Premium Essay


In: English and Literature

Submitted By acongdevil
Words 1271
Pages 6
Group 2 – Vedan | Report | Nguyen Minh Hung – Bui Ngoc Minh Tam – Vo Chi Cong | |

Case Summary

A technical survey briefed to local government leaders and representatives of Vedan Vietnam on December 7 concludes that the Taiwanese MSG maker caused eighty to ninety percent of the pollution of the Thi Vai River east of HCM City, according to accounts in VietNamNet and other newspapers. Vedan has reportedly refused to sign off on the report.

Nearly fifteen months after Vedan Vietnam was detected discharging large quantities of untreated liquid waste directly into the Thi Vai river, researchers from the HCM City Institute of Environment and Natural Resources (IENR), representatives of farmers in Dong Nai and Ba Ria-Vung Tau provinces and HCM City, local officials and Vedan’s top managers met on December 7 to hear a technical assessment of damage to the river attributable to Vedan’s operations.

In this meeting, closed to the press, researchers reportedly held Vedan responsible for eighty to ninety percent of the industrial pollution found in water samples. IENR’s Bui Ta Long said that water samples collected from February-April 2008 indicated that Vedan Vietnam discharged more than 100,000 cubic meters of waste water into the river every month.
The area impacted by Vedan-sourced pollution extended for ten kilometers along the Thi Vai River. The river in this area was heavily polluted. The water there was black, stank and was deadly to all kinds of fish.

According to newspapers, the Institute’s report states that at least 2700 hectares of aquaculture enterprises were affected by the pollution, some 2000 ‘severely,’ including over 2100 hectares in Dong Nai province and nearly 600 hectares for Ba Ria-Vung Tau.

The Environment Agency intends to convene another meeting on December 11 to unify official views on the extent of Vedan’s responsibility for…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Deneme¢ts to give reported pro¢ts. The reported pro¢ts of a pro¢t-maximizing ¢rm would be M þ D since there is no discretionary spending, while the reported pro¢ts of a Williamsontype ¢rm will be M þ D less discretionary spending. The choices facing a manager can be illustrated graphically using Figure 2.7. On the axes are discretionary expenditure and discretionary pro¢ts. The manager’s preferences are shown by a set of indi¡erence curves, each one showing the levels of sta¡ expenditure and discretionary pro¢t, which give the same level of satisfaction or utility. It is also assumed that a manager will prefer to be on higher indi¡erence curves. The relationship between discretionary expenditure and discretionary pro¢t is shown by a pro¢t curve. Initially, discretionary pro¢t and sta¡ expenditure have a positive relationship, but after point D further discretionary expenditure reduces discretionary pro¢ts and, eventually, they fall to zero. The manager will maximize utility at point E, which represents a point of tangency between the highest achievable indi¡erence curve and the discretionary pro¢t curve. Managers, therefore, do not maximize utility where discretionary pro¢ts are maximized but at lower levels of discretionary pro¢t and higher levels of discretionary expenditure. Reactions to changes in economic variables can be analysed. A pro¢t-maximizing ¢rm has no managerial slack since costs are minimized and pro¢ts maximized. A managerial utility-maximizing ¢rm will......

Words: 34267 - Pages: 138

Free Essay


... GUARANTEED Returns on your Investment [pic] [pic] | |19. |Planning for Post |(( | | | | |Retirement Life | | | |1. |My Role in Improving |( |20. |Be self-motivated & |( |1. |KAIZEN & 5 S: What, Why & How |( | | |Work Environment | | |self – starter | | | | | |2. |Team Work & My Role |(( |21. |Listening Skills |( |2. |Productivity Improv |( | |3. |Discipline: Why & How |( |22. |Ever-green |( | |-ement & My Role | | |4. |Ladders of Your |( | |Personality | |3. |Wastage Control and My Role |( | | |Success | |23. |Improving Personal |( ...

