Premium Essay

Intramuros

In: Other Topics

Submitted By mamamiah27
Words 1945
Pages 8
INTRAMUROS
HISTORY:

Pre-Hispanic period
The strategic location of Manila along the bayand at the mouth of Pasig River made it an ideal location for the Tagalog andKapampangan tribes and kingdoms to trade with merchants from China, India, Borneo andIndonesia.
Before the first arrival of Europeans on Luzonisland, the island was part of the Majapahitempire around the 14th century, according to the epic eulogy poem Nagarakretagama which described its conquest by MahārājaHayam Wuruk.[6] The region was invaded around 1485 by Sultan Bolkiah and became a part of the Sultanate of Brunei.[7] The site of Intramuros then became a part of theIslamic Kingdom of Maynila ruled by various Datus, Rajas and the Sultan.

Spanish conquest of Manila
In 1564, Spanish explorers led by Miguel López de Legazpi sailed from New Spain(now Mexico), and arrived on the island of Cebu on February 13, 1565, establishing the first Spanish colony in the Philippines. Having heard of the rich resources in Manilafrom the natives, Legazpi dispatched two of his lieutenant-commanders, Martín de Goiti and Juan de Salcedo to explore the northern regions of the Visayan islands.
The Spaniards arrived on the island of Luzon in 1570. After quarrel and misunderstandings between the Islamic natives and the Spaniards, they fought for the control of the land and settlements. After several months of warfare, the natives were defeated, and the Spaniards made a peace pact with the tribal councils of Rajah Sulaiman III, Rajah Lakandula, and Rajah Matanda who handed overManila to the Spaniards.
Legazpi declared the area of Manila as the new capital of the Spanish colony on June 24, 1571 because of its strategic location and rich resources. He also proclaimed the sovereignty of the Monarchy of Spain over the all the archipelago. King Philip II of Spaindelighted at the new conquest achieved by Legazpi and his men,…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Oppa Jib Filipino-Korean Restaurant

...place called Intramuros that is once a center for government religion and military superiority during the Spanish era, During the time it was called a walled city because of the tall walls that covered all over the place. But during the 2nd World War it was heavily damage due to bombings and also, the Japanese used it for their prison barracks. This paper shows the profile of the case study area which consist of Geographic Characteristics, Socio-economic, and Political profile. This explains the current status of Intramuros in terms of population, environmental quality, economic condition, and the educational institutions in the area. Political profile is one of the most important factors to consider since the government is the one who gives financial support to accomplish certain projects or plans. The city of Intramuros has many things to offer. Even if it is not blessed with natural and archeological resources, the “walled city” is rich in history and culture that plays a major role in preserving our heritage and national identity since, it is easily overlooked by many Filipinos. In order to know the strategies that we are going to utilize and to come up with our group’s goal and mission, we use Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats Analysis. It turned out to that opportunity in Intramuros outnumbered the other three components of SWOT Analysis which is strengths, weaknesses, and threats. This implies that the future of Intramuros can be as......

Words: 9807 - Pages: 40

Free Essay

Perception of Selected Filipino Teenagers in Intramuros, Manila on Their Exposure to Pinoy Big Brother

...------------------------------------------------- Perception of selected Filipino Teenagers in Intramuros, Manila on their exposure to Pinoy Big Brother Robles, John Darel Catacutan1 Refugia, Jose Alberto Cabotaje1 Jonalou SJ. Labor2 1AB Communication Arts Seniors, Institute of Communication, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Colegio de San Juan de Letran 2 Faculty, Language Area, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Colegio de San Juan de Letran ABSTRACT Pinoy Big Brother of ABS-CBN Channel 2 is the Philippine version of the reality television show Big Brother. Television’s effects on viewers especially teenagers is a subject that has been extensively studied in the last twenty years and whose impact extends farther than most people realize. Many studies have focused on how television programs that appear to be “real” (such as new and daytime dramas) alter the viewers’ perception of reality (or social reality). However, there is a lack of qualitative data to either support or disprove this belief. This study thus aims to describe and discuss the pluses, minuses and interests (PMI) of the perception of Pinoy Big Brother to teenagers. Forty selected teenagers who are a fan of the show were the participants of this qualitative inquiry. Initially, the teenagers were made to fill out forms for purposes of profiling their baseline characteristics. The teenagers were asked individually to discuss both their positive and negative perceptions to Pinoy Big Brother.......

