Free Essay

Is It Fair to Say That by and Large the Internet Is Unregulated? Why or Why Not?

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By MananPatel
Words 1962
Pages 8
Research Topic: Is it fair to say that by and large the internet is unregulated? Why or Why not?
Internet is basically the world-wide network that connects computer worldwide via TCP/IP protocol for the purpose of exchange of information. At Global level, the Internet is highly unregulated. It lacks the common global authority that regulates the Internet at global level. Nations have law regarding what comes in and goes out through their physical national borders. However, such law does not exist in terms of Internet which is globally available to everyone. There are countries like Saudi Arabia that does regulate internet at national level for example through blocking various websites that are not good for health of nation. Although such blocking may prove effective but considering the growth of internet and number of websites, this is becoming a complex task. To regulate the internet at global level, there is strong need for the authority and framework. There are range of laws at jurisdictional level that need to be considered similar to international trade. To highlight, there are organisations in place for the governance of Internet known as Multi-Stakeholder Organisations (MSOs). One example of such organisation is Information Security Operations Centre (ISOC). However, the general public is unaware of existence of such organisations. The little utilisation of such MSOs in the governance of Internet has led to the system failure in the current legal framework. The purpose of this research paper is to examine the nature of internet and explain the requirement of self-governance along with practical rules and regulations. Internet Industry has vast amount of knowledge and in order to create self regulation and practical rules, we need to have utilise knowledge from within internet industry and apply it in making effective global laws and policies concerning the regulation of internet.
Concept of Internet
In the literature, there are ranges of definitions given for the Internet. In the case of ACLU v Reno, The Internet was described as below:
"The Internet is not a physical or tangible entity, but rather a giant network which interconnects innumerable smaller groups of linked computer networks. It is thus a network of networks. this is best understood if one considers what a linked group of computers -- referred to here as a "network" -- is, and what it does" (http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/stjohns/aclu-findings.html)
This definition explains that as Internet is not a physical or tangible entity, the laws of physical border does not apply to it. The global nature of internet is such that it is complex to apply border concept to Internet.

Another description of Internet was provided in Doubleclick Inc. Privacy Legislation.
"The Internet is accurately described as a "network of networks. Computer networks are interconnected individual computers that share information. Anytime two or more computer networks connect, they form an "internet........ Today, the Internet spans the globe and connects hundreds of thousands of independent networks." (http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/seminar/internet-client/readings/Week6/DCLK.doc.)
The definition supports the explanation of the ALCU v Reno. It states that the purpose of internet is to exchange information. It also supports the fact that Internet is at global level and includes thousands of independent networks. The ruling of Doubleclick Inc. Privacy Legislation also states that WWW and Internet are two different things but both are dependent on each other.
"The World Wide Web ("the Web" or "WWW") is often mistakenly referred to as the Internet. However, the two are quite different. The Internet is the physical infrastructure of the online world: the servers, computers, fiber-optic cables and routers through which data is shared online. The Web is data: a vast collection of documents containing text, visual images, audio clips and other information media that is accessed through the Internet."
(http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/seminar/internet-client/readings/Week6/DCLK.doc.)

