Free Essay

It Is in the Misuse of Words

In: Other Topics

Submitted By maria271
Words 771
Pages 4
The implication that “Vitamin E is a proven antioxidant and may help in fighting cancer and heart disease” is another “claim attempting to imply connections between variables that may not actually exist (Bluman, 2005, P. 682). For example, Vitamin E is a proven antioxidant but, it is unclear or to what extent, how the vitamin will be helpful. In the claim it does not state that Vitamin E is directly affective in fighting cancer, and heart disease. Taking Vitamin E does not guarantee fighting cancer and heart disease because it is unclear how the Vitamin E will help when it is not clear how much Vitamin E the person should take, therefore, the claim remains ambiguous with no clarity. Who is claiming the Vitamin E for the cancer and heart disease, is it a doctor, pharmacist, scientist, or a parent. Also, we are unaware of the dosage of Vitamin E, and whether it should be taken daily or on alternating days. It does not claim who should take the Vitamin E, among adults, children, middle aged, active, non-active people, or is it for everyone. Taking too much Vitamin E may or may not be dangerous. This claim does not inform if there are unhealthy or ineffective doses. The usage of “may” can also be interpreted to “may not” making this claim unclear about the help in fighting cancer and heart disease. The reason I selected the “Vitamin E is a proven antioxidant and may help in fighting cancer and heart disease” is because implied connections are ambiguous and I have difficulty with vague claims, especially during a conversation. For example, at work when the supervisor claims that we might have a staff meeting at three o’clock, sends a message of uncertainty causing frustrations. The supervisor should say we are having a meeting today at three o’clock; making this an accurate claim and putting minds at ease.
I learned to be aware with the words “some”, “might help”, and “may help” because at work I need to be accountable for claims that I model to the assistants that work with me. The knowledge gained will broaden my awareness to stay away from expressing implications and research implied connections in text that may not exist.

In a recent article, the author states that 71% of adults do not use sunscreen. According to our textbook, “The first thing to consider is the sample that was used in the research study”(Bluman, 2005, P. 680). What method did the author use to get 71% adults to participate, and did the author use volunteers, unemployed, professionals, or students via technology?
The author’s claim about adults not using sunscreen could be because the retail stores do not have enough sunscreen to supply 71% of adults. However, the adults may not use sunscreen because they are not outdoors when the sun is bright and shinning, it is winter, or the adults are not thinking about protecting his or her skin. When the adults are inside a museum or at work then sunscreen is not being used. People are not going to wear sunscreen inside unlike; outside the people are prone to wearing sunscreen. Let’s look at this from a popularity aspect; did the author decide to randomly write an article for popularity because he is making a name for himself?
The author’s claim appears to be misleading because it is not clear who the 71% adults are, not enough evidence or broken down into categories. For example, gender, geographic location, adult professionals or otherwise, and ethnicity. Bluman, 2005 claims, that “When interpreting results from studies using small samples, convenience samples, or volunteer samples, care should be used when generalizing the results to the entire population (P. 681). If the author had stated 71% of adults do wear sunscreen when they are outdoors. Then the author’s claim would appear to be accurate because he or she probably used a sample of choice to come up with accurate results.
The reason I selected the Suspect Samples is because the author states that 71% of adults do not use sunscreen however, it is not clear who the adults are, which makes for a bias claim on the author’s article.
I learned that when writing or in conversation to be clear in stating my claim for accuracy. For example, if I state that 30% of children do not use the slide. It is not clear what children, age, location of the slide, and during what time of the day, therefore, making the claim misleading.

References
Bluman, A. G. (2005). Mathematics in Our World (Ashford University Custom Edition). United States: McGraw-Hill…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Words

...is playing peekaboo with the clouds,” I told my mother, squeezing her hand and squinting at the temperamental sky. It was my first metaphor, although I was unaware of it at the time; I was three years old. Even before I could read, I harbored a natural affinity for the English language, picking up new words easily and using them in unexpected ways. I would string them together like beads on a necklace, carefully selecting and rearranging them for the most ear-pleasing sentence. For me, words were more than a way to communicate - they were a form of art. As I delved into the written word I began to recognize writing as a powerful tool for expression. I turned to poetry and short stories to capture childhood moments, expanding my vocabulary and becoming skilled at transferring raw emotions and ideas onto paper. My parents encouraged me to make frequent trips to the library, and I often staggered home beneath the weight of a pile of novels. When I entered high school as a published author and poet, my writing continued to mature. Although I still marveled at the versatility of language, I now wielded my pen with a more defined sense of purpose. I understood that words could be used for more than the aesthetic appeal that got me through my English essays. They could be used to educate, to inform, and to spread awareness. By junior year, I had transitioned to journalistic writing, and then to more specialized exposition for my advanced science and history classes. I......

