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Epidemiology and Health Promotion

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Developing Interprofessional Skills in Health Promotion & Public Health Practice.

Unit 1
Assignment 1
Epidemiology and Health Promotion

Epidemiology and Health Promotion 2008

Introduction
Epidemiology can be defined as ‘the study of the distribution and determinants of disease in communities’ (Ewles and Simnett, 2003, p108). It can provide health promoters with valuable information about the health of a population, assisting with the identification of particular health issues in a community. ‘Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health’ (WHO, 1984).

This assignment will examine four data statements in more depth to determine if the data could be used to inform the development of health promotion interventions.

Data 1
260,000 people in South east have type 2 diabetes. Source Diabetes UK

• What additional information would be needed?

To ascertain what information would make the data statement more meaningful, it is initially important to consider what demographic details are needed.
Demography is ‘the study of the statistics about a population, such as birth, death and age profile’ (Ewles and Simnett, 2003, p 334).
The figure of ‘260,000 people’ omits details of the population; it would be prudent to discover the age range, ethnicity, occupation and sex, of this group.

Analysing the demographic and socio-economic data whilst examining links between deprivation and rates of type 2 diabetes, would inform us of areas where health promoters could more appropriately target needs lead interventions.

As The Black report highlighted in 1980 and confirmed by Ewles and Simnett,
‘major determinants of health were concerned with social class, occupation, economic conditions, geographical location and gender’ (Ewles and Simnett, 2003, p12).

It could…...

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