Free Essay

Driver Ed

In: English and Literature

Submitted By lola12398
Words 1524
Pages 7
As you say goodbye to your children as they prepare to go out for the evening you

encourage them to have a few drinks before driving home. While this is not realistic to

think any parent would encourage their teen to drink and drive, it is something that one

might as well tell them if you permit these children to talk on a cell phone while driving.

Is has been proven in many different states that teenage drivers are more susceptible to

accidents without the use of a cell phone, but when they choose to add a cell phone to the

mix, the potential for an accident increases significantly.

Over the past 10 – 15 years, the number of cell phone users has steadily increased.

With this increase, naturally comes at least an equal increase in the number of cell phone

users who drive while talking on the phone. The National Highway Traffic Safety

Administration (NHTSA) estimates “there are some 974,000 vehicles on the road at any

given daylight moment driven by someone on a hand-held phone” (Glassbrenner,

2005). Anyone who has been driving for more than a year has been the “victim” of a cell

phone driver on at least on occasion. There have been comparisons drawn which have

been supported by various studies, some of which will be discussed throughout this

paper, which equate the cell phone driver to a drunk driver. While it could be argued that

there is no comparison between the two, the inference drawn by many of the surveys is

that the drivers are more likely to be involved in accidents as a result of being

preoccupied with their phone conversations. “Cell phone distraction causes 2,600 deaths

and 330,000 injuries in the United States every year” (Britt, 2005).

As a society, we have become dependent upon the use of cell phones to the point

we will talk on them no matter what we are doing or where we are. Whether it be in a

public restroom, walking through an airport, or even in the finest of restaurants we strike

up a conversation at the mere ringing or vibration of a cell phone. Our teenagers

absolutely must have a cell phone so they can stay in touch with their friends.

Considering all this, it only seems natural that we would be willing to strike up a cell

phone conversation in our car. After all, it is a semi-private area where the conversation

can only be heard by the people in the vehicle with us, if there are any. The problem with

this scenario is the focus we are required to exhibit to be safe drivers without any

distractions have taken on a whole new outlook. Not only must we, as cell phone users,

concentrate on the flow of traffic, speeders, lane weavers and distractions that come with

traffic, but we now are challenged even further (at our own hands) by trying to answer a

phone while navigating the already dangerous surroundings.

With the advent of “Bluetooth” technology, many feel this is the answer to the

problem. Take the cell phone out of the driver’s hands and put the conversation over the

same speakers as the car stereo and allow the driver to talk in a “hands-free”

environment. While at the onset, this appears to truly be the solution to the problem,

these same surveys I mentioned above beg to differ. Here are a few examples of the

surveys and their results:

In one published writing (McGarva, Ramsey & Shear, 2006) indications were that

“drivers’ growing use of cell phones has sparked considerable scientific interest,

with most of the researchers addressing the detrimental effects of cell phones on the

drivers’ attention.” Additional research quoted in this article led one to believe there was

some degree of tie-in between cell phone usage while driving and road-rage. The

following is a summary of the survey and its results: “Using 2 field procedures, the

authors assessed impacts of cell-phone use on mild forms of driver aggression.

Participants were 135 drivers traveling within a city of approximately 17,000 people in an

otherwise little-populated region of western North Dakota. The authors videotaped the

participants while a confederate driver in a low-status vehicle frustrated them. In

Experiment 1, the confederate was traveling well under the posted speed limit. In

Experiment 2, the confederate remained motionless at a stoplight that had turned green.

When the confederate visibly talked on a hand-held cell phone, male drivers exhibited

their frustration by honking their horn more quickly and frequently than did drivers in no-

cell-phone trials, and female drivers were more angry according to blind judgments of

videotaped facial expressions that were compared with those of drivers in no-cell-phone

trials.” (McGarva, Ramsey, & Shear, 2006).

In yet another survey, (Strayer & Drews, 2004), “examined the effects of hands-

free cell phone conversations on simulated driving.” They research discovered that

“driving performance of both younger and older adults was influenced by cell phone

conversations. Compared with single-task (i.e.. driving only) conditions, when drivers

used cell phones their reactions were 18% slower, their following distance was 12%

greater, and they took 17% longer to recover the speed that was lost following braking.”

