years. As a fine art photographer, he released his first book, Decoded Paradox in 2011, in the same year as he also closed the day one of the Lakme Fashion Week (LFW) winter/festive 2011, debuting a fashion collection inspired by photography. CAREER : He trained under a pioneer in Indian fashion Rohit Khosla, before starting his own label.With his elder brother TJ (Tribhavan Jit) Singh, JJ Valaya founded The House of Valaya in 1992 with the launch of its couture label. Valaya’s creative vision together with his brother’s organizational abilities have been the key factors for the success of Valaya as a luxury brand.Around 2003, when he launched his pret line, he was already retailing fashion and lifestyle products under three brands: JJ Valaya, Studio Valaya and Valaya Home-Life, in which his first couture label, JJ Valaya, comprising his trousseau line launched in 1993.[6] The brand today encompasses Couture, Ready-to-wear, Home and a CSR prerogative, The Free Spirit Foundation also known as FSF. ...

Words: 829 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Designer Babies

...Designer Babies: Ethical or Unethical Designer babies are one of the most controversial issues in modern medicine. It can be seen as it being ethical by eliminating diseases and lead to an improved quality of life and longevity but also sees it as being unethical because it could possibly lead to the parent controlling the physical and or psychological features of a child. There are a couple of reasons why creating a designer baby can be beneficial health wise that some people may see it as being ethical but others sees it as unethical because couples are looking into designing their baby for physical traits more than health reason. Technology now a day’s make it possible to detect genetic disorders such as Down syndrome and Turner’s syndrome or many more. If the embryo is positive for a disorder the parents have the option to abort it. Another benefit by using this research it can get rid of all genetically transferred diseases leading to a future healthier population. Choosing donor physical and psychological traits essentially means that hopeful parents can buy a baby of their choice, picking everything from hair and eye color to skin color, height, and race. The so-called designer babies that come from such deliberate selection could in the future be created in a laboratory, as scientists understand enough about the human genetic code to possibly alter embryonic DNA for parents who want their babies to look and possibly act a certain way. The ethics of designer......

Words: 1068 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Designer Baby

...Before the arrival of in vitro fertilization and genetic engineering, creating a designer baby was basically a science fiction conceptualization. In today’s day and age with the advances of modern technology a theory such as creating a designer baby could become a realization. An individual possesses the right to have free will and to exercise those rights with out any resistance. From an ethics standpoint, the reasoning by committing such an action has to be taken into account. Would it be strictly for fame and driven by an individuals ego? Or possibly to prevent a medical condition which is hereditary? If it is for the latter then we would have a society with a large population of designer babies. As per the textbook, “In the case of reproductive technology, ethical positions should be grounded on consideration of what furthers the future good of potential children, their individual parents, their families, and the moral standards of worth of the larger society” (Callahan, 2013, p. 74). However, our society is driven by competition and pressure to be perfect; so why wouldn’t an individual who has the resources not want to do anything possible to avoid harm to a newborn child? On the other hand, if creating a child with the intention of having the “perfect baby” is driven by an individual’s ego and fame then it may be viewed ethically wrong. Having a child is in the hands of mother nature. To begin to alter its fate and our sense of being would diminish the value of life...

Words: 650 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Babies

...diaper fun and simple for you and your baby. Your first diaper change can often be a big source of dread, fear and humor for new parents. The thing you need to remember is that is right way to change a diaper. Here are a few suggested steps to get you started .First use things first you need to be prepared. Before you start you need to grab your supplies that means clean diapers, wipes, and wet cloths. If your baby has sensitive skin make sure you use lukewarm water and guaze. If your baby has a lot of diaper rash it is best to keep a lot of diaper rash cream or petroleum jelly on hand Here is something to remember never leave your baby unattended not even for a second. You need to wash your hands before and after each diaper change. Then you open up the clean diaper and place the back half with the tabs on both side under the baby, next you unfasten the tabs on the dirty diaper, fold them over to prevent the tabs from sticking to the baby. Remove the front of the dirty diaper if you are dealing with a boy you might want to have any extra diaper or clean cloth to cover the baby’s penis so he doesn’t pee on you. If the baby has pooped use the front part of the diaper to clean the bulk of the poop off the baby’s bottom. Make sure that you let your baby’s skin air dry to prevent diaper rash, or you may apply rash cream or petroleum tump until it falls offjelly. After that your baby is ready for a new diaper. Remember if the baby is newborn don’t cover the......

