Free Essay

Homeworks

In: English and Literature

Submitted By surryfunny
Words 6023
Pages 25
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|2.1 |
|The Inquiry/ |
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|A first step is identifying the sender, his/her function in the company where he/she works or he/she owns and the implied activities, then it is mentioned, |
|in the introduction, the interest for the receiver- company’s activities. . |
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|- to import/a importa |
|- importer;import agent/importator |
|- to import oil from a country/a importa petrol dintr- o tara |
|- import ban/interdictia importului |
|- to impose an import ban on gas/a interzice importul gazului |
|- an importing country;company/o companie;tara importatoare |
|- import levy;licence/taxa vamala;licenta pe import |
|- to export/a exporta |
|- exporter/exportator |
|- export/bunuri sau servicii exportate |
|- chief export items/principalele articole de export |
|- the export trade/activitatea de export |
|- the export market/piata externa |
|- to be interested in;to be keen on/a fi interesat in |
|- to exceed/a depasi (in cantitate) |
|- export incentives/stimulente pentru export |
|- export duties;documents/taxe;documente de export |
|- domestic customers/consumatori in tara |
|- foreign products/produse straine |
|- trade/comert |
|- international trade/comert international |
|- legitimate fashion/cale legala |
|- goods/bunuri, produse |
|- commodity/articol de comert |
|- commodities/marfuri |
|The import agents of commodities to which an import quota applies must first obtain an import licence. |
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|- Our company imports and exports leather/farmaceutical products./Our company is specialized in the industrial services and materials |
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| - We are aware/hear/understand from ...Company that you export/import.../ Am aflat/cunoastem de la firma ... ca exportati/importati... |
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|- We are interested in importing/exporting....from/to you./ Ne intereseaza sa importam/exportam ....de la/catre dv. |
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| - We have seen/encountered your advertisement in …Revue/Magazine/ Am vazut anuntul dv. in ziarul/revista… |
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| - Following our conversation/discussion with your company’s representative/sales department manager.../ In urma conversatiei/discutiei noastre cu |
|reprezentantul/managerul de vanzari al companiei dvs... |
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|2.1.1. Specimen Sentences Expressing a Request of Quotations, Offers, Price- lists, Prospectuses, Samples / Formulari pentru cereri de cotatii, oferte, |
|liste de preturi, prospecte, mostre |
|The second paragraph of the correspondance may have the form of a request for the offers, prices- lists, prospectuses, invitations, samples, catalogues. Cel|
|de- al doilea paragraf al corespondentei poate avea forma unei cereri de oferte, liste de preturi, prospecte, invitatii, mostre, cataloage. |
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|- to quote/a indica;fixa;stabili un pret;a estima un cost |
|- to bid/a licita;a cere sau oferi un pret;a face o oferta scrisa |
|- to place the bid/a oferta |
|- bid price/pret de cumparare;pret de ofertare |
|- what am I bid for/ |
|cat |
| mi se ofera pentru |
|- to bade against/ a licita impotriva |
|- opening;closing bid/prima;ultima strigare |
|- leveraged bid/oferta de cumparar de actiuni ale unei companii cu bani |
|- higher; further;high;low bid/pret mai mare;mai mare;mare;mic |
|- to quote the best;lowest;most advantageous price/a cota la cel mai bun;ieftin;avantajos pret |
|- quotation of price/oferta de pret |
|- prices are quoted in.../preturile sunt stabilite in... |
|- to get;obtain a number of quotes/a obtine un numar de de oferte de pret |
|- quoted company;share/companie;actiune cotata la bursa |
|- full specification/detalii complete pentru un produs |
|- shipping date/durata livrarii |
|- in great request/foarte cautat |
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|…Company requests the price- list for your top products in…field/Compania…cere lista de preturi pentru cele mai bune produse din domeniu |
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|Please quote the follwing products at the most advantageous price./Va rugam sa cotati urmatoarele produse la cel mai avantajos pret pe care il oferiti. |
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|Our company is delighted to offer 50 invitations to the private auction on Wednesday, March 17, 2007, Grand Hotel, East Sussex. |
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|Comania noastra e incantata sa ofere 50 de invitatii la licitatia privata ce va avea loc miercuri, 17 martie 2007 la Hotelul Grand, din East Sussex |
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|2.1.2.Specimen Sentences Which Refer to Prospects for Fruitful Business Relations / Formulari referitoare la perspectivele unor tranzactii fructuoase |
|The third pragraph will make a synthesis of the information needed to perform a desired transaction. Al treilea paragraf va sintetiza informatiile de care|
|este nevoie pentru tranzactia dorita. |
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|- to propose an item; a plan;a scheme/a propune un paragraf, alineat, punct, articol (din lista, cont, registru);un plan/ o schema, un program, sistem |
|- to expect/a se astepta la… |
|- to set up a meeting/a aranja o intalnire |
|- to make a deal/ a face o afacere |
|- to open a new branch/ a deschide o noua filiala |
|- to break into the market/a intra pe piata |
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|- We expect quality, rather than quantity and if …product comes up to our expectation, we would place in 2 days an order of…/ Asteptam calitatea, in loc de |
|cantitate si daca produsul…satisface asteptarile vom face o comanda in 2 zile de… |
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|- We are sending you samples designed to cover the divisional market in both price and quality in the field of chain shops, if your marketing tests are |
|satisfactory, we can make a deal to mutual advantage./ Va trimitem mostrele create sa acopere piata regionala ca pret si calitate in aria lanturilor de |
|magazine, daca testele dvs. de marketing sunt satisfacatoare, putem colabora avantajos de ambele parti. |
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|- As previously, we would like to place an order of 10.000 pieces of …, if you can supply directly from stock and we request the fidelity discount you |
|offer on this terms./ Ca in trecut, dorim sa comandam 10.000 de bucati de…, daca puteti livra direct din stoc si cerem discountul de fidelitate oferit in |
|acesti termeni. |
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|2.1.3. Concluding Sentences/ Formulari de incheiere |
