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Basic Computer Hardware and Software
Overview:
This lesson is an introduction to basic computer hardware and software. If possible, have one or more types of computers available to show students the hardware components found on different computer models. A multimedia projector can be used to show students the different types of software described in the lesson.

Levels

I-II
Grades K-4

Depending on the time available and grade level, extensions to this lesson could include asking students to research how computers are used in various occupations or the history of computers.

Objectives:
The student will: • identify basic computer hardware; and • describe uses of commonly used software.

AK Content Standards:
Technology A1 A student should be able to operate technology-based tools. A student who meets the content standard should use a computer to enter and retrieve information.

Materials:
• Several different types of computers (optional) • Multimedia projector connected to a computer with Microsoft Office, Photoshop and a Web browser (optional) • STUDENT WORKSHEET: “Computer Hardware and Software”

IT Basics
Computers are versatile machines used for processing and manipulating information. They can be used to view and edit photos, analyze and graph data, write reports, share information, utilize the Internet and much more. At the heart of the computer is a machine that processes digital data consisting of ones and zeros. The first computers were made in the 1940’s. They were large, room-sized objects that were difficult to program. Today’s computers are much smaller and have a wide variety of software programs that they can run.

ACMP ©2006-2008 UAF Geophysical Institute

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Basic Computer Hardware and Software

Hardware The term “hardware” refers to the physical parts of a computer system. The basic hardware of a computer…...

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