Premium Essay

Dred Scott V. Sandford

In: Historical Events

Submitted By shikusoni
Words 422
Pages 2
Name
Tutor
Course
Date
Dred Scott v. Sandford
The United States Supreme Court in March 1857 ruled that free blacks and black slaves were never citizens and would never gain citizenship in the United States. Additionally, the Supreme Court led by Chief Justice Roger B. Taney made a declaration that 1820 Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional thereby legalizing slavery countrywide. The Plaintiff Dred Scott had appealed to the Supreme Court to gain his freedom after living in the Free States of Illinois and Wisconsin before moving to the slave state of Missouri (Van and Maltz, p.144). The Judge Taney, who staunchly supported slavery, wrote that because Scott was black which nullified his citizenship had no right to sue in the federal courts. This ruling was in agreement with the Court's majority opinion. In his writing, he emphasized how the Negro belonged to the white man as of property, and the white man could reduce him to slavery as he wished (O'Connor, and Yanus, p.120). He further wrote that the black man had no protection from the Declaration of Independence that justifies all men to be equal because the intent of the Declaration of Independence was not to include the enslaved African race. Scott had sued in a state court in 1846 for his freedom because he had sojourned in a free state for a surmountable amount of time. In 1840, the state court made a declaration that Scott was free. Mr. Sanford appealed this decision to the Missouri Supreme Court (Cromwell, p.165). The case reached the Supreme Court after eleven years. The ruling of the Supreme Court was the worst in history.
The13th and 14th amendments to the Constitution overturned the decision of the Supreme Court. The two amendments abolished enslavement and declared all black people in the United States citizens of the United States. The case was the hallmark of the beginning of the civil war in…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

A Scott

...In the beginning of the 17th century the Scottish people faced religious prosecution and English control, many fled to the Americas to find their freedoms, others were forced Because of hostile clan wars and the country’s political problems ("The Original Scots Colonists of Early America" 1612 - 1783, Dobson). Many Scotts were deported as criminals and banished to the Americas, forced to work for English plantation owners until they could buy their freedom (Scotland Guide - Scottish History - Scots emigration/immigration to the US." Stevens). Because of the strict clan system that the Scottish live under, when one member of the clan immigrated to the Americas, the other members of the clan would normally fallow, by the time of the American Revolutionary war had begun, around 150,000 Scotts had immigrated to North America ("The Original Scots Colonists of Early America" 1612 - 1783, Dobson). For the Scotts that came to the Americas freely, on their arrival they congregated in Scottish communities, Scottish families could be found throughout the colonies, but many centralized in Georgia, the Carolinas, upper New York, Nova Scotia and Jamaica, due to the fact of fertile land, good farming, and job opportunities ("The Original Scots Colonists of Early America" 1612 - 1783, Dobson). Although once they arrived they were looked down upon by the Germans, Dutch, and English, because they were thought to be less civilized and drunks (Scotland Guide - Scottish History - Scots......

Words: 705 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Dred Scott vs Sanford

...Dred Scott vs. Sanford: The Dred Scott vs. Sanford case is one of the most important cases that have ever been tried in the United States of America and was heard in the Old Courthouse of St. Louis. This case that is usually known as the Dred Scott Decision was a ruling by the Supreme Court of America that African people imported into the country and detained as slaves were not protected by the U.S Constitution and could never be American citizens. Dred Scott was a slave who sued for his freedom from his master in a Missouri court in the year 1846. As part of his arguments, Dred Scott claimed that he resided in Illinois which was a free state and part of the Louisiana Territory. Therefore, he claimed that he was a free man because of his residence in a free territory in which slavery was prohibited by the 1820 Missouri Compromise (“Dred Scott v. Sanford” par, 1). However, Dred Scott’s suit for freedom in the local federal court in Missouri was unsuccessful. Eleven years later after his initial suit in the Missouri court, Scott brought a new suit in the United States’ Supreme Court. This was after the federal court ordered the jury to depend on Missouri law for the conclusion of the case regarding Scott’s freedom. Additionally, Scott decided to appeal to the United States’ Supreme Court following the decision of the Missouri Supreme Court to consider him as a slave. In his defense, Scott’s master maintained that the American Constitution did not allow people of......