Words: 490 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Words

...literal level to the allegorical. It is my generation’s shared text; all college freshmen are familiar with the stories, and that gives us a set of common beliefs and ideas that can serve as a springboard to new learning. As I sat surrounded by avid fans and scholars of John Irving, Steven King, and J.K. Rowling, it gave me hope that this country will not be consumed by the mundane. With so much emphasis on physical aspects of life, and the material and sexual focus of the messages thrown at us by the media, it would be easy to become jaded or depressed. But I am not worried. I have been surrounded by 6000 people, all of whom paid good money, not for a sporting event or a concert, but to hear authors read their work. I have evidence that words on a page can change not only my life, but the world....

Words: 567 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The Word

...October 6, 2011 THL 101.03: Fr. Trueman Word Study: Life (Jn 10,10) In the Gospel of John, there are various uses of the word "life" that pose different meanings. The three main points that John states about life is: Eternal life, the bread of life, and the sacrifice Jesus made in which we, as sinners, need to be obedient and follow his commands so we can be saved. One nuance according to eternal life is, "he who loves his life loses it, and he who hates his life in this world will keep it to life eternal," Jn 12:25. A verse that relates to the bread of life is, "I am the living bread that came down out of heaven; if anyone eats of this bread, he will live forever; and the bread also which I will give for the life of the world is My flesh," Jn 6:51. Another nuance of "life" that is used in this Gospel is, "He who believes in the Son has eternal life but he who does not obey the Son will not see life; but the wrath of God abides on him" Jn 3:36. These being the main shades of meaning in the Gospel of John there are others as well. In John, "life" is used forty-five times in order to depict the each and every meaning the way life is being described as. People who are doing good things in their life believe we're living the perfect life. However, they're mistaken because there is so much more meaning to it. We need to learn to be good in this world to be accepted into the kingdom of heaven, which is what our Savior, Jesus Christ, promised us. Living on earth is like a......

Words: 701 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Word

...Word  basics   Word is a powerful word processing and layout application, but to use it most effectively, you first have to understand the basics. This tutorial introduces some of the tasks and features that you can use in all documents. Before you begin ....................................................................................................................................... 1 1. Create a new blank document ............................................................................................................... 2 2. Explore the Word user interface ............................................................................................................. 4 3. Navigate through a document ............................................................................................................... 5 5. Format text ........................................................................................................................................... 9 6. Copy, paste, and drag ......................................................................................................................... 11 7. Change the document layout ............................................................................................................... 14 8. Save a document in a new folder ......................................................................................................... 16 Quick Reference Card ..............................................

Words: 2451 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Antibiotic Misuse

...unused antibiotics and then use them for other illnesses or for other people. Using antibiotics for anything other than they were intended can cause minor to major health problems, and the user will possibly build a resistance to the antibiotic as well. Antibiotic abuse is when someone takes antibiotics for illnesses other than what they are prescribed for. Also, taking someone else’s antibiotics that was prescribed for their diagnosed illness is antibiotic abuse; what was prescribed for them may not agree with others. Antibiotic misuse is a major concern today. There are individuals who are uneducated when it comes to ingesting antibiotics. If a group consisting of ten individuals, six out of ten would probably say they didn’t know the risk association with taking antibiotics when they are not needed. Most people believe it is safe to ingest antibiotics when they have a cold or flu symptoms. According to an article in “Study Explores Antibiotics Misuse” (2010) Science Daily, “Studies show that more than half of patients in the United States are taking bacteria-destroying antibiotics for colds, flu and, bronchitis.” Antibiotics should not be used for these non-infectious illnesses; these are viral infections which need to run their course. Most people would probably say they thought it was safe considering it was an antibiotic, if asked. When conducting research for this project there was an antibiotic survey distributed to diverse group of people of different......

Words: 1681 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Words

...constitutes a "word" involves determining where one word ends and another word begins—in other words, identifying word boundaries. There are several ways to determine where the word boundaries of spoken language should be placed: Potential pause: A speaker is told to repeat a given sentence slowly, allowing for pauses. The speaker will tend to insert pauses at the word boundaries. However, this method is not foolproof: the speaker could easily break up polysyllabic words, or fail to separate two or more closely related words. Indivisibility: A speaker is told to say a sentence out loud, and then is told to say the sentence again with extra words added to it. Thus, I have lived in this village for ten years might become My family and I have lived in this little village for about ten or so years. These extra words will tend to be added in the word boundaries of the original sentence. However, some languages have infixes, which are put inside a word. Similarly, some have separable affixes; in the German sentence "Ich komme gut zu Hause an", the verb ankommen is separated. Phonetic boundaries: Some languages have particular rules of pronunciation that make it easy to spot where a word boundary should be. For example, in a language that regularly stresses the last syllable of a word, a word boundary is likely to fall after each stressed syllable. Another example can be seen in a language that has vowel harmony (like Turkish):[5] the vowels within a given word......

