Premium Essay

Identify and Briefly Explain Three Characteristics of Sects

In: Other Topics

Submitted By gwinny97
Words 319
Pages 2
Identify and briefly explain three characteristics of sects (9 marks)

Sects tend to be “world rejecting” which means they are oppositional to the rest of the world. This is partly caused by the fact that sects often claim they have a monopoly over the truth as the claim to re-establish fundamental truths. Sects target the marginalised and at the same time offer to these people a status identity in the sense that they often portray themselves as exclusive with a monopoly over the truth. They are radical in their rejection of the rest of society and other belief systems, are aggressive to the existing social order, and they are often in opposition to the state, therefore rejecting the normal status-quo and appearing to be hostile to wider society - which in turn perceives them as deviant.

Sects normally demand total commitment from their member and strong internal discipline. Once a person joins a sect, members are often expected to end their connections with the outside world, often to the extent that they must withdraw completely from society. As sect members are usually expected to demonstrate total commitment to the organisation, they often have to obey strict rules and may even have new names and religious dress codes imposed on them. Sociologists have been knows to interpret that people who join sects are looking for a structure or meaning in their lives.

Sects are often characterised by having charismatic leaders who can attract people who are influenced by their persuasion or charm into joining. These charismatic leaders exert considerable authority and control over their members. The formation of a sect is often based on a charismatic leader who usually claims to have special powers, such as a direct link to God. Charismatic leaders may well explain why sects can grow quickly, but also why many are short-lived because when the leader dies, the sect…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Identify the Three Domains of Development

...Identify The Three Domains Of Development Identify the three domains of development, as described in Chapter 1. The three domains of adult development are physical development, cognitive development, and social and emotional development. The interesting fact about the study of physical development is that it not only looks at obvious physical changes but at the unseen changes such as changes in the brain (Witt, Mossler, 2010, p. 3). Although both the study of physical development and cognitive development look at the brain, the study of physical development focuses on the actual physical changes of the brain. The study of cognitive development focuses on the mental changes of the brain. The last domain concentrates more on a person’s emotions and personality. As Witt and Mossler put it, “it is an overall description of your abilities, traits, and personality” (2010, p. 8). discussing the theories of adult development? It is important to consider each domain of development because they all affect each other and are in constant change which last a lifetime (Witt, Mossler, 2010, p. 3). As Witt and Mossler also state that “each category shows distinctly different types of development and different schedules of development; they are, however, not separate” (2010, p. 3). Why is it important to consider each domain in the study of adult development? Because this is a very helpful way for everyone to know where they are in life. An I think that it would be......

Words: 331 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Explain How to Identify the Target Market

...Shannon Molyneux Unit 36 P2 - Explain how to identify the target market My Idea I am creating my own business, I have decided to open my own clothes store often known as a ‘boutique’ my store will be known as ‘dizzy boutique’ my business will be located in the small village Burscough. I have decided to locate my business in Burscough because there are none like this in the area. I have decided to do this business as fashion is my interest. Brief I need to identify the level of demand for my business and who it is from. In order to look at my potential customers and the way they buy I will have to go into an existing clothes store and see the way they act and what they actually buy. I will create an observation checklist which will show gender, rough age, whether they buy anything and what they buy. I would do this for several hours until I have details of 200 people entering the shop.There are lot of similar stores like this I could go and visit especially in the Skelmersdale concourse. Also as there are other business which are a lot like mine but are online, I would look at them and see how they go about things I wouldn’t help me in many ways but I could get a better idea of the stock and the price they go for. To help identify my competition, I need to visit the local town centre to locate any similar businesses. Another way of doing this is to go online and look at the local areas. Research proposal. For my primary methods I have decided I will go to other......