Words: 2148 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Dred Scott Case Closing Arguements

...The Closing Argument for the Petitioner Dred Scott I shall summarize my legal case history such that all can remember the details and gain a better understanding of my case. My name is Dred Scott, I was born a slave in Virginia around 1800. I was bought by Peter Blow and worked on the family farm until 1819. The Blow family moved to St. Louis, Missouri and opened up a boarding house called the Jefferson Hotel. Peter Blow rented out my services to the river boats on the Mississippi River. In 1832, I was subsequently sold to an army surgeon, Dr. John Emerson for five hundred dollars. Shortly thereafter, Dr. Emerson went to live at Fort Armstrong in Illinois. Illinois was a free state and did not allow slavery. Three years later, Dr. Emerson was transferred to Fort Snelling on the Mississippi River in the Wisconsin Territory, again another slave free territory. During this time, Dr. Emerson purchased a female slave named Harriet Robinson. We fell in love, considered ourselves married and eventually had four children. Following a short period at Fort Jessup in Louisiana, Dr. Emerson returned to St. Louis with his wife Irene and my family. In December 1843, Dr. Emerson died and bequeathed my family and me to his wife. After the death of Dr. Emerson, I tried to purchase my families freedom from the widow Mrs. Emerson. When she refused to sell our freedom, I filed a lawsuit for our family’s freedom. On April 6, 1846, the lawsuit was filed where I claimed that I should be given my...

Words: 1304 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Dred Scott

...The Dred Scott Decision (1857) Jordan Stuart History 121- Early America to the Civil War Professor Hamilton November 11, 2013 Dred Scott, who was born into slavery in Virginia, moved with his owner to St. Louis, Missouri. After Scott’s original owner had died the ownership was sold to John Emerson. Throughout many years Dred Scott moved with John Emerson to many free states. Once Emerson died, the ownership of Dred Scott was passed to Irene Sanford Emerson, John Emerson’s wife. At this point Scott attempted to buy his freedom but Irene refused, thus creating an uprising of controversial court cases. Dred Scott claimed he had become free while living in free states and that once free he could not be reenslaved. Dred Scott fought for his freedom in court until his case made it to the Supreme Court. The Dred Scott decision of 1857 ruled that African-Americans, free or enslaved, could never be citizens of the United States and held no rights under the Constitution. This decision proved to have a dramatic effect on American politics. The ruling of Chief Justice Taney was the most important decision ever issued on slavery. The Dred Scott decision was controversial, raising many questions regarding African Americans as citizens, whether or not the congress had the right to prohibit slavery in any territory, and the equality of all men under the Declaration of Independence. The question brought up in court was whether a negro whose ancestors were imported into the......

Words: 646 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Scott Electronic

...approach into action. There are many issues that Scott Electronics plc would have to consider if it is to implement a strategy of innovation. The main issue that Scott would have to consider would be the financial aspect, as the initial cost of £10m is a very high cost considering company is only making profits of 8-10m per annum, the financial risk to the business is very high, as they projected sales value of the proposal is only £1.5m less £1m fixed costs per annum. If the projected sales is only a little lower than forecast then the profits may not be worth the initial investment as the company may find it hard to raise the finance for this strategy to work. Scott will need to increase the percentage of revenue that is spent on research and development, as this is currently well below the industry average at 1% compared to 10%. Equally the number of new products launched is per year is currently five per year compared to the average of 15, for Scott to implement this approach, he must increase the amount of revenue spent on R&D, as this currently puts the company at a competitive disadvantage in terms of new product development, although capacity utilisation is higher than the industry average. Increasing the amount spent on this may have an effect of the capacity utilisation. Scott electronics currently have a marketing model that focused on gaining a reputation of being competitively priced, reliable and functional products and Scott Electronics has placed little......

