Premium Essay

Families in to Kill a Mockingbird

In: English and Literature

Submitted By assiaa
Words 629
Pages 3
bouraghda assia llcer l1

TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD : the family and social values

To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee might be the greatest novel of the 20th century. The story puts the finger on family and social values that has made it appealing to all generations of readers.
The narrator uses the small town of Maycomb and the Finch family as the basis of her story for describing family values. "Maycomb was an old town, but it was an old tired town when i first knew it" p.5

Nearly all the families in TKAM are atypical, even if the Finch seems to be the most normal in the novel. in fact Atticu's family is still unusual: it is a single-parent family and his children call him by his first name. Harper Lee uses the 1st person narrative to put the reader in the shoes of Scout, a tomboy daughter of Atticus Finch. Scout is an intellingent and neither She nor her brother Jem have any close friends, but only Dill who comes to visit each summer. Atticus is one of the only parents that takes time with his children. Him and Scout would read everyday for example. the only motherly touch in the house comes from Calpurnia, the african american housekeeper. Nevertheless, the Finch serves as role models I mean The novel traces the life of Scout, her brother Jem and Atticus over many years.

Meanwhile, Harper Lee uses great descriptors and try to show the values of the other dysfunctional families found in Maycomb:

The Ewells are "the disgrace of Maycomb for three generations" in part because of the lack of a mother as the Finch, its a single-parent family Bob. they too are a single-parent family. But in contrary to Atticus, Bob spend little time with his children. he's sometimes drunk and He turns over the parenting responsabilities to his oldest daughter Mayella who tries her best (but who's mothering skils are very limited). The children have no role model, so they…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

To Kill a Mockingbird

...trial as the jury consists entirely of white people and even though Tom’s case is stronger than the Ewells he does not have much chance. In conclusion, Harper Lee engages the reader’s sympathy using techniques such as description and dialogue. Using these two techniques, Lee creates imagery in the mind of the reader to help them to sympathise for Tom. Later in the novel, Tom Robinson is killed and this engages the reader’s emotions as the reader’s sympathy towards Tom has been built up through out the trial. His death leaves the reader sad and angry because of the unjust way in which he was convicted. Tom is the mockingbird in the story because he only tries to make Mayella happy just like a mockingbird would through its singing. Tom Robinson was killed for an unfair reason as Atticus said early on in the book, ‘it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird’. This quote from Atticus makes the reader feel sympathetic for Tom as it shows how the Finches have all the compassionate values and the reader feels angry that the other white people can’t realise such values. Reuben Walker...

Words: 881 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

To Kill a Mockingbird

...“To Kill A Mockingbird” “ There is no greater heresy than to do the right thing for the wrong reason or moreover the wrong thing for the right reason” this quote by Victor Hugo runs parallel to Harper Lee’s gripping tale of right and wrong, good and evil. “To Kill A Mockingbird” is a intricate and symbolic masterpiece of the intertwining elements of positive and negative, and how when they occupy the same space no becomes hardly recognizable from the other In this story, a well to do family is faced with very compromising scenarios that causes them and the reader alike to question certain core principles that are supposedly innate, and guides them through a journey of racism, pride, deceit, judgment, and finally reconciling all of these. All characters in the novel perpetually orbit around sentiments of morals and social acceptance and to deal with these themes in a realistic manner. The very title of the story “To Kill A Mockingbird” speaks the nuance of wrong invading or violating what is right. Atticus Finch, the patriarch of the family, has the most explicit encounter with moral injustice and the ordeal of fighting against it. As a lawyer in a small, southern town, Finch is endowed, voluntarily no doubt, with the dubious responsibility of representing an African American man in a criminal case of rape. The small town of Maycomb, Alabama is very racist and Atticus’s decision does not go over well with most of the citizens there. In order to appease the majority......

