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Deviant Behavior

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By kopal15
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1. Assault and Aggravated Assault
Assault is defined as the unlawful use of physical force against another person. Legally it is broadly divided into two categories; aggravated and simple. 2.1. Aggravated is when a person attacks with intent to kill or with the use of a deadly weapon. 2.2. All other forms of assault are considered simple and are also considered misdemeanors. 2.3. Similar to homicide research assaulters are more likely to be poor, to be black, to reside in large cities, commit the crime during the weekend, to live in the south, to be men and so on. 2.4. Research suggests assault is different form homicide in two ways. 2.5.1. Assaulters are less likely to use firearms for a crime. 2.5.2. During the summer season assault number rice significantly due to heat driving poor people out and a number of other factors.

2. Who is More Likely to Kill?
The main striking trait about killers is that they are poor and blacks generally being poorer than whites are more likely to commit homicide. Similarly poor nations also have higher homicide rates. There are any findings like these but the book discusses them in detail further.

3.5. Class and Race
Over 90 percent of murders in the United States are committed by unskilled, semiskilled and welfare recipients. Proving that poverty plays a role in homicide and besides there are several reasons for links between murder and poverty. 3.6.3. The poor are more likely to have stressful problems such as financial or marital issues and these tend to cause interpersonal conflict. 3.6.4. Violence is also the instrument that the poor use to solve conflict as violence is also considered a badge of masculinity. 3.6.5. Race although is not a factor it just seems like it is as African Americans higher rate of homicide simply reflects their higher rate of poverty. 3.6. Regions, Large Cities, and Rural Areas.
The highest murder rate is prominent in the Sothern regions. Although these regional differences are not shocking as they have been around for a long time. 3.7.6. This southern leadership has been attributed to the “culture of violence” in the South. 3.7.7.1. As violent behavior seems to be more accepted. 3.7.7. ?? 3.7. Gender and Age
Most killings involve men doing away with other men and they are more prone to resort to killing, as most men are supremely concerned about defending their manhood. 3.8.8. In a man woman homicidal interaction men are more likely to be the offender. They kill primarily because they have constantly tried to maintain an abusive relationship. Violence by men is offensive in nature. 3.8.9.2. Wives ‘Infidelity’ seems to be a large trigger of homicide by men. 3.8.9. Women on the other hand attempt in an act of killing more so as a desperate attempt at getting out of an abusive relationship. 3.8.10.3. Their actions are primarily for self-preservation or self-defense reasons. They act in a defensive nature. 3.8.10. Now when it comes to age males tend to kill at a younger age in comparison to females. But in general people target other of a similar age group. 3.8.11.4. Older people are more likely to end up dead during a quarrel with the younger, as younger people are more impulsive. 3.8.11.5. Younger people are also more likely to target strangers and commit robbery and murder together. 3.8.11.6.1. Killings by younger people took place in poor neighborhoods where there was a large influence of gang violence and crack cocaine. 3.8.11.6.2. Other contributing factors included bad quality public schools, dysfunctional families, and drugs along with violence on television. 3. Patterns of Killing
Certain killing patterns have been recognized but these are primarily murders committed by lower-class people and not by middle or upper class people. 4.8. Time of Killing 4.9.11. Homicide numbers are much higher during the late spring and summer seasons peaking in July and August. Primarily due to increased interaction during good weather. 4.9.12.6. Interestingly it peaks again in December due to similar reasons. 4.9.12. More than the season the actual time and day of killing has a higher association to homicide. Homicide occurs most frequently during the weekend on Saturday nights specifically suggesting the involvement of family members. 4.9.13.7. Homicides occurring during the week however tend to involve strangers but this hold true for lower class people. 4.9.13.8. For the upper and middle class killings can occur or any day and time. Why? 4.9. Place of Killing 4.10.13. Findings have shown that men are more likely to kill in public areas whereas women quite the opposite are more likely to kill at home. 4.10.14. Even though women are more likely to kill at home they are even more likely to be killed at home. A major factor could be simply because of the amount of time they spend there.

4.10. Method of Killing
Unfortunately there is nothing special about the methods of killing as most objects can be turned into a weapon and used to kill as long as they are present when the murderous anger erupts. 4.11.15. Due to the ready availability of firearms in our world they are most often used as murder weapons. 4.11.16. Although it should be kept in mind that firearms themselves cannot cause homicide nor can their absence lessen the motivation to kill.

4. Characteristics of Homicide

5.11. Warm-Blooded Murder 5.12.17. In big cities there is an underlying fear in many peoples head of getting attacked and killed by strangers. 5.12.18. A fear of strangers killing us unless we kill them emerged but is far from the reality. 5.12.19.9. Only a small percentage of all murders are committed by strangers. Majority of them involve relatives.

5.12. Doing the Victim a Favor 5.13.19. Whenever hearing about a murder the general public always sympathizes with the victim. 5.13.20.10. Although in one out of 4 cases the victim had first assaulted the assailant.

5.13. Arguments and Quarrels 5.14.20. It is astounding but one of the major reasons poor people are killed are ordinary quarrels over what would seem as nothing significant. 5.14.21.11. Murder is the quickest and easiest way of winning an argument for the poor. 5.14.21.12. On the contrary middle class people would use instrument such as verbal abuse or intellectual ability. 5.14.21. Still it should be kept in mind that the poor could imply very different things from a bad look or a insult made. Compelling them to defend their dignity. 5.14.22. Character contests “the offender and the victim defend their honor as a result of one or the other has threatened it”.

5.14. Homicide Followed by Suicide 5.15.23. This is a relatively rare form of homicide with less than 3 or 4 percent off all murders in the United States. 5.15.24.13. But they are almost always males with female victims. 5.15.24. Murder-suicide is considered a form of normality from the sociological perspective but abnormal from the psychiatric perspective. 5.15.25. Although the phenomenon of masculinity does not affect the homicide in any way. Rather the slayer behaves more like a weakling. 5.15. Mass and Serial Murder 5.16.26.…...

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