Premium Essay

Islamic Political System

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By miaasmira8
Words 584
Pages 3
Islamic Political System Political aspects of Islam are derived from the Qur'an, the Sunna, Muslim history, and elements of political movements outside Islam. Religion and politics are one and the same in Islam. They are intertwined. We already know that Islam is a complete system of life and politics is very much a part of our collective life. Just as Islam teaches us how to perform prayers, observe fasting, pay Zakah and undertake Hajj, so it teaches us how to run a state, from a government, elect councilors and members of parliament, make treaties and conduct business and commerce. The political system of Islam is based on three principles: Tawhid (unity of Allah), Risalat (Prophethood), and Khilafat (vicegerency). It is difficult to appreciate the different aspects of Islamic polity without fully understanding these three principles. Tawhid means that only Allah is the Creator, Sustainer and Master of the universe and of all that exist in it. The sovereignty of this kingdom is vested only in Him. He alone has has the right to command or forbid. Worship and obedience are due to Him alone, no one and nothing else shares it in any way. Life in all its forms, our physical organs and faculties, the apparent control we have over nearly everything in our lives and the things themselves, none of them has been created or acquired by us in our own right. The medium through which we received the law of Allah is known as Risalat. We have received two things from this source: the Book in which Allah has set out His law, and the authoritative interpretation and exemplification of the Book by the Prophet (PBUH) through word and deed, in his capacity as the representative of Allah. The Prophet (PBUH) has also, in accordance with the intention of the Divine Book, given us model for the Islamic way of life by implementing the law and providing necessary details where…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

The American Political System

...The American Political System The American political system is based on two historical yet very important documents, the Declaration of Independence (1776) and the Constitution (1789). Each document serves a distinct purpose; The Declaration of Independence states the country as a free independent nation, separate from the European countries many settlers migrated from, and the Constitution lays the baseline from which the federal government is formed and executed. The US Constitution lays the framework for the separation of power between the nation’s three governing branches, the executive branch, the judiciary system, and the legislature. The separation of power amongst the three branches along with the different terms served by each member of the corresponding branches, avoids the monarchial system most Americans of the time were familiar with from Great Britain, France and the likes of the various European nations America’s immigrants hail from. The political system up to this day is unique but leaves too many national issues to be lost in legalities, slowing the nation down while political and economic developments move faster and faster in our modern world. We will examine the US governmental process through political, economic, and social dimensions. In addition, we will discuss the character of American society, and the change in society throughout American history. The political aspect of American government is built on bureaucracies who handle the different......

Words: 1447 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Islamic Banking System in Bangladesh

...of Bachelor in Business Administration (BBA) REPORT TOPIC: Islamic Banking System in Bangladesh Course name: INTRO. TO BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE Section: F (BBA) Course Instructor: MOHAMMAD MOSTOFA JAMAN Faculty of Business Administration Department of BBA American International University-Bangladesh Group Members Name and ID: 1. Nahar Tanjin 2. Nibir Md. Nahidul Islam 3. Niger Farzana 4. Hossain Mohammad Saddam 5. Mustasin Abdullah Al Date of Submission: 13th December, 2011 SOCIAL ISLAMI BANK LTD. A Joint Venture Islamic Bank SOCIAL ISLAMI BANK LIMITED 15, Dilkusha Commercial Area Dhaka-1000 Bangladesh Phone: 880-02-9559014, 9557499, 9568275, 9565647 Fax: 9568098 E-mail: info@sibl-bd.com ceo@sibl-bd.com URL: www.siblbd.com Webmail: mail.sibl-bd.com LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL 13TH December, 2011. MOHAMMAD MOSTOFA JAMAN Faculty of Business Administration Department of BBA American International University-Bangladesh Subject: Submission of the report on Islamic Banking System in Bangladesh. Dear Sir, Following your instruction we have prepared a formal report on “Islamic Banking System in Bangladesh” to serve our purpose. By the time of preparing......