Words: 346 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Thesis

...INTRAMUROS Intramuros (Latin: within the walls) is the historic centre and oldest district of Manila, the capital city of the Philippines. Also known as the Ciudad Murada (Walled City) because of its most famous feature: a nearly three-mile-long circuit of massive stone walls and fortifications that almost completely surrounds the entire district. Understand From the city's foundation in 1571 to the end of Spanish rule in 1898, Intramuros was Manila. The Spanish conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi laid the foundations of the new capital on the former site of Maynilad, a palisaded riverside settlement ruled by a native chieftain. To protect the inhabitants from attack, in the late 1500s construction began on a series of stone walls and fortifications that would eventually enclose a pentagonal area approximately 0.67 sq km in size, within which lay a tight grid-like system of streets and a main square surrounded by government structures. The defensive curtain was more or less completed by the 1700s, although improvements and other construction work continued well into the next century. Within the protective walls rose a city of stone palaces, churches, monasteries, convents, schools, and fine courtyard houses. In the centuries that followed, Manila (meaning Intramuros) served as the capital of the Spanish East Indies - the centre of commerce, education, government, and religion in Spain's most distant imperial possession. Except for a brief period under British rule......

Words: 4150 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Business Plan - Dormitory

...DORMITORY NUEVA STREET, BINONDO MANILA BUSINESS PLAN 1. Executive Summary 1.0 Executive Summary Manhattan Building-Dormitory will offer benchmarked rental rooms and commercial units for the Universities of Intramuros Area and Binondo Area. The Building-Dormitory will balance safety, convenience, affordable price and a positive atmosphere for all tenants. These rentals will be provided with unmatched levels of customer service and attention. Gross Sales are projected to be Php _______________ in year one growing to Php _______________ in year three. The Market Manhattan Building-Dormitory will target three distinct customer segments. The largest segment that they will service is the University Students of Intramuros Area. This segment is growing at _____% a year with _______________ prospective customers. This segment is especially attractive since most of the local rental properties that are geared toward students are run down, poor quality units. The second market segment is faculty and staff of the Intramuros Area Universities. This section has a _____% growth rate and _______________ potential customers. And the third market segment is the professionals working within the Binondo Area. The Universities at Intramuros Area are the following: a. Colegio De San Juan De Letran b. Colegio De Sta. Rosa c. Lyceum of the Philippines d. Mapua Institute of Technology e. Pamantasan Ng Lungsod......

Words: 3710 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Intramuros

...Within the Walls (intra muros) Less than an hour away from the hustle and bustle of Pasig city is a whole different world. Pass Taft Avenue, take Roxas Boulevard and in a few minutes time, you'll enter a city that seems to be exactly what Jose Rizal described in his famous book, "Noli Me Tangere". Intramuros is often referred to as the "Walled City". This is because it is literally enclosed with thick high stonewalls. Last Wednesday, August, 13, 2014, I, along with my group mates, visited Intramuros. I had been before, several times actually, for basketball games, parties and gatherings but never really to see and tour the city. It was only until last Wednesday that I realized that it was such an amazing city. For some reason, everything just seemed so fascinating and enthralling. We got on a horse-driven carriage, or what Filipinos refer to as a "kalesa", and explored the city. Everything in Intramuros is so well preserved. The long and tight stoned streets, the grand lampposts, the huge stone buildings that were turned into company offices, the massive steel-barred gates, the grand churches, everything just seemed so full of life. My imagination ran wild, there was so much life to everything that it seemed so possible any minute then to see Sisa, the crazy woman in Noli Me Tangere, suddenly run out of San Agustin Church screaming her head off for mercy or to see Juan Crisostomo Ibarra, another character of Noli Me Tangere, walking around the streets in deep thought, as......

