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Liberia Future Sverige

In: Historical Events

Submitted By maduwa
Words 562
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Hur ska då Liberia förbättra sin bruttonationalprodukt? Till en början är det viktigt att Liberias nya ekonomisk-politiska beslutsfattare inför strategier som främjar tillväxt och återhämtning men också inkluderar de bredare och mer långsiktiga delarna för socioekonomiska utvecklingen. Detta beror på att hela Liberias ekonomiska historia bygger på förtryck och korruption vilket lett till en smal tillväxt - eliten har endast gagnats och inte dess folk. Det är viktigt att införa strategier som främjar en ökad ekonomisk och social delaktighet av liberier. 3.1 Investorer
Efterkrigstiden innebar en stor ekonomisk förbättring, men det problem som fortfarande kvarstår är att det under kriget flydde viktiga investerare från landet, och nu blir uppgiften att locka lämpliga investeringar för att vitalisera produktionsstrukturer och stimulera ekonomisk verksamhet inom de sektorer av avgörande betydelse för ekonomisk återhämtning Genom investerare kan man revitalisera och förbättra produktionskapaciteten inom just gummi- och jordbruksindustrin. Redan befintliga investerare måste värnas om och genom ekonomiskpolitikska åtgärder måste företag som Firestone hållas kvar i landet till varje pris. Exempel på sådana åtgärder är lättade skatter och mindre tullavgifter. Ingen kan neka den inverkan investerare har haft på Liberias ekonomi, men det är viktigt att Liberias beslutsfattare inte ser till volymen utan vilken sort och dess påverkan av investeringen. Investeringar på befolkningens bekostnad får inte ske: till exmepl att alla investeringar måste ge arbetstillfällen och bidra till det liberiska samhället. 3.2 Protektionism?
Att aktivera protektionistiska åtgärder skulle i min mening inte förbättra Liberias BNP. Ofta används protektionism för att värna om de inhemska företagen och därför skydda från utländsk konkurrens, men kan i Liberias fall vara ödeläggande för dess ekonomi då det inte finns någon konkurrens (varken mindre eller större från inhemska företag). Det är därför bättre med öppna gränserna för frihandel då (trots att utländska företag erhåller den största delen av exporten) företagen dels anställer många människor samt generera stora skatteintäkter. Om Liberia däremot hade utvecklat egna företag (kanske statligägda) som kan specialisera sig på
Adam Bogefors EK3b tex gummiproduktion och därefter applicerat protektionism hade detta gett stora effekter på BNP. Problemet är att Liberia varken har de ekonomiska medlen att göra så, eller de distributionskanalerna som företag har. Om protektionism hade applicerat hade ”tarrif-jumping” blivit stort. Företag som har en stor marknad inom gränserna kan slippa de exportavgifter som erlagts genom att flytta produktionen in i landet - det hade inte bättrat BNPt. 3.2 Stabilitet
Kriget 90-03 var inte positivt för Liberias ekonomi. Krigstider har aldrig varit positivt för någon region. Det är nu viktigt att stabiliteten förblir ett faktum. Med stabilitet tillkommer många goda effekter som påverkar Liberias BNP. Exempel på dessa;
1. Barn kan nu utbilda sig och därmed starta företag. Med utbildning kommer de ha verktygen för att förbättra framtidens BNP.
2. Befolkningen jobbar, inte strider! 3.3 Globalisering
Ett begrepp som ofta används inom samhällsdebatten och hur det påverkar världsekonomin är ”globalisering”. I Liberias fall kan globalisering ha både positiva samt negativa effekter på dess BNP. Positiva effekter kan vara:
1. Med globaliseringen tillkommer större möjligheter för export/import. Liberias gummiproduktion skulle utan den rådande globaliseringen inte vara av den storlek den är idag (då endast lokala köpare skulle kunna köpa gummit)
2. Med globalisering tillkommer kompetens från andra delar i världen som bidra till innovativitet. Negativa aspekter kan vara
1. Globaliseringen kan innebära att företag som ”bosätter” sig i Liberia gör det på miljö och den inhemska befolkningen…...

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