Words: 566 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Identify and Briefly Explain 3 Functions of Religion

...One function of religion would come from the functionalist perspective. The function of religious ritual is to maintain social solidarity by affirming the moral superiority of society over its individual members. Durkheim believed that social life could only exist if values were shared and society integrated into a coherent whole. Religion is an important aspect of this process, not only providing a set of unifying practices and beliefs, but also by providing a way in which people can interpret and give meaning to the world. A second view would be the Marxist view, this is a negative view. They say religion is a tool of oppression creating false consciousness and cons people into thinking everything is fair. They believe religion diverts them from focusing on the inequalities in their life and religion would disappear during communism. The reason Marxist think religion distracts people from their currently life is because it promises paradise in their next life. However this is the view of the classical Marxists not the neo Marxists. They argue religion does help social change. The final view on the function of religion comes from feminists. Feminists believe that religion is a patriarchal institution. They criticise the sacred texts as in almost all the world’s religions, the gods are male. (Hindus come close to being an exception, with its female goddesses). Feminists have also been written and interpreted by males by incorporating many traditional male stereotypes and......

Words: 286 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Briefly Explain the Characteristic of Effective Fe

...Briefly explain the characteristic of effective feedback. one of a leader's responsibilities is to create and utilize a forum for open, constructive communication which feedback is one important aspect. effective feedback, both positive and negative, is helpful to others. when you give feedback you are offering valuable information that will be useful to another person making decisions about how to behave. feedback is not criticism. criticism is evaluative, feedback is descriptive. it also allows us to build and maintain communication with others. feedback provides the individual with information that can be used in performing personal evaluation List the capabilities that people use to initiate, regulate, and sustain their behavior according to the social cognitive theory. self-efficacy makes a difference in how people feel, think and act. in terms of feeling, a low sense of self-efficacy is associated with depression, anxiety, and helplessness. such individuals also have low self-esteem and harbour pessimistic thoughts about their accomplishments and personal development. in terms of thinking, a strong sense of competence facilitates cognitive processes and academic performance. self-efficacy levels can enhance or impede the motivation to act. individuals with high self-efficaccy choose to perform more challenging tasks. What are three ethical characteristics of charismatic leaders? unethical chanrismatic leader, individual qualities of ethical and unethical......

Words: 848 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Identify and Briefly Explain Three Reasons Why Stats on Religious Beliefs May Not Be Accurate

...Official statistics such as the national census have an optional question asking the person to answer what religion they hold. This data is not truly accurate of the whole UK population because it is the only question on the census, which is optional therefore thousands of people may choose not to answer it at all, which results in gaps of the data. The national census is the only official statistic that asks religious views so this could be seen as the only reliable data even if it has large gaps in. Another reason that stats on religious beliefs may not be accurate is the fact that people may simply lie, whether it is to official bodies or sociologists carrying out surveys to collect data. In the national census, 240,000 people stated that they were of ‘other religion’ such as Satanists or Jedis. It could be seen that this data is invalid as the UK does not have thousands of Jedis. This is a major problem as to whether beliefs may not be accurate because of the fundamental fact that people lie. The final reason is how different religions classify the actual number of members they have. Scientology claimed to have millions of members but this data came from the number of people who just took the introductory session and not the people who actually practice the religion so this is obviously invalid data as if the number of people who had been christened were counted under the Church of England then there would be many more members than there actually are. The number of......

Words: 351 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Identify and Briefly Explain Why Population in Developing Countries Is Still Growing

...Identify and briefly explain why population in developing countries is still growing Most developing countries are experiencing rapid population growth. Developing countries are in stage 2 or 3 of the demographic transition model. This means that they have falling death rates, due to improving health care, while birth rates remain high. There can be many reasons why the population in developing countries is still growing. Firstly developing countries have limited access to family planning services and education regarding contraception. With the people in developing countries not being educated on ways to prevent having children they know no different so keep producing kids and with falling death rates of babies more children are being born and surviving the first few years of its life. Contraception and other methods of family panning may not actually be culturally or religiously acceptable in some developing countries. For example the Catholic church looks down on contraception. Another reason why population in developing countries is still growing is that children in these developing countries are seen as a valuable source of labour and income for a family. They can do jobs such as help on the family fields, work on the land etc. In a developing country where factories start to appear people may feel encouraged to have more children so they canned them to work in factories. Developing countries tend to have very relaxed rules on child labour etc so this could encourage...