|The closing is conducted by the motivation of the recipient for an efficient answer, thus resulting an expected effect. Formulele de incheiere se |
|completeaza motivand destinatarului pentru un raspuns eficient, din care sa rezulte efectul scontat. |
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|- to look forward/a astepta cu nerabdare |
|- conveninent/inconvenient/convenabil/neconvenabil |
|- acknowledgements/multumiri |
|- to wish to thank for/tinem sa multumim pentru |
|- to wish to express thanks for/a prezenta multumiri pentru |
|- to cast about for…/a cauta o solutie pentru |
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|- We look forward to your quotations/receiving an early reply/in- house cocktail invitations/samples delivery./ Asteptam cu nerabdare cotatii/un raspuns |
|curand/invitatiile la cocktailul firmei/livrarea mostrelor. |
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|- Your prompt answer/reply/order/delivery will be appreciated./ V- am fi recunoscatori pentru un raspuns/comanda/livrarea prompt(a). |
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|- We thank you in anticipation of a prompt reply/answer/order/delivery./ Va multumim in asteptarea unui raspuns prompt/unei comenizi/livrari prompte. |
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|- We would be grateful if you would update the customer database./ V- am fi recunoscatori daca ati completa noile detalii pentru baza de date clienti. |
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|- The delivery is 10 days delayed. The transportation department cast about for a solution./ Livrarea este intarziata 10 zile. Dapartamentul transporturi |
|cauta o solutie. |
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|2.1.4. Specimen Sentences Used in Replies to Inquiries/ Formulari utilizate in raspunsul la cererea de oferta |
|In the reply to inquiries it's formulated either a polite refusal or a stay- in- touch remark for a future contact. In raspunsul la cererea de oferta se |
|formuleaza fie un refuz politicos, fie o remarca de a pastra legatura pentru o colaborare viitoare. |
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|- to come to terms/a cadea de acord |
|- to come to agreement/a ajunge la intelegere |
|- to comply with/a se conforma, a satisface |
|- to meet standards/deadline/a respecta standarde/termene limita |
|- a proviso/o clauza conditionala |
|- a qualified agreement/un contract/intelegere nedefinitivata |
|- to aim at/a tinti spre |
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|- Our company/deparments are pleased to receive your letter/revue in reply to our advertisement in..../ In cadrul companiei/departamentelor ne- a facut |
|placere sa primim scrisoarea/cronica dv. ca raspuns la reclama noastra din... |
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|- Your inquiry is in our attention and we announce you will receive a price- lists memo./ Comanda dvs. este in atentia noastra si va anuntam ca veti primi |
|un memo cu lista de preturi. |
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|- We are sorry but we don’t have the …product on stock/our delivery hours end at 5 p.m./ Ne pare rau dar nu avem produsul…pe stoc/orele de livrare se |
|incheie la 5 dupa- amiaza. |
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|- Our products meet/aim at the EU standards and we are pleased to comply within our company’s 2 working days delivery policy./ Produsele noastre |
|intrunesc/tintesc spre standardele Uniunii Europene si va anuntam ca respectam politica firmei de a livra in 2 zile lucratoare. |
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|2.2 |
|The Offer/ Oferta |
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|2.2.1.Specimen Sentences for Opening Lines/ Formulari introductive |
|The opening lines are set to address formally an offer that may be solicited, at the recommendation or unsolicited. Formularile introductive sunt stabilite |
|pentru a adresa formal o oferta care poate fi solicitata, la recomandare sau nesolicitata. |
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|2.2.1.1.Solicited Offer/ Oferta solicitata |
|- tender offer/oferta publica pentru actiuni |
|- offer price/pret la oferta |
|- a firm offer/o oferta;licitatie irevocabila |
|- open to offers/negociabil |
|- a special offer/sold |
|- an offer of goods for sale at a stated price/o oferta de marfuri la un pret specificat |
|- an offer of service/ o oferta de servicii |
|- additional;counter;free;genuine;sampled offer/oferta suplimentara;contraoferta;fara angajament;autentica;prin mostre |
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|- sales promotion/oferta promotionala |
|- bargain offer/oferta exceptionala |
|- best offer; best deal/cea mai buna oferta |
|- goods on/ cea mai buna oferta |
|- many thanks for ;thank you for your letter/multumiri;va multumim pentru scrisoarea dvs. |
|- to place an order to ;a transaction to/a comanda la;face o tranzactie cu |
|- As per; in compliance with your request;order;inquiry / In conformitate cu cererea;comanda. |
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|2.2.1.2.Interview Offer (at the recommentadion of...)/ Oferta la recomandarea... |
|- to recommend/ a recomanda |
|- to arrive at / a ajunge la |
|- to adhere to/ a adera la |
|- We will adhere to our plan./Vom ramane la planul nostru. |
|- to give a glowing/itemised account/a da un raport stralucitor/structurat |
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|- …Company advertises;announces;aknowlegdes that your import;export; buy;trade;offer the fidelity discount…/Compania publica;anunta;recunoaste ca dvs. |
|importatati; exportati;cumparati;schimbati; oferiti discountul de fidelitate… |
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|- We strongly adhere to the policies of …Company./ Aderam cu incredere la politica firmei… |
|Our company has arrived at; recommends the quality of…/Compania noastra recunoaste;recomanda calitatea… |
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|- …Company gives a glowing;itemised account for the top products./ Compania…prezinta un raport stralucitor;structurat al produselor de top |
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|2.2.1.3.Unsolicited Offer / Oferta nesolicitata |
|- to pave the way/ a face o cale usoara |
|- to go along with/ a accepta |
|- to be on/ a se petrece in acel moment |
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|- The new transportation systems pave the way to 2 days delivery./Reteaua noua de transport inlesneste livrarea la 2 zile. |
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|- You will be pleased;interested;delighted to hear;know that the sales are on./Veti fi interesati/incantati sa aflati/stiti ca acum sunt reducerile. |
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|- In order to acquaint you with our goods;development plans;to let you know about our products...Pentru a va familiariza cu marfurile |
|noastre;planurile noastre de dezvoltare;cunoaste produsele noastre... |