Words: 412 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Scott Petterson

...Scott Peterson's attorney, Mark Geragos, now has to contend with more than a guilty verdict for his client - and the penalty phase of the trial, now delayed for a week by the judge. Geragos is also facing a bar complaint related to the case. In the complaint, Florida attorney John B. Thompson - who has no reported connection to the case - argues that Geragos violated a key ethic rules forbidding communication with jurors. According to Thompson, Geragos did so by putting a replica of Scott Peterson's boat two blocks from the courthouse. Geragos, who remains under a under a gag order preventing him from discussing the case with the media, has not been able to respond to the allegations. Thompson says that Geragos's alleged boat display not only broke the California ethics rule barring juror communication, but also broke the California ethics rule against extrajudicial communications about a case. (As a recent column by Jonna Spilbor for this site noted, the penalty phase of this case - in which a death sentence could be imposed - has yet to occur.) Reportedly, the boat contained homemade concrete anchors - such as those the prosecution alleged Scott used to weigh down Laci Peterson's body - and a dummy representing the body. The defense's theory was that Scott could not have thrown Laci's heavily pregnant body over the side of the tiny, anchor-filled boat without swamping the boat with water and tipping it over. The display was apparently intended to illustrate just how......

Words: 5059 - Pages: 21

Free Essay

Lincoln's Response to Dred Scott

...Douglas believed that the Declaration of Independence did not refer to the black race when they said that “all men are created equal”. He states that “they referred to the white race alone, and not to the African”. His interpretation of it was that it was directed to only those who were born in Great Britain, as well as resided there. Lincoln’s interpretation of the Declaration, however, was that it would offer more than just the freedom to British man. He even states that “I had thought the Declaration contemplated the progressive improvement in the condition of all men everywhere”, however it does not and Lincoln felt that the Declaration was of no use now if it referred to only those who were British. In his response to the Dred Scott decision, Lincoln mentions that all men are to be created equal and are entitled to the natural rights. Although he believed that the decision was unfair, he did still support colonization of free blacks because he believed that he could at least stop slavery from spreading into the free states. His initial aim was to preserve the union, without ending slavery where he seems to contradict his own beliefs. However, the purpose was that he felt that those who were free, deserved all the rights of a white man, however, those still in slavery, had to live under the conditions they were born to because they were still considered chattel. Based on this document, it definitely seems as if Abraham Lincoln could be considered an......

Words: 358 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Ricci V. Destefano

...Ricci v. DeStefano Jennifer Drab Baker College Abstract Ricci v. DeStefano is case based on reverse discrimination. The New Haven firefighters that brought this suit against the city did so on the belief that the city in its efforts to avoid litigation violated Title VII of the Civil Rights Act. Reverse discrimination is a term that is used widely; however, it is very difficult to move forward with this claim in a court of law. The New Haven firefighters that brought the suit had their case heard before the Supreme Court of the United States. This was not a case that the justices took lightly; they asked many difficult questions, which looked at many different aspects of Title VII. The answer from the high court is that rejecting the test scores in fear of Title VII litigation is not grounds enough to disqualify candidates that qualified for promotion. In the end, the high court upheld the firefighters claim that the city’s rejection of the exam scores violated the rights of those that qualified based on the exam. Introduction Ricci v. DeStefano, is case of reverse discrimination within the fire department of New Haven, Connecticut. This case is an illustration that affirmative action does not always result in fairness. New Haven city officials created a very comprehensive written examination for testing those fire fighters that were looking to be promoted to captain and lieutenant (Epstein, 2009). Unfortunately, the examination showed that there was......

Words: 3478 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Scott P.

...Scott Panetti This article concerns a Texas man named Scott Panetti who committed murder by shooting his wife’s parents. Scott Panetti was diagnosed with schizophrenia about 14 years prior to the shootings, and was set to receive a lethal injection; however, the execution was stop do to “the 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals acknowledges the legal complexity of putting a mentally ill inmate to death.” The court explains that they had to sort out legal issues that are involved with mental instability. The sentence change was further ruled as the right decisions by the Supreme Court which stated that “mentally ill people cannot be executed if they don’t have a factual and rational understanding of why they’re being punished.” This was confirmed by Panetti’s lawyers who stated that even though he had not had a competency evaluation in seven years they would still most likely conclude that he was severely mentally ill, and, in this case, to mentally unstable to be executed. Also noted, was that the previous competency evaluation that Panetti took indicated that he was extremely unstable mentally. To further indicate his sporadic behavior, in his first trial he attempted to “summon” Jesus Christ as a witness. He also was convinced that the prison dentist had implanted devices in his teeth to send messages to him. Finally, he exclaimed that Satan was doing his work through the prison officials as they were trying to get him executed in order to stop him from teaching the......

