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In: Business and Management

Submitted By benchmade92
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The financial crisis that began in 2007 was the most intense period of global financial strains since the Great Depression, and it led to a deep and prolonged global economic downturn. The Federal Reserve took extraordinary actions in response to the financial crisis to help stabilize the U.S. economy and financial system. This included reducing interest levels to almost zero. However these only include short-term interest rates. In addition, to reduce longer-term interest rates and thus provide further support for the U.S. economy, the Federal Reserve has purchased large quantities of longer-term Treasury securities and longer-term securities issued or guaranteed by government-sponsored agencies such as Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac (Federal Reserve 2014). These low interest rates assure that businesses and households can finance more spending and support the economy more.
By law, the Federal Reserve conducts monetary policy to achieve maximum employment, stable prices, and moderate long-term interest rates. Reports show that the economic growth has occurred in the second quarter of 2014. This was also apparent by the decrease in the unemployment rate. However, a range of labor market indicators suggests that there remains significant underutilization of labor resources. At the same time, the Federal Open Market Committee judges that the likelihood of inflation running persistently below 2 percent has diminished somewhat and longer-term inflation expectations have remained stable.
To support continued progress toward maximum employment and price stability, the Committee reaffirmed in its July 2014 statement its view that a highly accommodative stance of monetary policy remains appropriate (Federal Reserve 2014). In determining how long to maintain the current 0 to 1/4 percent target range for the federal funds rate, the Committee will assess progress--both…...

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