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|- To maintain;restore our relations;keep in touch;go along with your decision.../Pentru a mentine;restabili relatiile noastre;pastra relatia;accepta |
|decizia dvs.... |
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|2.2.2. Specimen Sentences for the Message of the Letter/ Formulari specifice mesajului scrisorii |
|The message;body of the letter often expresses directly the subject, in the most sincere way and in terms of clear target, referring to the samples, |
|catalogues, quality, price and terms of payment. It usually covers a non-negociable area and it contains the detailed features of the products. |
|Mesajul;cuprinsul scrisorii se refera direct la subiect, intr- o maniera sincera si definitorii obiectivului, in privinta mostrelor, cataloagelor, |
|calitatii, pretului si conditiilor de plata. De obicei contine un subiect fixat, precum si caracteristici detaliate ale produselor. |
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|2.2.2.1.Referring to Samples, Catalogues/ Referitor la mostre, cataloage |
|- our best quotation/oferta nostra cea mai buna |
|- our latest price-list/ultima noastra lista de preturi |
|- our catalogue/catalogul nostru |
|- samples and prices/mostre si preturi |
|- check;cloth;essay;free;quota;random;representative sample/mostra(esantion)martor;textila;pentru analiza;gratuita;reprezentativa;aleatorie;reprezentativa |
|- sample assortment;book/colectie;catalog de mostre |
|- a set of patterns/un set de modele |
|- for long life/rezistenta indelungata |
|- to resist;resistant/ a rezista;rezistent |
|- to handle large numbers of.../a avea rezistenta la un numar mare de... |
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|- Our best;latest quotation;products’ samples…/Cele mai bune;ultimele noastre preturi;mostre… |
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|- Our products are designed to resist;resistant;for long life./Produsele noastre sunt create sa reziste;au rezistenta;au rezistenta indelungata |
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|Retineti! price;sales;trading pattern/schema preturilor;de vanzari;de activitati comerciale |
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|2.2.2.2.Referring to quality/ Referitor la calitate |
|- high;good;top;bad;poor;quality goods/marfuri de calitate superioara;buna;excelenta;inferioara |
|- merchandable quality/calitate comerciala |
|- of highest;stipulated;suitable quality/calitate prima;prevazuta;corespunzatoare |
|- quality guarantee/ garantia calitatii |
|- quality specifications/cerinte calitative |
|- the excellent quality;adaptability of our goods to special;weather conditions/calitatea exceptionala;adaptabila a marfii noastre la conditii speciale;ale |
|vremii |
|- the modern;safe;folding;flexible;elegant;traditional;functional design of our products/design- ul |
|modern;sigur;pliant;flexibil;elegant;traditional;functional al produselor |
|- without doubt/fara indoiala |
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|- The modern design of our product will satisfy without doubt./Linia moderna a produsului nostru va satisface fara indoiala. |
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|2.2.2.3.Referring to Price and Terms of Payment/ Referitor la pret si conditii de plata |
|- terms of payment /conditii de plata |
|- net cash/plata in numerar la valoarea neta |
|- spot cash/plata imediata in numerar |
|- cash against acceptance/plata in numerar contra acceptare (de documente) |
|- cash against documents/plata in numerar contra prezentarii de documente |
|- cash on delivery/plata in numerar la livrare |
|- cash with order/plata in numerar la comanda |
|- cash within 10 days/plata in numerar in 10 zile |
|- 10 days’ credit/credit de 10 zile |
|- within 10 business days;business hours/in 10 zile lucratoare;ore de lucru |
|- no sooner;later than/ nu mai devreme;tarziu de |
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|Pay and payment expressions/ Expresii de plata si plati |
|- back pay/plata restanta |
|- ability to pay/solvabilitate |
|- failure to pay/incapacitate de a plati |
|- if duly pay/in cazul achitarii la termen |
|- notice to pay/avizare a scadentei |
|- to pay a bill/ a achita o nota |
|- to pay a cheque into an account/a depune un cec la banca |
|- to pay a debt/ a achita o datorie |
|- to pay an invoice/a achita o factura |
|- to be paid at piece work rates/ a fi platit in functie de rezultate |
|- to pay duty on imports/ a plati taxe vamale pentru importuri |
|- to pay money into someone's account/ a alimenta contul bancar al cuiva... |
|- to pay tax/a plati impozit |
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|Cash expressions/Expresii despre numerar |
|- cash/numerar(bancnote si monezi) |
|- to cash/a plati/onora un cec sau ordin de plata/a incasa un cec sau un ordin de plata/a transforma in numerar |
|- to cash a cheque/a lua numerar din banca contra unui cec |
|- in cash/numerar |
|- margin in cash/acont in numerar |
|- petty cash/maruntis |
|- prompt cash/plata prompta |
|- spot cash/cash on delivery/plata la livrare |
|- to be in/out of cash/a fi/nu fi in fonduri |
|- cashable/incasabil/platibil |
|- cash advance/acont in numerar |
|- cash buyer/un client care plateste comanda cu numerar,cec sau ordin de plata |
|- cash deal/tranzactie bursiera cu plata pe loc |
|- cash discount/bonificatie pentru devansarea platii/ pentru plata in numerar |
|- cash earnings/venituri in numerar |
|- cashreserves/ in/on hand/ lichiditati/bani in casa |
|- cash note/nota de plata |
|- cash withdrawal/bon de casa |
|- cash with order/ plata la efectuarea comenzii |
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|2.2.2.4.Concluding sentences/Formule de incheiere |
|In afara de incheierea formala, o propozitie de final cuprinde o cerere the raspuns. |
|- We shall be pleased/glad to make business with.../ Vom fi incantati/multumiti sa facem afaceri cu... |
|- We hope the samples we enclose.../ Speram ca mostrele pe care le trimitem |
|- to receive an order from you....sa primim o comanda de la dv. |
|- to have your confirmation soon...sa primim curand confirmarea dv. |
|- to meet your requirements...sa va satisfacem cerintele dv. |
|- to hear from you soon... sa primim curand vesti de la dv. |
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|2.3 |
|The Order/ Comanda |
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|2.3.1.Specimen Sentences for Opening Lines/ Formulari introductive |
|The order letter expresses directly that the order should be provided in certain conditions. Scrisoarea de comanda exprima direct conditiile in care se |
|livreaza comanda. |
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|- We (would)appreciate /Please/Kindly/ Apreciem/Va rugam |
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|- to supply /a livra |
|- to deliver/a livra |
|- at once/immediately/acum/ imediat |
|- to send by return/a trimite cu intoarcerea postei |
|- to dispose/give directions for/ a dispune/ da instructiuni |
|- an early forwarding/shipment of/ un raspuns/transport imediat |