Words: 350 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

To Identify the Top Three Operating Systems for Smartphones and Explain Their Features

...TO IDENTIFY THE TOP THREE OPERATING SYSTEMS FOR SMARTPHONES AND EXPLAIN THEIR FEATURES In this report I want to explain what are the three major smartphone operating systems and their features. The contents of this paper will describe the different design features of Google’s Android, Apple’s iOS and Microsoft’s WindowsPhone operating systems and why the consumers favor them. If you have any questions you can contact me at 409344-0867 or at nuthaky.phani@gmail.com Respectfully yours, Phani Nuthaky TABLE OF CONTENTS Part Page I. INTRODUCING THE REPORT 1 A. What is a smart phone? 1 B. Key smart phone features 1 C. What is a smart phone operating system? 2 II. WHY IS ANDROID THE TOP SMARTPHONE OPERATING SYSTEM? 3 A. What users love in Android? 3 B. Some of the drawbacks of Android 4 III. iOS APPLE’S SMARTPHONE OPERATING SYSTEM 5 A. Features of iOS 5 B. Setbacks of iOS 6 IV. WINDOWS PHONE OPERATING SYSTEM 6 A. Top features of Windows Phone 7 B. Trade offs of Windows Phone 8 IV. SUMMING UP THE SMARTPHONE OS COMPARISON 9 LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS Graphic Page TABLE 1 Top Smartphone Platforms 11 TO IDENTIFY THE TOP THREE OPERATING SYSTEMS FOR SMARTPHONES AND EXPLAIN THEIR FEATURES I. INTRODUCTION A. What is a smart phone? A smartphone (or smart phone) is a mobile phone......

Words: 2961 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Identify and Briefly Explain Three Reasons That Support the Claim That American Society Is Becoming Increasingly Secular. (9 Marks)

...Identify and briefly explain three reasons that support the claim that American society is becoming increasingly secular. (9 marks) One of the main reasons that support the claim that American society is becoming increasingly secular is the decline in church attendance. Bruce argues that America is becoming more secular. There is a decline in attendance even though statistics suggest otherwise. Opinion polls suggest attendance has-been stable around 40% since 1940. However Hadaway's research team visited churches in Ashtabula County to find in Original statistics did not match the churches. If 40% of all Americans attended Church the churches would be then full but they were not. These statistic may apply to the religious people in America however not the nation as a whole. Or also people being surveyed may be drawn into the Hawthorne effect, as it is still seen as socially desirable or normative to go to church so people who no longer attend church will say they still go if asked. Another reason to support the claim of America becoming increasingly secular is secularisation from within. Bruce argues that the manner American religion has accustomed to the modern world amounts to secularisation from within. Religion has become a form of therapy and importance on traditional Christian beliefs has declined. The change has enabled it to fit in with a secular society, so American religion has continued to be popular however it is becoming less religion. The purpose of......

Words: 335 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

What Does It Mean to Strategically Manage Employees? Identify and Explain the Three Primary Hr Activities. Which of the Three Primary Hr Activities Is Most Challenging and Why?

...managing employees is the practical management of the people. It gives broader viewpoint to the employees and also can help them to give better understanding of their job. It can relate employees to understand that how their job fits in plan and with the other member of an organization. Strategic human resource management is designed to help an organization to meet the need of their employees in such a way and in along with it achieve company's goals. To strategically manage the employees, a company needs to think ahead and plan to meet the needs of the employees and for them to better needs of the company. They can effectively face the environmental changes in the organization as well as evaluate the impact of it on their job. The three primary human resources activities are: 1.Recruitment and selection: Recruitment and selection is the first phase of human resource management. Managers of different other department work with HR department to fill in the vacant position in an organization. It involves the process such as specifying the job description and reach out to the candidates with the help of advertisement of Job in local newspaper, social media networking, consultant etc. Selection of right candidate for the position will be done by company's own methodology i.e. Personal interview, examination, experimental etc. 2.Placement and Training: The next step of human resource activities is placement and training in which the selected candidate receives...