Words: 3166 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Political Systems

...Belgium’s government structure is one of the most complicated systems in the world. Belgium’s government is considered a federal parliament democracy that is ran under a constitutional monarchy. As a constitutional monarchy Belgium is governed by King Albert II. King Albert II holds the title of Head of State. In July of 1993, the constitution was revised allowing Belgium to become more of a federal state. The current Head of the Government in Belgium is the Prime Minister Elio Rupo who has maintained the position since 2011. Also, the legal system in Belgium is a civil law system based upon the French Civil Code and European Union legislative acts. With the implementation of federal state Belgium divided into three levels of government federal, regional and linguistic communities. The federal government is responsible for many aspects of societal issues. The most interesting fact is that there are three regions of government that all have the same amount of authority as Belgium’s central government. Although, the responsibilities of the three regions, within the government are different. The three regional governments of Belgium are Brussels, Flanders and Wallonia. The Flanders region is made up of four Flemish providences Antwerp, Limburg, West Flanders and East Flanders. The Brussels region is made up of 19 municipalities. The region of Wallonia is made of four providences that include Luxemburg, Liege, Namur and Hainaut. The region also consists of a part of......

Words: 1049 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

The Vietnamese Political System

...The Vietnamese Political System THE HISTORY OF VIETNAM FROM NINETEENTH CENTURY The Nineteenth Century is the initial period of imperialism and colonialism Western capitalist countries. The French colonialists began the invasion in Vietnam through missionaries and trade. From the beginning, the resistance movements under the leadership of Vietnamese intellectuals revolted everywhere. Dong Du movement by Phan Boi Chau and Duy Tan movement by Phan Chau Trinh are two most prominent movement in that time, however, both of them are suppressed by the French. In 1930, Nguyen Ai Quoc, known as Ho Chi Minh coordinated the unification of the parties: the Indochinese Communist Party, Annamese Communist Party and the Indochinese Communist Union, into the Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV) with Tran Phu as the first Secretary General. In 1941, Nguyen Ai Quoc established the Viet Minh Front in northern Vietnam, and it fight for national independence. CPV headed by Nguyen Ai Quoc led the Vietnamese people and the Armed Propaganda Unit for National Liberation successfully led a general uprising to seize power, founded the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) on September 2, 1945. The globe-shaking victory of Dien Bien Phu in May 1954 put an end to the invasion the French colonialists and to the signing Geneva Agreement. In this period, Northern Vietnam named DRV, under the leadership of Ho Chi Minh, with Hanoi is the capital. South Vietnam named the Republic of Vietnam headed......

Words: 2162 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Islamic Financial System

...Introduction Recent global financial crisis has highlighted the problems in the current financial system. Some of the analysts have even termed it as the downfall of the capitalism and interest based economy driven by ‘greed’ and has acknowledged the need of a new financial system. One interesting development in this whole scenario was the relative stability of Islamic Financial Institutions (IFIs). In the last decade, IFIs have witnessed an impressive growth and have begun to make an impact on the current financial setup. This paper aims to highlight the basic foundation of Islamic financial system and the development of different markets and institutions. It will then point out certain issues and challenges facing the Islamic Financial Institutions. HISTORY Early History: The history of Islamic Financial system goes back to 1,000 – 1,500 AD, during which the Middle Eastern tradesmen would engage in transactions based on Shariah. During that time, the Ottoman Empire Arabs had good trade relationships with the Spanish, and they established their financial systems without interest, based on profit and loss sharing basis. As time went by, Middle Eastern and Asian regions became important trading partners for European companies such as the Dutch East India Company, as a result of which European banks started to spread their branches in these countries, which typically were interest-based. Thus the conventional financial institutions became more dominant as Western countries......

