Premium Essay

Drugs and Society

In: Social Issues

Submitted By ginaluevas
Words 2048
Pages 9
Underlying the U.S. Drug Policy
“Drugs and Society: U.S. Public Policy,” edited by Jefferson M. Fish (2006) offers insight that would be helpful in future drug reform policies. In this book, Fish goes through an extensive history of drug policy in America, the influence of missionaries on drug policy and law, the nature of creating criminalization of addiction, the traditional justifications offered by pharmaceutical industry and psychology experts and in conclusion, he suggests that all of these are used to cover up deeper societal issues that existed previous to drug-induced conditions and that drug users are the “scapegoats” for all the wrongs in our society today.
One of the core issues that Fish presented is the effect of America history on drug policy and regulation. The beliefs of Christian missionaries, which originated in the opium control policies in the Dutch colonies, helped to drive the control of the use of narcotics (Fish, 2006). Many religious-minded people who believe behavior plays a key role in maintaining social order also instigated prohibition of alcohol. Nonetheless, these people have neglected the economic impact that these inhibitions may do to our society and that the government’s involvement may actually create and perpetuate a larger concern of all of society than the mere misbehavior by the users of the substance (Fish, 2006). Throughout the book, Fish explored the various facets of how U.S. drug policy has not alleviated the problems it sought to control, instead, it has created larger problems that led to a dangerous black market which now calls to the fore a demand for drug control policy reform.
The compilation of authors in the book, ranging from sociologists, economists, psychologists, to lawyers, offers a diverse review of different aspects that the U.S. drug policy has imparted on the American populace from various angles.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Impact of Drugs in Our Society

...t of drugs in our society Impacts of Drugs in our Society The importation of illicit drugs in the United-States is a close second to the import of petroleum. According to the NIDA, drug abuse has an economic impact on society of $67 billion per year. This includes costs related to crime, drug abuse treatment, medical costs and time lost from work and social welfare programs. NIDA also states that getting treatment can reduce these costs. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that more than 25,000 people died in 2003 from drug-induced effects. CDC further reports that 123,235 adults living with AIDS in the United States in 2003 contracted the disease from injection drug use, and the survival rate for those persons is less than that for persons who contract AIDS from any other mode of transmission. A close connection exists between crime and drug use. Alcohol and drugs account for 52 percent of all traffic fatalities, according to the Hazleden Foundation. In the U.S., 47% of all women diagnosed with AIDS are injecting drug users and another 19% report having sex with users who inject drug. Drugs and Crime There is a high impact on Society of drugs. It was found that drugs and crimes are interrelated, as demonstrated by researches done by the United States National Institute of Justice. The major impact on drug-addicts is that they prone to commit crimes.......

Words: 845 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Drug Abuse in the Society

...Drug use in society 2011 12/13/2011 Business Communication-2 Final Report (The viewpoint of iobm students on the use of drugs in our society) submitted to: Mr. Sheikh Irfan submitted by: Muhammad Moaaz Iqbal Afridi (11391) Asad Ali Roomy (10877) Muhammad Ali ( Muhammad Ali Qureshi ( Table of contents Contents 1. INTRODUCTION 9 1.1. Background: 10 1.2. Purpose statement 11 1.3. Limitations of research: 12 1.4. Main Research Questions: 12 1.5. Other research Questions: 12 1.6. HYPOTHESES 13 1.7. Population: 14 1.8. Research tool: 14 1.9. Methodology: 14 1.10. Scope of the research 15 2. LITERATURE REVIEW 16 2.1. TYPES OF DRUGS 17 2.1.1 Heroin 17 2.1.2 Cocaine 18 2.1.3 Methamphetamine 19 2.1.4 Crack Cocaine 20 2.1.5 LSD 21 2.1.6 Ecstasy 22 2.1.7 Opium 23 2.1.8 Marijuana 24 2.1.9 Psilocybin Mushrooms 25 2.1.10 PCP 26 2.2 DRUGS DUE TO DEPRESSION: 27 4.3 Peer Pressure and Drug Use 35 4.4 Drug enforcement agencies 36 4.5 Drug Trafficking in Pakistan 38 4.6 Statistics 40 5 Methodology 43 5.1 Questionnaire 44 5.2 INTRODUCTION 46 5.3 Research Findings 47 5.4 Data Analysis 51 6 CONCLUSION 65 6.1 Introduction 66 6.2 Recommendations 68 6.3 Bibliography 69 Letter of transmittal To: Sir Sheikh Irfan, business communication II From: Asad Ali Roomy, Mohammad Ali Qureshi, Mohammad Ali, Moaz Date: 8th December, 2012 Subject: Transmittal of report on “Use of......

