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Hafez

In: English and Literature

Submitted By hesabdari
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بررسی آثار ترجمه شده ی اسلامی ۲
استاد : دکتر علی اصغر افتخاری
فرزانه قنبری فرد
نیم سال اول سال تحصیلی ۸۸-۸۹ |

دوش دیدم که ملایک در میخانه زدند گل آدم بسرشتند و به پیمانه زدند
ساکنان حرم ستر و عفاف ملکوت با من راه نشین باده مستانه زدند
آسمان بار امانت نتوانست کشید قرعه ی کار به نام من دیوانه زدند
جنگ هفتاد و دو ملت همه را عذر بنه چون ندیدند حقیقت ره افسانه زدند
شکر آنرا که میان من و او صلح افتاد حوریان رقص کنان ساغر شکرانه زدند
آتش آن نیست که بر شعله ی او خندد شمع آتش آن است که بر خرمن پروانه زدند
کس چو حافظ نکشید از رخ اندیشه نقاب تاسر زلف سخن را به قلم شانه زدند

My Translation
Last night; angels did knock the wine house door,
With man’s clay; the goblet, they did mold.

The dwellers of heaven divine,
With me_ a drunk, they drank wine.

The heaven could not bear this load of trust,
To such an insane man like me, was assigned this trust.

Leave aside the clashes of religions.
Having not see the truth, followed superstitions.

Thanks God! There is peace between him and me,
Dancing Horus drank wine with glee.

The fire is not the one that its flame makes candle smile,
It is the one which sets butterfly on fire.

No one but Hafez can reveal thoughts,
Pen of men could not write such talks.

Gertrude Bell, 1897

LAST night I dreamed that angels stood without
The tavern door, and knocked in vain, and wept;
They took the clay of Adam, and, methought,
Moulded a cup therewith while all men slept.
Oh dwellers in the halls of Chastity!
You brought Love's passionate red wine to me,
Down to the dust I am, your bright feet stept.
For Heaven's self was all too weak, to bear
The burden of His love God laid on it,
He turned to seek a messenger elsewhere,
And in the Book of Fate my name was writ.
Between my Lord and me such concord lies.
As makes the Huris glad in Paradise,
With songs of praise through the green glades they flit.
A hundred dreams of Fancy's garnered store
Assail me - Father Adam went astray
Tempted by one poor grain of corn! Wherefore
Absolve and pardon him that turns away
Though the soft breath of Truth reaches his ears,
For two-and-seventy Jangling creeds he hears,
And loud-voiced Fable calls him ceaselessly.
That, that is not the flame of Love's true fire
Which makes the torchlight shadows dance in rings,
But where the radiance draws the moth's desire
And send him fort with scorched and drooping wings.
The heart of one who dwells retired shall break,
Rememb'ring a black mole and a red cheek,
And his life ebb, sapped at its secret springs.
Yet since the earliest time that man has sought
To comb the locks of Speech, his goodly bride,
Not one, like Hafiz, from the face of Thought
Has torn the veil of Ignorance aside.

Abbas Aryanpur Kashani
The angels knocked at the tavern-door last night,
With man's clay, they kneaded the cup outright.
The dwellers of God's heavenly abode,
Drank wine with me-a beggar of the road.
Heaven could not bear this wonderful trust,
That to a madman this honor was thrust.
Disputes of religions is but a false pretense,
Having not seen the Truth, they speak nonsense.
Thank God! There is peace between Him and me.
So dancing mystics took their cups with glee.
What makes the candle laughing isn't a flame.
The fire that burned the butterfly is my aim.
No one can display thoughts as Hafiz can,
No such words are written by the pen of man.