These cell phone-induced effects were equivalent for younger and older adults,

suggesting that older adults do not suffer a significantly greater penalty for talking on a

cell phone while driving than compared with their younger counterparts.” Probably the

most interesting part of their survey was that the results indicated a younger driver’s

reaction times while driving and taking on a cell phone were almost the same as that of

older drivers not using a cell phone.

In one last survey, the intent was a comparison of cell phone drivers with drunk

drivers. In this survey conducted by Strayer, Drews and Crouch (2006), the results

concluded that both cell phone drivers and drunk drivers “performed differently from

baseline and the driving profiles of these two conditions differed.” The survey found that

“on one hand, intoxicated drivers hit the brakes harder, and had shorter following

distances.” The survey also found “that cell phone drivers had slower reactions, had

longer following distances, took longer to recover speed lost following a braking episode,

and were involved in more accidents.”

One of the other noteworthy findings was that “the driving impairments

associated with handheld and hands-free cell phone conversations were not significantly

different.” This obviously brought into question whether the local, state, and federal laws

being considered at the time to ban handheld cell phone conversations while driving, and

require a hands-free cell phone device if a driver is to talk on a cell phone while driving.

The survey goes on to say that the “interference can be attributed to, in large part, to the

distracting effects of the phone conversation themselves. While cell phone use is

generally a temporary state, the survey indicated cell phone drivers had the potential to

return to safe driving after the phone call conversation ended. He drunk driver posed a

more severe threat, as alcohol impairment lasts longer presenting a definite danger to the


I don’t think there is a driver on the road today who has not observed a change in

the behavior of a driver when a cell phone call comes in. Immediately, the speed at

which they are traveling changes and the driver on the phone seems to become oblivious

to the fact they are driving in the left-hand lane at a speed lower than that of the right

hand lane. I can also personally speak to the many different tasks associated with drivers

in one particular profession. As a police officer, it was not uncommon at all for me to be

driving at a high rate of speed on an emergency response, with my cell phone in one

hand, the police radio in the other hand, steering the car with my knees while trying to

type, read, and receive messages on the mobile data computer mounted in the cars. All

this while trying to be “totally” aware of my surroundings and the actions of drivers at

intersections as I stop then pass through with lights and sirens blazing.

Drivers using cell phones are but one example of multi-tasking, but one that is

visible and dangerous, if not done properly. It is one’s responsibility as a parent to ensure

teenage drivers understand the safety issues associated with driving while talking on a

cell phone. Additionally, the “need” to send text messages or use a Blackberry or similar

device while driving is something that can wait until the driver parks their vehicle needs

to be asserted firmly. This is one case where parents must also take the lead and be an

example of what they preach to their children. Teenagers often imitate actions of their

parents. If we, as parents, don’t use cell phones while driving, hopefully, that will carry

over. Our children are our future and it is up to us to ensure they have all the tolls

available to prevent ending their life prematurely.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay


...DRIVERS OF GLOBALIZATION PROCESS The key factors seem to underlie the trend towards the increasing globalization of markets and production: 1. The decline of barriers to trade and investment: Decline in Trade barriers: Many of the barriers to international trade took the form of high tariffs on imports of manufactured goods. However, this depressed world demand and contributed to the great depression of the 1930’s. After World War II, the industrialized countries of the West started a process of removing barriers to the free flow of goods, services, and capital between nations. Under GATT, over 140 nations negotiated even further to decrease tariffs and made significant progress on a number of non-tariff issues (e.g. intellectual property, trade in services). The most recent round of negotiations known as Uruguay round was competed in December 1993. The Uruguay round further reduced trade barriers, covering services as well as manufactured goods provided enhanced protection for patents, trade marks and copyrights and established WTO to police the international trading system. With the establishment of the WTO, a mechanism now exists for dispute resolution and the enforcement of trade laws. Average tariff rates have fallen significantly since 1950’s, and under the Uruguay agreement, they have approached 3.9 % by 2000. This removal of barriers to trade has taken place in conjunction with increased trade, world output, and foreign direct investment. Decline in......

