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Ghazali

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EL-MÜNKIZÜ M‹N-EDDALÂL
(Huccet-ül ‹slâm ‹mâm-› Muhammed Gazâlî) “kuddise sirruh”
Bismillâhirrahmânirrahîm
Her kitâb›n ve makâlenin bafl›nda, kendisine hamd ile bafllanan Al- lahü teâlâya hamd ederim. Risâlet ve nübüvvet sâhibi Muhammed Mus- tafâya “sallallahü aleyhi ve sellem”, âline ve eshâb›na “r›dvânullahi teâlâ aleyhim ecma’în” salât ve selâm olsun!
Ey din kardeflim! Benden ilmlerin gâyesini ve s›rlar›n›, mezheblerin insan› helâke götürenlerini ve özelliklerini aç›klamam› istedin. Birbirine z›t olan çeflidli f›rkalar›n ve yollar›n aras›ndan hakk› bulup, ortaya ç›karmak için çekdi¤im s›k›nt›lar›, taklîdden kurtulup, do¤ru i’tikâda nas›l ulafld›¤›- m› bildirmemi istedin.
Önce kelâm ilminden fâidelendi¤im noktalar›, ikinci olarak hakîka- te ulaflmakda, sâdece ma’sûm kabûl etdikleri imâmlar›n› taklîd etmeyi kâ- fî gören ehl-i ta’lîmin (‹smâ’îliyye, bât›niyye f›rkas›n›n) yollar›n› nas›l bul- du¤umu soruyorsun. Üçüncü olarak da, hakîr ve hafîf gördü¤üm felse- fecilerin yollar›n› soruyorsun. Netîce olarak tesavvuf yolunu be¤enip, kabûl etdi¤imi, tesavvuf ehlinin sözlerini ve hâllerini inceledi¤imde, ö¤- rendi¤im hakîkatlerin bende b›rakd›¤› intibâlar› soruyorsun.
Yine Ba¤dâdda pekçok talebeye ders verip, ilmi yaymakda iken, bundan niçin vazgeçdi¤imi, uzun bir aradan sonra Niflâbura dönüp, tek- râr ilm ö¤retme¤e bafllamam›n sebebini aç›klamam› istedin.
Bunlar› sormakdaki samîmiyyetine inanarak, arzûnu yerine getirmek için cevâb›n› yaz›yorum. Bu husûsda Allahü teâlâdan yard›m diler, ona te- vekkül ederim. Muvaffak etmesi için düâ ederim. Ona s›¤›narak derim ki:
Allahü teâlâ sizi do¤ru yolda bulunma¤a, muvaffak etsin. Hakîka- te boyun e¤menizi kolaylafld›rs›n. ‹nsanlar›n, çeflidli din ve milletlerde bu- lunuflu ve bir ümmetin çeflidli f›rkalara ayr›lmas›, bir çok insan›n içinde bo- ¤uldu¤u derin bir denizdir. Çok az insan bu denizde bo¤ulmakdan kur- tulmufldur. Her f›rka, kendinin do¤ru yolda oldu¤unu zan eder. [Mü’mi- nûn sûresi 53.cü]…...

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