Words: 339 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Dormitory Business Plan

...MANHATTAN BUILDING – DORMITORY NUEVA STREET, BINONDO MANILA BUSINESS PLAN 1. Executive Summary 1.0 Executive Summary Manhattan Building-Dormitory will offer benchmarked rental rooms and commercial units for the Universities of Intramuros Area and Binondo Area. The Building-Dormitory will balance safety, convenience, affordable price and a positive atmosphere for all tenants. These rentals will be provided with unmatched levels of customer service and attention. Gross Sales are projected to be Php _______________ in year one growing to Php _______________ in year three. The Market Manhattan Building-Dormitory will target three distinct customer segments. The largest segment that they will service is the University Students of Intramuros Area. This segment is growing at _____% a year with _______________ prospective customers. This segment is especially attractive since most of the local rental properties that are geared toward students are run down, poor quality units. The second market segment is faculty and staff of the Intramuros Area Universities. This section has a _____% growth rate and _______________ potential customers. And the third market segment is the professionals working within the Binondo Area. The Universities at Intramuros Area are the following: a. Colegio De San Juan De Letran b. Colegio De Sta. Rosa c. Lyceum of the Philippines d. Mapua Institute of Technology e. Pamantasan Ng Lungsod Ng Maynila See attached ANNEX “A”-Market Map......

Words: 280 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Intramuros Tour Guiding

...* MURALLA ST. The street literally means wall, a fortification against invaders. The street is located at the inner edges of the walls. Before they consisted of three different streets: Calle Fundicion (Foundry) in the current PLM stretch of the walls, Calle Baluarte fronting the San Juan de Letran and the original Calle Muralla behind the San Juan de Letran. Most of the pre-war structures on this part of Intramuros were obliterated during and after the last war. Today, modern buildings occupy the site. Only markers describe the glorious architecture of churches and buildings that once stood on this side of the Walled City. * LPU GATE 2 WELCOME THE GUEST (REAL STREET- The Street is just one of the numerous Calle Real that existed during the Spanish Period. It is from the word Real which means Royal. The Street is formerly known as Calle del Parian because it passes through the Parian Gate and the Parian District outside Intramuros.) Founder, Dr. Jose P. Laurel. The only president to have served in all three branches of the Government, Dr. Laurel was a successful lawyer, legislator, constitutionalist, jurist, writer, scholar, statesman, philosopher, and above all things, an educator.  The inspiration to establish a school came to him in the early 1920’s. He turned this dream into a reality. With the aim of becoming a center of academic excellence in the Philippines and the Far East, Lyceum of the Philippines University (then still a college) formally opened its doors...

Words: 3513 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Case Study of Pizza Hut

...Maulana Sittie Ainah A. Reaction Paper BSTM-3 March 03, 2015 We attended a seminar or conference at the Polytechnic University of the Philippine which was held last February 27, 2015, in Sta. Mesa their theme is " 2nd PUP Annual Hospitality and Tourism Student Research Conference". Our professor Mrs. Julieta Lourdes Indias told us to attend this seminar because it will help us in doing our own group research paper. Indeed it is our opportunity to join with the other students from other colleges and universities because one of their topic is intramuros which is relevant to the study we are conducting with my fellow groupmates about the "Perception of Tourist on Informal Settlers in Intramuros". But before we go to the PUP me and my classmate decide to go first in our school in CCP as a meeting place so that we can see if were all present , wearing the black gala uniform and go together to the PUP. When we enter at the PUP we ask the security guard where is the venue of the seminar, he tell us the direction which the first thing to do is to sign and confirm our name if it is in the list then after the confirmation they gave us a souvenir it is a blue bag which includes a brown envelope, 2 paper, ballpen, small notes, cd and a fan. Then they guide us at the seminar. When we enter at the seminar i guest they started earlier but its okay. Since we came there we met the judges or the...

Words: 747 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Managing Uncollected Receivables

