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Investigating the Effects of Carbohydrates

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Investigating the effects of carbohydrates on blood glucose levels
INTRODUCTION
There are two types of diabetes which includes diabetes inspidus however the disorder most commonly associated with the generic term ‘diabetes’ is diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus is condition whereby blood sugar levels are far too high due to poor metabolism. There are two variations of the disorder which are Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
Type 1 diabetes occurs as a result of the body’s inability to produce insulin. A person suffering from type 1 diabetes is said to be insulin-dependent as a daily injection of insulin is required in order for the individual to stay alive as well as a healthy diet and lifestyle. Type 1 diabetes is sometimes referred to as juvenile diabetes due to its abrupt and common development in persons under the age of 40.
Image 1

Image1- image showing the type 1 diabetes schematic system http://images.medicinenet.com/images/ccf/42250_type1.jpg

Type 2 diabetes is seen as and can produce the smallest amounts of insulin however, without the full effectiveness of the cells and the body.
Type 2 diabetes occurs as a result of the body’s resistance to insulin or not a sufficient amount of insulin being produced. A person suffering from type 2 diabetes is said to be non-insulin-dependent as they are able to produce some insulin. The development of type 2 diabetes in an individual is gradual and is common amongst individuals above the age of 45. Although there are some who have type 2 due to obesity caused by poor diet. The current treatment is prescribed drugs as well as leading a healthy lifestyle with a good diet.

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Image 2 –diabetes type 2 schematic system http://savvyhealthfitness.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/01/diabetes_type2.jpg

Glucose tolerance test is used to analyse an individual’s…...

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