Words: 3440 - Pages: 14

Free Essay


...thing about the “Arab Spring” upris  ngs was their unex  ected g m i p sud  en  ess. They fit the “infor  a  ion cas  ade” mod  ls devel  ped by Timur Kuran, d n m t c e o Suzanne Lohmann and oth  rs to describe the equally dra  atic and sud  en 1989 upris  ngs e m d i in East  rn Europe. Noth  ng on the “macro” side matches the ele  ant expla  a  ion of sud  e i g n t den, dis  on  in    us change given by the micro-theorists. c t uo Related to this sud  en  ess is the lack of a strong oppo  i  ion move  ent before the upris  d n st m ing. It’s not that there was no oppo  i  ion, but there was noth  ng of the strength to indi  ate st i c a com  ng cri  is. The cas  ade the    ies have no need, or even place, for orga  i  a  ions or i s c or nz t move  ents: these are pop    a  ion dynam  cs mod  ls, with no struc  ure big  er than the net  m ul t i e t g worked indi  id  al. Mean  hile, the lead  ng soci    og    al the    ies deal with move  v u w i ol ic or ments, orga  i  a  ions, and resource mobi  iza  ion. Score two to the micro-theorists. nz t l t Finally, we have the role of dig    al tech  olo  ies, which segues nat    ally to net  ork mod  ls it n g ur w e of soci  ty. Talk of infor  a  ion tech  olo  ies leads equally nat    ally to a focus on infor  a  e m t n g ur m tion dif  u  ion across net  orks, in which increased con  ec  iv  ty low  r  ng bar  i  rs to col  ab  f s w n t i e i re l o  a  ion, dis  us  ion, and infor  a  ion shar  ng. And the......

Words: 8694 - Pages: 35

Free Essay


...loved ones. Cost:Starts at about $6,000, plus an annual service contract of about $1,200 Users: Oregon Health & Science University, Portland; El Camino Hospital (pictured above), Mountain View, Calif.; Intermountain Healthcare, Salt Lake City; Casa Grande (Ariz.) Regional Medical Center; Rady Children’s Hospital-San Diego hospital School: alergies work 2) camera facebook evveller insanlar social medyaya computer, daha sonar iphone un yeni icadi vasitesi ile cell phone vasitesi ile baglandi medyaya, indi ise artiq Samsung camera vasitesiyle baglana bilir. Share Your World Built-in Wi-Fi Share moments instantly with family and friends. With built-in Wi-Fi, you can send photos to social networks and e-mail contacts—right from the camera. Plus, upload and store your memories from the camera to Microsoft SkyDrive. Relive Moments HD Video Record stunning memories in stunning HD. Upload your video to Youtube from the camera, and let everyone experience a milestone occasion instantly. Watch it on your TV with AllShare for a more cinematic experience. 3) I-Car audi --> youtube video First publically demonstrated in an Audi A6 Avant as part of this year's......

Words: 1540 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Organizational Psychology

...looking incompetent, respectively. The finding that a performance- approach orientation is associated with superior performance (e.g., Barron & Harackiewicz, 2000; Elliot & Church, 1997; Harackiewicz, Barron, Carter, Letho, & Elliot, 1997) suggests that individ- uals with performance-approach orientations tend to exert sufficient effort to accomplish their goal of outperforming others. The tendency to reduce ef- fort after encountering setbacks and difficulty often associated with performance orientations (e.g., Duda, 2001; Dweck, 1999) seems to be more char- acteristic of performance-avoidance-oriented indi-viduals (Barron & Harackiewicz, 2000; Elliot, 1999; Pintrich, 2000). Mastery goals were also bifurcated into approach and avoidance versions (Elliot & McGregor, 2001; Van Yperen, 2003a). That is, indi- viduals endorsing mastery-avoidance goals strive to avoid deterioration, losing their skill, or leaving a task incomplete or unmastered, whereas mastery- approach goals are focused on the development of competence through task mastery (Elliot & McGre- gor, 2001). As such, approach-oriented individuals tend to pursue beneficial outcomes, whereas avoid- ance-oriented employees tend to avert detrimental outcomes. The four different types of goal orienta- tions—that is, mastery approach, mastery avoid- ance, performance approach, and performance avoidance—appear to have different antecedents and consequences (e.g.,......