Words: 574 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Words

...Defination Of Words Creativity: Creativity is a crucial part of the innovation equation. Creativity requires whole-brain thinking; right-brain imagination, artistry and intuition, plus left-brain logic and planning. Creativity is a core competency for leaders and managers and one of the best ways to set your company apart from the competition. (Reference : http://www.creativityatwork.com/2011/11/19/what-is-creativity) Lifecycle: The course of events that brings a new product into existence and follows its growth into a mature product and into eventual critical mass and decline.For Example: Sales growth begins to accelerate, characterized with increasing sales year-over-year. As production levels increase, gross margins should steadily decline, making the product less profitable on a per-unit basis. An increase in competition is probable. (Reference : http://www.investopedia.com/terms/l/lifecycle.asp) Radical Innovation: Technological knowledge required to exploit it is very different from existing knowledge, existing knowledge will be obsolete - competence destroying or Results in a product that is so superior that existing products are rendered noncompetitive. Incremental Innovation: The knowledge required to offer a product builds on existing knowledge - competence enhancing. Most innovation is incremental or Innovation still allows existing products to stay competitive. Interaction Models: An interaction model is a design model that binds an......

Words: 469 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Words

...adalah musik dari jiwa. If anyone speaks badly of you, live so none will believe it. Kalau seseorang membicarakan keburukan anda, hiduplah sedemikian rupa sehingga tidak ada seorang pun mempercayainya. Patience is the ability to idle your motor when you feel like stripping your gears. Kesabaran adalah kesanggupan untuk menetralkan persneling mobil anda pada saat anda merasa ingin untuk merombak persneling itu. Love is strengthened by working through conflicts together. Cinta itu diteguhkan dengan jalan melalui pertikaian bersama-sama. The best thing parents can do for their children is to love each other. Hal yang terbaik yang dapat dilakukan orang tua bagi anak-anak mereka adalah saling mengasihi satu sama lain . Harsh words break no bones but they do break hearts. Kata-kata yang kasar tidak dapat meremukkan tulang tapi itu dapat meremukkan hati. To get out of a difficulty, one usually must go through it. Untuk keluar dari kesulitan, seseorang biasanya harus berjalan menembusnya. We take for granted the things that we should be giving thanks for. Kita seringkali menganggap sepele hal-hal yg seharusnya kita syukuri. Love is the only thing that can be divided without being diminished.. Cinta Kasih adalah satu-satunya hal yang dapat kita bagikan tanpa menjadikannya berkurang. Happiness is enhanced by others but does not depend upon others. Kebahagiaan itu bertambah oleh orang lain, tapi tidak bergantung pada orang lain. You are richer......

Words: 802 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Word

...already been used by someone else . It is basically stealing someone’s ideas, thoughts, expressions or even formulas and representing them as your own without really crediting the original author or writer. Use or non-use of quotation marks is also considered plagiarism. It is considered a fraud and an academic dishonesty. Plagiarism is defined in various ways in institutions of higher learning. For example, Randall defines plagiarism as “appropriating another person’s ideas or words (spoken or written) without attributing those words or ideas to their true source” (132). Watkins views plagiarism as “the use of another person words, works or ideas without attribution” (5). Princeton perceives plagiarism as “the deliberate use of someone else’s language ideas or other original (not common knowledge) without acknowledging its source” (Neville, 2010). Plagiarism can be committed in various forms, for example one can clone someone else’s work word for word without changing anything, or changing key words and phrases while still retaining the original context, paraphrasing from various documents and making those portions fit together is also plagiarism ,citing non-existent or inaccurate information about the sources is also considered plagiarism. Self plagiarism also known as ‘recycling fraud’ exists where an individual takes work they have already submitted before and passes it as new work especially if the former had already been published. This is often referred to as......

Words: 616 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Words

...Archaic words These words are no longer in everyday use or have lost a particular meaning in current usage but are sometimes used to impart an old-fashioned flavor to historical novels, for example, or in standard conversation or writing just for a humorous effect. Some, such as bedlam, reveal the origin of their current meaning, while others reveal the origin of a different modern word, as with gentle, the sense of which is preserved in gentleman. Some, such as learn and let, now mean the opposite of their former use. 1. Abroad-out of doors 2. Accouchement-birthing 3. Advertisement-a notice to readers in a book Obsolete. Words This label is attached to entry words and senses for which there is little or no printed evidence since 1755. A temporal label commonly used by lexicographers (that is, editors of dictionaries) to indicate that a word (or a particular form or sense of a word) is no longer in active use in speech and writing. 1. “bell, book, and candle” – the popes of old’s favoured way of excommunicating someone, but also a fancy way to intensify your retelling of screeching or railing at someone. 2. “with squirrel” – pregnant. 3. “balderdash” – once an adulterated wine, also an en mode way of saying that something is untrue. Jargon Words Jargon is a literary term that is defined as a use of specific phrases and words by writers in a particular situation, profession or trade. These specialized terms are used to convey hidden meanings......