Words: 6394 - Pages: 26

Premium Essay

Political Party System in India

...CHAPTER 2 PARTY SYSTEM IN INDIA Political parties are the most significant mechanisms in a democratic government. They both express and form public opinion. They are the chief mechanism of informing and influencing the electorate. As majority party forms the government in centre, the same is valid for the state legislature. Thus, the political parties become all the most important in analyzing any kind of politics in India. As everyone is free to contest election and form organization of political behavior, different political parties have rooted their stem in Indian politics. Here we will discuss some of the national and state political parties which had a major role to play in state politics in India. The election commission of India recognizes national as well as state political parties, giving them privileges and securing their election logo. A political party shall be treated as a recognized political party in a State, if and only if either the conditions specified is, fulfilled by that party and not otherwise, that is to say- (A) That such party – Has been engaged in political activity for a continuous period of five years; and Has, at the last general election in that State to the House of the People, or, as the case may be, to the Legislative Assembly of the State, returned- Either (i) at least one member to the House of the People for every twenty-five members of that House or any fraction of that number from that State; Or......

Words: 3032 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

The Islamic Economic System and Socialisim

...The Islamic Economic System and Socialism The last 500 years, Islam could not be brought in the public affairs of social, political and economic domain and remained in the religion sphere, the foundation of Muslim’s getting in troubled water and finding no way out to reach to its shore. In the absence of Islamic economic system, the West – devoid from the moral and spiritual foundation- has taken over to steer the world economy. That is resulting in unprecedented human misery to the world economy starting from economic derailment to collapse economic system of many world giants flexing economic muscle. The felt need is to touch the facts lurking below the surface of the present economic order - source of unforgettable human suffering across the world, resulting even losing of human lives. Lacs of jobs are curtailed and people are getting jobless and find no social and economic patronage. Companies are being bailed by the public paid taxes to protect existence of multi nationals with the common people’s hard earned money. Even the economists are not sure the depth of deficiency and how long it will take come on track. Islam puts a different economic system which categorically forbids charging the interests for loans. The Quran says, “The interest which imposes seeking to increase your health will not bring about any increase in sight of God. Rather it is zakat which you pay for the sake of God alone, that brings about such increase of your fortune”. The Quran......

Words: 838 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Moroccan vs American Political System

...Moroccan Vs American Political system The Kingdom of Morocco, is located on the Northwestern coast Africa and it’s the first country to recognize the sovereignty of the United States in 1777.  Morocco, has a unitary form of government in which there are no states. As well as a constitutional democracy form of government wherein the country is ruled by king Mohammed6 and has absolute control of the country. Nonetheless, the king follows the constitution and uses the help of the prime minister. The voting age in Morocco is 18, though the citizens can't vote for their king since Morocco has a constitutional monarchy. However, the citizens are allowed to vote for the other people in the government that assist in running the country. The Kingdom of Morocco established a constitutional monarchy based on Islamic law, French and Spanish civil law systems soon after getting independence. Unlike the United States, monarchy is an advantage in Morocco since only limited people are in charge and makes it easier to make decisions because of less opinions. Furthermore, the Moroccan Political System is made up of three branches, the executive branch, The Legislative Branch and the judicial branch which are equal and benefit the country to run correctly. The executive branch carries out and proposes new laws and ideas to improve the country. Moreover, the king is the chief of the country and is the main person in the executive branch. In addition, he selects the......

Words: 791 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Political Systems

...Political Systems Democracy relates to a political system that equates to one person holding one single vote in the decision-making process. As a political system, its proponents deem it as a fair and just way as the whims of the majority are preferred over the desires of the few. It becomes necessary to comprehend how democracy works to be able to effectively understand the principles and assumptions behind it. Majority of the countries in the world relate to a democratic system with differing variations depending on the resident country’s constitution. However the basic premise is that people in a country vote for their preferred candidate and the one with the most votes becomes the leader of the particular country. It is the same when applied to simpler elections such as class president or the chairman of a group. There are certain assumptions that are made with regards to the democratic system and it is important to view them in depth. This is so as to be able to come up with a concrete understanding of the way in which democracy works. For instance the main belief is that the majority know best. It is the foundation in that if most of the people are happy then that is the best route to take. It does not necessarily mean that the majority will actually elect the best candidate. In most cases it is usually based on the candidate they feel most comfortable or in extreme cases where they may have no preference, the one they dislike least. In such scenarios it certainly......