Words: 649 - Pages: 3

Free Essay


...Jim Allen, the president, that if McGrew expects to maintain its share of the market, it will also have to manufacture locally. Allen is in a quandary. The market is too good to lose, but McGrew has had no experience with foreign manufacturing operations. Because Brazilian sales and repairs have been handled by the distributor, no one in McGrew has had any firsthand experience in that country. Allen has made some rough calculations that indicate the firm can make money by manufacturing in Brazil, but the firm’s lack of marketing expertise in the country troubles him. He calls in Joan Beal, the export manager, and asks her to prepare a list of all the options open to McGrew, with their advantages and disadvantages. Allen also asks Beal to indi- cate her preference. Answer the following questions. This paper should be 3 pages. It should be single spaced, 12 size font, Times New Roman font style. 1. Assume you are Joan Beal. Prepare a list of all the options, and give the advantages and disadvantages of each. 2. Which of the options would you recommend? 3. Assuming that the president’s calculations are correct and that a factory to produce locally the number of machines that McGrew now exports to Brazil will offer a satisfactory return on investment, what special information about Brazil will you want to gather?...

Words: 271 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Indi China

...1 India and China 1 Friend, enemy, rival, investor How can India make its economic relations with China less lopsided? Jun 30th 2012 | MUMBAI | from the print edition [pic] [pic] DEALINGS between India and China are stunted in many ways. Rich cultural links once existed long ago, from the study of eclipses to Buddhist chanting, but hardly anyone remembers that today, laments Amartya Sen, a Nobel-prize-winning economist. After a love-in during the 1950s, China thumped India in a border war in 1962, and the two have continued to growl over their high-altitude frontier since. Indians envy China's economic rise, but console themselves by pointing out that it is no democracy. Aside from stiff displays of fraternity at summits, most recently the G20 bash in Mexico on June 18th-19th, China seems not to think much about India at all. Investment flows are negligible. There are still no direct flights between Beijing or Shanghai and Mumbai, India's commercial hub. And yet a huge shift has taken place in the make-up of Indian trade. When India began to liberalise its economy in 1991, the West still dominated the world economy, and it was to the West that India turned for trade. China's rise has now changed everything—for India, too. China is now its third-largest trading partner in goods, and the biggest if you include Hong Kong. For China's East Asian neighbours a dominant trade with China is a given, but Indians are still trying to digest the development. Rising......

Words: 1095 - Pages: 5

Free Essay


...RESEARCH MET R THODOL LOGY (G GEN 501 SESSION M) 1; Assi ignment # 1 Part I: Ascertain wh you are looking for in an Advi A hat r isor. w -out descript tion of what your person needs mi nal ight be for an effective n Write a well thoughtadvisor for you, so th you can produce an effective thes Include an idealized description of f hat p e sis. d n the chara acteristics in a thesis adv visor that you are seeking – an adviso which wo u g or ould best suit t your indi ividual needs. This shou be around 250-500 w uld words in leng gth. ur tes. Part II: Identify you candidat h ounds of the individual PHBS full-ti faculty m P ime members (*) and identify 2-3 ) fy Research the backgro of them that you mig consider as a thesis ad t ght dvisor; desig gnate specifi faculty tha seem “right” fic at for you. For each fac culty person that you ide n entify, elucid why he/ date /she may be a good fit fo or you, give your need or desires. This should be around 250-500 wo in length en ds . d ords h. Notes: pose of this assignment is to get you thinking abo an adviso and articu a out or ulating those e The purp thoughts…For this as ssignment, it is hoped th you actua spend m t hat ally more time thin nking and researchi than the time writing ing g! he HBS (*) See th online PH faculty roster: http://eng ndex.php?m= =content&c= =index&a=li ists&catid=6 627 ...

Words: 286 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay


...preferences with indi¤erence curves. Example: Food and clothing. Combination A: 1 unit of food, 6 units of clothing. Combination B: 2 units of food, 3 units of clothing Possibilities: 1. A 2. A 3. A B (A is preferred to B) B (B is preferred to A) B (indi¤erent) Let us consider some combinations of goods about which the consumer is indi¤erent: The indi¤erence curves represent consumption bundles among which the consumer is indi¤erent: 28 The slope of the indi¤erence curve is the marginal rate of substitution (MRS), that is the ratio of marginal utilities of the two goods: M UF M UC M RS = The indi¤erence map: We can have several indi¤erence curves corresponding to a particular level of satisfaction Moving along a single indi¤erence curve enjoys neither increasing nor decreasing satisfaction from the change in consumption. As we increase both goods we are crossing successive indi¤erence curves and reaching higher and higher levels of satisfaction (assuming that the consumer gets greater satisfaction from receiving increased quantities of both goods. Four properties of indi¤erence curves: 1. Higher indi¤erence curves are preferred to lower ones: Consumers usually prefer more of something to less of it. 2. Indi¤erence curves are downward-sloping: Consumers like both goods. If the quantity of one good is reduced, the quantity of the other good must increase in order for the consumer to be equally happy. 3. Indi¤erence curves do not cross 29 4.......