UK and US Approach concerning Jurisdiction Legal Liability
The rules and regulations differed from country to country. In fact, it differs from one state to another in the same country. Therefore, it becomes complicated to implement internet regulations globally. For example, in one state the rules are easily enforceable on individuals but in the another state such rules do not apply making the framework inconsistent. The improper approach is evident in Saudi Arabia where government block and filters internet contents. This include videos, blogs and almost everything. Individual caught downloading or uploading prohibited contents heavily fined. The contents available on global scale gives rise to jurisdictional tourism. For example, as UK retain multiple publication rules, it has become the chosen jurisdiction for defamation actions on the internet. This simply means that each and every act in regards to publication will give rise to liability. This demonstrates an inappropriate approach to Internet through the use of regulation. In the US for example, litigation shopping is not considered as appropriate in the absence of direct link. Another useful case is Matt Pavlovivh v. DVD copy Control Association in which it was identified that there was potential factor of liability when the data were transmitted across internet to break the protective codes. This was in relation to the movie industry in California. This means that the point of hard was California. The question of concern was whether the website was targeted for California people or was for the global level. Although it was targeted for California, the release of trade secrets had a global effect. If there is no direct intention to specific jurisdiction, the plaintiff has no right of action. The self regulation approach with international framework seems much more promising in determining jurisdiction.
There are many different approaches to jurisdiction making it complicated to understand its implications. Taubman argues that The regulation of cyberspace is ultimately reducible to national jurisdictions, without any distinct or separate international layer. On a practical plane, perhaps the essential international legal issues raised by the Internet concern the resolution of conflicts between domestic laws, to be settled by the rules of private international law – questions such as whether you can defame someone or breach censorship laws in a third country when publishing on the Internet, and which jurisdiction that you enter into a contract (and in which jurisdiction any dispute might be resolved) when you are trading on the Internet. The law is expected to change with the introduction of new technologies and businesses. The change of law helps to better respond to the implications of new technologies.
According to Birgos, "Courts adopts new form of technology through adopting existing rules. The internet is no different. It is simply on a larger global scale. There is no need for reformulated jurisdictional rules to deal specifically with wrongs committed on the internet… The internet is constantly evolving... Any complications arising from the application of territorial rules to increasingly mobile wrongdoers are neither new nor unique to the internet context. The most important consideration at this point is to create a balanced and fair system and apply it to respective jurisdictional model. Internet being global, it becomes hard to identify jurisdiction.
When it comes to emails, Under English law, there is difficulty in establishing form of liability due to the private nature of emails. The case of Pullman v Hill is the example related to emails. It was established that if an email enter to general server where it can be read by everyone, there is a liability attached. There should be some form of filters, blocking or software present to prevent illegal, inappropriate emails to come through the system. If such precautions are not taken then Internet service provider as well as sender may be held liable. The case of American library association and United states is a useful case in relation to filters of contents. In the case it was held that A school intranet has to use a web content filtering system in order to ensure that access to improper websites are restricted and improper emails cannot enter the system. Another interesting case of Reno v American Civil Liberties Union identified in what circumstance the liability can be held and in what circumstances, liability cannot be held. It was held that there should be distinction between audience of communication and postings. Both of these need to be altered depending on the audience targeted. This means that improper contents on children's website requires high interference whereas such contents on adult website does not require high interference. The court held that
"The Communication Decency Act lacks the precision that the First Amendment requires when a statute regulates the content of speech. In order to deny minors access to potentially harmful speech, the Communication Decency Act effectively suppresses a large amount of speech that adults have a constitutional right to receive and to address to one another. That burden on adult speech is unacceptable if less restrictive alternatives would be at least as effective in achieving the legitimate purpose that the statute was enacted to serve." (http://bulk.resource.org/courts.gov/c/US/521/521.US.844.96-511.html)
The regulation of internet and difference in decisions of courts across different nations make regulation of internet complex and confusing. In transmitting data on internet, many player play role. It includes servers, data, transmitters, receiver etc. Sender can be given jurisdiction as its based in a particular physical location. On the other hand, receiver can also be given jurisdiction due to its location. However, the transmission is done at the global level which makes it hard to give jurisdiction.
To ensure there is effective governance, Intermediary liability is an important tool. When an organisation take necessary action to ensure that the effective governance is in place, the liability for control is discharged. On the flip side, if actions are simply taken by users for communication without knowledge and control then the liability will not take place. In the case of MGM studio Inc v Grokster Ltd, it was held that the Mere knowledge of infringing potential or of actual infringing uses would not be enough to subject to copyright infringement liability a distributor of a product capable of infringing uses, nor would ordinary acts incident to product distribution, such as offering customers technical support or product updates, support liability in themselves; instead, liability for inducement of infringement is premised on purposeful, culpable expression and conduct. Considering Internet Service providers, even though they might have the power to detect and illegal or actionable activity, there is no liability considered if it cannot actually remove the user. It is acceptable that removing client and continual targeting in case they change their IP is enough to prove effective supervision. In cases where permanent removal of the user in not possible in case of breach, continual targeting can be effective as user will think twice before engaging in such acts again. Considering the case of Twentieth Century Fox Film Corp v Newzbin Ltd, four key points were decided: There has to be actual or constructive knowledge of the intermediary; This may be contextually implied; There has been a breach by a user; and There is a failure to act by the intermediary to prevent such acts. Another case of Productores de Música de España. v Telefónica de España delat with content control and prevention of software that allows illegal downloads to take place. In the case iiNet, being the ISP was not held liable as it did not have enough access to technologies to remove the accounts. The high court of Australia held that "iiNet had no direct technical power at its disposal to prevent a customer from using the BitTorrent system to download the appellants’ films on that customer’s computer with the result that the appellants’ films were made available online in breach".…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Why the Cross