Words: 953 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

To Kill a Mockingbird

...When visiting a town like Maycomb, you see the “tired old town” evolve into much more when you meet the people inside the boundaries (Lee 5). This community is much like a quaint neighborhood filled with a society of much potential. Each person has their own goals in life, but when you get into the mind of each individual you may seem to notice the various ideas and beliefs that they want for their community. Behind every closed door, someone inside has a corrupt secret or being that would not go beyond his or her mind. When entering Maycomb, you only see the top layer of it all, but when it starts to unravel that is when you know whom your neighbors really are, crooked. In To Kill a Mockingbird, you will begin to see the crime and corruption, behind every whisper. Corruption is like a shadow, following you everywhere; all you have to do is peel off each layer to find the truth. Each person will be known as a fine citizen but in reality they live behind a mask of shame and regret. In some situations they will be portrayed as an evil being but will be found to be the opposite. During this time of hate, the white man will come and be manipulative and greedy: while the black man is faithful and loyal to his companions. Good neighbors will be known to be prejudice and stereotypical of one another. “It’s like bein’ a caterpillar in a cocoon, that’s what it is,” he said. “Like somethin’ asleep wrapped up in a warm place. I always thought Maycomb folks were the best folks in......

Words: 1168 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

To Kill a Mockingbird

...To Kill A Mockingbird A summary of the novel by Harper Lee Doris Griffin Colorado Technical University Online June 23, 2012 Author Note This paper was prepared for LITR240-1202B-09, Phase 5 IP, taught by Professor Daniel Lambert. Abstract Harper Lee wrote only one novel in her life. To Kill A Mockingbird, in a research done by the Book-Of-The-Month Club in 1991 ranked second to the Bible. The novel still draws a million new readers each year. The novel contains two stores, the innocence of childhood as told by Scout and the story of her father who was asked to defend a Negro who was accused of raping a white woman. (Shields, C., 2006) Two of the themes of the novel are justice and tolerance. The two are joined together when Atticus explains to Scout how to understand all kinds of people by walking around in their skin. (Shields, C., 2006) To Kill A Mockingbird is a story to learn a life’s lesson from. The innocence of a child is genuine and they are taught racism and hate by their elders. Children at a young age do not see black or white, rich or poor, or understand what racism means. They are just children who believe that everyone is good and they trust with all their hearts. To Kill a Mockingbird The story is set in and old town in Alabama, Maycomb. The town is described as a quiet and dull town in the 1930’s. Scout is one of the main characters in the story. She is naïve and innocent as children are. She has an older brother, Jem,......

Words: 1254 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

To Kill a Mockingbird

...To Kill A Mockingbird Essay “Be kind, for everyone you meet is fighting a harder battle.” Being compassionate is understanding someone and their needs, and being sensitive is more about yourself personally . Scout is a really smart girl who we learn is joyful and caring in the beginning, but as the book goes on, she sees the tough life of growing up in a racist community and the problems that come along with it. In the book To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee, Scout demonstrates sensitivity and compassion towards other people. she feels like everyone should be treated equally which she learned from her father Atticus, and she puts others first. Scout wants to give to others even if sometimes she can't. Scout shows compassion and sensitivity because she wants everyone to be treated equally. Scout wanted to play with Walter but Aunt Alexandra didn’t let her. “‘But I want to play with Walter, Aunty, why can’t I?’ She took off her glasses and stared at me. ‘I’ll tell you why,’ she said, ‘Because- he – is – trash, that’s why you can’t play with him. I’ll not have you around him, picking up his habits and learning Lord-knows-what. You’re enough of a problem to your father as it is.” (Lee 227) Aunt Alexandra obviously doesn't want scout associating herself with Walter, she thinks Walter is below everyone else because his family is poor. Scout doesn't care about his social class .Scout knows the only reason she can’t hang out with Walter is because of his social class; She wished......

