Premium Essay

Management Model Questions

In: Business and Management

Submitted By nimas22
Words 1588
Pages 7
Question 1
Describe the evolution of ‘Personnel Management’ into ‘Human Resource Management’. How does the transformation help organisations achieve their strategic objectives?

* Briefly explain the meaning of HRM – 2.5 marks * Briefly explain the meaning of Personal Management – 2.5 marks * Identify and describe 4 factors contributed to the transformation of PM into HRM 2.5 marks x 4 factors– 8 marks * How does HRM help organisation achieve strategic objectives of organisations – 3 marks X 4 points - 12 marks

(The answers should reflect originality and not extracts from the text book. If the student has reproduced what is in the text book full marks should not be awarded for theoretical areas. They must reflect critical thinking and practical application of theory) Human Resource Management (HRM) could be defined as the process of managing human talent to achieve an organization’s objectives. HRM has to help blend many aspects of management in order to overcome “competitive challenges” and address “employee concerns”. By balancing these competing demands HRM plays an important role in getting the most from employees and providing a work environment that meets their short-term and long-term needs. Traditionally the term Personnel Management (PM) was used to refer to the set of activities concerning the workforce which included staffing, payroll, contractual obligations and other administrative tasks. In this respect, personnel management encompasses the range of activities that are to do with managing the workforce rather than resources. Personnel Management is more administrative in nature and the Personnel Manager’s main job is to ensure that the needs of the workforce as they pertain to their immediate concerns are taken care of. Further, personnel managers typically played the role of mediators between the management and the employees…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Management as a Role Model

...Ethical Issues and Management: Manager as a Role Model Your Name Axia College University of Phoenix Ethical Issues and Management: Manager as a Role Model In today’s workforce, it is the management team that helps drives a company to success. Managers are responsible for a long list of task including; ensuring their employees are doing the job correctly and on time; ensuring that the expectations and goals are clear and concise; the expectations and goals are being met; ensuring that the employees’ needs are being met; ensuring that the employees are following company policy; and the list goes on and on. One major role of a manager is to be a good role model to their employees. According to Yahoo Education, a role model is “A person who serves as a model in a particular behavioral or social role for another person to emulate.” [ (Role Model, 2009) ] This means that a manager as a “role model” needs to lead by example. In this paper we will discuss some moral and ethical dilemmas managers face as a role model and the relationship between ethical responsibility and social issues. According to Trevino, L., & Nelson, K. (2007), “They [managers] are probably the most important ingredient in an organization’s success and they [managers] are frequently the most overlooked.” They go on to say that “managers are the lens through which employees view the company, as well as the filter through which senior executives view employees.” (Trevino & Nelson, 2007) This can......

Words: 1537 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Management Essay Questions

...Daniel York May 5 2012 Business Management Management Exam 4 1. Why do you think that today’s manager’s would want to use the “Balanced Scorecard” method to measure and control organizational performance? Manager’s use the Balanced Scorecard method to measure and control organizational performance because it gives you 4 areas of your performance instead of just looking at the financial numbers of the organization. Just because financially your company is succeeding it does not mean improvements can not be made. If customer service is low, employee are trained improperly or processes are out of date this could cost you present and future business. Addressing these now can lead to increase profit margins from increased business and cut costs by eliminating the seven deadly wastes. 2. What is the “grapevine”? Should it be eliminated from a company? Why or Why not? The Grapevine is an internal communication source based of rumors and gossip in a given organization. “80% of the topics are business related, and 70%-90% of the details are typically accurate.”(Daft 13) You should not try to eliminate it the grapevine because it will always exist, so merely ignoring it or pretending like it is not there will not be beneficial. Keeping your employees well informed of what is going on with the company will eliminate possible hazards from misinformation that comes from the grapevine. You can also use the Grapevine as an information source to find out concerns......

Words: 1137 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Models of Human Resource Management

...The HRM Models ← There are a good number of models that have been postulated by various scholars to describe the HRM concept. ← However, as shall be seen these various models either fall under the soft or the hard approach of HRM. The Harvard Model ← The Harvard Model was postulated by Beer et al (1984) at Harvard University. ← The authors of the model also coined it the map of HRM territory. ← The Harvard model acknowledges the existence of multiple stakeholders within the organization. ← These multiple stakeholders include shareholders various groups of employees, government and the community at large. ← The recognition of the legitimacy of these multiple stakeholders renders this model a neo - pluralist model. ← This model emphasizes more on the human/soft side of HRM. ← Basically this is because this model emphasizes more on the fact that employees like any other shareholder are equally important in influencing organizational outcomes. ← In fact the interest of the various groups must be fused and factored in the creation of HRM strategies and ultimately the creation of business strategies. Source : Beer et al (1984 : 16) ← A critical analysis of the model shows that it is deeply rooted in the human relations tradition. ← Employee influence is recognised through people motivation and the......