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|- Your purchase order/number was reffered to our deparment/company/office/Comanda a fost primita de departamentul/compania/birou nostru |
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|Order expressions/Expresii despre comanda |
|- available to order only/disponibil doar la comanda |
|- bulk order/comanda en gros |
|- day orders/comenzi zilnice |
|- limit sell order/comanda limitata(a nu vinde peste sau sub pretul indicat) |
|- mail order/cumparare de articole trimise prin posta |
|- money order/mandat postal |
|- purchase order/ ordin de cumparare |
|- repeat order/ comanda repetata |
|- specific order/ comanda explicita |
|- split order/ comanda executata la preturi diferite |
|- to fulfil/fill an order/a executa o comanda |
|- order book/registru de comenzi |
|- order point/nivel de aprovizionare |
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|2.3.2. Quantity and Quality/ Cantitatea si calitatea |
|- Please take care that the quality / Referitor la calitate, va rugam sa aveti grija: |
|- (should) match/ be in accordance with the sample/pattern...sa se potriveasca/ sa fie conforma mostrei/esantionului; |
|- should completely answer our purpose/ sa raspunda pe deplin scopului nostru |
|- should be the same as the last delivery/sa fie aceeasi ca la ultima livrare |
|- should contain operation instructions/user manual/sa contina instructiuni de folosire/ghidul utilizatorului |
|- should contain replaceble/sanitation parts/sa contina componente de inlocuire/rezerva/siguranta |
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|2.3.3. Prices, Reductions/ Preturi, reduceri |
|- to point out/ a preciza |
|- to be more than…days late to payment/a fi in intarziere …zile cu platile |
|- the price/reduction we can afford to pay is...pe care ne putem permite sa- l platim este... |
|- the price/reduction we can go to is...la care ne putem urca este... |
|- the price per product/package/person/room/ pretul pe produs/pachet/pesoana/camera |
|- There will be a sur- charge on accounts falling more than |
|10 days/months behind./O penalizare va fi perceputa la 10 de zile/ luni intarziere. |
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|2.3.4. The Delivery/ Livrarea |
|Prin intermediul livrarii se specifica intr- o maniera formala data livrarii precum si aranjamentele legate de transport. |
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|- immediately/ at once/imediat/de indata |
|- within five days/in cinci zile |
|- as soon as possible/cat mai curand posibil |
|- at your earliest convenience/imediat ce puteti |
|- upon receipt of this order/la primirea acestei comenzi |
|- by the end of the month/pana la sfarsitul lunii |
|- without delay, according to/ fara intarziere, in conformitate cu |
|- on/la data de |
|- actual delivery/ livrare efectiva |
|- additional delivery/ livrare suplimentara |
|- cessation of delivery/ suspendarea livrarii |
|- express delivery/ livrare urgenta |
|- free delivery/ livrare franco |
|- misdelivery/ livrare gresita |
|- payment/cash on delivery/plata la livrare |
|- recorded delivery/ expedite recomandata cu confirmare de primire |
|- repair delivery/ livrari in contul despagubirilor |
|- sale for delivery/vanzare cu predare ulterioara |
|- short delivery/ livrare incompleta |
|- staggered delivery/ livrare esalonata |
|- tender of delivery/ propunere de livrare |
|- to allow a number of days for delivery/ a acorda un numar de zile pentru livrare |
|- to exceed the time of delivery/a depasi termenul de livrare |
|- to be ready for delivery/ a fi gata de livrare |
|- by rail/pe calea ferata |
|- by truck/cu camionul |
|- by ship/cu vaporul |
|- airfreight/cu avionul |
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|- Please kindly forward/dispatch the goods./Va rugam sa ne expediati marfurile. |
|- There has been a change in our delivery service policy which we would like to bring to your attention. A intervenit o schimbare in sistemul de livrare pe |
|care dorim sa o anuntam. |
|- We provide free delivery for any orders placed with …Company, regardless of the size of the order./Livram gratuit comenzile la firma…oricare ar fi |
|cantitatea. |
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|2.3.5. Concluding Sentences/ Formulari de incheiere |
|- to confirm/a confirma |
|- to acknowlegde/a instiinta |
|- to contact/a lua legatura, a contacta |
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|- Please /Kindly acknowledge/confirm receipt of our order and give it your best attention...Va rugam sa confirmati primirea comenzii noastre si sa- i |
|acordati cea mai mare atentie. |
|- We wish to take this oportunity to thank you…/Pe aceasta cale va multumim… |
|- If there are any questions regarding the delivery/the services, please contact us by mail/email/phone/ Daca aveti intrebari legate de livrare/servicii, va|
|rugam sa ne contactati prin posta/email/telefon. |
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|2.3.6. Rejecting an Offer/ Respingerea unei oferte |
|- to be compelled/have to/ a trebui sa… |
|- to decline/cancel/reject/turn down/ a renunta/anula/refuza |
|- much to our regret/we are sorry/ spre regretul nostru/ne pare rau |
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|- While we are sorry we do not have demand for this product, we recommend…/Desi ne pare rau ca nu avem cerere pentru acest produs, va recomandam… |
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|- Though your products are competitive on the market, we decline/turn down your offer as we have not extended our business/we have no representatives in |
|your area. Desi produsele dvs. sunt competitive pe piata, refuzam oferta dvs. pentru ca nu ne- am extins/nu avem reprezentanti in zona. |
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|- Your networking services offer was in my attention and our company’s policy is to provide best services that not comply with your standards. However if |
|you wish to set down a meeting with our LAN Manager, please come back with a call…/Oferta dvs. de servicii de retea a fost in atentia mea, iar politica |
|companiei este de a oferi cele mai bune servicii, care nu se conformeaza standardelor dvs. Daca doriti sa stabiliti o intalnire cu managerul de retea, va |
|rugam reveniti cu un telefon… |
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|2.3.7. Cancelling an Order/ Anularea unei comenzi |
|- prior to/ inainte de |
|- due to/ din cauza |
|- said order/ comanda prevazuta |
| |
|- We are sending you a note to cancel the order since our customer has delayed our exchange prior the date we placed the order with your company./ Va |
|trimitem o notificare de anulare a comenzii din moment ce clientul nostru a amanat tranzactia inainte de data la care am plasat comanda la firma dvs. |
| |
|- Please accept our appology to the cancellation of …order./Primiti scuzele noastre pentru anularea comenzii… |
| |
|- We have not received your order number. Please send us a cancellation effect on this, otherwise you can expect the delivery within 2 days./ Nu am primit |
