Premium Essay

Ethical Power

In: Business and Management

Submitted By sudeepti11
Words 250
Pages 1
Power refers to the influence that leaders and managers have over the behavior and decisions of subordinates
Five Types of Power
• reward power • coercive power

• legitimate power

• expert power

• referent power
REWARD POWER
It refers to a person's ability to influence the behavior of others by offering them something desirable
COERCIVE POWER
It is the opposite of reward power. Instead of rewarding a person for doing something, coercive power penalizes actions or behavior
LEGITIMATE POWER
It stems from the belief that a certain person has the right to exert influence and that certain others have an obligation to accept it. The titles and positions of authority that organizations bestow on individuals appeal to this traditional view of power.
EXPERT POWER
It is derived from a person's knowledge (or the perception that the person possesses knowledge). Expert power usually stems from a superior's credibility with subordinates.
REFERENT POWER
It may exist when one person perceives that his or her goals or objectives are similar to another's. The second person may attempt to influence the first to take actions that will lead both to achieve their objectives. Because they share the same objective, the person influenced by the other will perceive the other's use of referent power as beneficial.
Reward power might serve as an incentive for doing a good work and hence it could serve as a reason for an ethical behavior. Legitimate power has a control over flow of actions that will monitor the employees from doing unethical…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Ethical

... Ethical Viewpoint Amanda M. Seeley GEN/200 September 24, 2012 Denise Juanico Ethical Viewpoint In completing the ethical lens inventory I became aware that my personal preferred lens is relationship and reputation lens. I strive to please everyone in the community equally. I take into consideration their emotions and thoughts to decide the best solutions. Even though I try to please everyone my process doesn’t always work I am arrogant in the process and forgot to keep in mind that not everyone has that same resources which can lead to unfair outcomes. Another blind spot I have is that I give unrealistic roles to individuals, forgetting that they are capable of making mistakes regardless of what I have assigned them to be responsible for. My strengths are that I aim for fair outcome for everyone. I want everyone voice to be heard no matter if they are rich or poor have power or not. I use critical thinking and research and carefully evaluate the problem before coming to a solution. My biggest weakness is I can get on a “power trip” I think that my way is the only way and believe that the rules don’t apply to me because of the position I am in. I forget that even though I may be a leader I am required to follow the same set of rules that I have set in place. I must remember that I don’t possess any special privileges and must follow the same rules as everyone else. The main value that comes along with relationship lens would be being FAIR. Everyone should be treated......

Words: 402 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Power

...Do you have power? Subtopic: Is it In you? (Acts 1:3-8) Acts (2 1-4) LUKE 24:45-49; 51-53 Then he opened their minds so they could understand the Scriptures.46 He told them, "This is what is written: The Messiah will suffer and rise from the dead on the third day,47 and repentance for the forgiveness of sins will be preached in his name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.48 You are witnesses of these things.49 I am going to send you what my Father has promised; but stay in the city until you have been clothed with power from on high." While he was blessing them, he left them and was taken up into heaven.52 Then they worshiped him and returned to Jerusalem with great joy.53 And they stayed continually at the temple, praising God. ACTS 1: 3-8 After his suffering, he presented himself to them and gave many convincing proofs that he was alive. He appeared to them over a period of forty days and spoke about the kingdom of God.4 On one occasion, while he was eating with them, he gave them this command: "Do not leave Jerusalem, but wait for the gift my Father promised, which you have heard me speak about.5 For John baptized with water, but in a few days you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit." 6 Then they gathered around him and asked him, "Lord, are you at this time going to restore the kingdom to Israel?" 7 He said to them: "It is not for you to know the times or dates the Father has set by his own authority.8 But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes......

Words: 399 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Communication, Power, Ethical Guidelines

...Assignment 4: Communication, Power, Ethical Guidelines Strayer University Outline the actions you would take to address major communication issues in a situation. Explain how these actions would improve the effectiveness of communications during the negotiation. Three of the most common types of communication problems are parties refusing to talk to each other, parties are not listening to each other, and when parties misunderstand or misinterpret each other. The actions that I would take to address major communication issues in a situation are (1) separate the people from the problem, (2) focus on interests, not positions, (3) invent options for mutual gain, (4) insist on objective criteria and (5) know what your alternatives are. First separating the people from the problem can help to separate relationship issues from what is important and allow parties to deal with them separately. Fisher, Ury, and Patton (1991) state “People problems, tend to involve problems of perception, emotion, and communication. Effective negotiation can be difficult to achieve when the parties involved have a different perception of the dispute. Second when negotiators are able to focus on their true interests and needs they can negotiate about the things that they really want and need and not what they say they want or need because they aren’t always the same. Parties often take positions that are created to oppose the other party’s position and......

