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Management

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Regulations concerning the management of medicines and how these are interpreted in the work setting
All settings by law must have a policy regarding administrating medicines. If a parent was to give a member of staff medication for their child, the parent would need to inform the manager who would need to see a doctor’s prescription then allow the parent to fill in a medical form which includes the child’s name date of birth LOT number on medication time and date of medication and dosage needed and when last given. A parent would need to sign it to show their involvement and take a copy with them. A first aider will give the child the medication, which will need a witness to prove the dosage given and the right medication. The medicine should be stored away from children and in a suitable place locked away safely. Check the box for storage details, antibiotics usually in the fridge. Aspirin not allowed for children fewer than 16 unless prescribed.
If in local` parentis’ form is signed by parents when they join, children can be given emergency calpol after parents has consented also teething gel.
Importance of exercise and physical activity for babies and young children
For babies, regular exercise is important as it will strengthen their muscles which encourage their legs and lead to walking and co-ordination. Reaching for things and climbing apparatus will also promote walking, as well as encourage the babies how to balance which promote expiration and walking. Young children will benefit from physical activities as they are able to release their energy in a positive way resulting in a healthy appetite as they have used up their energy gained from food and need a boast. For example, riding a bike in the garden is better way of releasing energy than wanting to run around in the class room causing frustration so, physical activity also a way to release stress and aids rest and sleep which leads a healthy body. An activity which involves more than one child also encourages co- operation e.g. ball pit for babies and throwing/catching for the young children that’s how they learn share co-operatively and also develop fine and gross motor skills- fine by grabbing and gross motor skills is football all body movement, promotes good posture.
System for supporting children safety
When receiving children into the setting: * Obtain necessary information from parents or carers in advance e.g. ‘all about me’ profile given to parents or carers to fill out – otherwise they cannot start without this information.

* Necessary information that the nursery must have, they can get through registration forms e.g. emergency contact numbers, details of dietary requirements, any food allergies, special health requirements etc.

On Departure: * Appropriate safety and security arrangements e.g. the signing in and the signing out of children to include child’s name, day, time and parents or carers signature. * Use of door bell and reorganization of parents or carers, if the practitioner dose not recognise them then the individual should give us a name and password that was discus with the organised collector and they have to let us know. * Make sure that the children leave the premises with a parent or carer and do not wonder out by them self. * Taking steps to prevent intruders include leaving the individual outside unit until their identity has been confirmed, work gates, panic buttons.

During offsite Visits: * Before an outing to practitioners will visit the location to make sure that it is the safe area for children to go to and risk assessment which minimize the risk. * Make sure that the distance is suitable for the children won’t be too far if far then use bus. * Making sure that there are enough practitioners to go on the outing depending on the age group outdoor ratio is carried. * Take rucksack which consist of first aid kit encase of emergency, mobile phone and emergency contacts. * Form to be filled out including information such as child’s name, descriptions, both they are wearing and a contact number. One copy will be made to give to the manager. * Yellow florescent jackets to be worn by all children as well as a strap. * Before you organised you get permission and consent from parents.
Weaning:
Stage 1:
Helping babies to get used to sensation of solid foods
Foods to offer – pureed vegetable, fruit, cereals (avoid wheat) baby rice / maize
Stage 2:
Gradually increasing number of solid foods, aiming solid food
3 x a day – as above pureed meat, beans, full fat yogurt, sauces made of full fat milk (cheese sauce)
Stage 3:
Introduce lumpy foods / finger foods; add vitamins drop of A, C, D for breast feed babies. * 2 serving a day high in carbs, high and protein or more fruit and vegetable.
Stage 4:
Introduction of minced / chopped food- 3 main meals a day * ¾ serving of food high and carbs, ¾ serving of fruit and vegetable, 2 serving food high in protein , fruit and vegetable and healthy snacks.
Salt, honey / sugar must not be in or added to foods.
How and why partnership with parents is important? * If everything is the same they will become use to the food and weaning will be easier. * Work on developing skills such as chewing etc. * Allergies and complication can be noted. *
Sleep procedures in the setting:
We must minimise the risk to children when sleeping
Sleeping position – preferably placed on their back to prevent risk of cot death, shoulder and head should be above blanket.
Room temperature- Be careful not to overheat between 16 – 20 degree centigrade, blankets rather than duvets.
Dummies- aid breathing from 0 – 6 months.
Supervision- 10 minutes checks on every child to maintain safety.
Routine- children need to put on their backs when put to sleep ensures heads are not covered, check room temperature before sleep, supervise the sleep 10 minute check.

Protection of self when lifting & handling children & equipment in the work setting The manual handling operation regulation 1992 supplements the general duties require from employs and others by general, health and safety regulation, caring for children requires lifting and caring of them as well as equipment. In correct lifting can lead to: * Serious back injuries * Risk of fractures * Risk of sprain to limbs * Hence the manual handling operations regulation 1992 governs manual handling procedures in the workplace. Employers should carry out risk assessment and resources should be assed and written into the guidance policy. Before lifting or caring practitioners should think and assess the situation. Employers should follow setting policies and procedures. When lifting a child you should go to their level to avoid muscle strain. When moving equipment always asks a will colleague for help Because the size of the load that has to be moved not stack Staff must be trained on health & safety and manual handling by the setting manager all staff to be aware of situation that can cause injuries How to carry out toilet training? * Recognising that a child is ready to move out of nappies. * Enraging and praising the child * Treat a child with respect and avoiding guilt. * Work in partnership with parents is important because to make sure the child is ready to move out of nappy. Stages of readiness * Extend period when the child nappy is dry Awareness of bowl movements and emptiness of bladder. * Sufficient language for the child to express himself. * To incorporate in everyday routine the child should be taken to the toilet every 2 hours.…...

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