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Korean Tenses

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Submitted By thamana
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Pages 4 - Free Korean Lesson Notes

In the previous lesson, we looked at the basic way of conjugating the verbs in the dictionary form into the

present tense form. Do you remember how?

ㅗ [o] or ㅏ [a] are followed by 아요 [a-yo]. Verb stems ending with vowels OTHER THAN ㅗ or ㅏ are followed by 어요 [eo-yo]. Verb stem 하 is followed by 여요 [yeo-yo].
Verb stems ending with vowels Now it’s time to learn how to change verbs into the

past tense.

If you understand how to change verbs into the present tense, understanding how to change them into the past tense is just as easy. A similar rule is applied to making past tense sentences, and the endings are:

았어요 [a-sseo-yo] 었어요 [eo-sseo-yo] 였어요 [yeo-sseo-yo]
You can add those to the verb stems, or you can think of it as just replacing the “요” at the end of present tense sentences with -ㅆ어요 [ss-eo-yo].

ㅗ [o] or ㅏ [a] are followed by 았어요 [a-sseo-yo]. Verb stems ending with vowels other than ㅗ or ㅏ are followed by 었어요 [eo-sseo-yo]. Verb stem 하 is followed by 였어요 [yeo-sse-yo].
Verb stems ending with vowels Let’s take a look at some examples.

This PDF is to be used along with the MP3 audio lesson available at Please feel free to share TalkToMeInKorean’s free Korean lessons and PDF files with anybody who is studying Korean. If you have any questions or feedback, visit - Free Korean Lesson Notes

LEVEL 1 LESSON 17 사다 [sa-da] = to buy
Verb stem = 사 [sa] ** You drop the final 다 [da] from any verb and you get the verb stem. Past tense = 사 + 았어요 [sa + a-sseo-yo] =

샀어요 [sa-sseo-yo]

= I bought / you bought / she bought / he bought / they bought / etc.

오다 [o-da] = to come
Verb stem = 오 [o] Past tense = 오 + 았어요 [o + a-sseo-yo] =

왔어요 [wa-sseo-yo]

= I came / you came / he came / they came / she came / we came…...

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