Words: 583 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

What Are the Essential Characteristic of an Effective Leader? Explain.

...college degree doesn’t happen automatically or overnight, you will have to work hard to obtain the skills required to perform at such level in today’s competitive society. If you want to get in a professional field, you must show the ambition to keep moving forward or else you will fall behind. The characteristics one must have to be an effective leader in today’s society include the ability to communicate properly, ability to manage time, and to respect others. First of all, the foremost important characteristic is the ability to communicate properly with others. Without communication, the leader will not be able to exchange ideas and be able to communicate with his followers, which in return doesn’t make that leader effective after all. An effective leader must also be a great listener, but that comes hand in hand with communicating properly. The Civil Rights movement would never be effective if communication didn’t take place. Leaders such as Martin Luther King Jr, Malcolm X, Frederick Douglass, Rosa Parks, and etc would never have spread their words about African American Rights. Without communication; it is almost impossible to be an effective leader. A second characteristic an effective leader must have is good time management. Time management is an ability that many of us appear to learn through necessity. Nobody likes a person who lacks the ability to manage time correctly. An effective leader has to plan his day effectively so he can progress and be more......

Words: 651 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

There Are Many Threats to Global Food Supplies. Explain the Problem and Identify the Solutions.

...There are many threats to global food supplies. Explain the problem and identify the solutions. Since the world population are increasing continuously, this modern world now faces many threats to global supplies. While food is inadequate in several places, people in developed countries, which have sufficient food supplies, are generating food waste. This essay will introduce the situations and problems about food waste in developed world, then demonstrate solutions, identify and evaluate the problem. In the modern world which food production is expanding, food, especially in developed countries, is easily accessible. Thus, there has been an intense rivalry among food manufacturers and retailers. Special offers, promotions and large portion sizes tempt consumers to spend more food than they actually need. Not only overbuying food, discarding food with little blemished on products also became consumers’ habit. These ill-treatments of food are prevalent among people in developed countries, and such actions finally lead to food waste. (slaght, 2012) The action of developed world consumers leads to household food waste. Food waste in developed countries has significantly increased by approximately 30-40% of food lost to waste over the past years. Unwanted supplies are thrown away to landfill while a lot of people in some countries cannot even afford to access sufficient food supply. Nevertheless, there are solutions to deal with this trouble. Increasing the price......

Words: 540 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Identify and Briefly Explain Three Characteristics of Sects.

...Identify and briefly explain three characteristics of sects. (9 marks)  Sects have been defined by Troeltsch as a separate religious organisation, defined by certain characteristics.  For example, a common characteristic of sects is an unofficial structure, without the formal hierarchy of leaders  many other religious organisations (such as churches) have. Instead, as sects are often smaller, they are led  by a single charismatic leader who unites all the followers within the sect. This can be exemplified by David  Koresh and his sect known as the Branch Davidians, who was the single leader of the sect and controlled the  members by preaching he was the reincarnation of David the Lamb from the Bible, therefore giving his  leadership position the legitimacy and validity used by other sect leaders.  A second characteristic is the restricted membership sects have compared to other religious organisations;  instead of admitting children or those born into the organisation like denominations do, sects require their  members to demonstrate a greater commitment to the belief. Therefore, adults only are admitted into sects in  order to ensure the uniquely legitimate beliefs and commitments are secure, as the followers have  demonstrated they are deeply committed. An example is the Hare Krishna sect, a movement based in  Hinduism and the belief in the Hindu god Krishna. As this sect has behavioural restrictions such as all  members required to be vegetarians, they only a...