Words: 8908 - Pages: 36

Premium Essay

Drugs

...DRUGS What is drug? A substance that alters the nervous system and consumed without a prescription, may be addictive and its use usually is socially or legally prohibited or restricted to the field of medicine. A legal drug complies with the rules or the laws established by the U.S. Department of Food and Drug Administration. Illegal drugs is contrary to law or is not permitted by law, it is illegal and is punishable in court with jail against crime to health to enforce the controlled substances laws and regulations of the United States and bring to the criminal and civil justice system of the United States the Drug Enforcement Administration is in charge of that. Both illegal and legal drugs have a big impact in society, but their effects are different with individuals and in the society. Drugs not only hurt the person taking it. A lot of other people around you suffer the consequences. The drugs interfere with the relationship with the environment, family and work, and they can seriously compromise the learning process, especially for youth and adolescents. In addition, the drug increased the risk of all types of accidents. Therefore, in addition to the individual consequences, is the whole society (in varying degrees) that suffers from drug problems. And these problems are of all kinds: health, economic, cultural, of insecurity. No wonder, therefore, that drugs pose a collective concern and that, to deal with its consequences, many countries have implemented......

Words: 1335 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Drugs

...Drugs A Term Paper Presented to: Mrs. Nora H. Cubal Mati School of Arts and Trades City of Mati, Davao Oriental In Partial Fulfillment Of the Requirements in English IV Presented by: Niño F. Sugaan IV-Zamora S.Y. 2012-2013 Table of Contents I- Introduction A. Statement of the Problem B. Significance of the Study C. Definition of Terms II- Discussion A. What is Drugs? B. Reasons why there are drug addicts C. How drug affects the personality of the user D. Drug addiction treatment III- Summary IV- Suggestion V- Bibliography Acknowledgements First of all I would like to acknowledge to my parents , teachers and classmates for their support and cooperation which help me in completion with this project and I would like to express my special gratitude to the industry for giving me such attention and time. My thanks and appreciation also go to my colleague in developing the project and people who have willingly helped me out with the use of their abilities I- Introduction A drug is a substance which may have medicinal, intoxicating, performance enhancing or other effects when taken or put into a human body or the body of another animal and is not considered a food or exclusively a food. What is considered a drug rather than a food varies between cultures, and distinctions between drugs and foods and between kinds of drug are......

Words: 2225 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Drugs in Society

...2. (a) Describe briefly our society's underlying motivations for the establishment of governmental regulation and the control of drugs and drug use, differentiating between regulating drug use and taking a laissez-faire approach. In the 1800 the United States took a Laissez-faire approach to drug use by individuals. A laissez-faire approach would be considered as the theory or system of government that upholds the autonomous character, believing that government should intervene as little as possible. It was up to the buyer and seller of the drugs to conduct business without the government getting in the way. Substances such as heroin, morphine, and cocaine are readily available and sold as part of "patent" medicines to cure everything from menstrual cramps to toothaches in children. The United States government started to intervene is such transactions so they could regulate drugs. It was believed that sellers were taking advantage of people by not properly disclosing the drug information. In this country, the restriction of use and distribution of drugs on a Federal level is less than 100 years old. In 1906 Food and Drug Act enacted-- strictly a "labeling law"-- only affected misbranded foods and drugs. Main concern was "patent medicines" that could be made up of tar, animal secretions, cocaine, heroin, or whatever and no one would know. As far as the law was concerned, the medicine could contain all of these as long as it was labeled properly. Previous to......