|numarul comenzii. Va rugam trimiteti o inregistrare a comenzii, altfel veti primi livrarea in 2 zile. |
| |
|- Reference is made to our purchase order. Due to your failure to arrange the shipment delatils in the Agreement no. we hereby cancel said order, and we |
|notice you of further rights we may have./ Cu referire la comanda. Pentru nerespectarea termenilor contractuali de livrare, Contract Nr., anulam comanda si |
|anuntam termenii legali implicati. |
| |
| |
|2.3.8. Acknowledgement of Orders/ Confirmarea comenzii |
|- We acknowledge with thanks/We are in the receipt of your order / Confirmam cu multumiri primirea comenzii dv/ Am primit chitanta comenzii... |
| |
|- We are glad to open up business relations with you./Ne bucuram sa initiem relatii de afaceri cu dv. |
| |
|- We confirm/accept the Order no. subject only to the |
|following exceptions/with the Agreement no./within the following terms/Confirmam comanda cu urmatoarele exceptii/cu Contract Nr./cu urmatoarele conditii |
| |
|- Persuant to you order, we have arranged…Conform comenzii dvs. am aranjat… |
| |
| |
|2.3.9. A Telephone Talk about an Order / Discutarea telefonica a unei comenzi |
|Caller: - Hello, Sir. This is (Caller name)on behalf of …Company and I am calling to update the terms of our future orders, regading the fact that our |
|previous order wasn’t in your best attention and the delivery terms were delayed with 3 days. / Buna ziua, domnule. Sunt…din partea companiei…si va sun sa |
|revizuiesc termenii pentru comenzile viitoare, pentru ca comanda anterioara nu a primit atentia dvs. Si termenul de livrare a fost decalat cu 3 zile. |
| |
|Receiver: - I’m very sorry to hear that, Sir, and I have received a copy of the additional agreement. We agree on the updated terms and as soon as you will |
|trust us with the new order, we will dispose the agreed shipment instructions. / Imi pare rau sa aud asta, Domnule si am primit o copie a contractului |
|aditional. Am cazut de acord asupra noilor conditii si de indata ce primim de la dvs. o noua comanda dispunem conditiile stabilite de livrare. |
| |
|Caller: - This is precisely what we have requested previously and due to the past misunderstanding our business was not to mutual advantage. |
| As for the new order I would like to receive your catalogue within 2 business days. / Exact acest lucru am cerut in trecut cand datorita neintelegerilor|
|afacerile nu au fost avantajoase pentru ambele parti.Cat despre comanda as dori sa primesc catalogul dvs. in 2 zile. |
| |
|Receiver: - That’s right. We have also received your catalogue request yesterday and within today’s business hours our courier is to deliver it to you./ |
|Exact. Am primit cererea dvs. pentru catalog ieri si astazi in timpul orelor de lucru curierul nostru il va livra. |
|Caller: - Alright! Then I will place our new order to you by 10 o’clock tomorrow, what is the delivery time in these terms with the updated agreement?./In |
|regula. Voi face o comanda noua catre dvs. pana la ora 10 maine, care este durata livrarii in aceste conditii, reglementate de contractul aditional ? |
| |
|Receiver: - It will be the same business day, Sir. And I know that I am speaking on the behalf of our company when I thank you for the order. You will |
|receive the acknowledgement of the order in due time./Va fi in aceeasi zi lucratoare, domnule. Si vorbesc in numele companiei cand va multumesc pentru |
|comanda. Veti primi ordinul de instiintare in timp util. |
| |
|Caller: - That’s right. We’ll place the order by 10 o’clock tomorrow. / Exact. Facem comanda maine pana la ora 10. |
| |
|Receiver: - Thank you, Sir, and have a nice day! / Multumesc, domnule, si va urez o zi buna! |
| |
| |
| |
|2.4 |
|International Trade/Tranzactiile comerciale internationale |
| |
| |
|The payment methods used in international trade are:/Modalitatile de plata folosite de regula in tranzactiile comerciale internationale sunt: |
| |
| |
|2.4.1.The Documentary Letter of Credit L/C (acreditivul documentar) |
|It is an arrangement between the importer and the issuing bank to act on the behalf of the importer and to pay or negociate with the beneficiary.Este un |
|angajament intre importator si banca emitenta de a actiona in numele importatorului si de a plati sau negocia cu emitentul. |
| |
|- We have been requested by (bank name) to advice you that they have opened with us their irrevocable/revocable documentary credit no. for account of…for |
|the amount of…at sight./ Am primit cererea bancii…sa va anuntam ca a fost deschis un acreditiv documentar irevocabil/revocabil cu numarul in contul…in |
|valoare de…la vedere. |
|- We hereby agree to accept and pay at maturity any draft or drafts on us, at day’s sight, issued by… of … city, to the extent of… and negotiated through |
|your bank./ Prin prezenta se ia la cunostinta si plateste la termen orice extragere sau extragerile disponibile, dispuse de…din localitatea, in valoare de… |
|si negociat prin banca dvs. |
| |
| |
|2.4.2. The Revocable Credit / Acreditivul revocabil |
|A revocable credit is a document subject to cancellation at any time without prior notice or warning. It implies risks for the beneficiary and flexibility |
|for the holder./ Acreditivul revocabil este un document supus anularii oricand, fara aviz. Implica riscuri pentru beneficiar si flexibilitate pentru |
|detinator. |
| |
|- prior notice/preaziv |
|- warning/aviz |
| |
|- We hereby authorize our Revocable Documentary Letter of Credit in the account of … for the aggregate amount of…at sight…subject to the terms of…revocable |
|without prior notice or warning/Prin prezenta se autorizeaza Acreditivul Revocabil in contul…in valoare de…la vedere…conform termenilor…revocabil fara |
|preaviz sau aviz. |
| |
| |
|2.4.3. The Irrevocable Credit / Acreditivul irevocabil |
|The Irrevocable Credit is a document that cannot be cancelled without the consent of the issuing bank and the beneficiary, if it complies with the agreement|
|terms, therefore the payment is guaranteed by the bank. Acreditivul irevocabil este un document ce nu poate fi anulat decat cu acordul bancii si al |
|beneficiarului, daca indeplineste termenii contractului, prin urmare plata este garantata de banca. |
| |
|- drawer/tragator |
|- endorses/giranti |
|- holder/detinator |
|- to draw/a trage |
|- draft/extragere |
|- issuing bank/ banca emitenta |
|- advising bank/banca platitoare |
|- bill of exchange/cambie |
| |
|- We hereby establish our Irrevocable Documentary Letter of Credit in the account of … for the aggregate amount of…avaible by your drafts at sight complying|
|with the drawers, endorsers and holders of drafts drawn under and in accordance with the terms of …that shall be honored on presentation./Prin prezenta, |
|consimtim Irevocabilul Acreditiv Documentar in contul…in valoare de…disponibil la vedere asigurand tragatorii, girantii si detinatorii de extrageri trase in|
|cadrul si in concordanta cu ….ca se onoreaza la prezentare. |
| |
| |
|2.4.4. The Irrevocable Confirmed Credit / Acreditiv irevocabil confirmat |