Words: 1055 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Political Systems

... INTERNATIONAL MANAGEMENT QUIZ NAME: CHALI MWAMBA QUESTION 1: Basic ideal types of political systems -explain each and give one country or region as an example to identify its political system. They are the following: ANSWER: A) Totalitarianism= a system where Only one representative party which exhibits control over every facet of political and human life -Power maintained by suppression of opposition -Dominant ideals include media censorship, political representation, denial of rights, and civil liberties An example is People’s Republic of China, North Korea, Burma, Cuba, Vietnam, Libya and Saudi Arabia as well as Kuwait. B) Democracy=a system of government in which all the people of a state or polity ... are involved in making decisions about its affairs, typically by voting to elect representatives to a parliament or similar assembly -Democratic society cannot exist without at least a two-party system -Once elected, representative is held accountable to electorate for actions (which limits power of government) Examples include -Germany, Ghana, Grenada, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kiribati, Latvia, Lithuania C) Dictatorship= A dictatorship occurs when one person has complete control of a nation. Dictators are often associated with brutality, violence and ruthlessness and typically use armed force and fear to keep citizens under control. -Examples include Belarus, Chad, Cuba, Equatorial Guinea, Cameroun, Kazakhstan, Iran ......

Words: 1630 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Political System and Its Influenze on Business

...Political system and its influence on Business The basic role of a political system is to integrate the parts of a society into a viable functioning unit, bringing together people of different ethnic or other backgrounds and allow them to work together to govern themselves.The political policies implemented are often influenced by MNE managements, who are greatly affected by such policies. This is often done in the interest articulation stage through the CEO of an MNE and their employees. The basic tenants of democracy include the freedom of opinion, Expression,press and organization,Elections,limited terms for elected officials an independent court system,respect for personal property,nonpolitical bureaucracy and defense, infrastructure, and accessibility to the decision-making process. Presidential Form,Parliamentary System,Various Combinations.Basic Political Ideologies includes Democracy, Democratic systems involve wide participation by citizens in the decision-making process.In representative democracy, majority rule is achieved through periodic elections.Factors for evaluating freedom are Political rights and Civil liberties. Political rights include Fair and competitive elections Power for elected representatives Ability to organize Safeguards on rights of minorities In a totalitarian system, decision making is restricted to a few individuals.Theocratic totalitarianism is the form prevalent in Muslim countries. With secular......

Words: 279 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Islamic Banking System & Products

... ISLAMIC BANKING SYSTEM & PRODUCTS Name Course Instructor Institution Date Islamic banking Introduction Over the past decades, Islamic banking has expanded into a distinctive and fast growing competitive substitute to conventional banking in many countries. Despite the rapid expansion of the Islamic banking system in recent years, little is however understood of how it differs from conventional banking systems, especially in the non Muslim world. Although Islamic banking works in accordance with the Islamic laws (shariah), in other countries, they are allowed to operate incomparably with the conventional banks that are interest based. The desire of Muslim communities to reorganize their social economic activities, and revival of financial institutions such as Zakah on an interest free basis can be said to be the main drivers to the development of Islamic baking over the past (Wilson, 1994: 110). Nevertheless, Islamic banking is not a religious product as it may insinuate, but it can rather be understood as a series of growing financial products that are developed with the aim of meeting the requirements of Islamic culture and its people (Sole, J. A., 2007: 6). Thus theses systems have developed so as to enable Muslims to invest savings and equally raise finance without compromising their religious and ethical practices. In order to comprehend the fundamental principles of operation of the Islamic banking system, it is thus necessary to understand what it is. There......