Words: 721 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

To Kill a Mockingbird

...”(30) This is a lesson that Atticus Finch, from Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird, emphasized to his children, teaching them to view the world from another’s perspective before judging them. Atticus displays this quality of human tolerance towards his neighbors although he could have strong reasons to dislike them. He also familiarizes his children with this lesson through their own difficult situations. Atticus Finch proves to be a superlative example of human tolerance through his empathetic attitudes towards narrow-minded people including Mrs. Dubose, Bob Ewell, and the Cunninghams. Through these moments, his daughter, Scout, is ultimately able to understand this lesson taught by her father through a climatic moment with Boo Radley at the end of the novel. Illustrated through difficult situations with Bob Ewell and Mrs. Dubose, Atticus demonstrates his understanding attitude. First, when Atticus hears from Scout that Mrs. Dubose is calling him a “nigger-lover,” he understands that she is an acrimonious woman because she is a morphine addict. Later, when Jem and Scout hear that Mrs. Dubose is dead and learn about her addiction, they realize they had judged her without knowing her circumstances and see how courageous she truly was. Atticus’s tolerant attitude was also displayed when Bob Ewell spit in Atticus’s face after the trial. Atticus understood that Mr. Ewell was from a poor, untrustworthy family and Atticus had taken away all of his integrity. He views......

Words: 800 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

To Kill a Mockingbird

...To Kill a Mockingbird, by Nelle Haper Lee was published in 1960, after the 1954 Supreme Court case Brown v. Board of Education and during a time of increasing civil rights unrest (Johnson). It was also a time of great social change in the United States, and a novel about the racial injustices of 1930s Alabama carried a powerful message to its readers. After the Brown v. Board of Education ruling, literature and literacy were used to expose and educate on racial injustice (Prendergrast 2). The dominant theme of the novel is prejudice and ultimately the courage needed to overcome prejudice. There are three main types of prejudice that are explored in the novel; racial prejudice, social prejudice and fear of the unknown. Racial prejudice is present throughout the novel in the people of Maycomb’s everyday life, as it is a novel set in the ‘deep south’ of America in the 1930’s. This period is not so long after the American civil war, so slavery’s abolishment had occurred not all that long ago, and the horror of slavery was still on the mind of many black people at the time (Brundage 86). Because of this, most people’s attitudes towards black people had not changed very much. The situation that shows the best examples of racial prejudice is the trial of Tom Robinson. In his trial, Tom Robinson is misjudged and mistreated because he is black. One of the clearest examples of this is the way in which Mr. Gilmer, Tom’s prosecutor, calls Tom “boy.” He uses a tone of voice......

Words: 1526 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

To Kill a Mockingbird

...but doesn’t know what is going on around her. Scout’s kindness is displayed when Dill becomes ill during the Tom Robinson trial. Scout is very strong willed and loves her family and will do almost anything for them with whatever it takes. Scout is smart, kind, and strong-willed which allows her to develop into a courageous young woman. At the beginning of the novel, Scout was a good-hearted six-year-old child who had a lot of innocence. One of Scout’s first experiences of how innocent she was, is when she learns about Boo Radley. Boo Radley starts a game with Scout and Jem that makes them excited and act childlike. "Tin-foil was sticking out of a knot-hole just above my eye level, winking at me in the afternoon sun. I stood on my tiptoe, hastily looked around once more, reached into the hole, and withdrew two pieces of chewing gum minus their outer wrappers” (Lee 33). One of the first indications that Boo Radly wants to be friendly toward the children and has noticed their interest. By leaving simple, harmless and thoughtful gifts for them, it becomes clear that the children like the game. Scout does not realize that the gifts may be a gift from Boo. So she goes along with the game. Though Scout is still a child, her innocence will still be with her, even if she is getting older. As To Kill a Mockingbird progresses, Scout shows her kindness. Scout presents her kindness during the Tom Robinson Trial. During the trial she recognizes that Dill has become ill during the......

Words: 661 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

To Kill a Mockingbird

...To Kill a Mockingbird: Essay Explore the growth to maturity of Scout in the novel To Kill a Mockingbird. Maturation is one of the most important themes in the novel To Kill a Mockingbird, and one of the characters to whom this theme applies the most is Scout Finch, the narrator. Starting out as a young, tomboy character who is naïve and immature, over the years in which the novel is set a change in her behaviour becomes prominent, as she acquires more grown up behaviours and beliefs. Arguably the most important change in Scout’s character is her learning to understand other people and their desires and needs, rather than just her own. A notable example of this is her treatment of Boo Radley. At the beginning of the novel, the children’s games concerning his lifestyle and family history demonstrated childish and immature fantasies and, ultimately, a selfish obsession with him, revealing no thought of Boo’s feelings or point of view. Atticus advises them against this habit, telling the children to “stop tormenting that man”. The Radley games is also the one of the first times in the novel when Atticus uses one of his commonest pieces of advice: to “climb into his skin and walk around in it”. However, as the novel progresses, it is obvious that Scout and Jem do become more thoughtful of Boo Radley, stopping their constant annoyance of him, and starting to realise Boo’s sentiments as well. This is shown when Jem has an epiphany that the reason “Boo Radley’s stayed......