...THE CROSS!!! WHAT? WHY? HOW? ARE YOU? By: Paul A. Lundgrin Contents 1. What happened to Jesus Christ on the Cross? 2. Why did the cross of Christ have to happen? 3. How does the Cross of Christ affect you and me? 4. Are you receiving the Seal of God or the Mark of the Beast? INTRODUCTION Have you ever wondered about what really happened to Jesus on the Cross, why it happened and how that affects you? If nothing of consequence happened there that day, then it was just another atrocity of mankind against mankind. But what if something more than that took place? You owe it to yourself to at least hear what the Bible says happened and then you can decide whether it makes sense and whether it matters to you. In this reading you will be challenged with many questions. This pamphlet will not answer all of the questions, but hopefully it will introduce you to vital questions that need to be asked and help you to begin finding the answers. All Scripture in bold lettering is from the New King James Version Bible. Chapter 1 WHAT HAPPENED TO JESUS CHRIST ON THE CROSS? “Crucifixion is an ancient method of execution, whereby the condemned person is tied or nailed to a large wooden cross (of various shapes) and left to hang until dead. It was in use particularly among the Persians, Seleucids, Carthaginians, and Romans from about the 6th century BC to the 4th century AD, when in the year 337 Emperor......

Words: 7882 - Pages: 32

Free Essay

Why Die?

...Robert Graham Erin Cooley Engl 101-10 12 October 2012 Why Die First? How many times have you watched a horror movie and laughed at the first person who dies simply because they did something stupid? As a self-proclaimed horror movie aficionado, I too have pondered upon this. As such, I am here to give you a few pointers and a sort of checklist of things to avoid so that you can protect yourself if you ever manage to be cast as an extra in a horror movie. Hopefully these pointers will help you to stay on screen longer and maybe even get noticed. As crazy as this may sound, the first step to avoid being the first to die in a horror movie would be to read the script. If you are reading for a specific part and you realize during your perusal of the screenplay that your character is the first to die, ask for a different part. While reading, pay close attention to the names given the characters. If the name of your character looks something like “man #1 or woman #1”, there is a high probability that you will die within the first five minutes of the movie. After successfully landing an acting job in a horror movie, you will likely have a few rehearsal sessions. While you are doing rehearsals and practicing your lines, make friends with the largest, slowest person who is not playing the killer. The primary reason for this is simple. Any scene where someone is going to die you are almost assured of being able to outrun this person and they will likely die before you. So......

Words: 986 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Why Segmentation

...-1- Why Segmentation? Introduction and Definition When it comes to marketing strategies, most people spontaneously think about the 4P (Product, Price, Place, Promotion) – maybe extended by three more Ps for marketing services (People, Processes, Physical Evidence). Market segmentation and the identification of target markets, however, are an important element of each marketing strategy. They are the basis for determining any particular marketing mix. Literature suggests the following steps: Market Segmentation 1. Identification of customers‘ needs and market segments 2. Develop profiles of resulting market segments Positioning 5. Identification of differential advantages in each segment 6. Development and selection of positioning concepts Identification of Target Markets 3. Evaluation of attracti vity of each segment 4. Selection of target segments Marketing Planning 7. Development of a marketing mix for each segment according to the chosen position Adapted from Kotler and Doyle The importance of market segmentation results from the fact that the buyers of a product or a service are no homogenous group. Actually, every buyer has individual needs, preferences, resources and behaviors. Since it is virtually impossible to cater for every customer’s individual characteristics, marketers group customers to market segments by variables they have in common. These common characteristics allow developing a standardized marketing mix for all customers in this segment. Definition:...