Words: 949 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Idrivesafely Texas Adult Drivers Ed

...Question 1: Your driver license may be suspended for causing: Correct: One serious collision Question 2: You can lawfully allow an object to extend beyond the left side of your vehicle: Correct: 3 inches Question 3: What is the minimum age to get a license? Correct: 16 with an approved driver education course Question 4: What is the maximum fine for a conviction of driving without a valid driver license? Correct: $200 Question 5: Your driver license may be suspended for: Correct: Habitual reckless driving Question 6: Uninsured drivers become subject to license and vehicle registration suspension when accident damages amount to: Correct: At least $1000 to property of one person Question 7: A person 's driver license will automatically be suspended if convicted of: Incorrect: Violating a restriction on your license IDK Question 8: If you are required to show proof of financial responsibility for the future, for how many years must the proof be kept? Incorrect: 3 years ANSWER IS TWO YEARS Question 9: If you move, how many days do you have before you must report your change of address to the Department of Public Safety? Correct: 30 days Question 10: Not including thinking distance, lawful brakes must stop a car at 20 miles per hour within how many feet? Correct: 25 feet Question 1: When a vehicle ahead of you stops to let a pedestrian pass in front of you, you should: Correct: Stay in line and wait until the vehicle ahead proceeds Question 2: Once you have......

Words: 1143 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Driver Ed Notes

...emergency vehicle    It takes a train going 50 mph approximately 1 1/2 miles    Each year over _____ persons are killed in highway crashes 500    The crossbuck is considered the same as a yield sign    A train's speed will appear slower than it is    Most railroad crossing crashes are the result of driver error    In order to obtain a learner's permit in VA, you must be at least 15 years and 6 months old    The minimum age to receive a driver's license in VA is 16 and 3 months old    The minimum age for a licensed driver accompanying a driver with a learner's permit is 21 or 18 if immediate family member    An applicant for a learner's permit must score ____ on signs test 100%    The type of license which will allow a person to drive a large truck or van designed for 16 or more passengers is a CDL    The vision requirement in VA for obtaining a driver's license is 20/40 in one or both eyes    A driver with a learner's permit is limited to ___ passengers under the age of 18 1    The penalty for anyone less than 20 who is convicted of a demerit violation is a madatory driver improvement class    A driver's license expires on the licensee's birthday in ages divisible by 5    If you are less than 18, you will receive your permanent license from Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court    According to the _______ law, you must submit to a chemical test for alcohol and other......

Words: 2177 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Drivers Ed

...Sumer “The Land Of civilized Kings with help by Gods?” Sumer, located in the southern region of what is now modern day Iraq and Kuwait was once a region known as ancient Mesopotamia. It is thought to be the cradle of civilization which lied between the rivers Tigris and Euphrates. The word Mesopotamia means” between the rivers” in Greek. Sumer was inhabited around 4500 BC, but this claim has been contested or the years by archaeologists, due to artifacts unearthed in excavated mounds. So, the Sumerians were not the first settlers in this region, according to the dates of the artifacts it was the Proto-Euphrateans, inhabitants of the Euphrates River. These inhabitants moved from being hunters-gathers to agrarian society evidence by the stone tools from hoes, knives and clay aircrafts! So, when did the Sumerians enter this era? The first ruler of Sumer was a king named Etana of Kish, who came to throne as early as the third millennium B.C. According to the kings list, he is described as the one who stabilized the land. The (kings list) is a scribe document located in the city of Lagash, time frame 2100BCE, that list all of the kings and their great accomplishments during their reign, in other words an attempt to show the continuity of order in their society dating back to the beginning of civilization. Both the Mesopotamians and the Sumerians believed that civilization was a result of the god’s triumphs of order over the chaos of men. Who were these Gods? The Sumerians......

Words: 1954 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Drivers Ed

...Class D & E Driver’s Guide DPSMV2052 (R062013) LOUISIANA OFFICE OF MOTOR VEHICLES Message from the Commissioner “Welcome to driving in Louisiana.” I am pleased to present the Louisiana Driver’s Guide to our new and current drivers. This guide is designed to provide you with the rules of the road, knowledge to assist you in making better driving decisions, and valuable information on safety and sharing the road with others. It is incumbent upon you, the driver, to respect all traffic laws and other drivers as well. Driving is a vital part of life. It provides you with a means of attaining the necessities of daily living as well as providing you with the added convenience to move about at leisure. The driving experience, however, is a privilege and comes with great responsibilities. Please strive to become a safe and dependable driver to ensure that this privilege is not lost. Driving, the same as life, is a constant learning experience. The information contained in this guide, along with your experience and responsive actions while driving, will assist in protecting you, your family, and other drivers. This guide is not intended to be an official legal reference to the Louisiana traffic laws. It only highlights those laws, driving practices and procedures that you will use most often. It should be noted that the material in this guide is subject to change to comply with amended State and Federal legislations. Remember to buckle up. Safety belts save lives. Let’s......