There are various methods in translation of poetry, according to Andre Lafevere; there are seven methods in translation of poetry: phonemic translation, literal translation, metrical translation, verse-to-prose translation, rhymed translation, free verse translation, and interpretation. In this paper, I am going to compare three different translations of a poem by Hafez; Gertrude Bell (1897), Abbas Arianpur Kashani and my own translation. Gertrude Bell’s translation is a combination of rhymed, phonemic and literal translation. Some lines and words were translated word by word and some others were interpreted. I think it is due to the native language and social culture of the translator, his mother tongue is not Farsi, therefore he could not understand the concept of the poem perfectly. But the translator tried to considered rhymed translation all over the poem. Generally, his translation some how could convey the meaning of the original poem. Second translation, Abbas Arianpur’s translation also is a combination of rhymed and verse translation. He could convey the meaning of the poem while he followed rhymed translation rules at the same time. He tried not to distract the meaning of the poem as well. His work is clear, accurate and natural. Generally, his mother tongue is Farsi; so he could present a fair translation. The last one is my own translation, I tried to consider rhymed translation; also, I translated the meaning and concept of the poem as well. I hardly make an effort to convey the original meaning perfectly while I tried my work to be a clear and natural one. Consequently, I learned that there are different methods in translation of poetry and every translator picks one of them; even two or more in order to a present a perfect translation. I firmly believe that in translation of poetry, a native speaker can present a more accurate work than a non-native speaker. Additionally, I learned so many things from the poem itself. I understood that one will soon be lifted up to a very high position, spending his/her time with the top-level people of society. This honor bestowed on him/her will be exceptional if one believes in God and is truthful in his religion, he must respect all other religions, remembering that all of them worship the same God and try to purify the hearts of mankind in different ways. At the end, a study of Islamic Texts in English Translation (2) was a useful course for me, since I learned how to translate poems, verses, prose and so forth in ancient language. And I thank Dr. Eftekhari for teaching this course.…...

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...pollution is high (Karagiannis et al, 2008). It is important to note that desalination cost is dependent on the method chosen, the salinity level, the energy source being used and the desalinating plant’s capacity (ibid). The primary feed water would come from the Red Sea which when compared to other sea water bodies has atypical chemical compositions making it more saline due to the high amounts of hot brine and salt deposits in the middle bottom of the sea (Hafez et al, 2002). The cost of desalination would therefore be higher and would rise further depending on the size of the plant. As Karagiannis et al (2008) note, the difference in cost between a plant producing over 60,000m3/day and one producing below 1,000m3/day is quite significant as is seen in the table below. The larger plant is more economical in terms of production costs but more expensive in terms of capital and maintenance. It is also important to bear in mind that over 30% of the unit production cost in desalination is attributed to energy costs (Hafez et al, 2002). Cost in relation to production capacity: Plant output (m3/day) | Cost (per m3) | <1000 | 1.78 € - 9.00 € | 1000 – 5000 | 0.56 € - 3.15 € | 12,000 – 60,000 | 0.35 € – 1.30 € | >60,000 | 0.40 € – 0.80 € | Source: Karagiannis, et al, 2008: 450 5.1.2 Water Recycling In Israel, which is also an arid country with similar climate and also facing acute water shortage, the cost of water recycling is estimated to be between $0.30...

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Policy and History

...in sight, and 6.5 million Syrian refugees seeking asylum outside of Syria. Compared to the whole of the Middle East, Syria as a country tends to be one of the most diverse in the region. Syria has numerous sects of Islam, Christians, Jews, and foreign religions in an area the size of Ohio. It also has the Kurds in the North who consider themselves outside of the Arab-centric culture. When Hafez Al Assad took power in the early 1970’s, he adopted a nationalistic view as his minority group would be contested by the majority Sunni population (theatlantic.com). Prior to adopting that policy, the Baath party was ruled by Gamal Abdel Nasser who united Egypt and Syria as part of the United Arab Republic. Nationalism took effect throughout the Middle East as the Ottoman Empire, Britain, and France started to lose its grasp over the region. Nationalism was a way to unite a divided people against a common foe. After realizing the dream of a united Middle East was not achievable in the minds of most Arabs, Syria detached itself from the union and was ran without foreign intervention. After Hafez passed his presidency to his son Bashar in 2000, the country was ran with the same hardline tactics. As low growth, high unemployment, and even severe drought hit the region, Syria’s revolution loomed as more and more people became disconnected with the Baath party. From 2006 to 2010, the heavily dependent Syrian agricultural sector was hit by the worst recorded drought in its history.......

Words: 1028 - Pages: 5

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