Words: 2688 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Power

...Different Types of Power Power is said to be essential in order to survive and live as individuals. I agree with this statement because of the recent texts we have read including, “Things Fall Apart” by Achebe, “Night” by Wiesel, “The Prince” by Machiavelli, and “Julius Caesar” by Shakespeare. If I was asked to define power in my own words, I would define it as both an inner and outer strength and drive to continue and accomplish a goal despite any obstacles that may get in the way. Without power, I feel as though there would be hardly any hope for the future. If an individual was lacking power and had to face some sort of a difficult obstacle, whether it is an inner struggle or outer battle, there would be little chance of getting through the difficult situation. However, if an individual had great power they would be able to persevere through whatever challenge was thrown at them with ease. In “Night,” Wiesel used his inner power to persevere and survive through the Holocaust as well as his personal battle with his faith. In contrast, Nazi Germany used their power to discriminate against people not belonging to the Aryan race. Wiesel describes his strength during this horrific time well by writing, “We were the masters of nature, the masters of the world. We had transcended everything- death, fatigue, our natural needs. We were stronger than cold and hunger, stronger than the guns and desire to die, doomed and rootless, nothing but numbers, we were the only men on......

Words: 1217 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Power

...1. HIGHLIGHTS OF POWER SECTOR a Installed Generation Capacity (As on 31-07-08 ) All Thermal India Coal Gas Diesel MW 77198.88 14716.01 1199.75 %age 53.03 10.11 0.82 **Based on data as on 31.03.2008. b Capacity Addition Target during 11th Plan Hydro MW %age c 15627 19.9 Thermal 59693 75.8 Nuclear 3380 4.3 Total 78700 100.0 Hydro (Renewable) 4120.00 36158.76 2.83 24.84 Nuclear RES** Grand Total (MNRE) 12194.57 145587.97 8.38 100.00 Total 93114.64 63.96 Generation Capacity Addition Target/Achievement (2008-09) Hydro Target (MW) 1097.0 Achievement up to JULY' 08 (MW) 250.0 %age 22.8 Thermal Nuclear Total 9304.2 1319.8 14.2 660.0 0.0 0.0 11061.2 1569.8 14.2 d Electricity Generation Programme/achievement (2008-09) Hydro Programme MU 118450 Achievement up to JULY' 08 MU 41420.4 %age 34.97 e Thermal Nuclear Bhutan (Imp) 5624 2357.28 41.91 Total 631270 191002.85 30.26 19000 5352.86 28.17 774344 240133.42 31.01 Status of CEA Concurrence to Hydro Schemes Period Project report received Carry forward from Prev. year Under Accepted for Prelim. Exam concurrence 3 3 - Concurrence given by CEA Project reports returned to Developer 2007-08 2008-09 up to JULY' 08 13 4 3 4 2 10 2 f All India Thermal PLF (%) 2001-02 69.9 * Provisional 2002-03 72.2 2003-04 72.7 2004-05 74.8 2005-06 73.6 2006-07 76.8 2007-08 78.6 2008-09 ( UP TO JULY' 08)* 75.99 ENERGY SAVED IS ENERGY PRODUCED g All India Annual......

Words: 576 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Power

...Knowledge and Individual Power When someone hears the words “Knowledge and Individual Power” what might come to mind is the well-said and overused quote “ Knowledge is Power”. With these different poems is it is important to notice that although they might share a common theme of knowledge gaining and personal and individual empowerment within ones self, they are just that, representations of individuals own power. The three poems I am choosing to make examples of because after reading them they have stood out to me in concern with the topic of Knowledge and Individual Power, are “Theme for English B” by Langston Hughes, “Much Madness is Divine Sense” by Emily Dickinson and “Crazy Courage” by Alma Villanueva. These poems all in my opinion convey knowledge that helps can help and can also be essential to growth and a persons individual power. With the same topics or themes being portrayed they are simply just portrayed in different ways. In the poem by Langston Hughes “Theme for English B”, you can discover that personal experience and knowledge are things that people acquire in different ways, for each person and happen sometimes unusually. In this work of writing he makes a point for everyone to know that he is basically the only colored student in his class. He uses the classroom almost like a baseline and uses it to show that they are all separate parts that come together as whole, therefore making these “parts” all equal no matter race, age, size or other......