Words: 1389 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Model/Mindset Discussion Question

...a. What is a mental model/mindset? What forces influence a mental model/mindset, and what forces cause the evolution of that mental model/mindset? How has your mental model/mindset limited your decision making? Mental Model is the appearance of a person's thought process for the explanation of working of things in the real world. The mental model is generated in the human heads as an internal image for the neighboring processes. (Young, 2008). The mental model is influenced by several forces. The main forces which influence mental model are the social changes, psychology, thinking capacity, mental ability, behavior of the people living in surroundings, own human behavior, level of intelligence, working conditions. All these forces affect the human mind in various ways. The mental level of the different individuals is different. These forces influence the mental model of the different people in different ways. Among all these forces, social changes are the most important as man or woman is a social being and has great interaction with the society. The evolution of the mental model is caused by some different forces. The main force which causes the evolution of the mental model is genetic programming. The process of thinking and learning were originated with the origin of man. The internal state of a person's mind is generally distinguished from the uniform state of the surrounding world. The changes in the social environment make the genetic characters of the human......

Words: 1068 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Management Question

...ESSAY MANAGEMENT QUESTION 4 Introduction 200 Main body 1100 Paragraph 1 (366 words) Motivation has usually been defined as a force that encourages certain behaviours, gives direction to certain behaviours and provides ongoing persistence to attain the set goals (Linder, 1998; Islam & Ismail, 2008). Based on this definition, motivation consists of several factors: individuals must be encouraged, they must have a clear aim and they are willing to commit to achieve the objectives. The application of employee motivation in a workplace has been well established by management. However, what forces can influence motivation and how they can be employed to be utilised to encourage certain behaviours in the workplace are not so well understood by many corporations. Hence, it is necessary to analyse some common forces which can be used to influence motivation. According to Fishbach et al. (2010), various forces can lead to different consequences. Positive forces can reinforce certain behaviours as those behaviours usually receive a rewarded consequence. On the contrary, negative forces can also develop certain behaviours which can bring a punishable consequence to prevent these behaviours from reoccurring. So in a workplace, positive forces such as verbal encouragement from management to employees’ performance as well as promotion will increase employees’ goal commitment, whereas negative forces for instance, demotion of employees’ job status and reduction on employees’......

Words: 1155 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Key Models of Management Theory.

...1. Discuss the main features of the key models of management theory since 1900. How have they contributed to today’s people management practices? This assignment will discuss the main features of the key models of management theory since 1900, it will also outline how they have contributed to today’s people management practices. There are 4 models that will be covered in this assignment, each model contains different theories by various authors although only a few will be addressed, this assignment will start by looking at the Classical Model, the Human Relations Model, the Systems Model and then concluding with the Contingency Model. Firstly addressed, the Classical Model is, according to Mullins (2010), the notion that the focal points of an organisation are purpose and formality in terms of structure in order to increase efficiency where there is emphasis on the planning of work, principles of management, the technical requirements and the assumption that employees behave logically and rationally. The Classical Model appears proposed by writers such as Fayol, Taylor and Weber in the early stages of the 20th Century. The main sub-divisions of the Classical Model are scientific management and bureaucracy. Scientific Management, suggested by Mullins (2010), aims at improving management through the improvement of productivity and profit which is achieved by selecting the best person for the job, training and developing workers for this specific job and using reward based...

Words: 1652 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Anitia Norris Model Management

...S ANITA NORRIS MODEL MANAGEMENT w 9B10D013 Authorized for use only in the course BSAD 471 Strategic Management at St. Francis Xavier University taught by Brad Long from Jan 05, 2015 to Apr 17, 2015. Use outside these parameters is a copyright violation. Prashob Menon and Paul Lee wrote this case under the supervision of Professor John Haywood-Farmer solely to provide material for class discussion. The authors do not intend to illustrate either effective or ineffective handling of a managerial situation. The authors might have disguised certain names and other identifying information to protect confidentiality. Richard Ivey School of Business Foundation prohibits any form of reproduction, storage or transmission without its written permission. Reproduction of this material is not covered under authorization by any reproduction rights organization. To order copies or request permission to reproduce materials, contact Ivey Publishing, Richard Ivey School of Business Foundation, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada, N6A 3K7; phone (519) 661-3208; fax (519) 661-3882; e-mail cases@ivey.uwo.ca. Copyright © 2010, Richard Ivey School of Business Foundation Version: (A) 2010-09-10 On March 17, 2010, Anita Norris, owner of Anita Norris Model Management (ANMM) of London, Ontario was contemplating the future of her business. In the two years since Norris started ANMM, the business had grown quickly through her efforts to pursue any revenue stream that......