Words: 985 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Drug Addiction Is a Problem in Todays Society

...Drug Addiction is a Problem in Today’s Society Tony E. Harbour Research Writing/Com/220 April 3, 2011 Cheryl Drug addiction is one of the major problems in American society. Actually, almost every country faces such problems today. A lot of measures are taken to fight against drug abuse, and, definitely, some changes for the better are evident. However, this problem is not eliminated and, perhaps, will never be. Today, Americans are losing their jobs, families, and even their lives over the abuse. There are a lot of legal drugs that Americans are addicted to, but there are also a lot of Americans who are addicted to street drugs. Either way, drug abuse is drug abuse. Who does drug addiction affect? Drug addiction affects everyone from infants to adults. According to 2006 statistics from the Department of Health and Family Services concerning drug abuse there was an estimated twenty million Americans aged twelve or older who were current illicit drug users. These drugs included, but were not limited to marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or addictive prescription drugs. (Drug Addiction Support). (2006). Every day, you hear about people having babies who are addicted to crack as well as other drugs and most of us say to ourselves or other people “I’m glad that’s not me or anyone I know”, but what people fail to realize is that according to statistics, drug abuse and addiction cost Americans four hundred and eighty four billion...

Words: 1221 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Drug Abuse and the Society

...QBT Task 5 Question: Does drug abuse affect the society and the economy? Drug abuse is the misuse of prescription drug or use of illicit drugs to an extent that adversely affects the individuals health(Collins & Lapsley, 2008)It is a relapsing condition that affects an individual, family and the society and impacts on the quality of life of the family, victims of the abuser and the abuser.(Harwood, Fountain, & Livermore, 1998).According to Califano,2008,drug abuse in one of the top five official government killers, with recorded 40 million suffering from disabling and debilitating illnesses and injuries and death of about 600,000 Americans . Rampant use of illicit drugs by Americans started in the second half of the 19th century during The Civil War. During the same period, pharmaceutical companies added opiates and cocaine in their products (Califano, 2008, p. 19). Illicit drugs include (but not limited) marijuana, cocaine, heroin, amphetamine, methamphetamine and illicit use of legal psychoactive medications. (Harwood et al., 1998).Drug abuse affects individuals and the society, socially, economically and physically and is a contributing factor in increasing mortality and morbidity. (McGinnis & Foege, 1999). According to Harwood et al,1998, 23, drug-related deaths occurred in 2000 due to different causes, for instance poisoning, overdose, HIV, homicide and hepatitis B and C. Significant healthcare costs associated with consequences of drug abuse were estimated to 16...

Words: 2213 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Drugs in Modern Society

...Introduction Marijuana is a psychoactive drug made from the dried leaves and flowering parts of the hem plant (Dudley, 1999). Marijuana contains an active ingredient, tetrahydrocannabinol, known as THC. It is one of the most strictly classified illegal drugs in the United States. Marijuana is a schedule I substance. Schedule I means that marijuana has a high potential for abuse. It is illegal to buy, sell, grow, or possess marijuana in the United States. Marijuana is the most widely used illicit drug in the United States. Marijuana is derived from the plant Cannabis. War on Drugs Marijuana prohibition comprises a large part of the federal government’s War on Drug’s. Law enforcement officials made 600,000 marijuana-related arrests in 1995 (Gerdes, 2002). The criminal prohibition of marijuana, this represents an extraordinary degree of government intrusion into the private, personal lives of those adults who choose to use it. People convicted of marijuana offenses face penalties ranging from probation to life imprisonment, plus fines and forfeiture of property. The government spends millions of dollars annually on preventative programs such as Dare Abuse Resistance Education (DARE), in which local police officers visit schools to teach young people to refrain from trying marijuana and other drugs. Marijuana Medical Uses Despite federal laws prohibiting marijuana in 1996, California and Arizona passed state initiatives legalizing marijuana for medical use by......

