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Lesson Answer Key War’s End Read: Reading Guide 1. Complete the Following Chart to Show the Human Cost to the Great War. Group Estimated Number Total Number of Combatants Killed 9 Million Total Number of Soldiers

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HST202A: Modern World Studies | Unit 4 | Lesson 13: War’s End

Lesson Answer Key
War’s End
Read: Reading Guide
1. Complete the following chart to show the human cost to the Great War.
Group

Estimated Number

total number of combatants killed

9 million

total number of soldiers wounded

21 million

civilians dead from disease, hunger, and other war-related causes

possibly 9 million

Germany and Russia (casualties)

3.4 million

French males between 25 and 35 dead or wounded

nearly half

Britain and its empire (casualties)

1 million

Austria-Hungary (casualties)

more than a million

Italy (casualties)

more than a half a million

Ottoman Turks (casualties)

possibly 325,000

United States (casualties)

almost 120,000

2. Today, the British celebrate November 11 as Remembrance Day. In the United States, November 11 is called Veterans Day.
3. What was the effect of the Great War on the infrastructure of France and Belgium? (Infrastructure refers to a country’s facilities and structures that are required to build industries and move goods in and out of the country. It includes roads, bridges, utilities, water, sewage, etc. An infrastructure is necessary for a productive economy.)
The infrastructure in France and Belgium was devastated. Farms, villages, and towns were wrecked.
Artillery fire destroyed bridges, railroad tracks, roads, factories, and homes. Many villages were completely wiped out. Whole stretches of land were reduced to barren wastelands.
4. By 1918, the fighting cost Britain and Germany about $10 million an hour.

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HST202A: Modern World Studies | Unit 4 | Lesson 13: War’s End

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