Words: 309 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Designers

... 20TH CENTURY DESIGNERS YourFirstNameYourLastName University title Course title: Lecturer’s name: Born to welch school teachers in 11 of February in the year 1934, Mary Quant is a renowned welsh fashion designer and present day icon in British fashion circles. Quant graduated from the Goldsmith College in London with a diploma in Art and ventured in to fashion. She is credited with the popularization of the miniskirt, an outfit whose invention she is silently credited with. During the swinging sixties, her designs tailored from the miniskirt, managed not only to capture her clientele, but the swinging sixties zeitgeist. For this invention she so flawlessly and successfully popularized, she received the OBE (Most Excellent Order of the British Empire) award in the year 1966. As a design guru, Quant has inevitably developed long lasting fashion silhouettes in her artistic work of the miniskirt and the go-go boots. This is emphasized by the development of high boot and rain boot from the foundation laid across by Quant’s go-go boots. She has left her mark not only on the trends but also on a number of fashion designers whose work bear her mark such as Anna Sui, Betsey Johnson, Diane Von Furstenberg, and Marc Jacobs. Listed among the top 100 designers of all time, Rudi Gernreich is idolized for being the first to develop unisex clothing and the famed mokini. An American fashion icon of the early 60’s, Gernreich was born in 8th of April in the year 1922 to Vietnamese parents......

Words: 986 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Designer Babies Opinion

...Is it Ethical to Produce Designer Babies? What if parents could have the child of their dreams? Now scientists are close to making it possible to where parents can design their own “perfect” child. It means that they will be able to pick out their child’s hair color, personality traits, and even if they want them to be athletic or not. According to, (www.infertility.com), out of 1000 surveyed, 40% of people said they would pick the traits of their child. Only 9% seen something wrong with the idea of designer babies. I am going to tell you about what exactly is a designer baby, the pros, and the cons of having a designer baby.. The positives: Take the case of Cindy and John Whitley.  Their first child died at the age of 9 months from a deadly genetic disorder called spinal muscular atrophy.  Genetic analysis uncovered that the Whitley’s statistically had a 1 in 4 chance of creating a child with spinal muscular atrophy each time they conceived.  Unwilling to risk having another child with the deadly disorder, the Whitley’s used PGD to conceive three children, all healthy. To start off with, designer babies aren’t easy to develop it takes a lot of knowledge. According to research done by scientist Keith Kleiner, “…Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis is used with in vitro fertilization to look at embryos for over 100 diseases before it is in the mother.” After seeing what embryos have diseases they then destroy them. Scientist use in vitro fertilization to fertilize the......

Words: 1123 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Babies

...and similarities of four babies’ childhood from four different locations. Among these four babies, two babies are from urban area, Mari from Tokoyo, Japan and Hattie from San Francisco. Where other two babies are from rural area, Ponijao is from Opuwo, Namibia and baby boy Bayar is from Bayanchandmani, Mongolia. This assignment will presents below four main differences between rural and urban area babies experiences in their childhood: sanitation and safety, feeding and bathing, toys and play and family structure. Firstly, one of main concern between all these four babies is about sanitation and safety. Ponijao and Bayar were growing up within an uneducated society, where Safety and security is less concern and children play with animals and insects. Babies from rural area usually feed with unhealthy food; they don’t have stronger medication system to improve babies’ health conditions. The main goal of babies in rural area is to join their society and do same work their family do, nothing extra. On other side, Mari and Hattie both were grown up in urban cities and regularly checked by doctors and stronger medication system. Society in urban area always more concern about safety and security of babies in terms of foods, medical system. Secondly, food is a main part of everyone’s life and it is essential for everyone’s health. New born babies get their food directly from their mother and it is very important to consider their mother’s health for babies’ feeding because many......