Words: 1485 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Society and Drug Use

...Our Society and Drug Use With drug use becoming more and more common in our society, people are starting to look deeper into the reasons why people use drugs. Drugs are everywhere, in every community. According to the Foundation for a Drug-Free World; an estimated 208 million people internationally consume illegal drugs. What about the legal ones? Prescription drugs are being abused today more than ever before. Drugs do not discriminate against age, race, financial status, location, and etcetera. There are no simple answers. There are many reasons why drugs are so common in our society today. First of all, peer pressure is a huge factor in temptations to experiment with drugs. No one wants to be the only one not participating, or to be left out. Peer pressure happens in every high school and middle school in the country, and is pretty much a part of growing up. Young people are being exposed to drugs earlier than ever before. This often makes it very difficult to go against the group and stand up for your own beliefs. People tell others “everyone is doing it” or “how much fun they had getting high” or “how great the drugs made them feel”, pretty much anything to entice them into trying drugs. Teens and young adults are especially vulnerable because they think drug use can be easily controlled. It is just an experiment, right? They do not look past the party to see how things could turn out. Before they know it, they are addicted, and moving on to more......

Words: 668 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Drugs, Alcohol, and Society

...Alexis Serrano Drugs, Alcohol, and Society Response Paper 3 How do you feel about the complex history of LSD? I cannot believe how powerful and potentially dangerous it is. After learning about LSD, I am not surprised it was used somehow in the military. Using specific examples from the extra reading, what was most surprising to you about our government's handling of LSD? Used as a mind control agent in the military, can see why they used it back then although they never knew how dangerous it was; was only surprised at first. Do you think there is any credence to the concept of "bloodless war" through the use of psychedelics? The only time I would consider credence to bloodless war is when they used psychedelics in the military Why do you think most military and government officials never predicted the potential popularity of the substances they were experimenting with? It was only produced in California so they would not expect it to spread because not enough people even knew how to make it Also, what are your own personal feelings about the use of psychedelic drugs & what have your experiences been like with them? Never been involved with psychedelic drugs and if anyone around me used or uses them, I would not know. Does the motive behind use have influence over your opinions (i.e. college students eating mushrooms at a concert vs. attending a mushroom healing ceremony in the Amazon)? Motives behind use have not influenced me in any way.......

Words: 395 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Drugs

...Janaki Patel Club Drugs Club drugs are becoming more abundant in society nowadays and readily available almost everywhere you go whether it is on the streets of a hustling bustling city like New York, a suburb like Princeton, or schools like Harvard. Not just club drugs, but all kinds of drugs are readily available, but right now club drugs are on the rise statistically. A recent survey shows approximately “37.1% of 12th graders, 24.8% of 10th graders, and 12% of 8th graders reported that MDMA was "fairly easy" or "very easy" to obtain” (Drug Free Website). Clearly it is evident that these club drugs are easy to obtain by the average American teenager. So what are club drugs? Club drugs are drugs used at parties, raves, clubs, and discos to maximize their clubbing experience. These drugs help acquire the euphoric feeling by releasing a chemical in the brain called serotonin which makes you feel good. The most common type of club drugs are ecstasy, GHB, Rohypnol, and LSD. In addition to these drugs, there are many more part of the category of club drugs. However, sexual predators can misuse a couple of these drugs as the date rape drug. All these drugs have different effects on everyone. The attractiveness of these drugs have also gone up because of their uses and how increasingly readily available they are. The most common of the club drugs is ecstasy also knows as MDMA. MDMA stands for......

Words: 1239 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Drug Use and the Media: What Is the Influence on Society?

...focus on heavy drug use have been on the rise. One show in particular, Breaking Bad, has been a major hit with teens and young adults. A total of 10.3 million viewers tuned into watch the show’s series finale, 5.2 million of which were adults age 18-49 (Entertainment Weekly). Focusing on the drug business regarding crystal meth Breaking Bad depicts a thrillingly dangerous lifestyle. The show has developed a dedicated following, but one cannot help but wonder, what effect is this type of show having on its viewers? One might assume that television programming would have a strong influence on the habits of young viewers, so the main question is: what, if any, is the correlation between the increase in drug use on television and drug use among teens and young adults? There is a large amount of drug use on television, ranging from programming to advertising during commercial breaks. A study titled “Television Advertising and Drug Use,” published in the American Journal of Public Health, “investigated TV drug advertising as a factor in encouraging the abuse of legitimate and illegitimate drugs” (Peterson et al). The purpose of the study was to determine whether or not current National Association of Broadcasters (NAB) guidelines regarding drug advertising commercials are strict enough. While the discussion portion of the study revealed that there is room for improvement, it also stated: Our findings do not establish a causal link between drug advertising and drug abuse. However...

