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Leaders as Motivators

In: Business and Management

Submitted By GERI2013
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Leaders as Motivators One of the best ways a leader can achieve results from employees is via motivation. When a leader motivates, he/she wields an implied sense of power, albeit organizational or personal. To motivate effectively, leaders must be cognizant that motivation requires a physical action, there must be a need by employees to want to be motivated, and there must be an emotional commitment to be motivated (Filson, 2013). It goes without saying, the process of motivation requires more than a leader’s action eliciting a reaction to accomplish a task by an employee. To motivate, a leader must understand the inner workings of people management and performance. This begins with understanding the theories of motivation.
Theories of Motivation Motivation theories explain individual performance and the amount of effort as well as the direction the performance exhibits. Motivation theories are subdivided into categories (contact, process, and behaviors). This handbook will concentrate on behavior. In other words, how one makes decisions to achieve what one wants. The process is best explained via the Expectancy Theory, Goal-setting Theory, and the Equity Theory of Motivation. The Expectancy Theory of Motivation is based on three components. First, there is expectancy; one’s efforts resulting in achieving the desired performance goals. This is dependent on personal beliefs, the difficulty in achieving the goals, and the degree of control over goal outcomes. Second, there is instrumentality; one’s belief that meeting the expected performance yields the best reward. This is centered on trusting good performance will be rewarded per an organization’s policies. Third, there is valance; the value one places on the reward or rather the source of motivation. This is dependent on one’s needs, goals, performances, and motivation (Scholl, n.d.). The…...

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