Words: 7564 - Pages: 31

Free Essay

Change Management Model

...theories on the best models for facilitating change. Lewin’s Change Management Model –According to the web site, change management coach, Kurt Lewin emigrated from Germany to America during the 1930's and is recognized as the "founder of social psychology" which highlights his interest in the human aspect of change. Kurt Lewin’s change theory has 3 stages. Unfreeze, Change, And Freeze. The principal behind this theory is: Prepare for the change- The first step in Lewins change theory is preparing ourselves or others for the change. Making them want the change. The basis for Lewin’s theory is weighing the pros and cons or as he called it, the force field analysis. “This first 'Unfreezing' stage involves moving ourselves, or a department, or an entire business towards motivation for change”. Make the Change- The transition phase might be the hardest phase of Lewins theory. Rightfully so as this phase is when fear sets in. Most people begin questioning if the decision they made was the right one. Did I do the right thing, what if it doesn’t work, maybe I’m not ready are all questions that one might ask him or herself when making the change. Accept the Change- The logic behind this step in the change model is embracing the change. You have prepared for the change, made the transition and now you have a new routine, process or normal way of doing things. Bridges Transition Model William Bridges a change consultant developed a change model aimed at......

Words: 880 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Management Models

... UNIT 5 INDIVIDUAL PROJECT MGMT310 Management and Leadership of Organization by Juan Andrade AIU Online 24 April 2015 Abstract Understanding the three Management Models by Lewin’s is the first process someone must understand, when to apply the changes, so the company could run easily. This isn’t an easy task for all managers. In today’s business world all managers have to recognize why they need to change the way they conduct business in their perspective companies. We live in a fast eloquent world that is changing so rapidly that organizations must also change expeditiously. Companies that handle the changes fast will thrive and the others will struggle (MindTools.com, 2015). Changes Management Models In order to describe the Lewin’s Change Management Model one must have to understand how his management model works. Most companies have been utilizing his management model technic for many years and were able to strive, and for others that didn’t they just struggle to survive. For some organizations and management to say its time to reevaluate and come up with a solution to change things around it’s hard. At the beginning all organizations like the people that run the business don’t like the idea of change. But this must have to be done in order to survive and continue with the business. With the creation of the World Wide Web everything has to change the way business is being conducted. Nobody knew how far this was going to takes us, to how...

Words: 837 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Management Accounting Models

...batch, or run, of a particular set of tables and/or chairs, the cost of buying or hiring special machinery to make a limited edition of a set of chairs. Total direct costs are collectively known as Prime Costs and we can see that Product Costs are the sum of Prime costs and Overheads. Indirect Costs: Indirect costs are those costs that are incurred in the factory but that cannot be directly associate with manufacture.  Again these costs are classified according to the three elements of cost, materials labour and overheads. • Indirect materials: Some costs that we have included as direct materials would be included here. • Indirect labour: Labour costs of people who are only indirectly associated with manufacture: management of a department or area, supervisors, cleaners, maintenance and repair technicians • Indirect expenses: The list in this section could be infinitely long if we were to try to include every possible indirect cost.  Essentially, if a cost is a factory cost and it has not been included in any of the other sections, it has to be an indirect expense. Here are some examples include: Depreciation of equipment, machinery, vehicles, buildings Electricity, water, telephone, rent, Council Tax, insurance Total indirect costs are collectively known as Overheads. Finally, within Product Costs, we have Conversion Costs: these are the costs incurred in the factory that......

Words: 17187 - Pages: 69

Premium Essay

Question for Management

...This is a continuation of your Unit 5 Assignment. Drawing upon the theory you chose for your presentation, you are to compose an APA-formatted paper addressing the following questions: In what way(s) can you identify with this style? How do you differ? Name an organization that has adopted this style and describe whether it was successful. (Your textbook could help you with this.) Consider the following scenario and apply your management style to it. How would you act in your chosen management style? You are the director of Tri-County Home Health Agency and, due to financial reasons, you are to implement an RIF (reduction in force), also known as a lay-off. How will you decide which jobs will have to be eliminated, who will be in on the decision-making process, and how will you notify employees about your decisions? Your paper should comprise a title page, at least four pages of information, and a reference page with at least three professional sources other than your textbook. Your completed exercise should follow the conventions of Standard American English (correct grammar, punctuation, etc.). Your writing should be well ordered, logical and unified, as well as original and insightful. Your work should display superior content, organization, style, and mechanics. When you are ready to submit your Assignment, click on the Dropbox and complete the steps below: Click the link that says “Submit an Assignment.” In the “Submit to Basket” menu, select Unit 7:......