Words: 59099 - Pages: 237

Premium Essay

Idrivesafely Texas Adult Drivers Ed

...Team 3: Monserrat Ibarra, Hortencia Jaramillo, Karen Vieyra, Luis García First act Patient (Karen): (ring tone)hello, I’m talking to Perfect smile?? Secretary (Tita): Sure, you’re right, how can we help? Patient (Karen): well, someone told me that is the best clinic of the country, and I want to know If can you give me an appointment? Secretary (Tita): Yes of course, when do you want your appointment? Patient (Karen): I want it on Wednesday, like 6:00 ó clock, it would be nice Secretary (Tita): Okey, perfect on Wednesday it’s fine. Second act The day’s appointment Patient (Karen): Hi I have an appointment at 6:00 ó clock Secretary (Tita): oh, well, let me check….oh, here it is 6 o’clock Patient (Karen): (laugh) can I come in to the consult? Secretary (Tita): I have to tell to the doctor and her assistant that you are here, and could you wait a few minutes please? (stand by) Secretary (Tita): Okey, they are ready to attend to you. Third act Asistent (Monse): hi, come in Dr (Luis): hello! good afternoon, how are you? Patient( Karen): well, I’m good, but I have a problem in a tooth Dr( Luis): okey, so take a sit and relax, I check you, and I will check your teeth, while, my asistent ask you a few a personal questions. Asistent (monse): so what’s your name? Patient(Karen): Karen Vieyra Viñas Asistent( Monse): how old are you? Patient(Karen): 20 years old Asistent(Monse): have you had systemic diseases at the moment? Patient( Karen): no I......

Words: 372 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Molecules 6 Drivers Ed

...Guns are weapons that should be feared, it is not something that should be seen every day in schools. We all know that the best way to end gun violence is to limit or prohibit gun ownership. But Gun Owners of America thinks differently. They want America’s schools to fight fire with even more fire. They are proposing to allow “principals and teachers who are qualified to carry guns in their states to do so at schools” (Source A),which I disagree with. This can result to even more violence, create an uncomfortable learning environment for students, and the chances of another school massacre happening are very slim. The extra protection will only last until poorly train guards choose to use their guns without full comprehension of the extends of their actions. There have been many incidents involving police and armed guards doing exactly that, many lives have been lost to these incidents. “A sheriff’s deputy was at Columbine High School during the shooting, fired his weapon early, missed four times, and the total number of victims rose to 13”(Source C). The armed guards are there to protect not to add to the number of casualties. An armed guard in the hallway might give some a sense of protection to some. However most would say a student wouldn't feel safe with armed men patrolling the halls. Schools are where student go to learn, and to some students, school is their safe place. How can you feel safe when you know there are people with guns roaming the halls just waiting......

Words: 565 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...Drivers Drivers come in many different types, and each has their own characteristics. When driving on the road, one can experience several different kinds of drivers which can be divided into three major categories: bad drivers, good drivers and ugly drivers. Most drivers want to reach their destination as fast as they can. However, not all drivers get there the same way. How they get there depends on which category they fall into. First of all, the bad drivers can be described as the morning mad-honker. These drivers are only experienced in a busy town in the morning. They are characterized by hollering, blowing of the horn, and anger. It is believed that their anger is derived from their procrastination in the morning as they prepare for work. Because they typically run late, they tend to speed and often cut off other drivers in the mornings. They can be observed swerving in and out of lanes in order to get back the time they wasted. In bumper to bumper traffic, they often honk and yell, as if these noises will make the vehicles in front of them move faster. People are not accepting of these kind of drivers because they believe that these bad drivers could cause a possible car accident. Secondly, in contrast to bad drivers are good drivers, who make up the majority of drivers. These drivers can be seen in all places. Because they always obey all the driving laws, they will get to their destination with the least amount of trouble. For example, a good driver is usually......

