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Marfan Syndrome

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Marfan syndrome is a heredity disorder of connective tissue, resulting in abnormally long and thin digits and also frequently in optical and cardio defects, because connective tissue is found through the body, Marfan syndrome can affect many different parts of the body. This disorder is usually found in the heart, blood vessels, bones, joints, and eyes. This syndrome is caused by a defect, or mutation, in the gene that determines the structure of fibrillin-1. This is a protein that is an important part of connective tissues. Someone whom is born with Marfan syndrome is may not show signs or symptoms till later in life (Little). Some of the traits that are found in someone who has Marfan syndrome are: a tall and slender build, long arms, legs, finger, and toes that are all disproportionate, check that either dips in or protrudes outward, crowded teeth, heart murmurs, extreme nearsightedness, an abnormally curved spine, and flat feet (Lu). According to the National Marfan Foundation, 1 in every 5,000-7,000 babies born will be a child born with Marfan syndrome. Seventy-five percent of people with Marfan syndrome will more than likely have an affected parent. Some of the treatments for Marfan syndrome include: surgery, medicines, and heart treatments. Beta blockers is a medicine that is used to help your heart beat slower with less force, and this is one of the medicines that are commonly used to help someone who had Marfan syndrome. This syndrome can cause you aorta to stretch, and more likely tear. If this is to happen, a doctor will high recommend surgery to repair or to replace part of your aorta. Marfan syndrome is something that affects every person who has it differently; therefore, it isn’t all the same. The most important thing to keep in mind for someone with this syndrome is to avoid anything that will put stress on the heart. This means that anyone with this syndrome should avoid any sport where there will be a lot of running, physical contact, and muscle training (weightlifting, crossfit, or P90X). They also need to avoid being hit in the chest, which knocks out sports like basketball, football, baseball, gymnastics, and track. This doesn’t mean that someone with this disorder shouldn’t exercise it just means when they do they need to be more careful when they do it. Marfan does not affect intelligence; however, some students may need a little more attention due to the vision related issues that this syndrome does cause (Staff). Something that younger adults with this syndrome really struggle with is bullying- which is a huge problem all on it’s own. According to TeenHealth, one of the biggest complaints coming from a teenager with this disorder is the amount of people making them feel like they are different. They high recommend joining a support group to keep from getting depressed (Gripp). For the most part, those with Marfan syndrome can live a normal, and regular life depending on how bad the syndrome affects them. For some, they only need a check up once a year, but for others they could constantly be in the hospital. NIH recommends regular visits with a cardiologist (heart specialist) , annual checkups with an orthopedist (bone specialist), and regular eye exams with an ophthalmologist (eye specialist) (Smith). While this isn’t a very common disorder it is one that does a lot of harm, and needs extra care and attention. Gripp, Karen. "Marfan Syndrome." KidsHealth - the Web's Most Visited Site about Children's Health. The Nemours Foundation, 1 July 2011. Web. 6 Oct. 2014.

Little, Jane. "Know the Signs. Fight for Victory. | The Marfan Foundation." The Marfan Foundation. TMF. Web. 6 Oct. 2014.

Lu, Raymond. "Medical Diseases and Conditions from MedicineNet - Index of ..." Medicine. Web. 6 Oct. 2014.

Smith, Brandon. "How Is Marfan Syndrome Treated?" - NHLBI, NIH. NIH. Web. 6 Oct. 2014.

Staff, Mayo Clinic. "Marfan Syndrome." Symptoms. Web. 6 Oct. 2014.…...

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