Words: 16259 - Pages: 66

Free Essay

Indi Assign

...Programming Development – Personal Learning Management Programming Development: Personal Learning Management Part 3 Author: Stephanie Heinrichs University of Phoenix – PRG 211 3/22/14 Programming Development: Personal Learning Management The part of the program I believe to need an array would be the entire program. The Subject, the Classes, the weeks, the keywords, and the notes. I am still unsure as to how the arrays work, I have been trying to practice them, but there is not much in the way of instruction on how to use them. I know it can be a list or a table, which works well with the program. For example, the program can be a table starting from the subject, breaking down into the classes, which break down into the weeks that break down into the keywords and the notes. In my opinion, the only way the program could be put together in its simplest form would be in an array. Using an array can reduce the number of variable names needed in a program because a single array can be used instead of a collection of simple variables to store related data (Venit, Stewart & Drake, Elizabeth; Prelude to Programming Concepts and Design; Chapter 6- Arrays: Lists and Tables.). So using an array is the best way to simplify my entire program. The best part of the array is being able to set up the search for the index of keywords. It will make being able to type in the......

Words: 807 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Pushteti Ekonomi

...Zhvendosja e Pushtetit Ekonomik Botëror nga Perëndimi në Lindje -Pleurat REXHEPI- Hyrje: Zhvendosja e pushtetit ekonomik nga Perëndimi në Lindje Ndryshimet e ekonomisë globale pas krizës financiare kanë ndikuar në zhvendosjen e pushtetit ekonomik, politik dhe ushtarak, nga vendet perëndimore të quajtura “TRIAD” (Shtetet e Bashkuara, Bashkimi Evropian dhe Japonia), drejt ekonomive të reja lindore të quajtura “BRIK” (Brazil, Rusi, Indi dhe Kinë). Është e vështirë të thuhet nëse kjo zhvendosje pushteti mund të vlerësohet si diçka pozitive apo negative, pasi është ende herët për të dhënë një gjykim të plotë. Por ajo që vihet re, është se, rritja ekonomike e vendeve në zhvillim (BRIK), po forcon çdo ditë e më shumë pozitat e tyre konkurruese në tregun global, ndërsa vendet perëndimore të TRIAD-it po ballafaqohen me një maturim të vazhdueshëm. Kjo mund të konsiderohet e dobishme për botën si një e tërë, por duhet të kemi parasysh se, rritjet e shpejta mund të krijojnë disbalanca të mëdha ekonomike, si pasojë e rritjes së kërkesës për energji, kryesisht naftë-gaz, nga vendet e lindjes (BRIK), pra do të jetë një kërcënim serioz për vendet perëndimore, pasi do të ngrejë edhe më shumë kostot e energjisë, si dhe do të ashpërsojë “luftën” e tregjeve financiare për zotërimin e monedhave dhe burimeve natyrore. Si rezultat, parashikohen tensione të vazhdueshme në politikën ndërkombëtare për sigurimin e energjisë me kosto të ulët, si dhe një luftë e vazhdueshme në vlerësimin e......

Words: 4255 - Pages: 18

Free Essay


...and sorority leaders, and lastly, fraternity and sorority student leaders develop their identity as a leader through learning and meaning making within their respective fraternal organization. Fraternal organizations are imbued with values and opportunities that attract students who will participate in a culture that emphasizes relationships and leadership (Cory, 2011). The findings suggest the participants readily adapt to the framework of the espoused values of their fraternal organizations and incorporate them in their lives as leaders. As a student, James gives importance to the principles and values of his fraternity and says The p i iples of f ate it is so ethi g ga gi dala ko as a leade . O edie e sa la , ka ga exist gid na para indi mag-fall ang society into chaos. Intellectual integrity, kung anu ang imo beliefs and values then you have to live up to that, and academic excellence—dapat ma-balance mo man ang things like excellence on the academes, but also to other aspects of society. A 9 fraternity is one of the organizations that can develop leaders, because may certain values and principles nga na gina-i still o its e e s. I teg it is i stilled espe iall sa aku f ate it .. Also, the stude t leade s experiences in organizations may have a lasting impact on their development as an individual. In many ways, the fraternal organization, assumes a filial-like role in the lives of fraternity and sorority students. Anna, in particular plays a part of a big sister......