Words: 338 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Driver 1 and Driver 2

...Assignment 3 1. Some games of strategy are cooperative. One example is deciding which side of the road to drive on. It doesn’t matter which side it is as long as everyone chooses the same side. Otherwise, everyone may get hurt. Driver 2 Left Right Driver 1 Left 0,0 -1000 -1000 Right -1000, -1000 0,0 a. Does either player have a dominant strategy? Explain. No. There is no choice that will always have a higher payoff regardless of what the other player does. b. Is there Nash equilibrium in this game? Explain Assuming each player knows the strategies of the other, then yes, there is no benefit to changing a strategy unilaterally. c. Why this game is called a cooperative game? This game is cooperative because players can earn higher payoffs if they work together and drive on the same side of the road. 2. [pic] a. What is the firm’s Total Revenue? Produce were MR=MC, and charge price based on demand. So, total revenue is area A J E 0 (or A * E) b. What is the Total Cost? Total costs are shown by area B H E 0 (or B * E) c. What is the firm’s Total Profits? Total profits are area A J H B (or A-B * E) d. If the above monopolist were to behave like a perfectly competitive firm (operating in the long run),......

Words: 251 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Elderly Drivers

...The elderly are a great contribution to society in many ways. But while behind the steering wheel they quickly become a threat to all. I believe that imposing an age limit on driving and at said age limit requiring yearly examinations. Along with cheaper and more available public transportation will make the roads a safer place. As Anastasia Niedrich states in her article on elderly drivers “Department of transportation statistics report that drivers over seventy-five have the highest rate of pedestrian deaths of any age group”. The death of innocents is an unacceptable price to pay for the transportation freedom of a small group of people. I myself was hit by an elderly drive while ride my bike and was very luck to survive. That being said I don’t think every person over seventy is incapable of driving. But there should be a system in place to separate the capable from incapable. A simple yearly cognitive and visual test to insure the individual still has the necessary skills to competently operate a vehicle. Katherine Siggerud states that “no state uses a screening tool to evaluate physical or mental function”. I think the government needs to change that’s. An alternative for those deemed unfit would be public transportation. But by making it cheaper and more accommodating to the elderly I feel there won’t be as much of an outcry over revoking driving privileges. Larry Lipman say “Losing driving privileges is traumatic” but it doesn’t have to be if you make the...

Words: 437 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Drivers Ed

...Teen Driving Issues Project All project submissions will automatically be submitted by your instructor through Please remember the Academic Integrity Policies you agreed to and be sure to submit your own original work. What issues face teen drivers? Many issues and problems will be explored throughout the course, but you will need to dig a little bit deeper into the issue of your choice. You will select one of the following issues: · Road Rage · Teen Crashes · Drunk Driving · Cell Phones and Driving For research locations for each of the issues, view the Project Resources[->0] page. If you would like to work on different topic, please check with your Instructor before you begin any research. Grading: This project is worth 250 points. Parts I is worth 150 points and Part II is worth 100 points. View the Project Rubric[->1]. You should be working on your project as you are working through the course. Your project will be submitted to your instructor upon completion of Module Six. You can use the project template document as a guide for creating your project. To do this, first click the link above to view the document in a new browser window. Then under the Edit menu, choose Select All and then Copy. Then in your word processor, open a new blank document and choose Paste. You can then save this document onto your computer. Part I: Identify the Issue or Problem—Written What do I need to do? 1. Select a......

Words: 642 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Drivers Ed

...Dennis Cramer Ministries Level One Level One School of Prophecy © All rights reserved. No portion of this material may be reproduced without written permission of the author. The “Personal Prophetic” Mandate “The Lord does not want you to be just a prophetic man going here and there, sharing a prophetic word. He wants you to lay a prophetic foundation. He wants you to lay out a whole program whereby you go into a church and lay a prophetic foundation within the very framework and infrastructure of my people.” (personal prophecy spoken over Dennis Cramer, Oct. 1996) The “Amos” Mandate Amos said, “I do not come from a family of prophets neither am I a professionally trained prophet with a scholarly background... I have no formal prophetic training or education of any kind. Still, the Lord has commanded me to prophesy!” (Amos 7:14,15) The “Equippers” Mandate “And He gave some to be prophets—for the equipping of the saints” (Eph. 4:12). The Greek word for equipping implies: A recovered wholeness, as when a broken limb is set and mends. A discovered function, as when a physical member is properly operating. The task of the gifted leader is to cultivate the individual and corporate ministries of those he leads. As the “equipper” his job is to help each member find his function in God, experience wholeness in his ministry, and to help each member find his place of service to God. The “Communicators” Mandate “Educators take something simple......