Words: 311 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Babies

...beautiful babies: Ponijao from Namibia, Mari from Tokyo, Bayar from Mongolia and Hattie from San Francisco. All four babies are surrounded by different macrosystems but display similar developmental patterns regardless of their upbringing. All these children still must go through the same developmental milestones. In the first year of life babies undergo dramatic changes, many of these are observed in this film. All four babies are living in their own microsystems, each very different from one another. Ponijao has a big family consisting of several siblings, Bayar lives with his parents and a brother, and Mari and Hattie are the only children for their parents, which is a typical situation in developed countries. We see the babies going through the Sensorimotor Stages as soon as they were born, they all were breastfed, which is a sign that they had sucking reflexes that are connected with rooting reflex and breastfeeding. There was an episode where Babinski reflex shown: Mari was sitting in her highchair and a family cat playing with baby’s feet. I noticed that Mari had all possible toys to help her to develop mentally and physically, but she also can be seen playing with CDs and cellphones. On the other hand Ponijao was happy to play with sticks, stones beads and a plastic bottle. I saw Bayar unrolling toilet paper and feeling very happy when he finally got to its base, which he immediately put in his mouth (Oral Stage of Sigmund Freud’s Theory). Watching these babies......

Words: 316 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Designer Babies

...Designer Babies December 7, 2015 The prospect of designer babies, like many of the ethical dilemmas presented by the genetic revolution, is confronting the world so rapidly that doctors, ethicists, religious leaders and politicians are just starting to face with the implications, and trying to decide how they feel about it. Deciding the babies gender is just one of the many possibilities available with gene alteration. What must be considered though is the idea that this new development goes against our human nature. We are choosing how a human will look like and how his body will react to certain things before this person is even born, just like GMO’s in our food, an alteration of an organism so that it is better or even “perfect”. The ethical issues brought by this technique from the genetics labs are likely to be very complicated. What if parents can use pre-implantation genetic diagnosis to avoid having kids with attention-deficit disorder or those predestined to be short or predisposed to homosexuality? Will they feel pressure from friends and relations to do so? And will kids who are allowed to be born with these characteristics be made to feel even more like second-class citizens than they do now? This technique is beginning to be more popular by the hour, and it is important that it is controlled in the correct way. This new development is incredibly powerful to the human race because it is capable of altering every little defect a human has or may have in the......

Words: 989 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Pro Designer Babies

...PRO Designer Babies Designer babies are the concept that involves the isolation of human embryos from a willing human donor. The individuals involved in the process are allowed to choose the traits and the genes that they desire to be present in the embryo and the eventual baby. The idea is technically called the liberal eugenics. Genetic engineering was incorporated in certain species of plants to modify crop yields and improve resistance to certain crop diseases. The scientists inserted a given gene into plasmid bacteria to ensure that the plant cell assumed the new DNA. The technology has allowed many plant species to thrive in harsh conditions, including cold, hot, and effectively resist pests. There are different edible foods, which have been designed through the technology. The last century has recorded discoveries that have involved immense benefits on human lives. The findings involve the use of genes, which refer to the reason behind the different characteristics and features among different humans. However, the new technology involves knowledge, which facilitates an alteration of the human characteristics. Humans have benefited from the technology of designer babies by elimination of the harmful genes as experienced in 2001 in Los Angeles. Contrarily, religion nd the society continue to question the social and moral well-being of creating a child with the traits that the parents desire. The opponents of the technology argue that genetic technology is uncertain and...

Words: 2834 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Designer Babies

...Designer Babies December 7, 2015 The prospect of designer babies, like many of the ethical dilemmas presented by the genetic revolution, is confronting the world so rapidly that doctors, ethicists, religious leaders and politicians are just starting to face with the implications, and trying to decide how they feel about it. Deciding the babies gender is just one of the many possibilities available with gene alteration. What must be considered though is the idea that this new development goes against our human nature. We are choosing how a human will look like and how his body will react to certain things before this person is even born, just like GMO’s in our food, an alteration of an organism so that it is better or even “perfect”. The ethical issues brought by this technique from the genetics labs are likely to be very complicated. What if parents can use pre-implantation genetic diagnosis to avoid having kids with attention-deficit disorder or those predestined to be short or predisposed to homosexuality? Will they feel pressure from friends and relations to do so? And will kids who are allowed to be born with these characteristics be made to feel even more like second-class citizens than they do now? This technique is beginning to be more popular by the hour, and it is important that it is controlled in the correct way. This new development is incredibly powerful to the human race because it is capable of altering every little defect a human has or may have in the......

Words: 989 - Pages: 4

Sickle cell anemia.... to Jonathan Swift's style of writing... | Onepunch-Man 90 | PLUS SIZE (11)