Words: 889 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Power

...you agree that power, unlike authority, should apply only to relationships where there is a conflict of interests?It could be said, that politics is the studyof the locus of power - where power lies, or should lie. This encompasses all the main questions of political theory: Liberty, in to what extent the state should have power over the individual; justice, in looking at in what circumstances power has been used illegitimately; democracy, inthe mechanisms of how state power should be rightly yielded. Even topics such as the communitarian/liberal debate can be seen to boil down to a question of power, in this case, similar to the study of liberty, the balance between individual andcommunity power is at the core of this question.The question above raises a specific point about the actual definition of power, to what extent is the concept of power inherently linked to a 'conflict of interests'. This question requires a close examination of power itself, and the first step in doing this is to look at Steven Lukes' distinction between one-, two-, and three-dimensionalviews of power.In his seminal work, Power: A Radical View, Lukes goes about deriving a definition of power in three stages. The first is the 'one-dimensional' definition of power. This is based on attempts by political scientists such as Dahl to define power in such a way so that it is possible toobserve how power operates in empirical examples. The core of this view of power isthe statement 'A has power over B to......

Words: 1827 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Ethical

...Hospitality Contents Introduction: 3 An overview of Bulgaria’s refugee’s crisis: 4 Stakeholders and Typology theories: 4 Definition of Stakeholders: 4 A typology theories of stakeholder: 4 Types of stakeholders: 5 Ethical Framework: 5 Applying stakeholder theories to this Bulgaria case: 5 Refugees: 5 Bulgarians: 6 European Union: 7 IS-terrorist attacks: 8 Apply the ethical approach into the view of the Bulgaria’s government: 8 Conclusion 10 REFERENCE: 10 Introduction: As we can see that ethics is perceived in different angles and aspects but it is, undeniably, an important role of ethics in our life. According to Noel Preston (2001, p.18) ethics indicates the general views of what is right, fair or good. It is also the core values, rules which we use to make our choices and actions. Similarly, (Boardman, 2005) said that ethics is applied naturally for many areas such as our own lives, business and an organisation. In our daily lives, making decisions and actions seem to be driven or motivated from/ by the certain standards or values. Furthermore, ethics target on evaluating the right or wrong behaviours of both individuals and the good or bad performance of an organisation. This report will evaluate the ethical approach which Bulgaria government uses to make the fence-line decision. This paper will be divided into four parts. The first part is going to summary the Bulgaria cases. The next part will come up with all stakeholders and......

Words: 2802 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Power

...Power is about achieving influence over others, the leader’s potential influence over followers. There are two sources of power, namely the position power and personal power. Position power is derived from top management, and it is delegated down the chain of command. Whereas… Personal power is derived from the followers based on the leader’s behavior. Charismatic leaders have personal power. Legitimate power is based on the user’s position power, given by the organization. Managers assign work, coaches decide who plays, and teachers award grades. These three positions have formal authority from the organization. Without this legitimate authority, they could not influence followers in the same way Reward power is based on the user’s ability to influence others with something of value to them. Reward power affects performance expectations and achievement. In a management position, use positive reinforcements to influence behavior, with incentives such as praise, recognition (with pins, badges, hats, or jackets), special assignments or desirable activities, pay raises, bonuses, and promotions. The use of coercive power involves punishment and withholding of rewards to influence compliance. The fear of lost valued outcomes or rewards—such as receiving poor performance evaluations, losing raises and benefits, being assigned to less desirable jobs, and hurting a relationship—causes employees to do as requested. Referent power is based on the user’s personal......

Words: 568 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Power

...communicating properly, relationships in the workplace will suffer. When there is miscommunication or no communication, relationships will start to fall apart. Employee’s become frustrated when they don’t get the answers, or have to work hard to get an answer at all. 5. Organization culture-Effective communication is essential for a positive culture at the workplace. Transparency in communication is mandatory at all levels for better understanding of work and better bonding among individuals. Communication plays an important role in increasing the comfort factor amongst the employees and eventually a healthy culture at the workplace. 6. Improves ethical behaviour-through establishing the code of ethics it promotes ethical behaviour among employees. The code of ethics provides the direction and guidelines for employees’ ethical...

Words: 314 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Power

...Power and Influence in the Workplace The Meaning of Power * Power is the capacity of a person, team or org to influence others * Not the act of changing someone’s attitudes or behaviors * Based on the target perception that the power holder controls * Involves the asymmetric dependence * Depends on some minimum level of trust * Trust indicates a level of expectation that the more powerful party will deliver the resource Sources of Power in Organizations * Legitimate Power * An agreement in orgs that people of certain roles can request a set of behaviors from others * Manager telling an employee what tasks to perform * Restrictions * Range in which power can be asked * Zone indifference (set of behaviors that individuals are willing to engage in at the other person’s request * Employees have this power over their bosses and coworkers through legal and administrative rights and informal norms * Norm of reciprocity: feeling of obligation to help someone who has helped them; informal rule of conduct we are expected to follow * Information Control: potent form of legitimate power * Information is a resource and those who need it depend on the gate keeper * Gate keepers gain power by selectively distributing information * Reward Power * A person’s ability to control the allocation of rewards valued by other to remove negative......