Words: 1231 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

To Kill a Mockingbird

...“Simply because we were licked a hundred years before we started is no reason for us not to try to win.”(87) Courage is facing up to your fears and does not require you to be powerful or intelligent, but it involves making a change for the better and sticking to it as well as standing up for your right even if it is expected you fight against your own people. Atticus Finch, an honest lawyer in Harper Lee's novel "To Kill a Mockingbird" teaches the children that courage can be portrayed as both physical bravery and strength, but fighting for what is right regardless of whether you win or lose takes more strength in character, and is ultimately more courageous. This is revealed to us by the children's original belief courage being physical, the idea of Ms Dubose's bravery and similarly, Atticus' strong moral courage. Atticus fits into this definition of what courage is and demonstrates it several times throughout the novel. Finally, Scout and Jem show courage of their own by challenging their former attitudes. Scout and Jem learn from Atticus a very traditional sense of courage and masculinity. One of the first examples of physical courage Atticus sets is when he steps into the street to shoot the rabid dog. “I haven’t shot a gun in thirty years.”(109, ch10) Although he was completely uninterested in proving anything to his children, he showed them that you can’t back down from a dangerous situation, if there's the chance for other people getting hurt. Another example of......

Words: 1061 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

To Kill a Mockingbird

...Zach McKinnell Mrs. Ivey Honors English 9 2\8\15 To Kill A Mockingbird was one of the best books of the twentieth century. It has lots of good morals and shows how people learn lessons. In this book there are many instances where people follow Atticus’ advice. When he says you need to walk in someone’s shoes before you can judge their lives. Throughout the book people learn about this lesson more and more. One example is when Scout walks in Boo’s shoes. During the story Scout was on Boo’s porch and was finally getting a view from Boo’s eyes. She said this is as close as you can get to walking in somebody’s shoes. She realizes Boo isn’t really the bad person everybody thinks he is. She realizes he really has a good heart and is a really kind person. She realized how it would have affected him if Atticus would not have lied. She saw how he saw the town and the people in it. Another example is Atticus and Heck walking in Boo’s shoes. They both realize that they have to lie to protect Boo. They realize Boo doesn’t want all the attention of being a hero. They both see he is a really good man. They see he’s never done anything wrong and doesn’t deserve to be brought out of his comfort zone. They compared it to killing a mockingbird, because a mockingbird does nothing but make pretty music and never hurts anyone, so why kill it? They walked in Boo’s shoes and saw why they should protect him from the attention and everything he doesn’t want. The next example is Jem......

Words: 456 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

To Kill a Mockingbird

...In the Pulitzer Prize winning novel, To Kill A Mockingbird, written by Harper Lee, the novel commences by introducing the three main characters Charles Baker “Dill” Harris, Jean Louise “Scout” Finch, and Jeremy Atticus “Jem” Finch. These three children are the focus of the revolutionary piece, which is settled in the farmers city of Maycomb, Alabama in the early years of The Great Depression. Why does the author include the third character Dill, why didn’t Lee focus only on the two Finch siblings? Possibly Lee meant to establish Boo within the plot to emphasize the children’s friendship. Perhaps this can be explained with; the Greek philosophy of Pythagoreanism, the Bible, and the compatible characters of the children. The story of how these children met was arbitrary; however, these were the years that will never be forgotten due to the mystery of Boo, the youngest within the Radley family. Arthur “Boo” Radley is a character in the novel that keeps Dill, Jem, and Scout together by arousing their curiosity. Boo could possibly be a psychotic ex-con and this only drives the kids deeper into the rumors about him. Boo is a mysterious recluse that leaves the entire neighborhood filled with questions. The mystery of Boo Radley is what initially brings the children together as a group and continues to be the glue that holds them together. Lee perhaps incorporated the Pythagoreanism a philosophy established by Pythagoras. This philosophy involves the theory of the perfection......