|The advising bank confirms the authenticity of the Irrevocable Confirmed Credit opened by an issuing bank. Banca tragatoare confirma autenticitatea unui |
|Acreditiv Irevocabil Confirmat deschis de banca emitenta. |
| |
|We confirm the credit and thereby undertake that all drafts drawn and presented as above specified will be duly honored by us./Confirmam acreditivul si |
|prin prezenta ne angajam ca toate tratele trase si prezentate cum se mentioneaza mai sus vor fi onorate la timp de noi. |
| |
| |
|2.4.5.The Irrevocable Advised Credit / Acreditivul irevocabil avizat |
|The Irrevocable Advised Credit or Irrevocable and Without Recourse Documentary Credit is a document by means of which the advising bank is not responsible |
|for the payments made to the beneficiary if the issuing bank does not pay the advising bank./ Acreditivul irevocabil avizat este un document prin care banca|
|platitoare nu este responsabila pentru platile beneficiarului daca banca emitenta nu plateste bancii tragatoare. |
| |
|- This letter is solely an advice of credit opened by the above mentioned issuing bank and conveys no engagement by us./ Aceasta scrisoare este doar o |
|avizare a acreditivului deschis de mai sus mentionata banca emitenta si nu contine vreun angajament din partea noastra. |
| |
| |
|2.5 |
|Terms used in Transportation Correspondence / Termeni utilizati in corespondenta referitoare la transporturi |
| |
| |
|truck – autocamion |
|road tanker – cisterna |
|trailer – remorca |
|van – camioneta |
|train – tren |
|express train – tren expres |
|fast train – tren accelerat |
|mail train – tren postal |
|freight train – tren de marfuri |
|wagoon – vagon |
|engine – locomotiva |
|ferry- boat – feribot |
|ship/ vessel – vas, nava, vapor |
|freighter/ cargo vessel – vas pentru marfuri |
|carrier – curier |
|shipowner – proprietar al vasului / armator |
|shipper – agent de incarcare a marfii |
|ship- broker – agent de navlosire |
|captain – capitan |
|owner of the goods – navlositorul (proprietarul marfii) |
|forwarding agent – agent de expediere |
|plane/ airplane / aircraft – avion |
|freight plane – avion pentru transportul de marfuri |
|consignment – marfa |
|loading – incarcare |
|unloading/ discharge – descarcare |
|loading plan – plan de incarcare |
|cargo list – lista de marfuri |
| |
|Retineti ! Prepozitia « by » insoteste substantivele desemnand mijloacele de transport: by truck, by aiplane/plane, by train etc. |
| |
|In comertul international exista termeni comerciali pe care majoritatea antreprenorilor ii folosesc pe larg deoarece permit interpretarea unitara acestora: |
| |
|- EXW – EX WORKS - Franco fabrica (…locul convenit); obligatia de livrare a vanzatorului este indeplinita in momentul in care a pus marfa la dispozitia |
|cumparatorului, la sediul sau depozitul convenit. |
|- FCA - FREE CARRIER - Franco curier (…locul convenit); obligatia de livrare a vanzatorului este indeplinita in momentul in care a pus marfa la dispozitia |
|carausului desemnat de catre cumparator, la locul convenit. |
|- FAS – FREE ALONGSIDE SHIP - Franco de- a lungul vasului (..port de incarcare convenit). |
|- FOB - FREE ON BOARD - Franco la bord (..port de incarcare convenit). |
|- CFR - COST AND FREIGHT - Cost si navlu (…port de destinatie convenit). |
|- CIF - COST, INSURANCE AND FREIGHT - Cost, asigurare si navlu (port de destinatie convenit) |
|- CPT - CARRIAGE PAID TO- Fracht platit pana la (destinatia convenita) |
|- CIP - CARRIAGE AND INSURANCE PAID TO - Fracht si asigurare platite pana la (destinatia convenita) |
|- DAF- DELIVERED AT FRONTIER - Livrat la frontiera (…locul convenit) |
|- DES - DELIVERED EX SHIP - Livrat pe nava (port de destinatie convenit) |
|- DEQ - DELIVERED EX QUAY (DUTY PAID) - Livrat la chei (port de destinatie platit) |
|- DDU - DELIVERED DUTY UNPAID - Livrat taxe vamale neplatite (destinatie convenita) |
|- DDP - DELIVERED DUTY PAID - Livrat taxe vamale platite (destinatia convenita). |
| |
| |
|2.5.1.Shipping Instructions / Instructiuni de expediere |
|- shipment/expediere |
|- delivery/livrare |
|- in lot/in loturi |
|- sealing methods/metode de sigilare |
|- Shipment in foam wrap/bubble wrap/expediere in ambalaj antisoc(cu spuma, bule) |
|- Corrugate carboard boxes/cutii din carton securizate |
|- Leak- free container/recipiente sigilate |
|- waterproof/rezistent la apa |
|- carefreely handling/ manipulare cu atentie/grija |
|- to effect a shipment from…to…/a efectua un transport de la …la… |
|- cargo/documents insurance/ asigurare pe transport/documente |
| |
| |
|2.5.2.The Advice of Dispatch / Avizul de Expediere |
|- We enclose herewith our pro- forma invoice relating to the goods supplied / Anexam prezentei factura noastra proforma referitoare la marfurile livrate. |
|- Please confirm that the consignment has arrived safely. / Va rugam sa confirmati ca marfa a ajuns cu bine. |
|- On … the goods ordered by you on our contract dated…will be sent to you by (Carrier) and should arrive at…on or about… |
| |
| |
|2.5.3.Charter- Party / Contractul de navlosire |
|It represents the written agreement between the fitter- out and the ship owner, the latter paying a freight for the cargo./Reprezinta contractul scris intre|
|armator (cel care pune vasul la dispozitie) si navlositor (persoana care inchiriaza vasul), acesta din urma obligandu- se sa plateasca un anumit navlu |
|pentru marfa care va fi transportata. |
| |
|Exita urmatoarele tipuri de contracte de navlosire : |
| |
|- time-charter/ contract de navlosire pe termen |
|- voyage charter/ contract de navlosire pe voiaj |
|- single charter/ contract de navlosire pe un singur voiaj |
|- trip charter / contract de navlosire tur- retur |
|- demise charter- party / contract de navlosire prin cesiune |
| |
|The freight represents the payment for the fitter- out to deliver the cargo appropiately at it is set according to the ship capacity, delivery duration, |
|distance etc./Navlul reprezinta suma de bani ce se plateste carausului pentru transportul marfii in bune conditii si se stabileste in functie de capacitatea|
|de incarcare a navei, durata transportului, distanta, etc. |
| |
| |
|2.5.4 The Bill of Landing / Conosamentul |
|It represents the proof of the freight contract, a receipt of the goods and a title of the goods./Reprezinta dovada unui contract de transport, o fisa de |
|parcurs pentru marfuri si un document de drept asupra acestora. |
| |
| |
|2.5.5.The Waybill / Scrisoare de trasura/Fraht |
|Reprezinta un contract de transport pe cale : |
|- rutiera (truck waybill) |
|- ferata (railway bill) |
|- aeriana (airway bill) |
|- pe rauri (inland waybill) |
| |
|The waybill is delivered with the goods to the recepient; it is composed by the sender and signed by the carrier./Foaia de drum insoteste marfurile la |
|destinatia lor ; ea este elaborata de expeditor si semnata de curier. |
| |
|Retineti! waybill sau way- bill sau consignment note |
| |
|To be keen on |
|Răspuns: |
|[pic] |
|a. a fi contactat de |
| |
| |
|[pic] |
|b. a contacta pe |
| |
| |
|[pic] |
|c. a fi interesat in |
| |
| |
| |
| |
| |
| |