Words: 1726 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Why Its so Hard to Be Fair

...The article titled “Why It’s so hard to be fair” is written by Joel Brockner,a professor at Columbia Business School, the article was published in the Harvard Business Review March 1, 2006. “Why Its so hard to be fair” evaluated the benefits of process fairness despite its uncommon use, it also explained how companies apply it as a performance booster. Professor Brockner aim is to encourage companies to make process fairness the norm. The article begins by demonstrating the effectiveness of process fairness by reducing cost and increasing employees' performance by stating an example of two downsizing companies. It explains how although “Company A” spent significant amounts of money providing a severance package for its laid off employees, but failed to explain the strategic purpose of why employees were being laid off. While “company B” senior managers did not offer any severance package but explained the strategic purpose of the layoffs multiple times before its implementation and “company B” employee’s performance were better than it had been before the layoffs occurred. The improvements in company B performance stem from the fact that the employees felt respected and involved in decision making. Employees decide if a decision has been made fairly or not. Professor Brockner explains that process fairness, must have three drivers; how much input employees believe they have in the decision making process; how employees believe decisions are made and implemented and how......

Words: 673 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

The Why

...This poem, “Alone” is carefully measured verses describe the general alienation of people in the twentieth century. “Alone” is not directed at any particular sector of society but rather is focused on human condition in general. The poet cautions that no one can live in this world alone. Angelou begins by looking within herself and discovering that her soul is without a home. Moving from an inward glimpse to an outward sweep, she recognizes that even millionaires suffer from this modern malaise and live lonely lives whit “heart of stone”. Finally she warns her readers to listen carefully and change the direction of their lives. Moreover she says human race must break down barriers and rescue one another from loneliness. The only cure, Angelou says, is to acknowledge common interests and work toward common goals. Interpretation: When I found and read this poem, I just thought about title “Alone”, because this word made me remember my first year in the United States. At that time, I just worked for money because I wanted to keep my study. So I didn’t have enough time to meet friends for sharing my loneliness at all. Indeed, my English skill was so poor. I though that Americans would laugh at me, if I spoke with funny pronounce. That made me lonelier. Every night, after work, I could not sleep so I went out and walked on the street for 2hours. Now I am thinking that I was alone in the world. Almost the end of my first year in the United States, I met a friend who became......

Words: 424 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Why It Is Why

...Boys and Girls Must Be Separates In Class Boys are often intimidated by girls superior verbal abilities in classes. Girls and Boys should be in separate schools because they only distract.  This is why boys and girls should go to the same school, school you would not know how to communicate with the other gender in class. Girls are more passive learner, they are usually good visual and auditory learners and do well with lots of class discussions and diagrams. Mention separating genders in the classroom and many can't help but bristle. Segregating the sexes seems an antiquated, pre-women's rights idea that brings. Boys should be taught separately to stop them falling further behind girls as part of an extensive overhaul of the education system. Boys and girls brains have hard wired differences in childhood and adolescent years, separate schooling would benefit them. Boys and girls should be separated because of this mainly each gender in their in class boys and girls are partnered up.Or does your daughter switch roles, relatively easily, from skinning her knees ... its program of separating boys and girls into single-sex classes. Why boys and girls should be in separate schools?. Yes they need to focus on their work in class and then when they get out they have boyfriends/girlfriends. Have you ever become friends with a girl you're in love with, then find out she ... She isn't......

Words: 266 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Why Is the Internet so Addicting

...Why is the Internet so addicting? Two reasons: information and freedom. People go online to get information (music, news, stock prices, etc). Logging onto the Internet is like a kid going to a toy store; there is so much to do and explore that once you get in, you never want to leave. People also go online because the Internet offers freedom to do whatever they want, to say whatever they want and to be whoever they want. This could have a negative effect since people will act in certain ways and say certain things that they otherwise wouldn't do in real life. Furthermore, because the Internet offers so much freedom, you can find your ideal self much easier, but it's not the same as your social self. The difference is due to you talking to a computer screen and you talking to a real person. Thus, the experiences we encounter on the Internet are not the same as the ones we encounter in real life. Even though our overt use of the Internet can cause a conflict between your virtual self and your social self, many still excessively rely on the Internet for their activities. As a result of information and freedom, the Internet has become an unbreakable addiction for individuals and society. Computers are as common as televisions in households; in addition, laptops and Internet-ready cell phones enable the Internet to travel with us. "By 2000 it was estimated that the number of adults using the Internet exceeded 100 million in the United States alone" (The Columbia Encyclopedia,......

Words: 2433 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Test Why Why Test

...test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test test why why test...

