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Leadership Safari

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By hnnahmeier
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Philosophy- the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Physiology- branch of biology that studies the functions and part of living organisms, including humans
Wilhelm Wundt- founder of psychology, established first psychology research lab
Edward Tichener- developed structuralism; emphasized studying the most basic components, or structures, of conscious experiences
William James- established psychology in the US. Developed functionalism; emphasized studying the purpose, or function, of behavior and mental experiences
William James & students-
G. Stanley Hall- received first ph.d in psych. Established first psych lab in the US. Founded the American Psychological Association
Mary Whiton Calkins- first woman president of the APA
Margaret Floy Washburn- first American woman to earn ph.d in psych. Second woman president of APA
Francis C. Sumner- first African American to earn phd in psych. Created psych program that led in training African Americans.
Sigmund Freud- developed psychoanalysis; Personality theory & form of psychotherapy that emphasizes the role of unconscious factors in personality and behavior
John B. Watson- developed behaviorism; study of observable behaviors
Carl Rogers- developed humanistic psychology; emphasizes each person’s unique potential for psychological growth and self-direction
Contemporary Psych
Biological perspective- studies psychical bases of human and animal behaviors neuroscience- study of the nervous system
Psychodynamic perspective- emphasive unconscious influences, early life experiences, and interpersonal relationships
Behavioral perspective- focuses on observable behavior and how its acquired or modified by environmental causes
Humanistic perspective- focuses on the motivation of people to grow psychologically, interpersonal relationships on a persons self-concept, & importance of choice in…...

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