...Related to: Republic of the Philippines Department of Justice NATIONAL PROSECUTION SERVICE CITY PROSECUTION SERVICE OF MANILA City of Manila I.S. No. ___________________________ I.S. No. _____________________________ Prosecutor_________________________ Prosecutor__________________________ MEMORANDUM OF PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION RESPONDENT/S COMPLAINANT/S CHARIOT TRAILER LEASING CORP. Rm. 111-B Mercantile Insurance Bldg., Gen. Luna cor. Beaterio Sts., Intramuros Manila CRIME/OFFENSE COMMITTED: BATAS PAMBANSA BLG. 22 WITNESS/ES: MR. NOEL M. BUMANGLAG Rm. 111-B Mercantile Insurance Bldg., Gen. Luna cor. Beaterio Sts., Intramuros, Manila NOTE: (Underline Answer) MR. HONORATO C. SAMSON, MS. LUISA V. SAMSON and/or WINSTON CHARLES MARKETING #667 Pinaod, San Ildefonso, Bulacan PLACE OF COMMISSION: MANILA DATE & AMOUNT: OCTOBER 27, 2007 (PHP10,000.00) 1) Has a similar complaint been filed before any other office? NO 2) Is this complaint in the nature of a counter-charge? NO 3) Are all the above information true and correct? YES IMPORTANT: ATTY. GLENN M. MANGAOIL (Signature of Complainant’s Counsel) Address: MANGAOIL LAW OFFICE Unit 10A Country Space 1 Bldg., Sen. Gil Puyat Ave., Makati City Complainant shall be required to file his complaint in the form of an affidavit to which must be appended affidavit of witnesses, annexes and other supporting documents. The statements of the complainant and his witnesses, annexes and other supporting documents. The......

Words: 317 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Yeah

...because it was built of marble and concrete. Only 10 people survived including one De La Salle Brother This is a statement from Jack Percival (war correspondent) Estimates that a total of 82 priests and brothers were killed during the battle BOMBING: SECOND part of the video talked about the bombing of Intramuros and there were 7 churches in Intramuros alone. Also known as walled city, much of Intramuros was damaged by bombings from both Japanese who occupied it and used it as their headquarters and prison and by U.S. forces who besieged the Japanese. It was also the bastion of strong Christian Faith. There used to stand, within the walls of Intramuros, seven houses of God, all built with architectural magnificence.   At the end of World War II, virtually all of the structures in Intramuros were destroyed, with only the damaged Church of San Agustin still standing. AFTERMATH: What happened after the war was that our government focused on building new establishments over the rubble of the past glorious city The catholic churches suffered great property losses (125 million dollars) value at that time The other five no longer exist within the walls of Intramuros, the San Ignacio Church was left in ruins until now and the other 4 have new establishments built on their site 1. Manila Cathedral (rebuilt from 1953-1958). February 19, 1945 had 40 priests. “The Japanese then lobbed hand grenades in through the air holes“ 2. San Agustin Church - The church was......

Words: 544 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Tetewrhh

...Field trips are always fun. Not only it enables you to learn and appreciate your environment but also it brings bonding to your group. Honestly, I have gone to Rizal’s Shrine both in Intramuros and Laguna a couple of times already, whether I am with my family or with my classmates but that was when I had a not-fully-developed memory and understanding of things. Now that I have refreshed my blurred vision of what Rizal’s Shrine looked like in Intramuros and in Laguna, I thought there would be no learning because of the aforementioned statement but I was wrong. There was indeed a difference. A Difference in looking, in perceiving and in understanding things. For the reason that I have grown and I have different group of people as my companion, who at some point had influenced the way I recognize things. We first visited Intramuros where I saw Rizal’s footprints— again. Being nostalgic, I remembered when I was a little girl, I enthusiastically follow Rizal’s metal footsteps, which I thought was big but now, my feet doesn’t even fit in Rizal’s shoes. I still tried to follow it, and as I went farther, I realized all his efforts just for freedom to reign in our poor country. I knew that with each step, are his hardships and dedication for the betterment of the future Filipinos— us. Second stop— Rizal’s house at Calamba, Laguna. I honestly thought going there was just a waste of time, money and energy but again, I was wrong. Upon entering Rizal’s house, I saw their utensils,......

Words: 552 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Research

...urbanization in Intramuros, Manila. This has also been the case in many population that have undergone political, social or economic upheaval. Since street children arises vastly through the walled city of Intramuros, many establishments especially those in hospitality industry find it hard to operate their specialization against the abruptly disturbance from the street children. This causes negativity to their establishment and to their image. Hence, street children who's begging for a small amount of money for their goods on foreigners or even on hotel guests creates big impact on the name of any hospitality establishment that's on the premise. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM We noticed that the street children in the Intramuros, Manila under the age of 10 and under are constantly increasing. This study intends to help the problems of the business establishments regarding their attitude towards the customers in the business establishment. * What is the demographic profile of the respondents in terms of following? a.) age b.) gender c.) education d.) occupation * What are their opinions about the increase of street children? * What are the determining factors affecting the increase number of street children in Intramuros, Manila? * What are the recommendation of the establishment to prevent the increasing population of street children? OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY * To determine the impacts of street children to business establishments in......