Words: 256 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Why Fair Value Is the Rule

...In the article “Why “Fair Value” Is The Rule”, the author Karthik Ramanna, has many valid points as to why fair value should be used in the accounting system. She states that fair value takes over for the old, worn out system of keeping books at historical value. She talks about how using fair value makes account more reliable. Also, it was believed fair value accounting was part of the reason the stock market crashed in 1929. Another point that Karthik had was why people actually support fair value. Fair value replaced the old, worn out system of keep books at historical value. With historical value, you never really need to record anything if the price becomes cheaper. It is a way for your assets to look larger than they actually are. If you record an item at fair value, you are normally reducing that value, so you are also reducing your assets. Sometimes you must actually increase the value because you paid less for the item than it is now worth. Fair value also helps with an insurance policy. If you have something that is stolen, and you do not get a settlement from your insurance company, you record the loss at the adjusted fair value. Fair value is a more reliable form of accounting, at least according to some people. It is believed that if someone is using the real cost on the books, it’ll mean that they are more accurately reporting what they have. Others believe that historic costing is more reliable because you are accurately showing what the product WAS worth. I...

Words: 662 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Why Resellers Don't Sell

...Why Resellers Don’t Sell MARCH, 2006 Why Resellers Don’t Sell Introduction Properly structured and supported, indirect channel are often the fastest, most cost-effective way for a company to scale its business overseas. But, the fact is – most resellers don’t sell. And the reason they don’t sell has much more to do with you than your technology, the marketplace or the reseller’s business. The prospects of partnering with international resellers and gaining access to new markets is an exciting one for any company. It can be quite gratifying to have someone from another country share your vision and be willing to make the commitments and investments needed to help expand your business in areas where you don’t have the time and/or resources to establish a direct presence. The motivations behind a reseller’s interest in your technology will vary. But, regardless of their motivation, once you have the contracts signed, they are supposed to get to work marketing and selling your technology and you can wait for the international orders to come in. And you wait … three months, six months, twelve months. Nothing. So what happened? Why didn’t all of those partners go out there and sell? Signing contracts with resellers is easy – getting them to actually sell and support your product is more of a challenge. There are many dynamics at play in building a successful channel – the needs of the channel partner, the needs of the end user, and last, and perhaps least, the......

Words: 2373 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Why Oh Why

...Why can't a dish break a hammer? Why oh why oh why?! 'Cause a hammer's a hard head. Goodbye goodbye goodbye. Why, oh why, oh why oh, why? Why, oh why, oh why? Because because because because Goodbye goodbye goodbye Why can't a bird eat an elephant? Why, oh why, oh why? 'Cause an elephant's got a pretty hard skin. Goodby goodbye goodbye. Why can't a mouse eat a streetcar? Why, oh why, oh why? 'Cause a mouse's stomach could never get big enough to hold a streetcar. Goodbye goodbye goodbye. Why does a horn make music? Why, oh why, oh why? Because the horn-blower blows it. Goodbye goodbye goodbye Why does a cow drink water? Tell me why n why? Because the cow gets thirsty just like you or me or anybody else. Goodye goodbye goodbye. Why don't you answer my questions? Why, oh why, oh why? 'Cause I don't know the answers. Goodby goodbye goodbye. What make the landlord take money? Why, oh why, oh why? I don't know that one myself. Goodbye goodbye goodbye. Why's there no pennies for ice cream Why, oh why, oh why? You put all the pennies in the telephone. Goodbye goodbye goodbye. Why can't a rabbit chase an eagle? Tell me why, oh why? 'Cause the last rabbit that took out and chased after an eagle didn't come out so good and that's why rabbits don't chase after eagles that's all I know about rabbits and eagles? Because because because. Why ain't my grandpa my grandma? Why, oh why, oh why? Same reason your dad's not your......