Words: 7950 - Pages: 32

Free Essay

Bosse V. Brinker

...the restaurant should be liable for the consequences of his negligent or reckless pursuit. Brinker filed a motion for summary judgment on the grounds that no genuine issue of fact existed regarding the lack of an agency relationship through express acts or implication. Page 309 SYNOPSIS OF DECISION AND OPINION The Massachusetts Superior Court granted Brinker's motion for a summary judgment. The court held that an agency relationship requires three elements: (1) consent, (2) right of control, and (3) agent's conduct that benefits the principal in some way. In this case, the court ruled that the evidence was insufficient to create a genuine issue whether Chili's authorized the patron to act as a posse to conduct a chase. No information indi...

Words: 382 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Personal Responsibility Essay aptly reinforces ideas and impressions Unifiying effect is skillfully developed Explora on of the topic is purposeful Voice is dis nct Percep ons and/or ideas are though ul and considered Stylis c choices are though ul and considered Excellent Crea on of tone is competent Specific support strengthens ideas and impressions Unifiying effect is capably developed Explora on of the topic is generalized Voice is apparent Percep ons and/or ideas are straighforward and relevant Stylis c choices are adequate Proficient Crea on of tone is conven onal Adequate support clarifies ideas and impressions Unifiying effect is appropriately developed Sa sfactory Explora on of the topic is vague Voice is indis nct Percep ons and/or ideas are superficial and/or ambiguous Stylis c choices are imprecise Crea on of tone is inconsistent Support is imprecise and/or ineffec vely related to ideas and impressions Unifiying effect is inadequately developed Limited Your a empt to respond is insufficient. Contact your teacher to discuss sugges ons for improvement and resubmission of your work. Resubmission Needed Areas of strength: You make an effort to complete the assignment and you right very passionately about your ideas. Assessment Might I suggest: Your writing has many problems which make it difficult to follow your ideas. Your thesis is not clear and many ideas are off topic and do not relate to "Ring Rage". Your......

Words: 308 - Pages: 2

Free Essay


...seorang doktor. Farah: Wa madha ya‘mal abuki yā Farhanah? Farah: Dan apa pekerjaan ayahmu wahai Farhanah? Farhanah: Huwa ya‘malu fil madrasah wa huwa mu’allim. Farhanah: Dia sedang bekerja di sekolah dan dia seorang guru. Khaleeda: Abi mu’allim aydan wa ummī muhāmiyyatt. Khaleeda: Ayahku juga seorang guru dan ibuku ialah seorang peguam. Fatin: Wa anti yā Farah? Fatin: Dan kamu Farah? Farah: Abi muhandis wa ummī rabbattul bayt. Farah: Ayahku seorang jurutera dan ibuku seorang suri rumah. Fatin: Kam ‘adad ikhwatiki ya Farah? Fatin: Berapa bilangan adik beradik awak Farah? Farah:‘Indi akhun wa ukhtun Farah: Saya mempunyai seorang abang dan seorang kakak. Farhana: ‘indi akhun aydan wan ukhtun saghīratt. Wa anti yā Khaleeda? Farhana: Saya juga mempunyai seorang abang dan seorang adik perempuan. Dan awak Khaleeda? Khaleeda: Ana al-awwal min ikhwani. ‘Indi akh saghir wa ukhti saghiratt. Khaleeda: Saya anak sulung. Saya mempunyai seorang adik lelaki dan seorang adik perempuan Farah:Nahnu nahtaju an nadhab. Shukran jazīlan yā Farhanah. Farah: Kami perlu pergi. Terima kasih wahai Farhanah. Farhanah: Afwan ya Khaleeda wa Farah. Ilā lliqa’ Farhanah: Sama-sama Khaleeda dan Farah. Selamat tinggal. Khaleeda, Farah: Ma’as salāmatt. Khaleeda, Farah: Selamat tinggal....

Words: 315 - Pages: 2

NieA Under 7 (13) | The Shortcut season 05 episode 22 | Subtractor