Words: 2092 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Word for Words

...powerful from its booming trade in illegal alcohol. When prohibition ended, the alcohol business was taken over by legitimate businesses. Today, alcohol is sold in stores, not on the streets; it is shipped from breweries in the daylight, not smuggled across borders by criminal organizations; no government is corrupted by alcohol money; and virtually no one robs other people to get money to buy alcohol. The difference between the situation of alcohol and that of illegal drugs lies not in their chemical or pharmacological properties; it lies in the law. In the case of the drug trade, we have created laws that protect criminal organizations from noncriminal competition, thereby granting obscene profits to criminals. None of this is to deny that misuse and overuse of drugs create problems for the user and those around him. The same is true, as I have said, of alcohol, tobacco, and unhealthy foods. But without prohibition, the problems created by drug use would be mainly private problems; it is the law that enables the drug trade to damage and corrupt society. Most philosophers, in my experience, can be brought to agree with the case for legalisation. But there is another reason—apart from sentiments about purity—why most non-philosophers do not accept this case. That is that the legalization position strikes many as defeatist. We have a problem: drugs ruin many people’s lives. The legalisers’ position offers no solution to this problem, counselling instead that we merely learn to......

Words: 2041 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Word

...INSTITUTE OF ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY TRAINING PROPOSAL Table of Contents L;l;COMPANY PROFILE i ABOUT IAT ii Our Mission ii Training Methodology ii Infrastructure ii Accreditations & Collaborations ii Partial List Of Clients iii Government Ministries iii Donor Agencies iii Private Sector Industries iv Parastatals iv Non-Governmental Organizations iv COURSE COVERAGE 1 WINDOWS 3.11 1 PROFICIENCY IN WORD 1 INTERMEDIATE WORD 1 PROFICIENCY IN EXCEL 2 INTERMEDIATE EXCEL 2 L;l;COMPANY PROFILE IAT is a Kenyan Information Technology training & constancy organisation whose sole mission is to provide effective advice, training and innovative services to promote the productive use of Information Technology in East Africa. The Institute's 18 classrooms have been well-equipped to create a spacious, modern learning environment. The use of classroom discussions, visual aids and private consultations with the course instructors, is geared towards developing a high degree of retention of the core concepts. We are also happy to conduct in-house training on special requests at client premises provided the client allocates a suitable training room with adequate training facilities. IAT is proud to have been selected by Microsoft Corporation (the world's largest software supplier) to deliver training in the use of Microsoft products in Kenya. To qualify as a Microsoft Authorised Training Centre, the institute must satisfy stringent criteria relating...

Words: 1535 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Words

...words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words......

Words: 153360 - Pages: 614

Premium Essay

Word

... | |  | |All the praises are for the almighty, Allah who bestowed me with the ability and potential to complete this Internship. I also pay my gratitude to the Almighty for enabling me to complete this | |Internship Report within due course of time. | |Words are very few to express enormous humble obligations to my affectionate Parents for their prayers and strong determination to enabling me to achieve this job. | |I take this opportunity to record my deep sense of gratitude and appreciation to my Internship Advisor Mr. Samar Kamal Fazli, Department of Management Sciences, COMSATS Institute of Information | |Technology Lahore for his constant encouragement and inspiring guidance with his Wisdom. | |I also appreciate the cordial co-operation from all my concern Managers in the different departments of Nishat Mills Ltd especially......

Words: 10243 - Pages: 41

Free Essay

Word

...dWord is word is word is how we use words can you use words words words are cool word are ii I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I use wird hey you use words that are cool word word word word word word word word word word word word wrd word can you are the me we can we shall use the word for paper school we use word use we paper we can use the word for paper use the me and I we are use the in th house we are the best school and I use work like yesterday we can use word are you me and how high the cat use word worak sux then five you are the best I know of a house word then eord word word then the are you me and I we can use the woerd how are you me and you bu I use the hosue phone in the huse word cell book make me use the word book school school school the house living I hate word are the car we can use the house breatg the house are the same as the cow mad house cry cat can you I I I I the got you the same house fire the use same how can make me fun scare the butt use we at the same time I saw the car the car we use we we we we we...

Words: 254 - Pages: 2

Lo nuevo | Idol Star Athletics Championships 2015 | $pringfield (O season 05 episode 10