Words: 2960 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Drivers Ed

...Running head: Blacks vrs. Whites Blacks vrs. Whites Rustan Allen Lucas Jefferson High School Black vrs. Whites Blacks vs. Whites “Racism is the belief that the physical characteristics of a person or group determines their capabilities and that one group is naturally superior to other groups.” (global,2016). Racism has been the central development of some laws. Some blacks are still recovering from racism. Blacks were enslaved and then brought to the United States of America from there countries. Briton convinced themselves that slavery was key to life. America was officially named after winning the war vs. Briton in 1771. In 178, slavery was driven out of the northern states but, still hung on in the southern states. Slavery wasn’t discussed during the constitutional convection held in the summer of 1787 in Philadelphia. In 1790, 757,000 blacks lived in the United States of America 700,000 were slaves, and 22% of families owned slaves. In 1860, 90% of blacks were slaves and the number of slave owning families dropped 10%. Slaves couldn’t: vote, marry, own fire arms, read, write, or talk back to their owners (whites). Any child with one white parent and one black parent, was considered 100% Black and got treated the same as the other blacks. If blacks broke the “black code” they could face jail time. Slavery ended with the souths defeat in 1865. Whites still tried to keep blacks at a lower social and economic positions. Blacks had designated areas every were.......

Words: 304 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Deivers Ed

... Quizlet  Driver's Ed - Texas Set containing 75 terms by musicgirl952  Flashcards  Learn  Speller  Test  Scatter  Like this study set? Create a free account List Scores Info You're either excited or scared to death at this very moment - you're about to take your permit test! Here's some helpful study questions. Answers are according to Texas Driver's Ed practice test. Original Alphabetical  What do you do in case of a blow-out? Steer firmly, take your foot off the gas and brake cautiously.  A flashing red traffic light means: Stop, look and yield before proceeding.  At 20 miles per hour, the reaction distance is: 44 feet.  The maximum fine for a person age 21 or older who is driving and drinking alcohol is: $500  When turning left from a three lane, one way street, you should turn from the: Left lane  A solid yellow line on your side of the center stripe means: Do Not Pass  When parking near a corner, you may park your vehicle no closer than: 20 feet from a crosswalk  If you are being passed, you should: Keep in your lane  You must always stop when: A traffic officer tells you to.  When you hear a siren coming, you should: Yield to the emergency vehicle.  If you are teaching a beginner to drive, you must: Be a licensed driver age 21 years or older.  You must give a signal either by hand and arm or by signal device: Anytime you change lanes.  If a child ran into the road 60-65 feet...

Words: 1495 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay


...also worked the night-shift at a local factory, in the Fisher Body Parts division making power window and door lock switches and cruise control devices. There, leaders used Blake’s and Mouton’s grid to assess the resources necessary to achieve increased productivity. The focus was on piece work and although we were paid by the hour, specific productivity standards were set in place; employees were just another cog in the gears of the manufacturing wheel. While exploring the Illinois U.S. Senate race in 2009, I revisited my childhood employer to discuss my past connection and current manufacturing trends. To my surprise, much had changed. The president said that the organization no longer focused on productivity as the primary organizational driver. Leader Member Exchange (LMX) Rocky Hendrickson a longtime business acquaintance, founder and president of Hallmark Automotive Group in Middle Tennessee once told me that,” the key to getting things done is to establish a tension of reciprocity.” In other words, he meant that when you do something for people, create an unspoken “tension” or compelling feeling to repay the act. Politicians and lobbyists are masters at manipulating “tension” and my father, a prominent labor leader, lived by it. When I was young, he used to say, “do something for other’s jimmy, and they’ll be indebted to you. It compels loyalty, feelings of indebtedness.” Officially, Rocky’s tension of reciprocity is called leader-member exchange or LMX for short.......

Words: 5641 - Pages: 23

Deadwood | Modded Flash Section | Read More