|2 |
|Puncte: 1/1 |
|[pic] |
|What am I bid for |
|Răspuns: |
|[pic] |
|a. |
|Cat |
| mi se ofera |
| |
| |
|[pic] |
|b. Care este pretul de piata |
| |
| |
|[pic] |
|c. Cum sunt preturile |
| |
| |
| |
| |
| |
| |

|3 |
|Puncte: 1/1 |
|[pic] |
|To place an order |
|Răspuns: |
|[pic] |
|a. a da un ordin precis |
| |
| |
|[pic] |
|b. a face o comanda |
| |
| |
|[pic] |
|c. a pune pret |
| |
| |
| |
| |
| |
| |

|4 |
|Puncte: 1/1 |
|[pic] |
|To come to terms |
|Răspuns: |
|[pic] |
|a. a expune termenii |
| |
| |
|[pic] |
|b. a discuta conditiile |
| |
| |
|[pic] |
|c. a cadea de acord |
| |
| |
| |
| |
| |
| |

|5 |
|Puncte: 1/1 |
|[pic] |
|Proviso |
|Răspuns: |
|[pic] |
|a. clauza conditionala |
| |
| |
|[pic] |
|b. provizoriu |
| |
| |
|[pic] |
|c. pentru moment |
| |
| |
| |
| |
| |
| |

|6 |
|Puncte: 0/1 |
|[pic] |
|A firm offer |
|Răspuns: |
|[pic] |
|a. oferta firmei |
| |
| |
|[pic] |
|b. oferta de firma |
| |
| |
|[pic] |
|c. oferta fixa |
| |
| |
| |
| |
| |
| |

|7 |
|Puncte: 1/1 |
|[pic] |
|Bargain offer |
|Răspuns: |
|[pic] |
|a. oferta exceptionala |
| |
| |
|[pic] |
|b. oferta scumpa |
| |
| |
|[pic] |
|c. oferta negociabila |
| |
| |
| |
| |
| |
| |

|8 |
|Puncte: 1/1 |
|[pic] |
|Merchandable quality |
|Răspuns: |
|[pic] |
|a. calitate din firma |
| |
| |
|[pic] |
|b. calitate pe piata |
| |
| |
|[pic] |
|c. calitate comerciala |
| |
| |
| |
| |
| |
| |

|9 |
|Puncte: 1/1 |
|[pic] |
|Invoice |
|Răspuns: |
|[pic] |
|a. Factura |
| |
| |
|[pic] |
|b. Oferta |
| |
| |
|[pic] |
|c. Cerere de oferta |
| |
| |
| |
| |
| |
| |

|10 |
|Puncte: 1/1 |
|[pic] |
|Order point |
|Răspuns: |
|[pic] |
|a. Numarul de oferte |
| |
| |
|[pic] |
|b. Nivel de aprovizionare |
| |
| |
|[pic] |
|c. Onorarea comenzilor |
| |
| |
| |
| |
| |
| |…...

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... 16 June 2014 GS1140 2.1. Which characteristics listed in the tables on pages 14 and 15 do you feel you now possess? Which characteristics do you feel you need to improve? I have the knowledge and believe every problem has a solution. I can honestly work on the rest I get frustrated easily and want to quit to soon. After I get the answer I do not tend to recheck it ever. 2.2. Choose three of the Seven Habits of Highly Effective People and explain how you will practice them during the coming weeks. Be Proactive. Main thing for me is to ask questions, I already know I am going to need a lot of help in math. Think Win/Win. Got to stay positive… enough said there Practice Renewal. class homework revisit a lot. I have to commit things to memory so I can learn them. 2.4. What other examples of recent paradigm shifts can you identify? Paradigm shifts in recent years Just to talk about a few 1 the creation of the World Wide Web changed how we communicated with friends and .Family around the world. 2 Facebook changing the Social Media scene is becoming the normal now. 3 The electric car a cleaner alternative to fuel. 2.6. Identify a group of people with whom you frequently interact. Make a list of things you can do to become a better team member and to establish a creative environment. Amgard BOD, listen better, be more open to new ideas, Allow others to be heard and myself to be understood....

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...Kathryn Blink Week 2 Homework Exercise 3-13 A. Calculate the cost per equivalent unit for materials and conversion costs. Labor: $8.97 Cost: $9.59 Total: $18.56 B. Calculate the cost of items completed during November. $37,584,000,000 C. Calculate the cost of ending Work in Process. $55,680.00 (Material $47,328, Labor $25,056) Exercise 3-14 A. Prepare a reconciliation of units and a computation of equivalent units for June for the Cleaning Department. 40 @ 50 | 20 | 20 | 500 @ - | +500 | 470 (total units finished in the month) | 50 @ 75 | | 30 (add remaining) | | 520 | = | | | 520 | Problem 3-11 Prepare a production report for the Blending Department for May. Production Cost ReportBlending DepartmentMay | Unit Reconciliation | | Units in Beg. WIP | 7,500 | Units started during May | 97,000 | Units to account for | 104,500 | Units completed and transferred to packaging | 92,500 | Units in ending WIP | 12,000 | Units accounted for | 104,500 | Cost per Equivalent Unit Calculation | Material | Conversion | Overhead | Total | Cost | Beginning WIP | $7,000 | $8,000 | | $15,000 | Cost incurred during May | $106,473 | $143,632 | | $250,105 | Total | $113,473 | $151,632 | | $265,105 | Units | Units completed | 92,500 | 92,500 | | | Equivalents units, ending WIP | 7,800 | 2,400 | | | Total | 100,300 | 94,900 | | | Cost per......

