Premium Essay


In: Business and Management

Submitted By niveditapl18
Words 5060
Pages 21


o n

Studying this chapter should enable you to: • understand the meaning and purpose of data collection; • distinguish between primary and secondary sources; • know the mode of collection of data; • distinguish between Census and Sample Surveys; • be familiar with the techniques of sampling; • know about some important sources of secondary data.

1. I N T R O D U C T I O N

h T lis R b E u C p N re © e b o t t chapter, you will study the sources of data and the mode of data collection. The purpose of collection of data is to collect evidence for reaching a sound and clear solution to a problem. In economics, you often come across a statement like, “After many fluctuations the output of food grains rose to 176 million tonnes in 1990–91 and 199 million tonnes in 1996–97, but fell to 194 million tonnes in 1997–98. Production of food grains then rose continuously and touched 212 million tonnes in 2001–02.” In this statement, you can observe that the food grains production in different years does not remain the same. It varies from year to year and from crop to crop. As these values

Collection of Data

d e

In the previous chapter, you have read about what is economics. You also studied about the role and importance of statistics in economics. In this

1 0


vary, they are called variable. The variables are generally represented by the letters X, Y or Z. The values of these variables are the observation. For example, suppose the food grain production in India varies between 100 million tonnes in 1970–71 to 220 million tonnes in 2001–02 as shown in the following table. The years are represented by variable X and the production of food grain in India (in million tonnes) is represented by variable Y:
TABLE 2.1 Production of Food Grain in India (Million Tonnes) X Y






Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Social are more detailed and polite. If there is large number of patients, service providers tend to be busy and might lose some service to the patients. Getting customer feefback is also important. Having things such as a complaint box, a survey or even checking reviews from the internet is very important. Patients pay attention to this things to determine whether or not they want to see that particular doctor. Analyze the competitive enivornment Competitive Environment Analysis explains the structure, participants and forces that affect the competitive intensity and profitability of an industry. It is a useful tool to correlate with the SWOT analysis and to assess the attractiveness of a potential business diversty. Five force framework for analyzing the competitive environment which my sense when you are the owner of a business. The five forces are internal rivalry, threat of new intrants, threat of substitute products, buyer power and supplier power. Intensity of competitive rivalry is competition between business the same as yours. Pinnacle Orthopedics competitions would be with a doctors like Dr. Torrence Walker . He is also a Orthopedics doctor. At first, Dr.Crowell the doctor of Pinnacle Orthopedics was the only african american orthopedic surgeon here in Little Rock, AR. Dr. Walker relocated to Little Rock, AR from Pine Bluff, AR making him his competitor. Threats of new entrants is profitable markets that......

Words: 889 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Employment Discrimination

...focused on the black-white paradigm of U.S. race relations and its effects on civil rights enforcement. Bu-t the changing demographics of the United States means that we need to expand the analysis of racism to include considerations of how groups of color can be complicit and even active agents in the discrimination against other groups of color. By supplying judges with the empirical information they need to better apprehend that racial bias can exist even within multiracial workplace settings, we can acti-vely Work V f, to appropriately enforce our nation's civil rights laws within diverse workplaces. 1. This topic is more fully exploredi in my previously published article Latino inter-Ethnic Employment Discrimination and the "Diversty-" Defense, 42 HA.RV. Civ. R. Civ. LIB. L REv. 2 59 (2007). 2. Phillips v. Martin Marietta Corp, 400 U.S. 542 (1970). 3. See Tanya Katrn Hernandez, "Multiracial" Discourse: Racial Classifications in an Era of ColorBlind Jurisprudence,57 Moi.L. Re-v. 97, 102 (1998) (observing the growing societal belief that racial diversity will deconstruct anid transcend race and racism). See also Pauilette M. Caldwell, The Content of Our Characterizations,5 MicH. J.RACE & L. 53, 106 (1999) (discussing the growing scholarship that equates increasing racial diversity1 with the destruction of racism and the BlackWhite paradigm of race).4. Tanya Kateri Hernliinde7, Multir-acialMatrix: The Role of Race Ideology in the Eniforcement of Antidiscrimination......

Words: 3823 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay


...of 2002 they only led 9.2 percent of two year colleges/ universities and 7.3 percent of four year colleges/universities in chief officer positions. And an even depressing in between 1991 and 2002 they comprised of only one percent of the presidents of major universities and colleges (Caldwell & Watkins, 2007). Works Cited American Council on Education. (2002, 2000). Higher Education And National Affairs. The American College President , Chapter 2. Baxley, T. P. (2012). Navigating as an African American Female Scholar : Catalyystg and Barriers in Prodominantly White Academia. International Journal of Critical Pdagogy, 4((1)), 47-64. Caldwell, H. T., & Watkins, R. (2007, November 17-17). PreParing Diverse Leaders to Lead- Diversty in Executive Leadership. Retrieved January 17, 2014, from Johnson C. Smith Unversity- Faculty Resource Neywork: Chandler, M. (2011, June 20). African-American Women Are Moving Ahead Rapidly. Retrieved Novmber 4, 2013, from Stanford Graduate School of Business: Davis, A. T. (2009). Empowering African American Women in Higher Education Through Mentoring. Journal of the National Society of Allied Health. Retrieved March 08, 2014 Ellis, C., Adams, T. E., & Bochner, A. P. (2011, January). Autoethnography : An Overview , Vol.......

Words: 8229 - Pages: 33

Premium Essay


...families are still the major go to however he states that most of this life cycle where most adults still have a marriage and most children are still reared by two natural parents even know cohabitation has increased but for most couples are in a temporary phase where they will still end up getting marriage The rapoports five types of family diversity Organisational diversity this refers to difference in the way family roles are ran for example some couples have joint conjugal roles and two wage earners Cultural diversity this refers to the fact different culture and religious people are part of society now Social class diversity This refers to the fact that different households structures are due to different classes Life stage diversty refers to the fact that the house hold will be different depending on what stage they’re in the cycle. Generational cycle Refers to the older and younger generations have different attitudes and values and experience...

Words: 755 - Pages: 4

Thám Tử Lừng Danh Conan chap 118 | Communications - 642 Words | Password Door 9.0.1 + Portable – 2018