Words: 302 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Why Internet so Distracting

...or less. In Wired for Thought, we push the envelope even further, demonstrating that the Internet is beginning to imitate many of the cognitive quarks of humans — both creating and enabling a new evolutionary lineage — which explains why we are as addicted to the Internet as we are to human contact (even more so, in some cases). But is the Internet, with all of its cool new toys and gazillions of apps, ramping up this process and blowing out our neurotransmitters — and if so, how do we slow down and attain some semblance of focus? Here are five tactics I use: 1. Sleep well: A well-rested brain is less likely to be distracted. 2. Eat well: Good nutrition is important to brain functionality. 3. Minimize stress and anger: it tends to ramp up production of brain chemicals such as norepinephrine and cortisol, which can lead to problems. 4. Watch out for time wasters: It’s easy to fall down the rabbit hole while reading blogs (except this one of course) or online forums. Stay focused by setting time limits for online activity. 5. Work smarter, not longer: If you’re working too hard or long hours without a break, your brain will seek out diversions at some point — whether you want it to or not. Schedule breaks in advance; you’re better off putting in six productive hours than of 10 hours of mindless search engine trolling or social networking. Decades before the debut of the Internet, when television was introduced and mass marketed, some armchair analysts started......

Words: 668 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Undderstanding Why

...Homelessness: Understanding Why Abstract In January of 2014, 578,424 people were going through homelessness, according to the National Alliance to End Homelessness. The three main reasons for the large measure of homeless families and people in America and other countries as well are affordable housing, low wages, and mental illnesses. Other reasons also include addictions, abuse, health care, and/or natural occurrences are contributors towards the distressing circumstances of homelessness, which often leads to divorce, health concerns, and educational obstacles. This paper introduces where homeless began and where it needs to end. Homelessness: Understanding Why T.S, Elliot stated “Home is where we start from”. David Belgum, a volunteer Chaplin with the Salvation Army Corp, asked these simple questions, “Is the length of residence in one place a criterion? How substantial does it have to be to be classified as a home? Who should judge whether or not the category of homelessness is to be applied in a given situation—the resident or residents, or someone from the "establishment"?” (Belgum). For many people this is true, but for many it’s not, but whose call is it to make? Many studies are inadequate when it comes to know accurately knowing how many people are in shelters or on the streets. The information found through these studies can be helpful when it comes to knowing roughly the amount of people that use the places like shelters and soup kitchens, but it......

Words: 2443 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

International News on the Internet: Why More Is Less

...International News on the Internet: Why more is less Chris Paterson This study examines the intersection of news agency political economy and cyberspace information exchange between 2001 and 2006 in an effort to determine if online news has corrected – or replicated – the inequities and limitations of the international journalism provided by ‘traditional media’. Through comparisons of content at major online news sites and the output of major news wholesalers, this research is the first to demonstrate that the international news most online users consult is that of just two news agencies. This research finds an online news environment with little real information diversity – a situation at odds with a decade and a half of fervour for the democratizing potential of new media. Keywords: News agencies, online journalism, Reuters, associated press, news sources, international news New media have often been deemed inherently democratizing and liberating, offering the prospect of freeing us all from a long standing dependence on a few powerful information providers and the “mainstream” discourse they offer. McNair (2003) hailed recent internet evolution and its infinite possibilities for horizontal communication, the demystification and deprofessionalization of journalism, and endless information choice, suggesting that the chaos of the contemporary communications environment may lay to rest concerns about the power of traditional media monoliths upholding the......

Words: 8397 - Pages: 34

Premium Essay

Why Can't I Say What I Want?

...associated ligaments, and bone marrow. The muscular system major organs are the skeletal muscles and associated tendons. The nervous system major organs are the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and sense organs. The endocrine major organs are the pituitary gland, thyroid gland, pancreas, adrenal glands gonads, endocrine tissues in other organs. The cardiovascular system major organs are the heart, blood, and blood vessels. The lymphatic system major organs are the spleen, thymus, lymphatic vessels, lymph node, and tonsils. The respiratory system major organs are the nasal cavities, sinuses, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs, and alveoli. The digestive system major organs are the teeth, tongue, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas. The urinary system major organs are the kidneys, ureter, urinary bladder, and urethra. The male reproductive system major organs are the testes, epididymides, ductus deferentia, seminal vesicles, prostate gland, penis, and scrotum. The female reproductive system major organs are the ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, labia, clitoris, and mammary glands. 1-5 Explain the concept of homeostasis. Homeostasis refers to the existence of a stable environment. So the purpose of homeostasis is to let the body know when there is too much or too little of something the body needs. If you have a fever your internal temperature is hot but you feel cold to bring your body back to a normal......

Words: 730 - Pages: 3

August 13, 2018 | Protable Para Nintendo Switch Viaje Case Cover Bolsa Funda Carcasa EVA Rígida ES | Rugby