Words: 710 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Scott Joplin

...Born in the late 1860s in Texarkana, on the border between Texas and Arkansas, Scott Joplin took up the piano as a child and eventually became a travelling musician as a teen. He immersed himself in the emerging musical form known as ragtime and became the genre’s foremost composer with tunes like "The Entertainer," "Solace" and "The Maple Leaf Rag," which is the biggest-selling ragtime song in history. Joplin also penned the operas Guest of Honor and Treemonisha. He died in New York City on April 1, 1917. Scott Joplin (1867/1868 – April 1, 1917) was an African-American composer and pianist. Joplin achieved fame for his ragtime compositions and was dubbed the "King of Ragtime Writers". During his brief career, he wrote 44 original ragtime pieces, one ragtime ballet, and two operas. One of his first pieces, the "Maple Leaf Rag", became ragtime's first and most influential hit, and has been recognized as the archetypal rag. "Scott Joplin." Bio. A&E Television Networks, 2015. Web. 30 Mar. 2015. www.youtube.com/watch?v=pMAtL7n_-rc The story of the piano begins in Padua, Italy in 1709, in the shop of a harpsichord maker named Bartolomeo di Francesco Cristofori (1655-1731). Many other stringed and keyboard instruments preceded the piano and led to the development of the instrument as we know it today. Cristofori's piano was developed from the harpsichord and consequently rather small and made entirely out of wood. As time passed, however, the development of larger instruments...

Words: 516 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Scott Drury

...Representative Scott Drury is a democrat in the General Assembly of the 58th district, which includes all or portions of Bannockburn, Deerfield, Glencoe, Highland Park, Highwood, Knollwood, Lake Bluff, Lake Forest, Lincolnshire, Northbrook, North Chicago and Riverwoods all suburban cities. He is serving his second term beginning in January 2013. The committees he has been apart of are Appropriation-human Services; Higher Education; Insurance Judiciary; Personnel & Pensions; Tollway oversight, and the General Law Subcommittee. He was born in 1962. Before he was an Illinois state representative he went to the University of California-Berkeley in 1995 getting his B.A. in Political Economy of Industrialized Societies, than he got his J.D. from Northwestern University School of Law in 1998. Drury professional experience included work as an adjunct professor of Trial Advocacy form Northwestern University School of Law, and counsel to Reed smith Limited Liability Partnership. Some of Drury main campaign contributors were Illinois Democratic party leading with 179,452. Contributors that is not the Democratic Party in order from most are friend of Michael J Madigan, Illinois Education Association; Stand fro Children, Construction General Laborers District Council of Chicago & Vicinity, among other contributors. Scott Drury has opposed many bills and for many bills he has a tendency to vote nay for bills that had to do with Education reform, Criminal records being revealed......

Words: 663 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Dred Scott

...Dred Scott Dred Scott was the name of an African-American slave. He was taken by his master, an officer in the U.S. Army, from the slave state of Missouri to the free state of Illinois and then to the free territory of Wisconsin. He lived on free soil for a long period of time. When the Army ordered his master to go back to Missouri, he took Scott with him back to that slave state, where his master died. In 1846, Scott was helped by Abolitionist lawyers to sue for his freedom in court, claiming he should be free since he had lived on free soil for a long time. The case went all the way to the United States Supreme Court. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Roger B. Taney, was a former slave owner from Maryland. In March of 1857, Scott lost the decision as seven out of nine Justices on the Supreme Court declared no slave or descendant of a slave could be a U.S. citizen, or ever had been a U.S. citizen. As a non-citizen, the court stated, Scott had no rights and could not sue in a Federal Court and must remain a slave. At that time there were nearly 4 million slaves in America. The court's ruling affected every enslaved and free African-American in the United States. The Supreme Court also ruled that Congress could not stop slavery in the newly emerging territories and declared the Missouri Compromise of 1820 to be unconstitutional. The Missouri Compromise prohibited slavery north of the parallel 36°30´ in the Louisiana Purchase. The Court declared it violated the......