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...Homework Assignment 3 1. Current price in US dollars? (1924/98) $19.63 USD The price in July 2012? (1924/123) $15.64 USD 2. The percentage price change since January? (1924/114) = $16.88 USD ($19.63-$16.88) = $2.75 ($2.75/16.88) = 16.29% increase. Since last July? 19.63-15.64 = 3.99 3.99/15.64 = 25.51% increase 3. What other factors does Dennis need to consider in calculating total landed cost? Cost of the item, brokerage fees, shipping costs, currency conversion, shipping costs, handling fees, customs duties, tariffs and taxed 4. What do each of these terms mean to Dennis? a. Ex works, Seoul, Korea, SKw 12,100 (12,100/806)=$15.01 USD. This is the price of the unit once it is made accessible at the factory. There are still costs that need to be added such as, transportation costs, insurance cost, brokerage fees and applicable duties/taxes. b. CIF Baltimore, $15.50 USD. This means that the cost includes transportation and insurance to the port in Baltimore. Here are still costs that need to be added which are, brokerage, duties/taxes, and inland freight costs. c. DDP New York, $16.50 USD. This means that the cost has already been figured in and it includes transportation, insurance and duties/taxes. The cost that needs to be added is inland freight and brokerage fees. 5. What other pieces of information might Dennis require in order to make an informed decision? a. For choice A, with Ex works, how much......

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...HOMEWORK WEEK Chapter 5, Review Question R3 What are some of the possible services that a link layer protocol can offer to the network layer? Which of these link layer services have corresponding services in IP? In TCP. Asides the basic service provided by the link layer which is to move a datagram from one node to an adjacent node over a single communication link, there are other services provided by the link layer protocols. These services are as follows; * Framing: network layer datagram are enclosed by link layer protocols within a link layer frame before transmission over the link. * Reliable Delivery: The protocols provides reliable delivery service by guaranteeing to move each network layer datagram across the link without error. * Error detection and Correction: The link layer protocols provide a mechanism to detect and correct error that are incorrectly decided in the link layer hardware. * Link Access: The media access control protocol specifies the rules by which a frame is transmitted onto the link. The reliable delivery service also have corresponding services in TCP. Chapter 5, Review Question 4 Suppose two nodes start to transmit at the same time a packet of length L over a broadcast channel of rate R. Denote the propagation delay between the two nodes as dprop. Will there be a collision if dprop < L/R? Why or why not? No, there will be no collision. This is because the transmission time is less than the propagation delay; so the......

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...The University of Texas at Dallas Special Homework #1- Lifecycle Management Process Swapnili Jadhao 02/25/2015 SYSM 6301 Spring 2015 General “Case Study” Analysis Questions: 1. What was the general “subject” of the article? The general subject of this article is analysis of the ISO/IEC 24748 systems and software lifecycle management guide against other standards and academic material, and proposes additions to make to the standard for it to properly promote and support software quality engineering. The article explains the results of a term research project focused on the analysis guide for life cycle management a software quality engineering perspective. 2. What lifecycle stages were primarily focused on that needs to be improved? The lifecycle stages those were primarily focused on and needs to be improved are as listed below: • Concept – In this stage the stakeholder’s requirements trigger the project and drive the whole engineering effort. • Development – In this stage the stakeholder’s requirements are refined with the perspective of quality and are ‘baselined’. • Production – In this stage considering the quality model selected and the baseline accumulated from previous stages quality activities will be performed according to the plans. • Utilization – In this stage, the monitoring of performance and identifying, classifying and reporting of anomalies, deficiencies, and failures occurs. • Support – In this stage, the system-of-interest is deployed and logistics......

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...ACC 2302 – Chapter 2 Homework Solutions (Not necessarily in the order assigned) Exercise 2-4 (page 55) 1. | | Cups of Coffee Served in a Week | | | 2,000 | 2,100 | 2,200 | | Fixed cost | $1,200 | $1,200 | $1,200 | | Variable cost |     440 |     462 |     484 | | Total cost | $1,640 | $1,662 | $1,684 | | Average cost per cup served * | $0.820 | $0.791 | $0.765 | * Total cost ÷ cups of coffee served in a week 2. The average cost of a cup of coffee declines as the number of cups of coffee served increases because the fixed cost is spread over more cups of coffee. Exercise 2-5 (page 55) 1. | | OccupancyDays | Electrical Costs | | High activity level (August) | 2,406 | $5,148 | | Low activity level (October) |   124 |  1,588 | | Change | 2,282 | $3,560 | Variable cost = Change in cost ÷ Change in activity = $3,560 ÷ 2,282 occupancy-days = $1.56 per occupancy-day | Total cost (August) | $5,148 | | Variable cost element ($1.56 per occupancy-day × 2,406 occupancy-days) |  3,753 | | Fixed cost element | $1,395 | 2. Electrical costs may reflect seasonal factors other than just the variation in occupancy days. For example, common areas such as the reception area must be lighted for longer periods during the winter than in the summer. This will result in seasonal fluctuations in the fixed electrical costs. Additionally, fixed costs will be affected by the number......

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...friends in the heavy accented English. Ultimately, learning a language is important to any person so that he or she will have a better understanding of others. For example, when Brian first came to the Philippines at the age of two, he was made fun of by Filipino kids because of his New Jersey accent. After accomplishing the Tagalog language, Brian became accepted and treated like any other child would. In relationship to Espritu’s section on language, many sons and daughters of immigrants felt as if they are not even considered a Filipino because they only know how to speak in English. For example, when my little brother Brice was first attending school, my parents would always ask me to help him when he needed the assistance with his homework. Both my mother and father know they have a strong Filipino accent and they think that the best thing to do is to have someone else aid him with problems, especially in the English subject, so that Brice does not catch on with the incorrect enunciations. All in all, Filipino and Filipino Americans should learn any Filipino language so that he or she will widen their circle of friends so that socializing will become easier....

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...Homework Week 1 Misunderstanding #1 Last weekend my wife and I threw my father his 76 Birthday party at our home while family and friends attended. When my younger sister and her family arrived, my wife greeted her by saying “hello stranger”, which is a proper greeting when two people haven’t seen each other in awhile. My sister received this greeting as a disrespectful greeting and stated to my wife she was offended and if you can’t greet me as “hello Gloria” do not greet me at all. a. Who was the sender? (My Wife) b. Who was the receiver? (My Sister) c. What was the message? A simple greeting d. What channel was used to send the message? Face to Face Communication e. What was the misunderstanding that occurred? A simple greeting was misinterpret as a personal attack. How could the misunderstanding been avoided. a. By not inviting here b. By not greeting her at all c. By greeting her by her name. Misunderstanding #2 Once I retired from the Marine Corps a year later I went back to work for a defense contractor as an instructor for the Marine Corps. During my time as a Marine the term “WM” stands for Woman Marines. I was not aware that terms was no longer used to refer to woman Marines. During my introduction I let the class know where the “WM’s” and the male marines restroom was. After the first class a female marine approach me to let me know that the term “WM’s” was no longer appropriate to refer to female......

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