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Hiv/Aids Among African-American Population

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Until the 70’s, not many people heard about HIV/AIDS and no one was aware of the devastating effects the infection could pose on human health .Now, in 2012 the situation is completely different HIV/AIDS epidemic has become one of the greatest threat for human health and development. The AIDS epidemic has no borders and has spread all over the world affecting people regardless of age, gender, race, location, religion or sexual orientation. The first case of AIDS was reported in 1981 in Los Angeles, California and 1 month later 26 more cases of Kaposi Sarcoma in young homosexual men in New York and California were reported reports of cases continued to rise. In retrospect sporadic cases may have occurred in the United States and other parts of the world as much as 2 decades earlier but the worldwide epidemic became apparent in the 80’s. Since the epidemic began in 1980, an estimated 1,129,127 people in the USA have been diagnosed with AIDS. The number of people living with HIV rose from around 8 million in 1990 to 34 million by the end of 2010. The overall growth of the epidemic has stabilized in recent years and the annual number of new HIV infections has steadily declined. Today, many scientific advances have been made in HIV treatment and we understand much more about the condition. There are laws to protect people against HIV despite this; stigma and discrimination remain a reality because people are ignorant and negligent about various aspects of HIV especially protecting themselves and others from HIV. This was the main reason I chose this topic.
African Americans are the racial/ethnic group most affected by HIV. Compared with members of other races and ethnicities, African Americans account for a higher proportion of HIV infections at all stages of disease from new infections to deaths. In 2009, African Americans comprised 14% of the US population but accounted…...

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