Words: 2927 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

The Impact of Drugs on Individual Society

...Impact of Drugs on Individual Society The Impact of Drugs on Individual Society As the nation grows, so does the impact of drugs within society. Social and cultural factors have helped to influence the supply and demand of drugs. In some social circles, drugs have had a major influence over behaviors, choices, and attitudes. Everyday stressors, such as work and family life, can help to increase drug usage. Individuals, who use drugs, believe that escaping their daily problems of life. The impact that drugs have had on individual society has been negative because it has increased criminal activities, health issues, addictions, and overcrowded the criminal justice system. Even though many organizations and groups have stepped forward to start anti-drug groups and have encouraged members of society to become drug free, the process has been slow. Throughout life, there will continue to be individuals who will always struggle with their interpersonal conflicts and think that using drugs is a way to solve their problems. There are ongoing studies and methods of research that view the perspectives of drug usage and its effect on society. Some people even feel that if drugs are legalized, then they would become less desirable. Actually, an addict will only stop once they feel that they had a need to do so. Drugs, within society, possess the thoughts of the addict and continue to allow for them to not realize their problem until it is too late. Society realizes......

Words: 301 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Drugs and Society

...John Finkbiner 12-12-11 Drugs and society 1. In the book, Strassman tries to illustrate through his clients the statement “these reports challenge our world view, and they raise the emotional intensity of debate: “Is it a dream? A hallucination? Or is it real?” “Where are these places? Inside or out?” in chapter 12, before introducing the different stories, Strassman states “Rarely did the DMT environment take center stage during someone’s trip” (p.176). There is no right way to answer those questions. Based on his volunteers and their experiences during their DMT trips, the one question that was answered was while tripping on this drug, what is reality? Different people saw different things, experienced different things, felt different things. But with all the people’s experiences, there were common themes in most trips; whether it was perceptions of DNA, seeing different shapes, seeing entities, or other things. From reading all of the examples, the questions above are answered by the participants as the trips are a reality. Strassman states this when he says “perhaps you think these perceptions are not so strange after all. We all dream of unusual places and things. However our volunteers not only saw these things, but felt an unshakeable certainty that they actually were there” (p.183). The volunteers all went somewhere in their trip. The felt real emotions. Aaron experienced elf like creatures standing along a highway in which he traveled regularly during......

Words: 1260 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Drugs

...Drugs Javier A. Dominguez COMM/215 Professor Kenneth Frawley Drugs One of our most important worldwide issues today is the elimination of illegal drugs. However, getting rid of said drugs is extremely tough and complicated. Despite the constant fight to get rid of the illegal drugs, they remain and continue being used in our culture. So why is there little success in taking care of the problem? It obviously is not a lack of effort. A strong attraction to drugs still exists, but it is the prevention of this thirst for drugs that we need to put our efforts and attention in order to eliminate illegal drugs from society. The biggest mistake is that we are focusing on correcting drug abusers instead of getting rid of the desire to use them. However, applying more laws and more severe punishments against the drug abuse problem has yet to prove to be an effective method. Every day, drugs continue to be produced, distributed, and used around the globe. We have attempted to find locations of drug users and a drug producer to “punish them”, but this method does not stop anything. In one recent study from the National Health Service (NHS) information centre of “6,519 school pupils, about 12% of children in England and Wales are likely to have used drugs in the last year” (Guardian 2012). We manage to track down places where the drugs are, and close them down to prevent any further distribution and/or producing of drugs. But again, this method is not effective because it...

Words: 839 - Pages: 4

December 25, 2018 | A Freira – (2018) Torrent – BluRay 720p/1080p Dublado + Ultra HD | Download Dual Audio | Ladies Diabetic Orthopaedic Easy Close Wide Fit Machine Washable Slippers Shoes