Words: 393 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Courtroom Tv Scott Peterson

...Courtroom T.V. - Scott Peterson CJS/251 February 14, 2016 Courtroom T.V. - Scott Peterson We chose to discuss the topic of the infamous Scott Peterson murder trial. In the next few paragraphs you will get a well rounded view of the case from start to finish. It is not chalked full of immense detail, but it is a good summary, to give an idea of the case for anyone who may not know or remember much of the case. Scott Peterson was arrested in La Jolla, CA on April 18, 2003 by the California Department of Justice/Sexual Assault Felony Enforcement Task Force. He was arrested in the parking lot of Torrey Pines Golf Course, where he said he was meeting up with his father to play golf. He was in possession of several items not meant for golf. Peterson bleached his goatee and hair, but claimed it was from chlorine from his friends pool; later is his fried testified that Peterson had never swam or made use of his hot tub.  Before Peterson's arraignment, he had been represented by Kirk McAllister, a veteran criminal defense attorney from Modesto, CA. He told Judge Nancy Ashley at the arraignment that he could not afford a private attorney. So, Chief Deputy Public Defender Kent Faulkner was assigned to the case, and then later, Peterson changed his mind stating, “He could afford a private attorney.” That attorney’s name was, Mark Geragos, who was experienced in high profile defense cases.  The People of the state of California v. Scott Peterson began in June 2004. ......

Words: 786 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Scott

...DEVELOPING GOOD BUSINESS SENSE BUS/210 Courtland Trent Scott University of Phoenix Axia College  The three companies that I have chose are Wendy’s, McDonalds, and Burger King. I have researched and also observe how the employees do their tasks within the business. In today’s assignment I will be discussing the main kinds of OMM cost companies have and how does the OMM cost companies affect the operations. I will also be discussing how does the company design their operating systems to give them a competitive advantage. Last I will identify which five main components of operations, materials management cost, and the methods companies use to reduce them. Within any company the primary goal for operation managers is creating a happy and loyal costumer. By effectively analyzing and managing their business operations, the company creates the right products with the right features at the right cost. Without using operation management materials you can do none of this. In a business you have to have the right product at the right price and the other way is having the product in stock that the costumers are buying. If you don’t keep products that customers are buying then the customer will find someone else to spend their money and you company will lose profits. McDonalds is the world largest chain of hamburgers fast food restaurant, serving more than 58 million customers daily. A McDonalds restaurant is either operated by a franchise, an affiliate, or the corporation itself....

Words: 723 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Scott Mortgage

...Running head: SCOTT MORTGAGE Scott Mortgage James Jones Organizational Behavior 14 June 2010 Abstract This paper discusses the nature of change in a mortgage lending firm. It takes a look at the reaction to change from the employee and organizational view points. The characteristics of Ethical Intensity are reviewed as pertaining to the decision making process. It identifies the Decision Making Model and Approach to Change that Scout Mortgage used in revamping its human capital structure. Nature of Change The 21th Century has ushered in several factors that have been the catalyst for a dynamically transforming environment. Scout Mortgage, a loan mortgage broker since 1999 (Hellriegel & Slocum, 2009) has experienced the bullish and the bearish economic environment. In a work environment, the typical factors of change are driven by technological advancements which enable global-market-reach or globalization. With the increase of information technology and global communications, the world is communitively smaller. Any situation that affects a local market can be transformed into a national or international issue. The domestic housing sector economic downturn along with other Wall Street unethical and irresponsible actions have not only lead to a national but international recession and market collapse. In the case of Scout Mortgage, the technological advances have changed the way the company’s Loan Officers conducts business. Technology has automated a lot of......

Words: 997 - Pages: 4

Privacy Policy | Um Homem Chamado Ove (En man som heter Ove) 2015 | Dragon Ball Chapter 358: