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Fht 4 Task 1

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By ginx
Words 2367
Pages 10
Human Development & Learning
FHT 4 601.2.1-02

During the last few decades, psychologists have put forth many theories regarding cognitive development, especially as it relates to education. Two that I feel align most with my own ideas of how children best learn are the theories of Jean Piaget and Lev S. Vygotsky. They both developed theories that have been accepted throughout the educational arena, and in fact are still taught in education classes to today. They strived to learn and understand the best way, the best age, and the best environment for children to develop their cognitive ability. Before we discuss their theories we first need to define cognitive development.
The literal meaning of cognition is “knowing,” defined as the “mental act or process by which knowledge is acquired” (Mcleod, 2007), and development is defined as “orderly and lasting growth, adaptation, and change over the course of a lifetime” (Slavin, 2009, p30). To simplify cognitive development means the acquisition of knowledge that grows, and lasts throughout a life span. Before cognitive development can take place, there must be cognitive learning. Cognitive learning is the process of acquiring knowledge for processing. The acquired knowledge is processed by our brain into higher thinking skills in a, “a series of gradual, orderly changes by which mental processes become more complex and sophisticated.” That is cognitive development, (Slavin, 2009, p31).
The first stage of cognitive development is cognitive learning. This is when our brain takes in information by watching, reading and experiencing the stimuli around us. The brain processes the information and makes it available for later recall. That is cognition, or "knowing." Cognitive development takes place as the information is processed into skills that we use daily, such as, reasoning, problem…...

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