Words: 639 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Identify and Brielfy Expalin Three Functions of Religion

...Identify and briefly explain three functions of religion There are many functions of religion, one of the functions according to functionalist is meaning and purpose. This is the idea that religion is a source to give a person a meaning or a purpose of their life or to have a meaning for a society or group of people as well as an individual. For example in South Korea the people of that society started to follow the Christianity religion after South and North Korea became separate and North Korea started to control what went on in the South. This links to meaning and purpose because the people of South Korea turned to a religion to give them a reason to think positive after being controlled by the North. Also they turned to religion to give them a sense of importance in the world and as tough they have someone to turn to for help. Another function of religion according to Functionalist is collective conscience. This is the idea that there are shared norms, values and beliefs within society or a religion. An example of when collective conscience is included within religion is through worship. Within church and mosques or any other places of worship everyone comes together to pray and share the norms and values of that religion and also they have the same beliefs of that religion. This links to collective conscience because a religion has a set of norms, values and beliefs which most people who follow or attend that religion or place of worship are advised to follow.......

Words: 359 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Three Most Important Characteristics in Work Place

...Three most important characteristics The most important characteristic in the work place is clearly identified what their core purpose is. A straightforward, concise mission statement is readily comprehensible and enthusiastically embraced by each and every employee. Such great workplaces have carefully identified those factors critical to their long-term success, for example, those services and/or facilities they must do, and continue to do, exceptionally well, as well as their specific vision for the future, what our workplace will likely be in five to ten years. To clearly assign duty and employee roles, great workplace need to develop detailed action plans and accompanying areas of responsibility to insure that their vision for the future is more than dream work; it is concrete, actionable, measurable and achievable. Great workplaces have rules and policies that are reasonable, understandable, and, perhaps most importantly, fairly and uniformly enforced. For example, smoking is prohibited in the work environment, no one smokes: neither President nor dishwasher. The rules and policies at great workplaces are neither capricious nor arbitrary. They should write in common language which is used in company. For example, the policies should be written in English in California (not Mandarin Chinese or Spanish, or technical or mysterious language that specific people could comprehend). Generally, great workplaces embrace rules and policies that reflect the core values of the......

Words: 337 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Briefly Explain Why Catel May Not Succed in Any Economy Including Kenya

... 1. Briefly explain why cartels may not succeed in any economy including Kenya. A cartel is a formal (explicit) agreement among competing firms. It’s a formal organization of producers and manufacturers that agree to fix prices, marketing and production. Cartels usually occur in an oligopolistic industry, where there are a small number of sellers and usually involve homogenous products. Cartels members maybe agree on such matters as prices fixing, total industry output, market shares, allocation of customers, allocation of territories and the division of profits. There are either private or public cartels. One can distinguish private cartels from public cartels. In the public cartel a government is involved to enforce the cartel agreement, and the government's sovereignty shields such cartels from legal actions. private cartels are subject to legal liability under the antitrust laws now found in nearly every nation of the world. Many price fixing or market sharing agreements eventually either collapse or whither on the vine - here are some reasons: 1. Falling demand creates excess capacity in the industry e.g. during an economic downturn / recession - the classic example here is the deep tension within the OPEC oil cartel caused by the world economic recession which is causing a steep fall in the global demand for crude oil. Will OPEC deliver on planned output cuts in order to stabilize the price of crude at or around $50 a barrel? 2. Disruption caused by the entry of......

Words: 1120 - Pages: 5

Kaaval (2015) DVDRip Full Hindi Dubbed Movie Watch Online Watch Kaaval (2015) DVDRip Full Hindi Dubbed Movie & Download Free. Hindi Dubbed Movie Kaaval (2015) DVDRip Full Cast and Crew Details. Film Name :- Kaaval (2015) DVDRip Film Directed By :- V.R. Nagendran Film Written by -- V.R. Nagendran Starring of the Film :- Vimal, Samuthirakani, ‘Punnagai Poo’ Geetha Genres -: Thriller Origin Country -- India Film Language -- Hindi Dubbed   Option -1 NetuTV Player 1 Option -2 WatchVideo Player 2 Option -3 Openload Player 3 Option -4 VideoMega Player ... | Organized Kindle MOBI Library 13 000 Books Part 2 of 2 K-Z | Kirschkernkissen Dinkelkissen Wärmekissen Tupfen 11 Farben und 10 Größen Öko-Tex