Words: 283 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Management Models

...Management refers to the process of getting organizational goals by working with and through people and other organizational resources. Management has main characteristics: it is a process of continuing and related activities. It involves on reaching organisational goals and in order to reach the goals, it involves working with people and other organisational resources. (managementinnovations, 2008) Other experts define management in different ways, for example Boddy(2014) describes management as ‘ the activity of getting things done with the aid of people and other resources’(Stuart, 1967; cited in Boddy, 2014, p 10). Peter Drucker define management is ‘all about human beings. Its tasks are to make people capable of joint performance to make their strengths effective and weaknesses irrelevant.’ (Drucker, 2003) There are many different approach to management, competing value of framework is a framework that allows us to identify and compare four models of management. Quinn et al. (2003) believes that competing values of framework is a way of integrating the theories of management. Organisations experience tensions between control and flexibility and between an external and an internal focus. Placing these on two axes allows theories to be allocated to one four types: rational goal, internal process, human relation and open systems. This is illustrated on figure 1.0. Rational goal model ( Taylor) shows a clear direction leads to productive outcomes, with an emphasis on......

Words: 428 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Strategic Management Models

...(a) Question: Using the Strategic Management model discuss its application in a certain organization in Kenya that deals with projects. Strategic Management Model Definition: Strategic management is an ongoing process that evaluates and controls the business and the industries in which the company is involved; assesses its competitors and sets goals and strategies to meet all existing and potential competitors; and then reassesses each strategy annually or quarterly [i.e. regularly] to determine how it has been implemented and whether it has succeeded or needs replacement by a new strategy to meet changed circumstances, new technology, new competitors, a new economic environment., or a new social, financial, or political environment.” Types of Strategic Management Models • Basic strategic planning model • Alignment strategic planning model • Goal-based or issue-based strategic planning model • Self-organizing or organic strategic planning model • Scenario strategic planning model Organization The organization chosen is Acorn Properties Limited, which is a limited company, incorporated in Kenya with its head office in Nairobi. Acorn is a real estate investment company offering solutions that range from project management to development and acquisition partnership in the Kenyan real estate sector. The company uses a combination of Goal-based or issue-based strategic planning and Alignment Strategic Planning model. Contents of their strategic......

Words: 2846 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Change Management Models

... 1994). Change management models are methods by which the processes of change management are implemented. Change is the vein that keeps an organization alive and change management can make or break the organization. The models have been formulated as a result of the successful application of the methods described in them. I have done the research and I will explain the follows descriptive models: Force Field Analysis-Kurt Lewin Kubler-Ross Five Stage Model Stephen Covey: 7 Habits Model Kotter’s 8-Step Model With descriptive models, the role of the Organizational Development practitioner is to illuminate “what is” for the client, and “what could be”. Within descriptive models, contingency theorists would argue that the Organizational Development practitioner facilitates change only, not focus. The client determines the direction of change and the Organizational Development practitioner helps the client get there. Literature Change management is usually guided by a strong change management model, a framework people can use to understand the process and what is expected of them. The way you go about managing a process of change is an important as the model you choose to guide the process and understand reactions. If you are considering leading change your ability to communicate effectively and encourage people to accept changes is vital. You need to model positive attitudes towards change and reassure others. Learning how to go about change management is important.......

Words: 2442 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Anita Norris Model Management

...1. MACRO ENVIRONMENT Social Forces Two publicly controversial issues in the modelling industry are slenderness and racial exclusion. Models do much more than promote the sale of fashion. The model look promotes and distributes ideas about how women and men should look. Models “do gender” professionally in ways that connect with social positions such as race, ethnicity and class, and there are many critiques of fashion models and their gendered and racial meanings. Modelling succeeds on the criticism of the female body and the gap between promoted beauty ideals and reality. As women gain political and social ground, beauty ideals are held to higher extremes of slenderness and perfection. Another social force for clients is they face uncertainty of changing consumer desires as they are highlighting the importance of healthy lifestyles and body types. Demographics For fashion models age is a very strong factor in the selection process. Models are usually discovered between the ages of 12 to 20 by agents or scouts. High fashion modeling agencies often demand height and body shape requirements and have strong preferences for standards. With cultural diversification of the Western world, ethnic diversity is becoming an important factor for all people in the modeling industry. Moreover, various races and backgrounds are becoming progressively noticeable. Anita Norris needs to be aware of the changing demographic trends in the modeling industry Technological......

Words: 2018 - Pages: 9

HUMOR / HOBBY | Adobe Photoshop | Procol Harum - Greatest Hits (1967-1977)[(320)