Words: 1200 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Historical Places

...“Historical Places” The Fort Santiago, National Museum, some part of Intramuros, the Rizal Park, and Paco Park are the five historical places here in Manila that we went to. It was a great chance and opportunity for me to see and visit them, since aside from Rizal Park, it was my first time to be in those places. The activity gave me a meaningful experience for I gained much information beyond those written on books. It was awesome and fun having a tour in our country’s historical spots increasing our appreciation to these beautiful scenery of the past even until now. Our first stop was in Intramuros. There, we took pictures and enjoyed a little walk above the mighty wall. We went on up to the wider part where some realistic cannons are displayed. Thereafter, we took some rest and went on to the National Museum. Before entering, we were reminded about some strict rules upon going inside the museum. I was comfortable inside for the place was cool and clean. I was amazed on the different artworks and paintings created by our Filipino painters, especially the “Spoliarium” by Juan Luna. It was so magnificent and large that I was inspired with the effort and time he spent to finish the painting. There were more or less a thousand of artworks displayed in the national museum and all are unique, some were unfinished because of a closed reason and some were too old but still can be appreciated because of the impact of art in the eyes. For me, it was......

Words: 681 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Revisiting the City of Manila Input for Historical Plan

...our past even as we move toward the future. Manila is blessed with historical places which determines our culture, religion, bravery and determination. One of the places that is teeming with the history of Manila is Intramuros. Conceptual Framework This research was framed on the initial aspects to consider in the enlightenment of the study. Input consist of the researcher’s personal observation and read materials such as books, magazines including respondent reflected on the answered survey questionnaire. Process includes the analysis from distribution of survey questionnaire and it’s retrieval, then the sorting out of gathered data and tabulate. Statistically measured, analyzed, evaluated and interpreted results. Output shows the outcome of the result on the respondent’s assessment on the effectiveness of the preservation program of tourist attraction in Intramuros, Manila. * Effective Preservation program of the tourist attraction in Intramuros, Manila * Distribution and retrieval of survey questionnaire. * Sorting out of gathered data and tabulate. * Statistical measurement. * Analyzed evaluation, and interpreted the results. * Assessment on the effectiveness of the preservation program of tourist attraction in Intramuros, Manila * Reading materials such as books and magazine. * Respondent’s perception such as reflected on the answered survey questionnaire. INPUT PROCESS ......

Words: 3060 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Intramuros

...HUMANITIES 1 (RESEARCH PAPER) HISTORY OF PAINTINGS AND ARTISTS IN THE WORLD ADRIAN M SITCHON PROF. PEREZ 4TH YEAR/BS.HRM/NS (SUBMITTED BY) TABLE OF CONTENT INTRODUCTION HISTORY BODY * EASTERN PAINTING * WESTERN PAINTING * 20th-CENTURY MODERN * AND CONTEMPORARY DEFINITION OF TERMS * FAMOUS PAINTERS * AND BIOGRAPHY * Paintings of famous painters CONCLUSION RECOMMENDATION REFERENCE INTRODUCTION: Painting can be done in a variety of media. For example, Oils, Watercolour, Acrylics, Gouache and Tempera. Paints are made from a pigment, and a binder. Binder is relatively cheap, while pigment is much more expensive. Pigments are a colored powder, made from organic or inorganic materials. (This is different than a colorant, which dyes or stains a color.) All paints use the same basic pigments, but the binder changes. The binder for acrylics dries quickly and the paint is more like a plastic than oils which have an oil based binder and dry slowly. Oil Paints are often built up in layers or glazes. The other paints---Watercolour, Acrylics, Gouache, and Tempera---are water-based, meaning the paint can be diluted with water and clean-up can be done with soap and water. Oil paints, on the other hand, require paint thinner to clean brushes. The number and variety of painting techniques is endless. Besides quality of paint, factors affecting color quality include: paint opacity, glossiness of painting surface...

Words: 4942 - Pages: 20

Cura del corpo | Predator BluRayRip AC3 5.1 | Download