Words: 1425 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Power

...n one of the few in-depth treatments of power in conflict situations, Hubert M. Blalock begins by acknowledging something most of us know but rarely state: "The concept of power is both exceedingly slippery to pin down and yet indispensable in enabling one to analyze...."[1] Having defined power, as in physics, as having both potential and kinetic forms, he opts for the latter usage alone in his text. That is, he acknowledges power as both the capacity of an individual or group to accomplish something, and the actual doing of something, but he limits his discussion to "actions actually accomplished." Additional insights into understanding power are offered by Beyond Intractability project participants. This has two advantages. First, it dovetails with how most of us think about power most of the time. Second, it is easier to quantify. It is much easier to measure something that has occurred than something that is a possibility. An actual occurrence is a fact that can be checked. There may be disagreement on the sources of its occurrence, but the argument about its occurrence is likely to be short-lived if adequate facts can be brought to bear. If one side has won in a disagreement (in that it has gotten the other to do something it wanted), we have prima facie evidence that the first is more powerful -- or at least has exerted more power -- than the second. Since concerns of relative power are important in conflicts, it is helpful to have a clear picture of who......

Words: 2563 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Power

...Power in Lydman & Associates (L&A) Smita Mhatre has recently been recruited by Lydman & Associates for the position of Senior Manager. She has been given the charge of heading the Department of marketing. Malcolm, a top technology manufacturing company has approached L&A for a marketing strategy solution to launch their new product line. Malcolm requires the marketing strategy to be rolled out at the earliest in order to get a competitive edge in the market. Anshuman Gupta, the Associate Vice-President (AVP) has oriented Smita about the project of Malcolm and has stressed on the importance of delivering the marketing strategy at the earliest. Smita needs to bring her marketing team to work as efficiently as possible. The team comprised of – 1. MBAs from prestigious institutes who possessed high intellectual knowledge 2. Individuals with work experience ranging from 5-10 years 3. Freshers out from private MBA colleges She observes that there is a wide diversity in the team and brining the team together was a challenge. To add to the challenge, Smita was just 3 years senior to most of the team members and even younger to some team members who had 5-10 years of work experience. She received different kinds of responses from each group. Soon she realized that she was facing difficulties in influencing the team. While the freshers adhered to her, the MBA and the experienced set of team members didn’t comply with her. Smita was faced with a......

Words: 350 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Power

...understand the process of change. The Power Motive. DAVID G. WINTER. New York: Free Press; London: CollierMacmillan, 1973. xix + 373 pp., figures, tables, 5 appendices, bibliography, index, n.p. (cloth). Reviewed by VIJAI SINGH University o f Pittsburgh This is a study of the power motive in individuals using objective techniques of psychological research. Winter carefully examines theoretical and methodological issues surrounding the power motive and utilizes relevant contributions of others in appropriate contexts to show the relevance of his work. 364 AMERICAN ANTHROPOLOGIST [77,1975] The power motive in this study is defined total N power and uncorrelated with fear of as “a disposition to strive for certain kinds power. Fear of power is less highly corof goals, o r to be affected by certain kinds related with N power. Hope for power and of incentives” (p. 17). Empirically, it in- fear of power have different action correlates. volves categories of apperception that in- For instance, those with fear of power prefer crease under conditions of power arousal autonomy and informal structure and avoid and that are measured through thought, responsibility under the supervision of more images, and themes in power contexts. The powerful others. This aspect of power which connection between power motive and includes both approach and avoidance action distinguishes various kinds of power behavior should be studied to better (when power has been broadly defined). The......

Words: 1371 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Power

...The definition of Power as found in the Webster dictionary is said to be- to have possession or control over others; to have political or national strength. Although the theme of power is displayed throughout the plays of Macbeth, Richard III, and the Movie The Final Days, the use of power throughout the three were used and displayed in different ways. Power was used for good and bad. It was also used in different ways for different reasons to get different things done. In the play Macbeth, there are these witches that predict that Macbeth will be made thane of Cawdor and later King of Scotland. They also predict that Macbeth’s companion; heirs would later be crown king. Macbeth was captivated by what the witches told him about becoming King that he did not know what to expect or what he would do when the prediction was to become true, showing that he would not know once he grasp the power of Kingship. Couple nights later Macbeth went to go and have dinner with Duncan castle. Macbeth tells the wife of the prediction of witches about him being king and the wife takes it into her hands to try getting the crown for her husband. Lady Macbeth tells Macbeth to kill Duncan because that is the only way he will become king. She uses her power over her husband and forces him to take action and kill Duncan. When Macbeth arrives at his castle, she persuades him to kill the king that very night. After killing Duncan and the Chamberlin Macbeth receives the crown and becomes King of......

Words: 1890 - Pages: 8

Baixar toque para celular | Adventure | Porsche Carrera 4S (997)