Words: 617 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

To Kill a Mockingbird

...Final Analysis on “To Kill A Mockingbird” by Harper Lee Jackie Berry Colorado Technical University LITR 240 Prof. Peggy Huey May 9, 2011 Abstract When an author writes novels, short stories, or poems, most of their ideas come from life experiences. The author is trying to send a message that may mirror what the reader can understand. Many writings address conflicts, themes and symbolism. Harper Lee (2006) introduced many of these elements into her novel “To Kill a Mockingbird”. Harper Lee gives accounts of the story as if she was a young child and learns many life lessons that change her life forever. “To Kill a Mockingbird” by Harper Lee To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee (2006), takes place a small populated town in Maycomb, Alabama. The author has taken us back when hatred and prejudice is very common in the 1930s. Atticus, Scout, and Jem Finch are frowned upon because Atticus is defending a black man of allegedly raping a white woman. Atticus uses this opportunity to teach Scout and Jem morals that we teach our children today. Atticus teaches Scout and Jem to not to be judgmental towards anyone, not be afraid to stand up for what is right, and violence does not solve anything. Jem and Scout will also learn the true symbolizing of why it is a sin to kill a mockingbird. Harper Lee described the town of Maycomb as being a very poor and run down. The community is very small and everyone knew each other. The blacks and whites are divided and some......

Words: 1623 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

To Kill a Mockingbird

...Analysis of “To kill a mockingbird” Saryuna Rinchino, gr. 02193 The story under analysis is an extract from a novel “To kill a mockingbird”. The book was written by Harper Lee in 1960. Harper Lee was born in 1926 in the state of Alabama. In 1945-1949 she studied law at the University of Alabama. “To kill a mockingbird” is her first novel and after being published it was highly acclaimed and even was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in 1961, one of the most important awards in literature. The book became an international bestseller and was adapted into screen in 1962. The events of the novel “To kill a mockingbird” take place during a difficult time in the South. At that time black people were treated as people of lower level than white ones. Racial Discrimination was running high in the South as a whole, especially in Alabama. Many details of “To kill a mockingbird”are apparently autobiographical but Harper Lee insisted that the novel is fully a work of fiction. The events of the extract take place in the court of Maycomb County. Two small children secretly came to the trial and was sitting there the whole trial. A Negro, Tom Robison by name, was falsely accused in rapping a white woman. But Atticus, a defender and the two children’s father, was absolutely sure in his innocence and tried to give all necessary facts to persuade the jury. Actually it was the white woman’s father, Bob Ewell, who had bitten her as he had seen her kissing Tom Robinson. And also it was Mayella Ewell......

Words: 1233 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

To Kill a Mockingbird

...Persuading the Future Generation "The test of courage comes when we are in the minority. The test of tolerance comes when we are in the majority." (Ralph W. Sockman) In the novel To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee describes the ways a community’s stupidly can provoke Prejudice and bias can cause a person’s true immaturity to be released. Prejudice and bias are created by the lack of knowledge, fear itself, and the need to have something to blame all our problems on and staying calm and collected will overcome this dilemma. Ignorance and the lack of knowledge can block someone from seeing that what they are doing is wrong. At the beginning of To Kill a Mockingbird scout is too naïve and immature to see that everyone can be different and that is alright. When Jem invites Walter Cunningham over for dinner, without knowing what she was saying she called out Walter for “(drowning) his dinner in syrup” (32). Scout was slightly making fun of Walter because he was different and she wouldn’t accept that. She didn’t understand what she said embarrassed Walter because of her ignorance. Scout’s bias was coming from the fact that Walter comes from a family of farmers. The Cunningham’s don’t even make enough money to provide the children with proper meals. Another instance that the children were showing prejudice and bias was when it came to anything about the Radley house. Both of the Finch kids believed that if they “even touch the trees over there [they would] get killed”’ (45). This...

Words: 858 - Pages: 4

La Naissance du dragon | Anthony Del Negro | Temporada 1