Words: 5318 - Pages: 22

Premium Essay

Islamic Banking System in Bangladesh

...12/28/2011 Department: USB Section: 01 Islamic banking system Letter of Transmittal December 28, 2011 Shahriar Kabir Lecturer Financial Markets and Institutions ULAB Subject: Request to Accept Term Paper regarding “Islamic Banking System” Dear Sir, We are very pleased to submit the term paper on “Islamic Banking System”. We were assigned to prepare and submit this term paper as the partial fulfillment of the course Financial Markets and Institutions (Course Code: Bus 421). We have tried our best to prepare this term paper perfectly. Nevertheless, this paper has been suffered by time and other resource limitation. We will be obliged, if you kindly accept this term paper. We are ready to make you clear regarding any confusion or further clarification from this term paper. Sincerely yours, Nasrin Akter (On the behalf of all the group members) Table of contain Title | Page no | Executive summary ……………………………………....……4Introduction ……………………………………..….………….5History………………………………….…………….…...........5Features of Islamic bank………………………………………..6Who follow……………………………………………………...6Who are the customers ………………………………………….6Principles of Islamic banking……………………………………6Worldwide Islamic banking ……………………………………..7Activities of Islamic Banks ……………………………………...8Financial transaction terminology meaning ………………….…9List of Islamic banks in Bangladesh …………………………...12Market status of Islamic banking in Bangladesh......

Words: 5384 - Pages: 22

Premium Essay

Islamic Political Revival

...The Iranian Revolution and its contribution to Islamic Political Revival Sisy M. Orobitg INR3274: International Relations of the Middle East Professor Alla Mirzoyan December 8, 2008 The Iranian Revolution and its contribution to Islamic Political Revival The Pahlavi Dynasty was for many Iranians a constitutional monarchy turned corrupt that plagued them with economic frustrations, rising unemployment and an overwhelming feeling of anxiety that began during 1975s oil crisis. Lack of government accountability and increasing political unrest among the middle class exacerbated the crisis and allowed the religious clergy to take advantage. Thus, this disillusionment with the governing monarchy paved the way to a revolution that has proven to be unprecedented. The advent of a new Islamic revival proved successful upon the birth of the Iranian Revolution and with the overwhelming consent of its people came the Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini as its ruler. With a new political mind-frame, came an authoritarian regime, which volubly conceded to no one, and consolidated itself through each governing tenet. The resilience of this regime brought about terror.( Mehran Kamrava; A Modern Middle East: A Political History since the First World War (2005)) The author of this new political revival which has impregnated into other areas of the Arab World is The Iranian Republic. All Western world influences that......

Words: 2053 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Political System

...Many kinds of political systems developed in different areas of the world depending on the needs of the people. In order to be recognized as a new and independent country, such nation must be able to determine what system of government should be used. Egypt has offered humanity the oldest political system ever, while other countries political systems totally improved their countries. Egypt has to determine in the new constitution the identity of its governance system. The ruling systems in the international arena can be divided into two categories the first is the presidential system, the closest example being the American system; the second is the parliamentary system, with examples being the United Kingdom. A Political system is a system of politics and government. It's a complete set of institutions, interest groups, political parties, trade unions, lobby groups. It's composed of members of social organization and it ensures the maintaining of order and sanity in the society. Among the political systems are presidential and parliamentary is the parliamentary type of democratic government. The leader of the parliamentary form of government is noted to become more dynamic and responsive to all the need of its people. The parliamentary form is capable of reducing or preventing legislative. Since the power is given to the Prime Minister the possibility of having problems regarding legislative congestion is prevented. It can also be said that parliamentary is more......

Words: 285 - Pages: 2

U2 Milano 2018 11 Ottobre Digipack Originale Raro Da Collezione | Clé Vierge Id46 CE0523 Peugeot SW CC 207 307 308 407 607 Expert C4 C5 C6 Picasso | Thám Tử Lừng Danh Conan chap 279