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History's Impact on Women.

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History’s Influence on Women History has cultivated and paved the way for women and their rights, since the mid 1800s, and now in 2014. Presently women have more rights and nearing equality each day, thanks to the fights in early American History. Although women currently are still struggling with equality in the United States, history has opened the door has lead the cause for change and the women’s rights movement.
Women had to fight through difficult times to get through discrimination in the 19th century. In the past, women did not have the rights and freedoms as most men and were treated harshly. Women had almost no rights at all. They were not allowed to vote, they could not hold a place in public offices, were not equal or have the same opportunities as men. As a result, women were often seen as homemakers, nothing else. Women were looked down upon, if they expressed their voices or sot after equality or opportunities that often men would. Women were inferior to men in many different ways. Women did not have any property rights and once she was married, she was no longer allowed to own any land or property. A man could sell his house and take all the money for himself, and leave his wife and child behind with nothing. During this time, women were often seen as nonexistent people, they were not recognized as people. Nor where they recognized by the government equally.
The women’s rights movement helped them throughout the country by passing laws that would entitle women to particular rights. Women were observed to be unable to function at the same level as men, however; with the rise of the civil rights movement, this finally made women equal to men.
The first Women's Rights Convention was held on July nineteenth 1848. The convention was assembled a two day of discussion, the Declaration of Sentiments and twelve resolutions. The discussion considered that every woman should have the ability to express their freedoms and rights, deserve equal treatment within their society and region, and every country needs to reinforce the rules for women. There is no dignity and respect for women universally. Gender equality is still out of reach for many women worldwide. Presently, women have gained legal rights throughout the world. The women’s rights movement changed society into what we know today. This continues unfold in todays’ society. 1864, the Women’s Suffrage Organization began. This was started to make a statement on behalf of the disagreements over the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments and the influence it had on women’s rights. This was a cause for a movement for racial equality and the divide of women’s rights. Because of the push it led to the 1872 federal law that granted female employees equal pay for equal work enacted. Eventually this was adopted the (1963) Equal Pay Act and this would be something women would continue to fight for. Due to the hard work of women and their efforts, in 1903 the Women’s Trade Union League was established to help the working woman. This group advocated to improve wages and working conditions for all women. In late 1963, the federal government mandates the Equal Pay Act, after it had been proposed 20 years prior.
The early 20th century was a time of great political activity for women. Many women initiated reform movements to address problems associated with urbanization, industrialization, and mass immigration. Women joined reform clubs and lived in settlement houses, such as the Hull House, founded by Jane Addams, in Chicago.
In 1919, Susan B. Anthony, introduced and was so passed, the federal women’s suffrage amendment. The women’s suffrage amendment was to end inequality on women and allow them to vote. Many women sought to pass reform legislation and over time, they realized that women would be better able to lobby politicians to pass reform legislation if women exercised the right to vote. These led to the 1920’s, the “Roaring Twenties” spread gender equality. Women began to take on more jobs, and wear more daring clothes. Women were not even allowed to vote until August 1920 (19th amendment). The right for women to vote was considered a great moment and a sign that the times were changing. They were not allowed to enter professions such as medicine or law. There were no chances of women getting an education then because no college or university would accept a female with only a few exceptions. Women were not allowed to participate in the affairs of the church. The restrictions on women left women completely dependent on men.
During World War 2, women played a huge role. While men, were off to enlist for the war, drafted, off to training and deployment, women stayed back. The women who were home, had to pick up where the men left off, trying to make a living. Because of the war and draft, this opened the door for women to take up more roles and positions. Women fell in to roles of manufacturing equipment, and doing hard labor, serving in the military, etc., which aided soldiers a way at war. From this, Rosie the Riveter was born and was a symbol for American women. She was a hardworking, industrial woman. Although She was fictional, she represented the ideal worker, symbolized loyalty and inspired women to help out with war efforts.
In 1964, the Title VII of the Civil Rights Act ban was introduced. This was a law that stated that there should not be discrimination in employment on the basis of race and sex. At the same time the Act established the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) to investigate complaints and impose penalties on sex, or race discrimination.
The first feminist publication was written by Mary Wallstonecraft (1972), titled “A Vindication of the Rights of Women”. In this journal piece, she explained that women should have an equal education to men because women are “essential to the nation.” She argues that they “educate the children” and are “companions” to their husbands, not just wives. Though few people took notice to the article, Wallstonecraft became the rumble before the storm in the fight towards women’s rights.
Currently in 2014, women hold rights to vote, work and be educated equally to men. Women have voice, choice and make their own decisions. Because of the rebellious women who stood their ground and fought against “the man”, women will forever be changed and will continue to gain from those efforts. As a woman myself I am grateful for the efforts that strong women before me made, to ensure that I would have equal opportunities and would not have to surrender myself or life to being a homemaker.

References:

Library of Congress (2014) Women’s History Month http://womenshistorymonth.gov/

Scholastic (2014) Important Dates in U.S. Women’s History http://www.scholastic.com/teachers/article/important-dates-us-womens-history Author Unknown, (2014) The Women’s Rights Movement 1848-1920 http://history.house.gov/Exhibitions-and-Publications/WIC/Historical-Essays/No-Lady/Womens-Rights/ Flexner, Eleanor (1996) Century of Struggle: The Woman’s Right Movement in the United States http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=VjEw6ZnVm1EC&oi=fnd&pg=PR28&dq=women%27s+rights+in+the+united+states&ots=w1II-uGuXG&sig=XrMKsq0f9thsRGDYoUCrQt_Z2Tg#v=onepage&q=women's%20rights%20in%20the%20united%20states&f=false

Bryant, Joyce (2009) How War Changed the Role of Women in the United States http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/2002/3/02.03.09.x.html Barber, Susan E. (2014) One Hundred Years Toward Suffrage: An Overview http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/naw/nawstime.html Gladstone, L.W. (2014) The Long Road to Equality: What women won from the Era Ratification Effort http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/awhhtml/aw03e/aw03e.html Bowles, M. (2011). American history 1865–present: End of isolation. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc.

History.com Staff (2010) Famous First’s in Women’s History
http://www.history.com/topics/womens-history/famous-firsts-in-womens-history…...

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