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Listening to Speeches

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Chapter 4- Listening to Speeches

I. Barriers to Effective Listening A. Listening Barriers 1. Select- To single out a message from several competing messages 2. Attend- To focus on or select incoming information for further processing. 3. Understand- To assign meaning to the stimuli to which you attend. 4. Remember- To recall ideas and information B. Information Overload 1. We all spend a large part of each day listening. 2. As a public speaker, you can keep your audience from tuning you out by making sure your speech has a good balance between new information and supporting material, such as stories and examples. C. Prejudice 1. The process of forming preconceived opinions, attitudes, and beliefs about a person, place, thing, or message. 2. Such positive prejudices can also inhibit your ability to listen accurately to a message. D. Receiver Apprehension 1. Receiver Apprehension- The fear of misunderstanding or misinterpreting the spoken messages of others. 2. If you experience receiver apprehension, you will have to work harder to comprehend the information presented by others.
II. Becoming a Better Listener A. Understanding Your Listening Style 1. Listening styles- Preferred ways of making sense out of spoken messages. 2. People Oriented Listener-Someone who is comfortable listening to others express feelings and emotions. 3. Action Oriented Listener- Someone who prefers information that is well organized, brief, and accurate. 4. Content Oriented Listener- Someone who prefers messages that are supported with facts and details. 5. Time Oriented Listeners- Someone who likes succinct messages. B. Become an active listener by remaining alert and re-sort, rephrase, and repeat key information when listening to a speech.
III. Listening and Critical Thinking A. Critical…...

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